Joshua 9-11 Young’s Literal Translation

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The Deceit of the Gibeonites

9 1  And it cometh to pass, when all the kings who 'are' beyond the Jordan, in the hill-country, and in the low-country, and in every haven of the great sea, over-against Lebanon, the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, hear— 2  that they gather themselves together to fight with Joshua, and with Israel—one mouth.

3  And the inhabitants of Gibeon have heard that which Joshua hath done to Jericho and to Ai, 4  and they work, even they, with subtilty, and go, and feign to be ambassadors, and take old sacks for their asses, and wine-bottles, old, and rent, and bound up, 5  and sandals, old and patched, on their feet, and old garments upon them, and all the bread of their provision is dry—it was crumbs. 6  And they go unto Joshua, unto the camp at Gilgal, and say unto him, and unto the men of Israel, 'From a land far off we have come, and now, make with us a covenant;' 7  and the men of Israel say unto the Hivite, 'It may be in our midst ye are dwelling, and how do we make with thee a covenant?' 8  and they say unto Joshua, 'Thy servants we 'are'.' And Joshua saith unto them, 'Who 'are' ye? and whence come ye?' 9  And they say unto him, 'From a land very far off have thy servants come, for the name of Jehovah thy God, for we have heard His fame, and all that He hath done in Egypt, 10  and all that He hath done to the two kings of the Amorite who 'are' beyond the Jordan, to Sihon king of Heshbon, and to Og king of Bashan, who 'is' in Ashtaroth. 11  'And our elders, and all the inhabitants of our land speak unto us, saying, Take in your hand provision for the way, and go to meet them, and ye have said unto them, Your servants we 'are', and now, make with us a covenant; 12  this our bread—hot we provided ourselves with it out of our houses, on the day of our coming out to go unto you, and now, lo, it is dry, and hath been crumbs; 13  and these 'are' the wine-bottles which we filled, new, and lo, they have rent; and these, our garments and our sandals, have become old, from the exceeding greatness of the way.' 14  And the men take of their provision, and the mouth of Jehovah have not asked;

15  and Joshua maketh with them peace, and maketh with them a covenant, to keep them alive; and swear to them do the princes of the company. 16  And it cometh to pass, at the end of three days after that they have made with them a covenant, that they hear that they 'are' their neighbours—that in their midst they are dwelling. 17  And the sons of Israel journey and come in unto their cities on the third day—and their cities 'are' Gibeon, and Chephirah, and Beeroth, and Kirjath-Jearim— 18  and the sons of Israel have not smitten them, for sworn to them have the princes of the company by Jehovah God of Israel, and all the company murmur against the princes. 19  And all the princes say unto all the company, 'We—we have sworn to them by Jehovah, God of Israel; and now, we are not able to come against them; 20  this we do to them, and have kept them alive, and wrath is not upon us, because of the oath which we have sworn to them.' 21  And the princes say unto them, 'They live, and are hewers of wood and drawers of water for all the company, as the princes spake to them.'

22  And Joshua calleth for them, and speaketh unto them, saying, 'Why have ye deceived us, saying, We are very far from you, and ye in our midst dwelling? 23  and now, cursed are ye, and none of you is cut off 'from being' a servant, even hewers of wood and drawers of water, for the house of my God.' 24  And they answer Joshua and say, 'Because it was certainly declared to thy servants, that Jehovah thy God commanded Moses His servant to give to you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you; and we fear greatly for ourselves because of you, and we do this thing; 25  and now, lo, we 'are' in thy hand, as 'it is' good, and as 'it is' right in thine eyes to do to us—do.' 26  And he doth to them so, and delivereth them from the hand of the sons of Israel, and they have not slain them; 27  and Joshua maketh them on that day hewers of wood and drawers of water for the company, and for the altar of Jehovah, unto this day, at the place which He doth choose.

The Defeat of the Amorites

10 1  And it cometh to pass, when Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem heareth that Joshua hath captured Ai, and doth devote it (as he had done to Jericho and to her king so he hath done to Ai and to her king), and that the inhabitants of Gibeon have made peace with Israel, and are in their midst,— 2  that they are greatly afraid, because Gibeon 'is' a great city, as one of the royal cities, and because it 'is' greater than Ai, and all its men—heroes. 3  And Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem sendeth unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying, 4  'Come up unto me, and help me, and we smite Gibeon, for it hath made peace with Joshua, and with the sons of Israel.' 5  And five kings of the Amorite (the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon) are gathered together, and go up, they and all their camps, and encamp against Gibeon, and fight against it. 6  And the men of Gibeon send unto Joshua, unto the camp at Gilgal, saying, 'Let not thy hand cease from thy servants; come up unto us 'with' haste, and give safety to us, and help us; for all the kings of the Amorite, dwelling in the hill-country, have been assembled against us.'

