Joshua 5-8 Young’s Literal Translation

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The Circumcision and Passover at Gilgal

5 1  And it cometh to pass when all the kings of the Amorite which 'are' beyond the Jordan, towards the sea, and all the kings of the Canaanite which 'are' by the sea, hear how that Jehovah hath dried up the waters of the Jordan at the presence of the sons of Israel till their passing over, that their heart is melted, and there hath not been in them any more spirit because of the presence of the sons of Israel. 2  At that time said Jehovah unto Joshua, 'Make for thee knives of flint, and turn back, circumcise the sons of Israel a second time;' 3  and Joshua maketh for him knives of flint, and circumciseth the sons of Israel at the height of the foreskins. 4  And this 'is' the thing 'for' which Joshua circumciseth 'them': all the people who are coming out of Egypt, who are males, all the men of war have died in the wilderness, in the way, in their coming out of Egypt, 5  for all the people who are coming out were circumcised, and all the people who 'are' born in the wilderness, in the way, in their coming out from Egypt, they have not circumcised; 6  for forty years have the sons of Israel gone in the wilderness, till all the nation of the men of war who are coming out of Egypt, who hearkened not to the voice of Jehovah, to whom Jehovah hath sworn not to show them the land which Jehovah sware to their fathers to give to us, a land flowing with milk and honey, are consumed; 7  and their sons He raised up in their stead, them hath Joshua circumcised, for they have been uncircumcised, for they have not circumcised them in the way. 8  And it cometh to pass when all the nation have completed to be circumcised, that they abide in their places in the camp till their recovering; 9  and Jehovah saith unto Joshua, 'To-day I have rolled the reproach of Egypt from off you;' and 'one' calleth the name of that place Gilgal unto this day.

10  And the sons of Israel encamp in Gilgal, and make the passover on the fourteenth day of the month, at evening, in the plains of Jericho; 11  and they eat of the old corn of the land on the morrow of the passover, unleavened things and roasted 'corn', in this self-same day; 12  and the manna doth cease on the morrow in their eating of the old corn of the land, and there hath been no more manna to the sons of Israel, and they eat of the increase of the land of Canaan in that year.

Joshua and the Man with a Drawn Sword

13  And it cometh to pass in Joshua's being by Jericho, that he lifteth up his eyes, and looketh, and lo, one standing over-against him, and his drawn sword in his hand, and Joshua goeth unto him, and saith to him, 'Art thou for us or for our adversaries?' 14  And He saith, 'No, for I 'am' Prince of Jehovah's host; now I have come;' and Joshua falleth on his face to the earth, and doth obeisance, and saith to Him, 'What is my Lord speaking unto His servant?' 15  And the Prince of Jehovah's host saith unto Joshua, 'Cast off thy shoe from off thy foot, for the place on which thou art standing is holy;' and Joshua doth so;

The Fall of Jericho

6 1  (And Jericho shutteth itself up, and is shut up, because of the presence of the sons of Israel—none going out, and none coming in;) 2  And Jehovah saith unto Joshua, 'See, I have given into thy hand Jericho and its king—mighty ones of valour, 3  and ye have compassed the city—all the men of battle—going round the city once; thus thou dost six days; 4  and seven priests do bear seven trumpets of the jubilee before the ark, and on the seventh day ye compass the city seven times, and the priests blow with the trumpets, 5  and it hath been, in the prolongation of the horn of the jubilee, in your hearing the voice of the trumpet, all the people shout—a great shout, and the wall of the city hath fallen under it, and the people have gone up, each over-against him.'

