Judges 8-9 Young’s Literal Translation

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Gideon Captures the Kings of Midian

8 1  And the men of Ephraim say unto him, 'What 'is' this thing thou hast done to us—not to call for us when thou didst go to fight with Midian?' and they strive with him severely; 2  and he saith unto them, 'What have I done now like you? are not the gleanings of Ephraim better than the harvest of Abi-Ezer? 3  Into your hand hath God given the heads of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb; and what have I been able to do like you?' Then their temper desisted from off him in his speaking this thing.

4  And Gideon cometh in unto the Jordan, passing over, he and the three hundred men who 'are' with him—wearied, and pursuing, 5  and he saith to the men of Succoth, 'Give, I pray you, cakes of bread to the people who 'are' at my feet, for they 'are' wearied, and I am pursuing after Zebah and Zalmunna kings of Midian.' 6  And the heads of Succoth say, 'Is the hand of Zebah and Zalmunna now in thy hand, that we give to thy host bread?' 7  And Gideon saith, 'Therefore—in Jehovah's giving Zebah and Zalmunna into my hand—I have threshed your flesh with the thorns of the wilderness, and with the threshing instruments.' 8  And he goeth up thence 'to' Penuel, and speaketh unto them thus; and the men of Penuel answer him as the men of Succoth answered. 9  And he speaketh also to the men of Penuel, saying, 'In my turning back in peace, I break down this tower.' 10  And Zebah and Zalmunna 'are' in Karkor, and their camps with them, about fifteen thousand, all who are left of all the camp of the sons of the east; and those falling 'are' a hundred and twenty thousand men, drawing sword. 11  And Gideon goeth up the way of those who tabernacle in tents, on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and smiteth the camp, and the camp was confident; 12  and Zebab and Zalmunna flee, and he pursueth after them, and captureth the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and all the camp he hath caused to tremble. 13  And Gideon son of Joash turneth back from the battle, at the going up of the sun, 14  and captureth a young man of the men of Succoth, and asketh him, and he describeth unto him the heads of Succoth, and its elders—seventy and seven men. 15  And he cometh in unto the men of Succoth, and saith, 'Lo Zebah and Zalmunna, with whom ye reproached me, saying, Is the hand of Zebah and Zalmunna now in thy hand that we give to thy men who 'are' wearied bread?' 16  And he taketh the elders of the city, and the thorns of the wilderness, and the threshing instruments, and teacheth by them the men of Succoth, 17  and the tower of Penuel he hath broken down, and slayeth the men of the city.

18  And he saith unto Zebah and unto Zalmunna, 'How—the men whom ye slew in Tabor?' and they say, 'As thou—so they, one—as the form of the king's sons.' 19  And he saith, 'My brethren—sons of my mother—they; Jehovah liveth, if ye had kept them alive—I had not slain you.' 20  And he saith to Jether his first-born, 'Rise, slay them;' and the young man hath not drawn his sword, for he hath been afraid, for he 'is' yet a youth. 21  And Zebah saith—also Zalmunna—'Rise thou, and fall upon us; for as the man—his might;' and Gideon riseth, and slayeth Zebah and Zalmunna, and taketh their round ornaments which 'are' on the necks of their camels.

22  And the men of Israel say unto Gideon, 'Rule over us, both thou, and thy son, and thy son's son, for thou hast saved us from the hand of Midian.' 23  And Gideon saith unto them, 'I do not rule over you, nor doth my son rule over you; Jehovah doth rule over you.' 24  And Gideon saith unto them, 'Let me ask of you a petition, and give ye to me each the ring of his prey, for they have rings of gold, for they 'are' Ishmaelites.' 25  And they say, 'We certainly give;' and they spread out the garment, and cast thither each the ring of his prey; 26  and the weight of the rings of gold which he asked is a thousand and seven hundred 'shekels' of gold, apart from the round ornaments, and the drops, and the purple garments, which 'are' on the kings of Midian, and apart from the chains which 'are' on the necks of their camels, 27  and Gideon maketh it into an ephod, and setteth it up in his city, in Ophrah, and all Israel go a-whoring after it there, and it is to Gideon and to his house for a snare. 28  And Midian is humbled before the sons of Israel, and have not added to lift up their head; and the land resteth forty years in the days of Gideon.

