2 Samuel 19-21 Young’s Literal Translation

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David Returns to Jerusalem

19 1  And it is declared to Joab, 'Lo, the king is weeping and mourning for Absalom;' 2  and the salvation on that day becometh mourning to all the people, for the people hath heard on that day, saying, 'The king hath been grieved for his son.' 3  And the people stealeth away, on that day, to go in to the city, as the people steal away, who are ashamed, in their fleeing in battle; 4  and the king hath covered his face, yea, the king crieth—a loud voice—'My son Absalom, Absalom, my son, my son.' 5  And Joab cometh in unto the king to the house, and saith, 'Thou hast put to shame to-day the faces of all thy servants, those delivering thy life to-day, and the life of thy sons, and of thy daughters, and the life of thy wives, and the life of thy concubines, 6  to love thine enemies, and to hate those loving thee, for thou hast declared to-day that thou hast no princes and servants, for I have known to-day that if Absalom 'were' alive, and all of us to-day dead, that then it were right in thine eyes. 7  'And now, rise, go out and speak unto the heart of thy servants, for by Jehovah I have sworn, that—thou art not going out—there doth not lodge a man with thee to-night; and this 'is' worse for thee than all the evil that hath come upon thee from thy youth till now.' 8  And the king riseth, and sitteth in the gate, and to all the people they have declared, saying, 'Lo, the king is sitting in the gate;' and all the people come in before the king, and Israel hath fled, each to his tents.

9  And it cometh to pass, all the people are contending through all the tribes of Israel, saying, 'The king delivered us out of the hand of our enemies, yea, he himself delivered us out of the hand of the Philistines, and now he hath fled out of the land because of Absalom, 10  and Absalom whom we anointed over us 'is' dead in battle, and now, why are ye silent—to bring back the king?' 11  And king David sent unto Zadok and unto Abiathar the priests, saying, 'Speak ye unto the elders of Judah, saying, Why are ye last to bring back the king unto his house? (and the word of all Israel hath come unto the king, unto his house;) 12  my brethren ye 'are', my bone and my flesh ye 'are', and why are ye last to bring back the king? 13  And to Amasa say ye, Art not thou my bone and my flesh? Thus doth God do to me, and thus He doth add, if thou art not head of the host before me all the days instead of Joab.' 14  And he inclineth the heart of all the men of Judah as one man, and they send unto the king, 'Turn back, thou, and all thy servants.' 15  And the king turneth back, and cometh in unto the Jordan, and Judah hath come to Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to bring the king over the Jordan,

16  and Shimei son of Gera, the Benjamite, who 'is' from Bahurim, hasteth, and cometh down with the men of Judah, to meet king David, 17  and a thousand men 'are' with him from Benjamin, and Ziba servant of the house of Saul, and his fifteen sons and his twenty servants with him, and they have gone prosperously over the Jordan before the king. 18  And passed over hath the ferry-boat to carry over the household of the king, and to do that which 'is' good in his eyes, and Shimei son of Gera hath fallen before the king in his passing over into Jordan, 19  and saith unto the king, 'Let not my lord impute to me iniquity; neither do thou remember that which thy servant did perversely in the day that my lord the king went out from Jerusalem,—for the king to set 'it' unto his heart; 20  for thy servant hath known that I have sinned; and lo, I have come to-day, first of all the house of Joseph, to go down to meet my lord the king.' 21  And Abishai son of Zeruiah answereth and saith, 'For this is not Shimei put to death—because he reviled the anointed of Jehovah?' 22  And David saith, 'What—to me and to you, O sons of Zeruiah, that ye are to me to-day for an adversary? to-day is any man put to death in Israel? for have I not known that to-day I 'am' king over Israel?' 23  And the king saith unto Shimei, 'Thou dost not die;' and the king sweareth to him.

24  And Mephibosheth son of Saul hath come down to meet the king—and he prepared not his feet, nor did he prepare his upper lip, yea, his garments he washed not, even from the day of the going away of the king, till the day that he came in peace— 25  and it cometh to pass, when he hath come to Jerusalem to meet the king, that the king saith to him, 'Why didst thou not go with me, Mephibosheth?' 26  And he saith, 'My lord, O king, my servant deceived me, for thy servant said, I saddle for me the ass, and ride on it, and go with the king, for thy servant 'is' lame; 27  and he uttereth slander against thy servant unto my lord the king, and my lord the king 'is' as a messenger of God; and do thou that which is good in thine eyes, 28  for all the house of my father have been nothing except men of death before my lord the king, and thou dost set thy servant among those eating at thy table, and what right have I any more—even to cry any more unto the king?' 29  And the king saith to him, 'Why dost thou speak any more of thy matters? I have said, Thou and Ziba—share ye the field.' 30  And Mephibosheth saith unto the king, 'Yea, the whole let him take, after that my lord the king hath come in peace unto his house.'