6  And Joshua son of Nun calleth unto the priests, and saith unto them, 'Bear ye the ark of the covenant, and seven priests do bear seven trumpets of the jubilee before the ark of Jehovah;' 7  and He said unto the people, 'Pass over, and compass the city, and he who is armed doth pass over before the ark of Jehovah.' 8  And it cometh to pass, when Joshua speaketh unto the people, that the seven priests bearing seven trumpets of the jubilee before Jehovah have passed over and blown with the trumpets, and the ark of the covenant of Jehovah is going after them; 9  and he who is armed is going before the priests blowing the trumpets, and he who is gathering up is going after the ark, going on and blowing with the trumpets; 10  and the people hath Joshua commanded, saying, 'Ye do not shout, nor cause your voice to be heard, nor doth there go out from your mouth a word, till the day of my saying unto you, Shout ye—then ye have shouted.' 11  And the ark of Jehovah doth compass the city, going round once, and they come into the camp, and lodge in the camp. 12  And Joshua riseth early in the morning, and the priests bear the ark of Jehovah, 13  and seven priests bearing seven trumpets of the jubilee before the ark of Jehovah are walking, going on, and they have blown with the trumpets—and he who is armed is going before them, and he who is gathering up is going behind the ark of Jehovah—going on and blowing with the trumpets. 14  And they compass the city on the second day once, and turn back to the camp; thus they have done six days. 15  And it cometh to pass, on the seventh day, that they rise early, at the ascending of the dawn, and compass the city, according to this manner, seven times; (only, on that day they have compassed the city seven times); 16  and it cometh to pass, at the seventh time, the priests have blown with the trumpets, and Joshua saith unto the people, 'Shout ye, for Jehovah hath given to you the city;

17  and the city hath been devoted, it and all that 'is' in it, to Jehovah; only Rahab the harlot doth live, she and all who 'are' with her in the house, for she hid the messengers whom we sent; 18  and surely ye have kept from the devoted thing, lest ye devote 'yourselves', and have taken from the devoted thing, and have made the camp of Israel become a devoted thing, and have troubled it; 19  and all the silver and gold, and vessels of brass and iron, holy they 'are' to Jehovah; into the treasury of Jehovah they come.' 20  And the people shout, and blow with the trumpets, and it cometh to pass when the people hear the voice of the trumpet, that the people shout—a great shout, and the wall falleth under it, and the people goeth up into the city, each over-against him, and they capture the city; 21  and they devote all that 'is' in the city, from man even unto woman, from young even unto aged, even unto ox, and sheep, and ass, by the mouth of the sword. 22  And to the two men who are spying the land Joshua said, 'Go into the house of the woman, the harlot, and bring out thence the woman, and all whom she hath, as ye have sworn to her.' 23  And the young man, the spies, go in and bring out Rahab, and her father, and her mother, and her brethren, and all whom she hath; yea, all her families they have brought out, and place them at the outside of the camp of Israel. 24  And the city they have burnt with fire, and all that 'is' in it; only, the silver and the gold, and the vessels of brass, and of iron, they have given 'to' the treasury of the house of Jehovah; 25  and Rahab the harlot, and the house of her father, and all whom she hath, hath Joshua kept alive; and she dwelleth in the midst of Israel unto this day, for she hid the messengers whom Joshua sent to spy out Jericho. 26  And Joshua adjureth 'them' at that time, saying, 'Cursed 'is' the man before Jehovah who raiseth up and hath built this city, 'even' Jericho; in his first-born he doth lay its foundation, and in his youngest he doth set up its doors;' 27  and Jehovah is with Joshua, and his fame is in all the land.

The Sin of Achan

7 1  And the sons of Israel commit a trespass in the devoted thing, and Achan, son of Carmi, son of Zabdi, son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, taketh of the devoted thing, and the anger of Jehovah burneth against the sons of Israel. 2  And Joshua sendeth men from Jericho to Ai, which 'is' near Beth-Aven, on the east of Bethel, and speaketh unto them, saying, 'Go up and spy the land;' and the men go up and spy Ai, 3  and they turn back unto Joshua, and say unto him, 'Let not all the people go up; let about two thousand men, or about three thousand men, go up, and they smite Ai; cause not all the people to labour thither; for they 'are' few.' 4  And there go up of the people thither about three thousand men, and they flee before the men of Ai, 5  and the men of Ai smite of them about thirty and six men, and pursue them before the gate unto Shebarim, and they smite them in Morad; and the heart of the people is melted, and becometh water.

