28 Assemble before me all the elders of your tribes and all your officials, so that I can speak these words in their hearing and call the heavens and the earth to testify against them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary on Deuteronomy 31:28

Commentary on Deuteronomy 31:23-30

(Read Deuteronomy 31:23-30)

The solemn delivery of the book of the law to the Levites, to be deposited in, or rather by the side, of the ark, is again related. The song which follows in the next chapter is delivered to Moses, and by him to the people. He wrote it first, as the Holy Spirit taught him; and then spake it in the hearing of all the people. Moses tells them plainly, I know that after my death ye will utterly corrupt yourselves. Many a sad thought, no doubt, it occasioned to this good man; but his comfort was, that he had done his duty, and that God would be glorified in their dispersion, if not in their settlement, for the foundation of God stands sure.

321 Listen, you heavens, and I will speak; hear, you earth, the words of my mouth.

Matthew Henry's Commentary on Deuteronomy 32:1

Commentary on Deuteronomy 32:1-2

(Read Deuteronomy 32:1-2)

Moses begins with a solemn appeal to heaven and earth, concerning the truth and importance of what he was about to say. His doctrine is the gospel, the speech of God, the doctrine of Christ; the doctrine of grace and mercy through him, and of life and salvation by him.