7  And Joshua goeth up from Gilgal, he, and all the people of war with him, even all the mighty men of valour. 8  And Jehovah saith unto Joshua, 'Be not afraid of them, for into thy hand I have given them, there doth not stand a man of them in thy presence.' 9  And Joshua cometh in unto them suddenly (all the night he hath gone up from Gilgal), 10  and Jehovah doth crush them before Israel, and it smiteth them—a great smiting—at Gibeon, and pursueth them the way of the ascent of Beth-Horon, and smiteth them unto Azekah, and unto Makkedah. 11  And it cometh to pass, in their fleeing from the face of Israel—they 'are' in the descent of Beth-Horon—and Jehovah hath cast upon them great stones out of the heavens, unto Azekah, and they die; more are they who have died by the hailstones than they whom the sons of Israel have slain by the sword. 12  Then speaketh Joshua to Jehovah in the day of Jehovah's giving up the Amorites before the sons of Israel, and he saith, before the eyes of Israel, 'Sun—in Gibeon stand still; and moon—in the valley of Ajalon;' 13  and the sun standeth still, and the moon hath stood—till the nation taketh vengeance 'on' its enemies; is it not written on the Book of the Upright, 'and the sun standeth in the midst of the heavens, and hath not hasted to go in—as a perfect day?' 14  And there hath not been like that day before it or after it, for Jehovah's hearkening to the voice of a man; for Jehovah is fighting for Israel.

15  And Joshua turneth back, and all Israel with him, unto the camp at Gilgal. 16  And these five kings flee, and are hidden in a cave at Makkedah, 17  and it is declared to Joshua, saying, 'The five kings have been found hidden in a cave at Makkedah.' 18  And Joshua saith, 'Roll great stones unto the mouth of the cave, and appoint over it men to watch them; 19  and ye, stand not, pursue after your enemies, and ye have smitten the hindmost of them; suffer them not to go in unto their cities, for Jehovah your God hath given them into your hand.' 20  And it cometh to pass, when Joshua and the sons of Israel finish to smite them—a very great smiting, till they are consumed, and the remnant who have remained of them go in unto the fenced cities, 21  that all the people turn back to the camp, unto Joshua, 'at' Makkedah, in peace; none moved sharply his tongue against the sons of Israel. 22  And Joshua saith, 'Open ye the mouth of the cave, and bring out unto me these five kings from the cave;' 23  and they do so, and bring out unto him these five kings from the cave: the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon. 24  And it cometh to pass, when they bring out these kings unto Joshua, that Joshua calleth unto every man of Israel, and saith unto the captains of the men of war, who have gone with him, 'Draw near, set your feet on the necks of these kings;' and they draw near, and set their feet on their necks. 25  And Joshua saith unto them, 'Fear not, nor be affrighted; be strong and courageous; for thus doth Jehovah do to all your enemies with whom ye are fighting;' 26  and Joshua smiteth them afterwards, and putteth them to death, and hangeth them on five trees; and they are hanging on the trees till the evening. 27  And it cometh to pass, at the time of the going in of the sun, Joshua hath commanded, and they take them down from off the trees, and cast them unto the cave where they had been hid, and put great stones on the mouth of the cave till this very day.

28  And Makkedah hath Joshua captured on that day, and he smiteth it by the mouth of the sword, and its king he hath devoted, them and every person who 'is' in it—he hath not left a remnant; and he doth to the king of Makkedah as he did to the king of Jericho. 29  And Joshua passeth over, and all Israel with him, from Makkedah 'to' Libnah, and fighteth with Libnah; 30  and Jehovah giveth also it into the hand of Israel, and its king, and it smiteth it by the mouth of the sword, and every person who 'is' in it—it left not in it a remnant; and it doth to its king as it did to the king of Jericho. 31  And Joshua passeth over, and all Israel with him, from Libnah to Lachish, and encampeth against it, and fighteth against it; 32  And Jehovah giveth Lachish into the hand of Israel, and it captureth it on the second day, and smiteth it by the mouth of the sword, and every person who 'is' in it, according to all that it did to Libnah. 33  Than hath Horam king of Gezer come up to help Lachish, and Joshua smiteth him and his people, till he hath not left to him a remnant. 34  And Joshua passeth over, and all Israel with him, from Lachish to Eglon, and they encamp against it, and fight against it, 35  and capture it on that day, and smite it by the mouth of the sword, and every person who 'is' in it on that day he hath devoted, according to all that he did to Lachish. 36  And Joshua goeth up, and all Israel with him, from Eglon to Hebron, and they fight against it, 37  and capture it, and smite it by the mouth of the sword, and its king, and all its cities, and every person who 'is' in it—he hath not left a remnant—according to all that he did to Eglon—and doth devote it, and every person who 'is' in it. 38  And Joshua turneth back, and all Israel with him, to Debir, and fighteth against it, 39  and captureth it, and its king, and all its cities, and they smite them by the mouth of the sword, and devote every person who 'is' in it—he hath not left a remnant; as he did to Hebron so he did to Debir, and to its king, and as he did to Libnah, and to its king. 40  And Joshua smiteth all the land of the hill-country, and of the south, and of the low-country, and of the springs, and all their kings—he hath not left a remnant, and all that doth breathe he hath devoted, as Jehovah, God of Israel, commanded. 41  And Joshua smiteth them from Kadesh-Barnea, even unto Gaza, and all the land of Goshen, even unto Gibeon; 42  and all these kings and their land hath Joshua captured 'at' one time, for Jehovah, God of Israel, is fighting for Israel. 43  and Joshua turneth back, and all Israel with him, unto the camp at Gilgal.

