The Example of Abraham
4 1 What then shall we say that Abraham , our forefather according to the flesh , has found ? 2 For if Abraham was justified by works , he has something to boast about , but not before God . 3 For what does the Scripture say ? " ABRAHAM BELIEVED GOD , AND IT WAS CREDITED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS ." 4 Now to the one who works , his wage is not credited as a favor , but as what is due . 5 But to the one who does not work , but believes in Him who justifies the ungodly , his faith is credited as righteousness , 6 just as David also speaks of the blessing on the man to whom God credits righteousness apart from works : 7 " BLESSED ARE THOSE WHOSE LAWLESS DEEDS HAVE BEEN FORGIVEN , AND WHOSE SINS HAVE BEEN COVERED . 8 " BLESSED IS THE MAN WHOSE SIN THE Lord WILL NOT TAKE INTO ACCOUNT ."
9 Is this blessing then on the circumcised , or on the uncircumcised also ? For we say , " FAITH WAS CREDITED TO ABRAHAM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS ." 10 How then was it credited ? While he was circumcised , or uncircumcised ? Not while circumcised , but while uncircumcised ; 11 and he received the sign of circumcision , a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while uncircumcised , so that he might be the father of all who believe without being circumcised , that righteousness might be credited to them, 12 and the father of circumcision to those who not only are of the circumcision , but who also follow in the steps of the faith of our father Abraham which he had while uncircumcised .
The Promise Realized through Faith
13 For the promise to Abraham or to his descendants that he would be heir of the world was not through the Law , but through the righteousness of faith . 14 For if those who are of the Law are heirs , faith is made void and the promise is nullified ; 15 for the Law brings about wrath , but where there is no law , there also is no violation . 16 For this reason it is by faith , in order that it may be in accordance with grace , so that the promise will be guaranteed to all the descendants , not only to those who are of the Law , but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham , who is the father of us all ,
17 (as it is written , " A FATHER OF MANY NATIONS HAVE I MADE YOU") in the presence of Him whom he believed , even God , who gives life to the dead and calls into being that which does not exist . 18 In hope against hope he believed , so that he might become a father of many nations according to that which had been spoken , " SO SHALL YOUR DESCENDANTS BE." 19 Without becoming weak in faith he contemplated his own body , now as good as dead since he was about a hundred years old , and the deadness of Sarah's womb ; 20 yet , with respect to the promise of God , he did not waver in unbelief but grew strong in faith , giving glory to God , 21 and being fully assured that what God had promised , He was able also to perform . 22 Therefore IT WAS ALSO CREDITED TO HIM AS RIGHTEOUSNESS .
23 Now not for his sake only was it written that it was credited to him, 24 but for our sake also , to whom it will be credited , as those who believe in Him who raised Jesus our Lord from the dead , 25 He who was delivered over because of our transgressions , and was raised because of our justification .
Results of Justification
5 1 Therefore , having been justified by faith , we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ , 2 through whom also we have obtained our introduction by faith into this grace in which we stand ; and we exult in hope of the glory of God . 3 And not only this, but we also exult in our tribulations , knowing that tribulation brings about perseverance ; 4 and perseverance , proven character ; and proven character , hope ; 5 and hope does not disappoint , because the love of God has been poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.
6 For while we were still helpless , at the right time Christ died for the ungodly . 7 For one will hardly die for a righteous man ; though perhaps for the good man someone would dare even to die . 8 But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners , Christ died for us. 9 Much more then , having now been justified by His blood , we shall be saved from the wrath of God through Him. 10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son , much more , having been reconciled , we shall be saved by His life . 11 And not only this, but we also exult in God through our Lord Jesus Christ , through whom we have now received the reconciliation .
Adam and Christ
12 Therefore e , just as through one man sin entered into the world , and death through sin , and so death spread to all men , because e all sinned - 13 for until the Law sin was in the world , but sin is not imputed when there is no law . 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses , even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of the offense of Adam , who is a type of Him who was to come . 15 But the free gift is not like the transgression . For if by the transgression of the one the many died , much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man , Jesus Christ , abound to the many . 16 The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned ; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation , but on the other hand the free gift arose from many transgressions resulting in justification . 17 For if by the transgression of the one , death reigned through the one , much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One , Jesus Christ . 18 So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men , even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men . 19 For as through the one man's disobedience the many were made sinners , even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous . 20 The Law came in so that the transgression would increase ; but where sin increased , grace abounded all the more , 21 so that, as sin reigned in death , even so grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord .
Dead to Sin but Alive in Christ
6 1 What shall we say then ? Are we to continue in sin so that grace may increase ? 2 May it never be! How shall we who died to sin still live in it? 3 Or do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus have been baptized into His death ? 4 Therefore we have been buried with Him through baptism into death , so that as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father , so we too might walk in newness of life . 5 For if we have become united with Him in the likeness of His death , certainly we shall also be in the likeness of His resurrection , 6 knowing this , that our old self was crucified with Him, in order that our body of sin might be done away with, so that we would no longer be slaves to sin ; 7 for he who has died is freed from sin . 8 Now if we have died with Christ , we believe that we shall also live with Him, 9 knowing that Christ , having been raised from the dead , is never to die again ; death no longer is master over Him. 10 For the death that He died , He died to sin once for all ; but the life that He lives , He lives to God . 11 Even so consider yourselves to be dead to sin , but alive to God in Christ Jesus . 12 Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body so that you obey its lusts , 13 and do not go on presenting the members of your body to sin as instruments of unrighteousness ; but present yourselves to God as those alive from the dead , and your members as instruments of righteousness to God . 14 For sin shall not be master over you, for you are not under law but under grace .
Servants of Righteousness
15 What then ? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace ? May it never be! 16 Do you not know that when you present yourselves to someone as slaves for obedience , you are slaves of the one whom you obey , either of sin resulting in death , or of obedience resulting in righteousness ? 17 But thanks be to God that though you were slaves of sin , you became obedient from the heart to that form of teaching to which you were committed , 18 and having been freed from sin , you became slaves of righteousness . 19 I am speaking in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh . For just as you presented your members as slaves to impurity and to lawlessness , resulting in further lawlessness , so now present your members as slaves to righteousness , resulting in sanctification . 20 For when you were slaves of sin , you were free in regard to righteousness . 21 Therefore what benefit were you then deriving from the things of which you are now ashamed ? For the outcome of those things is death . 22 But now having been freed from sin and enslaved to God , you derive your benefit , resulting in sanctification , and the outcome , eternal life . 23 For the wages of sin is death , but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord .
An Analogy from Marriage
7 1 Or do you not know , brethren (for I am speaking to those who know the law ), that the law has jurisdiction over a person as long as he lives ? 2 For the married woman is bound by law to her husband while he is living ; but if her husband dies , she is released from the law concerning the husband . 3 So then , if while her husband is living she is joined to another man , she shall be called an adulteress ; but if her husband dies , she is free from the law , so that she is not an adulteress though she is joined to another man . 4 Therefore , my brethren , you also were made to die to the Law through the body of Christ , so that you might be joined to another , to Him who was raised from the dead , in order that we might bear fruit for God . 5 For while we were in the flesh , the sinful passions , which were aroused by the Law , were at work in the members of our body to bear fruit for death . 6 But now we have been released from the Law , having died to that by which we were bound , so that we serve in newness of the Spirit and not in oldness of the letter .
The Problem of Indwelling Sin
7 What shall we say then ? Is the Law sin ? May it never be! On the contrary , I would not have come to know sin except through the Law ; for I would not have known about coveting if the Law had not said , " YOU SHALL NOT COVET ." 8 But sin , taking opportunity through the commandment , produced in me coveting of every kind ; for apart from the Law sin is dead . 9 I was once alive apart from the Law ; but when the commandment came , sin became alive and I died ; 10 and this commandment , which was to result in life , proved to result in death for me; 11 for sin , taking an opportunity through the commandment , deceived me and through it killed me. 12 So then , the Law is holy , and the commandment is holy and righteous and good . 13 Therefore did that which is good become a cause of death for me? May it never be! Rather it was sin , in order that it might be shown to be sin by effecting my death through that which is good , so that through the commandment sin would become utterly sinful .
14 For we know that the Law is spiritual , but I am of flesh , sold into bondage to sin . 15 For what I am doing , I do not understand ; for I am not practicing what I would like to do, but I am doing the very thing I hate . 16 But if I do the very thing I do not want to do, I agree with the Law , confessing that the Law is good . 17 So now , no longer am I the one doing it, but sin which dwells in me. 18 For I know that nothing good dwells in me, that is, in my flesh ; for the willing is present in me, but the doing of the good is not. 19 For the good that I want , I do not do , but I practice the very evil that I do not want . 20 But if I am doing the very thing I do not want , I am no longer the one doing it, but sin which dwells in me. 21 I find then the principle that evil is present in me, the one who wants to do good . 22 For I joyfully concur with the law of God in the inner man , 23 but I see a different law in the members of my body, waging war against the law of my mind and making me a prisoner of the law of sin which is in my members . 24 Wretched man that I am! Who will set me free from the body of this death ? 25 Thanks be to God through Jesus Christ our Lord ! So then , on the one hand I myself with my mind am serving the law of God , but on the other , with my flesh the law of sin .