31  And Barzillai the Gileadite hath gone down from Rogelim, and passeth over the Jordan with the king, to send him away over the Jordan; 32  and Barzillai 'is' very aged, a son of eighty years, and he hath sustained the king in his abiding in Mahanaim, for he 'is' a very great man; 33  and the king saith unto Barzillai, 'Pass thou over with me, and I have sustained thee with me in Jerusalem.' 34  And Barzillai saith unto the king, 'How many 'are' the days of the years of my life, that I go up with the king to Jerusalem? 35  A son of eighty years I 'am' to-day; do I know between good and evil? doth thy servant taste that which I am eating, and that which I drink? do I hearken any more to the voice of singers and songstresses? and why is thy servant any more for a burden unto my lord the king? 36  As a little thing, thy servant doth pass over the Jordan with the king, and why doth the king recompense me this recompense? 37  Let, I pray thee, thy servant turn back again, and I die in mine own city, near the burying-place of my father and of my mother,—and lo, thy servant Chimham, let him pass over with my lord the king, and do thou to him that which 'is' good in thine eyes.' 38  And the king saith, 'With me doth Chimham go over, and I do to him that which 'is' good in thine eyes, yea, all that thou dost fix on me I do to thee.' 39  And all the people pass over the Jordan, and the king hath passed over, and the king giveth a kiss to Barzillai, and blesseth him, and he turneth back to his place.

40  And the king passeth over to Gilgal, and Chimham hath passed over with him, and all the people of Judah, and they bring over the king, and also the half of the people of Israel. 41  And, lo, all the men of Israel are coming unto the king, and they say unto the king, 'Wherefore have they stolen thee—our brethren, the men of Judah?' (and they bring the king and his household over the Jordan, and all the men of David with him). 42  And all the men of Judah answer against the men of Israel, 'Because the king 'is' near unto us, and why 'is' this—ye are displeased about this matter? have we at all eaten of the king's 'substance?' a gift hath he lifted up to us?' 43  And the men of Israel answer the men of Judah, and say, 'Ten parts we have in the king, and also in David more than you; and wherefore have ye lightly esteemed us, that our word hath not been first to bring back our king?' And the word of the men of Judah is sharper than the word of the men of Israel.

The Revolt of Sheba

20 1  And there hath been called there a man of worthlessness, and his name 'is' Sheba, son of Bichri, a Benjamite, and he bloweth with a trumpet, and saith, 'We have no portion in David, and we have no inheritance in the son of Jesse; each to his tents, O Israel.' 2  And every man of Israel goeth up from after David, after Sheba son of Bichri, and the men of Judah have cleaved to their king, from the Jordan even unto Jerusalem. 3  And David cometh in unto his house at Jerusalem, and the king taketh the ten women-concubines—whom he had left to keep the house, and putteth them in a house of ward, and sustaineth them, and unto them he hath not gone in, and they are shut up unto the day of their death, in widowhood living.

4  And the king saith unto Amasa, 'Call for me the men of Judah 'in' three days, and thou, stand here,' 5  and Amasa goeth to call Judah, and tarrieth beyond the appointed time that he had appointed him; 6  and David saith unto Abishai, 'Now doth Sheba son of Bichri do evil to us more than Absalom; thou, take the servants of thy lord, and pursue after him, lest he have found for himself fenced cities, and delivered himself 'from' our eye.' 7  And the men of Joab go out after him, and the Cherethite, and the Pelethite, and all the mighty men, and they go out from Jerusalem to pursue after Sheba son of Bichri; 8  they 'are' near the great stone that 'is' in Gibeon, and Amasa hath gone before them, and Joab 'is' girded; his long robe he hath put on him, and upon it a girdle—a sword 'is' fastened upon his loins in its sheath; and he hath gone out, and it falleth. 9  And Joab saith to Amasa, 'Art thou 'in' peace, my brother?' and the right hand of Joab layeth hold on the beard of Amasa to give a kiss to him; 10  and Amasa hath not been watchful of the sword that 'is' in the hand of Joab, and he smiteth him with it unto the fifth 'rib', and sheddeth out his bowels to the earth, and he hath not repeated 'it' to him, and he dieth; and Joab and Abishai his brother have pursued after Sheba son of Bichri. 11  And a man hath stood by him, of the young men of Joab, and saith, 'He who hath delight in Joab, and he who 'is' for David—after Joab!' 12  And Amasa is rolling himself in blood, in the midst of the highway, and the man seeth that all the people have stood still, and he bringeth round Amasa out of the highway to the field, and casteth over him a garment, when he hath seen that every one who hath come by him—hath stood still. 13  When he hath been removed out of the highway, every man hath passed on after Joab, to pursue after Sheba son of Bichri.

