13 Then he took a member of the royal family and made a treaty with him, putting him under oath. He also carried away the leading men of the land,

Matthew Henry's Commentary on Ezekiel 17:13

Commentary on Ezekiel 17:11-21

(Read Ezekiel 17:11-21)

The parable is explained, and the particulars of the history of the Jewish nation at that time may be traced. Zedekiah had been ungrateful to his benefactor, which is a sin against God. In every solemn oath, God is appealed to as a witness of the sincerity of him that swears. Truth is a debt owing to all men. If the professors of the true religion deal treacherously with those of a false religion, their profession makes their sin the worse; and God will the more surely and severely punish it. The Lord will not hold those guiltless who take his name in vain; and no man shall escape the righteous judgment of God who dies under unrepented guilt.