29  And Jerubbaal son of Joash goeth and dwelleth in his own house, 30  and to Gideon there have been seventy sons, coming out of his loin, for he had many wives; 31  and his concubine, who 'is' in Shechem, hath born to him—even she—a son, and he appointeth his name Abimelech. 32  And Gideon son of Joash dieth, in a good old age, and is buried in the burying-place of Joash his father, in Ophrah of the Abi-Ezrite. 33  And it cometh to pass, when Gideon 'is' dead, that the sons of Israel turn back and go a-whoring after the Baalim, and set over them Baal-Berith for a god; 34  and the sons of Israel have not remembered Jehovah their God, who is delivering them out of the hand of all their enemies round about, 35  neither have they done kindness with the house of Jerubbaal—Gideon—according to all the good which he did with Israel.

The Reign of Abimelech

9 1  and Abimelech son of Jerubbaal goeth to Shechem, unto his mother's brethren, and speaketh unto them, and unto all the family of the house of his mother's father, saying, 2  'Speak, I pray you, in the ears of all the masters of Shechem, Which 'is' good for you—the ruling over you of seventy men (all the sons of Jerubbaal), or the ruling over you of one man?—and ye have remembered that I 'am' your bone and your flesh.' 3  And his mother's brethren speak concerning him, in the ears of all the masters of Shechem, all these words, and their heart inclineth after Abimelech, for they said, 'He 'is' our brother;' 4  and they give to him seventy silverings out of the house of Baal-Berith, and Abimelech hireth with them men, vain and unstable, and they go after him; 5  and he goeth into the house of his father at Ophrah, and slayeth his brethren, sons of Jerubbaal, seventy men, on one stone; and Jotham, youngest son of Jerubbaal, is left, for he was hidden. 6  And all the masters of Shechem are gathered together, and all the house of Millo, and come and cause Abimelech to reign for king at the oak of the camp which 'is' in Shechem;

7  and they declare 'it' to Jotham, and he goeth and standeth on the top of mount Gerizim, and lifteth up his voice, and calleth, and saith to them, 'Hearken unto me, O masters of Shechem, and God doth hearken unto you: 8  'The trees have diligently gone to anoint over them a king, and they say to the olive, Reign thou over us. 9  And the olive saith to them, Have I ceased from my fatness, by which they honour gods and men, that I have gone to stagger over the trees? 10  And the trees say to the fig, Come thou, reign over us. 11  And the fig saith to them, Have I ceased from my sweetness, and my good increase, that I have gone to stagger over the trees? 12  'And the trees say to the vine, Come thou, reign over us. 13  And the vine saith to them, Have I ceased from my new wine, which is rejoicing gods and men, that I have gone to stagger over the trees? 14  And all the trees say unto the bramble, Come thou, reign over us. 15  And the bramble saith unto the trees, If in truth ye are anointing me for king over you, come, take refuge in my shadow; and if not—fire cometh out from the bramble, and devoureth the cedars of Lebanon. 16  'And, now, if in truth and in sincerity ye have acted, when ye make Abimelech king; and if ye have done good with Jerubbaal, and with his house; and if according to the deed of his hands ye have done to him— 17  because my father hath fought for you, and doth cast away his life from 'him', and deliver you from the hand of Midian; 18  and ye have risen against the house of my father to-day, and slay his sons, seventy men, on one stone, and cause Abimelech son of his handmaid to reign over the masters of Shechem, because he 'is' your brother— 19  yea, if in truth and in sincerity ye have acted with Jerubbaal and with his house this day, rejoice ye in Abimelech, and he doth rejoice—even he—in you; 20  and if not—fire cometh out from Abimelech and devoureth the masters of Shechem and the house of Millo, and fire cometh out from the masters of Shechem and from the house of Millo, and devoureth Abimelech.' 21  And Jotham hasteth, and fleeth, and goeth to Beer, and dwelleth there, from the face of Abimelech his brother.

