Judges 10-12 Young’s Literal Translation

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Tola and Jair Judge Israel

10 1  And there riseth after Abimelech, to save Israel, Tola son of Puah, son of Dodo, a man of Issachar, and he is dwelling in Shamir, in the hill-country of Ephraim, 2  and he judgeth Israel twenty and three years, and he dieth, and is buried in Shamir. 3  And there riseth after him Jair the Gileadite, and he judgeth Israel twenty and two years, 4  and he hath thirty sons riding on thirty ass-colts, and they have thirty cities, (they call them Havoth-Jair unto this day), which 'are' in the land of Gilead; 5  and Jair dieth, and is buried in Kamon.

Jephthah Delivers Israel from the Ammonites

6  And the sons of Israel add to do the evil thing in the eyes of Jehovah, and serve the Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Aram, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the Bene-Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsake Jehovah, and have not served Him; 7  and the anger of Jehovah burneth against Israel, and He selleth them into the hand of the Philistines, and into the hand of the Bene-Ammon, 8  and they crush and oppress the sons of Israel in that year—eighteen years all the sons of Israel 'who' are beyond the Jordan, in the land of the Amorite, which 'is' in Gilead. 9  And the Bene-Ammon pass over the Jordan to fight also against Judah, and against Benjamin, and against the house of Ephraim, and Israel hath great distress.

10  And the sons of Israel cry unto Jehovah, saying, 'We have sinned against Thee, even because we have forsaken our God, and serve the Baalim.' 11  And Jehovah saith unto the sons of Israel, ''Have I' not 'saved you' from the Egyptians, and from the Amorite, from the Bene-Ammon, and from the Philistines? 12  And the Zidonians, and Amalek, and Maon have oppressed you, and ye cry unto Me, and I save you out of their hand; 13  and ye—ye have forsaken Me, and serve other gods, therefore I add not to save you. 14  Go and cry unto the gods on which ye have fixed; they—they save you in the time of your adversity.' 15  And the sons of Israel say unto Jehovah, 'We have sinned, do Thou to us according to all that is good in Thine eyes; only deliver us, we pray Thee, this day.' 16  And they turn aside the gods of the stranger out of their midst, and serve Jehovah, and His soul is grieved with the misery of Israel. 17  And the Bene-Ammon are called together, and encamp in Gilead, and the sons of Israel are gathered together, and encamp in Mizpah. 18  And the people—heads of Gilead—say one unto another, 'Who 'is' the man that doth begin to fight against the Bene-Ammon? he is for head to all inhabitants of Gilead.'

11 1  And Jephthah the Gileadite hath been a mighty man of valour, and he 'is' son of a woman, a harlot; and Gilead begetteth Jephthah, 2  and the wife of Gilead beareth to him sons, and the wife's sons grow up and cast out Jephthah, and say to him, 'Thou dost not inherit in the house of our father; for son of another woman 'art' thou.' 3  And Jephthah fleeth from the face of his brethren, and dwelleth in the land of Tob; and vain men gather themselves together unto Jephthah, and they go out with him.

4  And it cometh to pass, after a time, that the Bene-Ammon fight with Israel, 5  and it cometh to pass, when the Bene-Ammon have fought with Israel, that the elders of Gilead go to take Jephthah from the land of Tob; 6  and they say unto Jephthah, 'Come, and thou hast been to us for captain, and we fight against the Bene-Ammon.' 7  And Jephthah saith to the elders of Gilead, 'Have not ye hated me? and ye cast me out from the house of my father, and wherefore have ye come unto me now when ye are in distress?' 8  and the elders of Gilead say unto Jephthah, 'Therefore, now, we have turned back unto thee; and thou hast gone with us, and fought against the Bene-Ammon, and thou hast been to us for head—to all the inhabitants of Gilead.' 9  And Jephthah saith unto the elders of Gilead, 'If ye are taking me back to fight against the Bene-Ammon, and Jehovah hath given them before me—I, am I to you for a head?' 10  And the elders of Gilead say unto Jephthah, 'Jehovah is hearkening between us—if according to thy word we do not so.' 11  And Jephthah goeth with the elders of Gilead, and the people set him over them for head and for captain, and Jephthah speaketh all his words before Jehovah in Mizpeh.

12  And Jephthah sendeth messengers unto the king of the Bene-Ammon, saying, 'What—to me and to thee, that thou hast come in unto me, to fight in my land.' 13  And the king of the Bene-Ammon saith unto the messengers of Jephthah, 'Because Israel took my land in his coming up out of Egypt, from Arnon, and unto the Jabbok, and unto the Jordan; and now, restore them in peace.' 14  And Jephthah addeth yet and sendeth messengers unto the king of the Bene-Ammon, 15  and saith to him, 'Thus said Jephthah, Israel took not the land of Moab, and the land of the Bene-Ammon, 16  for in their coming up out of Egypt, Israel goeth in the wilderness unto the Red Sea, and cometh in to Kadesh, 17  and Israel sendeth messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me pass over, I pray thee, through thy land, and the king of Edom hearkened not; and also unto the king of Moab hath 'Israel' sent, and he hath not been willing; and Israel abideth in Kadesh, 18  and he goeth through the wilderness, and compasseth the land of Edom and the land of Moab, and cometh in at the rising of the sun of the land of Moab, and they encamp beyond Arnon, and have not come into the border of Moab, for Arnon 'is' the border of Moab. 19  'And Israel sendeth messengers unto Sihon, king of the Amorite, king of Heshbon, and Israel saith to him, Let us pass over, we pray thee, through thy land, unto my place, 20  and Sihon hath not trusted Israel to pass over through his border, and Sihon gathereth all his people, and they encamp in Jahaz, and fight with Israel; 21  and Jehovah, God of Israel, giveth Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they smite them, and Israel possesseth all the land of the Amorite, the inhabitant of that land, 22  and they possess all the border of the Amorite from Arnon, and unto the Jabbok, and from the wilderness, and unto the Jordan. 23  'And now, Jehovah, God of Israel, hath dispossessed the Amorite from the presence of His people Israel, and thou wouldst possess it! 24  That which Chemosh thy god causeth thee to possess—dost thou not possess it? and all that which Jehovah our God hath dispossessed from our presence,—it we do possess. 25  'And now, 'art' thou at all better than Balak son of Zippor, king of Moab? did he at all strive with Israel? did he at all fight against them? 26  In Israel's dwelling in Heshbon and in its towns, and in Aroer and in its towns, and in all the cities which 'are' by the sides of Arnon three hundred years—and wherefore have ye not delivered them in that time? 27  And I—I have not sinned against thee, and thou art doing with me evil—to fight against me. Jehovah, the Judge, doth judge to-day between the sons of Israel and the sons of Ammon.' 28  And the king of the Bene-Ammon hath not hearkened unto the words of Jephthah which he sent unto him,