The Defeat of Jabin's Alliance

11 1  And it cometh to pass when Jabin king of Hazor heareth, that he sendeth unto Jobab king of Madon, and unto the king of Shimron, and unto the king of Achshaph, 2  and unto the kings who 'are' on the north in the hill-country, and in the plain south of Chinneroth, and in the low country, and in the elevations of Dor, on the west, 3  'to' the Canaanite on the east, and on the west, and the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Jebusite in the hill-country, and the Hivite under Hermon, in the land of Mizpeh— 4  and they go out, they and all their camps with them, a people numerous, as the sand which 'is' on the sea-shore for multitude, and horse and charioteer very many; 5  and all these kings are met together, and they come and encamp together at the waters of Merom, to fight with Israel. 6  And Jehovah saith unto Joshua, 'Be not afraid of their presence, for to-morrow about this time I am giving all of them wounded before Israel; their horses thou dost hough, and their chariots burn with fire.' 7  And Joshua cometh, and all the people of war with him, against them by the waters of Merom suddenly, and they fall on them; 8  and Jehovah giveth them into the hand of Israel, and they smite them and pursue them unto the great Zidon, and unto Misrephoth-Maim, and unto the valley of Mizpeh eastward, and they smite them, till he hath not left to them a remnant; 9  and Joshua doth to them as Jehovah said to him; their horses he hath houghed, and their chariots burnt with fire.

10  And Joshua turneth back at that time, and captureth Hazor, and its king he hath smitten by the sword; for Hazor formerly 'is' head of all these kingdoms; 11  and they smite every person who 'is' in it by the mouth of the sword; he hath devoted—he hath not left any one breathing, and Hazor he hath burnt with fire; 12  and all the cities of these kings, and all their kings, hath Joshua captured, and he smiteth them by the mouth of the sword; he devoted them, as Moses, servant of Jehovah, commanded. 13  Only, all the cities which are standing by their hill, Israel hath not burned them, save Hazor only, 'it' hath Joshua burnt; 14  and all the spoil of these cities, and the cattle, have the sons of Israel spoiled for themselves; only, every human being they have smitten by the mouth of the sword, till their destroying them; they have not left any one breathing.

15  As Jehovah commanded Moses His servant, so did Moses command Joshua, and so hath Joshua done; he hath not turned aside a thing of all that Jehovah commanded Moses.

Joshua Takes the Whole Land

16  And Joshua taketh all this land: the hill-country, and all the south, and all the land of Goshen, and the low country, and the plain, even the hill-country of Israel and its low lands, 17  from the mount of Halak, which is going up 'to' Seir, and unto Baal-Gad, in the valley of Lebanon, under mount Hermon; and all their kings he hath captured, and he smiteth them, and putteth them to death. 18  Many days hath Joshua made with all these kings war; 19  there hath not been a city which made peace with the sons of Israel save the Hivite, inhabitants of Gibeon; the whole they have taken in battle; 20  for from Jehovah it hath been to strengthen their heart, to meet in battle with Israel, in order to devote them, so that they have no grace, but in order to destroy them, as Jehovah commanded Moses. 21  And Joshua cometh at that time, and cutteth off the Anakim from the hill-country, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, even from all the hill-country of Judah, and from all the hill-country of Israel; with their cities hath Joshua devoted them. 22  There hath not been left Anakim in the land of the sons of Israel; only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, were they left. 23  And Joshua taketh the whole of the land, according to all that Jehovah hath spoken unto Moses, and Joshua giveth it for an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions, by their tribes; and the land hath rest from war.

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