22  And Abimelech is prince over Israel three years, 23  and God sendeth an evil spirit between Abimelech and the masters of Shechem, and the masters of Shechem deal treacherously with Abimelech, 24  for the coming in of the violence 'to' the seventy sons of Jerubbaal, and of their blood to place 'it' on Abimelech their brother, who slew them, and on the masters of Shechem, who strengthened his hands to slay his brethren. 25  And the masters of Shechem set for him ambushes on the top of the hills, and rob every one who passeth over by them in the way, and it is declared to Abimelech. 26  And Gaal son of Ebed cometh—also his brethren—and they pass over into Shechem, and the masters of Shechem trust in him, 27  and go out into the field, and gather their vineyards, and tread, and make praises, and go into the house of their god, and eat and drink, and revile Abimelech. 28  And Gaal son of Ebed saith, 'Who 'is' Abimelech, and who 'is' Shechem, that we serve him? is 'he' not son of Jerubbaal? and Zebul his commander? Serve ye the men of Hamor father of Shechem, and wherefore do we serve him—we? 29  and oh that this people were in my hand—then I turn Abimelech aside;' and he saith to Abimelech, 'Increase thy host, and come out.' 30  And Zebul, prince of the city, heareth the words of Gaal son of Ebed, and his anger burneth, 31  and he sendeth messengers unto Abimelech deceitfully, saying, 'Lo, Gaal son of Ebed and his brethren are coming into Shechem, and lo, they are fortifying the city against thee; 32  and, now, rise by night, thou and the people who 'are' with thee, and lay wait in the field, 33  and it hath been, in the morning, about the rising of the sun, thou dost rise early, and hast pushed against the city; and lo, he and the people who 'are' with him are going out unto thee—and thou hast done to him as thy hand doth find.' 34  And Abimelech riseth, and all the people who 'are' with him, by night, and they lay wait against Shechem—four detachments; 35  and Gaal son of Ebed goeth out, and standeth at the opening of the gate of the city, and Abimelech riseth—also the people who 'are' with him—from the ambush, 36  and Gaal seeth the people, and saith unto Zebul, 'Lo, people are coming down from the top of the hills;' and Zebul saith unto him, 'The shadow of the hills thou art seeing like men.' 37  And Gaal addeth yet to speak, and saith, 'Lo, people are coming down from the high part of the land, and another detachment is coming by the way of the oak of Meonenim.' 38  And Zebul saith unto him, 'Where 'is' now thy mouth, in that thou sayest, Who 'is' Abimelech that we serve him? is not this the people against which thou hast kicked? go out, I pray thee now, and fight against it.' 39  And Gaal goeth out before the masters of Shechem, and fighteth against Abimelech, 40  and Abimelech pursueth him, and he fleeth from his presence, and many fall wounded—unto the opening of the gate. 41  And Abimelech abideth in Arumah, and Zebul casteth out Gaal and his brethren from dwelling in Shechem. 42  And it cometh to pass, on the morrow, that the people go out to the field, and they declare 'it' to Abimelech, 43  and he taketh the people, and divideth them into three detachments, and layeth wait in a field, and looketh, and lo, the people are coming out from the city, and he riseth against them, and smiteth them. 44  And Abimelech and the detachments who 'are' with him have pushed on, and stand at the opening of the gate of the city, and the two detachments have pushed against all who are in the field, and smite them, 45  and Abimelech hath fought against the city all that day, and captureth the city, and the people who 'are' in it he hath slain, and he breaketh down the city, and soweth it 'with' salt. 46  And all the masters of the tower of Shechem hear, and go in unto the high place of the house of the god Berith, 47  and it is declared to Abimelech that all the masters of the tower of Shechem have gathered themselves together, 48  and Abimelech goeth up to mount Zalmon, he and all the people who 'are' with him, and Abimelech taketh the great axe in his hand, and cutteth off a bough of the trees, and lifteth it up, and setteth 'it' on his shoulder, and saith unto the people who 'are' with him, 'What ye have seen I have done—haste, do ye like it.' 49  And all the people also cut down each one his bough, and go after Abimelech, and set 'them' at the high place, and burn by these the high place with fire, and also all the men of the tower of Shechem die, about a thousand men and women.

50  And Abimelech goeth unto Thebez, and encampeth against Thebez, and captureth it, 51  and a strong tower hath been in the midst of the city, and thither flee do all the men and the women, and all the masters of the city, and they shut 'it' behind them, and go up on the roof of the tower. 52  And Abimelech cometh unto the tower, and fighteth against it, and draweth nigh unto the opening of the tower to burn it with fire, 53  and a certain woman doth cast a piece of a rider on the head of Abimelech, and breaketh his skull, 54  and he calleth hastily unto the young man bearing his weapons, and saith to him, 'Draw thy sword, and thou hast put me to death, lest they say of me—A woman slew him;' and his young man pierced him through, and he dieth. 55  And the men of Israel see that Abimelech 'is' dead, and go each one to his place; 56  and God turneth back the evil of Abimelech which he did to his father to slay his seventy brethren; 57  and all the evil of the men of Shechem hath God turned back on their head, and come unto them doth the cursing of Jotham son of Jerubbaal.

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