14  And he passeth over through all the tribes of Israel to Abel, and to Beth-Maachah, and to all the Berites, and they are assembled, and go in also after him, 15  and they go in and lay siege against him, in Abel of Beth-Maachah, and cast up a mount against the city, and it standeth in a trench, and all the people who are 'are' with Joab are destroying, to cause the wall to fall. 16  And a wise woman calleth out of the city, 'Hear, hear; say, I pray you, unto Joab, Come near hither, and I speak unto thee.' 17  And he cometh near unto her, and the woman saith, 'Art thou Joab?' and he saith, 'I 'am'.' And she saith to him, 'Hear the words of thy handmaid;' and he saith, 'I am hearing.' 18  and she speaketh, saying, 'They spake often in former times, saying, Let them diligently ask at Abel, and so they finished. 19  I 'am' of the peaceable—faithful ones of Israel; thou art seeking to destroy a city, and a mother in Israel; why dost thou swallow up the inheritance of Jehovah? 20  And Joab answereth and saith, 'Far be it—far be it from me; I do not swallow up nor destroy. 21  The matter 'is' not so; for a man of the hill-country of Ephraim—Sheba son of Bichri his name—hath lifted up his hand against the king, against David; give ye up him by himself, and I go away from the city.' And the woman saith unto Joab, 'Lo, his head is cast unto thee over the wall.' 22  And the woman cometh unto all the people in her wisdom, and they cut off the head of Sheba son of Bichri, and cast 'it' unto Joab, and he bloweth with a trumpet, and they are scattered from the city, each to his tents, and Joab hath turned back to Jerusalem unto the king.

David's Officers

23  And Joab 'is' over all the host of Israel, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada 'is' over the Cherethite, and over the Pelethite, 24  and Adoram 'is' over the tribute, and Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud 'is' the remembrancer, 25  and Sheva 'is' scribe, and Zadok and Abiathar 'are' priests, 26  and also, Ira the Jairite hath been minister to David.

The Avenging of the Gibeonites

21 1  And there is a famine in the days of David three years, year after year, and David seeketh the face of Jehovah, and Jehovah saith, 'For Saul and for the bloody house, because that he put to death the Gibeonites.' 2  And the king calleth for the Gibeonites, and saith unto them—as to the Gibeonites, they 'are' not of the sons of Israel, but of the remnant of the Amorite, and the sons of Israel had sworn to them, and Saul seeketh to smite them in his zeal for the sons of Israel and Judah— 3  yea, David saith unto the Gibeonites, 'What do I do for you? and with what do I make atonement? and bless ye the inheritance of Jehovah.' 4  And the Gibeonites say to him, 'We have no silver and gold by Saul and by his house, and we have no man to put to death in Israel;' and he saith, 'What ye are saying I do to you.' 5  And they say unto the king, 'The man who consumed us, and who devised against us—we have been destroyed from stationing ourselves in all the border of Israel— 6  let there be given to us seven men of his sons, and we have hanged them before Jehovah, in the height of Saul, the chosen of Jehovah.' And the king saith, 'I do give;' 7  and the king hath pity on Mephibosheth son of Jonathan, son of Saul, because of the oath of Jehovah that 'is' between them, between David and Jonathan son of Saul; 8  and the king taketh the two sons of Rizpah daughter of Aiah, whom she bore to Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth, and the five sons of Michal daughter of Saul whom she bare to Adriel son of Barzillai the Meholathite, 9  and giveth them into the hand of the Gibeonites, and they hang them in the hill before Jehovah; and the seven fall together, and they have been put to death in the days of harvest, in the first 'days', the commencement of barley-harvest.

10  And Rizpah daughter of Aiah taketh the sackcloth, and stretcheth it out for herself on the rock, from the commencement of harvest till water hath been poured out upon them from the heavens, and hath not suffered a fowl of the heavens to rest upon them by day, or the beast of the field by night. 11  And it is declared to David that which Rizpah daughter of Aiah, concubine of Saul, hath done, 12  and David goeth and taketh the bones of Saul, and the bones of Jonathan his son, from the possessors of Jabesh-Gilead, who had stolen them from the broad place of Beth-Shan, where the Philistines hanged them, in the day of the Philistines smiting Saul in Gilboa; 13  and he bringeth up thence the bones of Saul, and the bones of Jonathan his son, and they gather the bones of those hanged, 14  and bury the bones of Saul and of Jonathan his son in the land of Benjamin, in Zelah, in the burying-place of Kish his father, and do all that the king commanded, and God is entreated for the land afterwards.

Abishai Rescues David from the Giant

15  And again have the Philistines war with Israel, and David goeth down, and his servants with him, and they fight with the Philistines; and David is weary, 16  and Ishbi-Benob, who 'is' among the children of the giant—the weight of his spear 'is' three hundred 'shekels' weight of brass, and he is girded with a new one—speaketh of smiting David, 17  and Abishai son of Zeruiah giveth help to him, and smiteth the Philistine, and putteth him to death; then swear the men of David to him, saying, 'Thou dost not go out again with us to battle, nor quench the lamp of Israel.'

The Giants Slain by David's Men

18  And it cometh to pass afterwards, that the battle is again in Gob with the Philistines, then hath Sibbechai the Hushathite smitten Saph, who 'is' among the children of the giant. 19  And the battle is again in Gob with the Philistines, and Elhanan son of Jaare-Oregim, the Beth-Lehemite, smiteth 'a brother of' Goliath the Gittite, and the wood of his spear 'is' like a beam of weavers. 20  And the battle is again in Gath, and there is a man of stature, and the fingers of his hands 'are' six, and the toes of his feet 'are' six, twenty and four in number, and he also hath been born to the giant, 21  and he reproacheth Israel, and smite him doth Jonathan son of Shimeah, brother of David; 22  these four have been born to the giant in Gath, and they fall by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.

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