9 his brother's widow shall go up to him in the presence of the elders, take off one of his sandals, spit in his face and say, "This is what is done to the man who will not build up his brother's family line."

Matthew Henry's Commentary on Deuteronomy 25:9

Commentary on Deuteronomy 25:5-12

(Read Deuteronomy 25:5-12)

The custom here regulated seems to have been in the Jewish law in order to keep inheritances distinct; now it is unlawful.