Leave a 75th Birthday Greeting to Honor Dr. Michael Youssef for His Ministry Leading The Way!

Who Wrote the Bible? The Authors of Each Book

In this article, we will go through each book of the Bible to provide its earthly author as traditionally believed.

Who Wrote the Bible? The Authors of Each Book

Divinely Inspired Authors

It is correct to say that God wrote the Bible. According to 2 Timothy 3:16, Scripture is “breathed out” by God. Throughout the Bible, it is evident that God is being quoted. Over 400 times, we see the phrase “thus says the Lord” (NKJV). The Bible refers to itself as the Word of God dozens of times (e.g. Romans 10:17; Ephesians 6:17; Hebrews 4:12). 

All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be competent, equipped for every good work. (2 Timothy 3:16-17)

The Bible is declared to proceed from the mouth of God (Matthew 4:4). Yet, God's “writing” of Scripture was not a physical action on His part. Rather, God’s authorship was achieved through His inspiration, as human authors documented God’s message.

Who Wrote the Books of the Bible?

In this article, we will go through each book of the Bible to provide its earthly author as traditionally believed. Browse a list of each Bible book with its author (if known) below:

Old Testament Authors

Traditionally, both Jews and Christians believe Moses is the author and compiler of Genesis and each of the first five books of the Bible also called the Pentateuch:

Genesis - Moses
Exodus - Moses
Leviticus - Moses
Numbers - Moses
Deuteronomy - Moses

These are the five Books of the Law: Genesis, meaning "beginning" since it recounts the beginning of God's creation; Exodus, which means "exit" or "departure," referring to the journey of the Hebrews from out of slavery in Egypt; Leviticus, a book detailing worship as led by the priests ordained from the tribe of Levi; Numbers, whose title is derived from the book's opening account of the census or numbering of the people of Israel; Deuteronomy, meaning "second law" since it gives a detailed listing of the additional laws given by God through Moses.

Joshua - Unknown
Judges - Unknown
Ruth - Unknown
1 & 2 Samuel - Unknown
1 & 2 Kings - Unknown
1 & 2 Chronicles - Ezra
Ezra - Ezra
Nehemiah - Nehemiah
Esther - Unknown

This second group of the Old Testament is known as the historical books.

Job - Unknown
Psalms - Various: David is credited for 73 of the Psalms, Asaph is credited for 12, Sons of Korah for 11, Solomon for 2, Moses, Ethan, and Heman for 1 each, and 50 are unknown.
Proverbs - Various: Solomon is credited for 29 of the Proverbs, while Agur and Lemuel for 1 each.
Ecclesiastes - Solomon
Song of Solomon - Solomon

This third group of the Old Testament is the books of Wisdom, proclaiming that happiness is possible only through faith in and obedience to the one true God.

Isaiah - Isaiah
Jeremiah - Jeremiah
Lamentations - Jeremiah
Ezekiel - Ezekiel
Daniel - Daniel
Hosea - Hosea
Joel - Joel
Amos - Amos
Obadiah - Obadiah
Jonah - Jonah
Micah - Micah
Nahum - Nahum
Habakkuk - Habakkuk
Zephaniah - Zephaniah
Haggai - Haggai
Zechariah - Zechariah
Malachi - Malachi

The fourth and final section of the Old Testament includes the books of prophecy. These serve as an introduction to John the Baptist's preparation of the world for the coming of the Messiah, who is Isaiah's Suffering Servant, Zechariah's Prince of Peace, and the Good Shepherd who lays down His life for the flock.

New Testament Authors

Bible open, New Testament

Matthew - Apostle Matthew
Mark - Apostle Mark
Luke - Apostle Luke
John - Apostle John
Acts - Apostle Luke

Paul the Apostle is credited for 13 of the Epistle books in the New Testament, as follows:

Romans - Apostle Paul
1 Corinthians - Apostle Paul
2 Corinthians - Apostle Paul
Galatians - Apostle Paul
Ephesians - Apostle Paul
Philippians - Apostle Paul
Colossians - Apostle Paul
1 Thessalonians - Apostle Paul
2 Thessalonians - Apostle Paul
1 Timothy - Apostle Paul
2 Timothy - Apostle Paul
Titus - Apostle Paul
Philemon - Apostle Paul

Hebrews - Unknown
James - James, Brother of Christ
1 & 2 Peter - Apostle Peter
1, 2 & 3 John - Apostle John
Jude - Jude, a relative of Jesus and the brother of James.
Revelation - Apostle John

Also visit our collection of Bible topics to see scriptures about certain topics like faith, courage, love, and more!

Photo credit: Public Domain/Valentin de Boulogne; iStock/Getty Images Plus/JerryGrugin; ©GettyImages/jaflippo

Related podcast:

The views and opinions expressed in this podcast are those of the speakers and do not necessarily reflect the views or positions of Salem Web Network and Salem Media Group.

Related video:

These verses serve as a source of renewal for the mind and restoration for the heart by reinforcing the notion that, while human weakness is inevitable, God's strength is always available to uplift, guide, and empower us.

Video stock video and music probided by SoundStripe


Christianity / Life / Bible / Who Wrote the Bible? The Authors of Each Book