17:3 And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; A great a eagle with great wings, longwinged, full of feathers, which had various colours, came to Lebanon, and took the highest branch of the cedar:
(a) That is, Nebuchadnezzar who had great power,
riches and many countries under him, will come to Jerusalem and take away
Jeconiah the king, as in (Ezekiel
17:4 He cropped off the top of its young twigs, and
carried it into a land of b trade; he
set it in a city of merchants.
(b) Meaning to Babylon.
17:5 He took also of the c
seed of the land, and planted it in a fruitful field; he placed [it] by great
waters, [and] set it [as] a willow tree.
(c) That is, Zedekiah who was of the king's
blood and was left at Jerusalem and made king instead of Jeconiah, (2 Kings
17:6 And it grew, and became d
a spreading vine of e low stature, whose
branches turned toward him, and its roots were under him: so it became a vine,
and brought forth branches, and shot forth sprigs.
(d) This was Zedekiah's kingdom.
(e) That is, might not have power to rebel
against Babylon, as in (Ezekiel
17:7 There was also f
another great eagle with great wings and many feathers: and, behold, this vine
did bend her roots toward him, and shot forth her branches toward him, that he
might water it by the furrows of her plantation.
(f) Meaning, the king of Egypt from whom Zedekiah
sought comfort against Nebuchadnezzar.
17:8 It was planted in a good soil by great g
waters, that it might bring forth branches, and that it might bear fruit, that
it might be a well favoured vine.
(g) They thought to be moistened by the waters of
17:9 Say thou, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Shall it
prosper? shall h he not pull up its
roots, and cut off its fruit, that it may wither? it shall wither in all the
leaves of her spring, even without great power or many people to pluck it up by
(h) Shall not Nebuchadnezzar destroy it?
17:10 Yea, behold, [being] planted, shall it
prosper? shall it not utterly wither, i
when the east wind toucheth it? it shall wither in the furrows where it grew.
(i) By this dry wind he means the Babylonians.
17:12 Say now to the
rebellious house, Know ye not what these [things mean]? tell [them], Behold, the
king of Babylon hath come to Jerusalem, and hath taken k
its king, and its princes, and led them with him to Babylon;
(k) That is, Jeconiah, (2 Kings
17:13 And hath taken of the king's seed, and
made a covenant with him, and hath taken l
an oath from him: he hath also taken the mighty of the land:
(l) For his subjection and obedience.
Seeing he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, when, lo, he had given m
his hand, and hath done all these [things], he shall not escape.
(m) Because he took the name of God in vain, and
broke his oath which he had confirmed by giving his hand: therefore the
prophet declares that God would not permit such perjury and infidelity to
Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also take of the highest branch n
of the high cedar, and will set [it]; I will crop off from the o
top of its young twigs a tender one, and will plant [it] upon an high mountain
(n) This promise is made to the Church which will
be as a small remnant, and as the top of a tree.
(o) I will trim it, and dress it.
17:23 In the mountain of the height of Israel will
I plant it: and it shall bring forth boughs, and bear fruit, and be a well
favoured cedar: and under it shall dwell all p
fowl of every wing; in the shadow of its branches shall they dwell.
(p) Both the Jews and Gentiles will be gathered
17:24 And all the q
trees of the field shall know that I the LORD have brought down the high tree,
have exalted the low tree, have dried up the green tree, and have made the dry
tree to flourish: I the LORD have spoken and have done [it].
(q) All the world will know that I have plucked
down the proud enemies, and set up my Church which was low and contemned.