29  and the Spirit of Jehovah is on Jephthah, and he passeth over Gilead and Manasseh, and passeth over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he hath passed over to the Bene-Ammon. 30  And Jephthah voweth a vow to Jehovah, and saith, 'If Thou dost at all give the Bene-Ammon into my hand— 31  then it hath been, that which at all cometh out from the doors of my house to meet me in my turning back in peace from the Bene-Ammon—it hath been to Jehovah, or I have offered up for it—a burnt-offering.' 32  And Jephthah passeth over unto the Bene-Ammon to fight against them, and Jehovah giveth them into his hand, 33  and he smiteth them from Aroer, and unto thy going in to Minnith, twenty cities, and unto the meadow of the vineyards—a very great smiting; and the Bene-Ammon are humbled at the presence of the sons of Israel. 34  And Jephthah cometh into Mizpeh, unto his house, and lo, his daughter is coming out to meet him with timbrels, and with choruses, and save her alone, he hath none, son or daughter. 35  And it cometh to pass, when he seeth her, that he rendeth his garments, and saith, 'Alas, my daughter, thou hast caused me greatly to bend, and thou hast been among those troubling me; and I—I have opened my mouth unto Jehovah, and I am not able to turn back.' 36  And she saith unto him, 'My father—thou hast opened thy mouth unto Jehovah, do to me as it hath gone out from thy mouth, after that Jehovah hath done for thee vengeance on thine enemies, on the Bene-Ammon.' 37  And she saith unto her father, 'Let this thing be done to me; desist from me two months, and I go on, and have gone down on the hills, and I weep for my virginity—I and my friends.' 38  And he saith, 'Go;' and he sendeth her away two months, and she goeth, she and her friends, and she weepeth for her virginity on the hills; 39  and it cometh to pass at the end of two months that she turneth back unto her father, and he doth to her his vow which he hath vowed, and she knew not a man; and it is a statute in Israel: 40  from time to time the daughters of Israel go to talk to the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite, four days in a year.

12 1  And the men of Ephraim are called together, and pass over northward, and say to Jephthah, 'Wherefore has thou passed over to fight against the Bene-Ammon, and on us hast not called to go with thee? thy house we burn over thee with fire.' 2  And Jephthah saith unto them, 'A man of great strife I have been (I and my people) with the Bene-Ammon, and I call you, and ye have not saved me out of their hand, 3  and I see that thou art not a saviour, and I put my life in my hand, and pass over unto the Bene-Ammon, and Jehovah giveth them into my hand—and why have ye come up unto me this day to fight against me?' 4  And Jephthah gathered all the men of Gilead, and fighteth with Ephraim, and the men of Gilead smite Ephraim, because they said, 'Fugitives of Ephraim 'are' ye Gileadites, in the midst of Ephraim—in the midst of Manasseh.' 5  And Gilead captureth the passages of the Jordan to Ephraim, and it hath been, when 'any of' the fugitives of Ephraim say, 'Let me pass over,' and the men of Gilead say to him, 'An Ephramite thou?' and he saith, 'No;' 6  that they say to him, 'Say, I pray thee, Shibboleth;' and he saith, 'Sibboleth,' and is not prepared to speak right—and they seize him, and slaughter him at the passages of the Jordan, and there fall at that time, of Ephraim, forty and two chiefs. 7  And Jephthah judged Israel six years, and Jephthah the Gileadite dieth, and is buried in 'one of' the cities of Gilead.

Ibzan, Elon, and Abdon Judge Israel

8  And after him Ibzan of Beth-Lehem judgeth Israel, 9  and he hath thirty sons and thirty daughters, he hath sent without and thirty daughters hath brought in to his sons from without; and he judgeth Israel seven years. 10  And Ibzan dieth, and is buried in Beth-Lehem. 11  And after him Elon the Zebulunite judgeth Israel, and he judgeth Israel ten years, 12  and Elon the Zebulunite dieth, and is buried in Aijalon, in the land of Zebulun. 13  And after him, Abdon son of Hillel, the Pirathonite, judgeth Israel, 14  and he hath forty sons, and thirty grandsons, riding on seventy ass-colts, and he judgeth Israel eight years. 15  And Abdon son of Hillel, the Pirathonite, dieth, and is buried in Pirathon, in the land of Ephraim, in the hill-country of the Amalekite.

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