6  And Joshua rendeth his garments, and falleth on his face to the earth before the ark of Jehovah till the evening, he and the elders of Israel, and they cause dust to go up on their head. 7  And Joshua saith, 'Ah, Lord Jehovah, why hast Thou at all caused this people to pass over the Jordan, to give us into the hand of the Amorite to destroy us?—and oh that we had been willing—and we dwell beyond the Jordan! 8  Oh, Lord, what do I say, after that Israel hath turned the neck before its enemies? 9  and the Canaanite and all the inhabitants of the land do hear, and have come round against us, and cut off our name out of the earth; and what dost Thou do for Thy great name?'

10  And Jehovah saith unto Joshua, 'Rise for thee, why 'is' this?—thou 'art' falling on thy face? 11  Israel hath sinned, and also they have transgressed My covenant which I commanded them, and also taken of the devoted thing, and also stolen, and also deceived, and also put 'it' among their vessels, 12  and the sons of Israel have not been able to stand before their enemies; the neck they turn before their enemies, for they have become a devoted thing; I add not to be with you—if ye destroy not the devoted thing out of your midst. 13  'Rise, sanctify the people, and thou hast said, Sanctify yourselves for to-morrow; for thus said Jehovah, God of Israel, A devoted thing 'is' in thy midst, O Israel, thou art not able to stand before thine enemies till your turning aside of the devoted thing out of your midst; 14  and ye have been brought near in the morning by your tribes, and it hath been, the tribe which Jehovah doth capture doth draw near by families, and the family which Jehovah doth capture doth draw near by households, and the household which Jehovah doth capture doth draw near by men; 15  and it hath been, he who is captured with the devoted thing is burnt with fire, he and all that he hath, because he hath transgressed the covenant of Jehovah, and because he hath done folly in Israel.'

16  And Joshua riseth early in the morning, and bringeth Israel near by its tribes, and the tribe of Judah is captured; 17  and he bringeth near the family of Judah, and he captureth the family of the Zarhite; and he bringeth near the family of the Zarhite by men, and Zabdi is captured; 18  and he bringeth near his household by men, and Achan—son of Carmi, son of Zabdi, son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah—is captured. 19  And Joshua saith unto Achan, 'My son, put, I pray thee, honour on Jehovah, God of Israel, and give to Him thanks, and declare, I pray thee, to me, what thou hast done—hide not from me.' 20  And Achan answereth Joshua, and saith, 'Truly I have sinned against Jehovah, God of Israel, and thus and thus I have done; 21  and I see among the spoil a goodly robe of Shinar, and two hundred shekels of silver, and one wedge of gold, whose weight 'is' fifty shekels, and I desire them, and take them; and lo, they 'are' hid in the earth, in the midst of my tent, and the silver under it.' 22  And Joshua sendeth messengers, and they run unto the tent, and lo, it is hidden in his tent, and the silver under it; 23  and they take them out of the midst of the tent, and bring them in unto Joshua, and unto all the sons of Israel, and pour them out before Jehovah. 24  And Joshua taketh Achan son of Zerah, and the silver, and the robe, and the wedge of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his ox, and his ass, and his flock, and his tent, and all that he hath, and all Israel with him, and they cause them to go up the valley of Achor. 25  And Joshua saith, 'What! thou hast troubled us!—Jehovah doth trouble thee this day;' and all Israel cast stones at him, and they burn them with fire, and they stone them with stones, 26  and they raise up over him a great heap of stones unto this day, and Jehovah turneth back from the heat of His anger, therefore hath 'one' called the name of that place 'Valley of Achor' till this day.

The Capture and Destruction of Ai

8 1  And Jehovah saith unto Joshua, 'Fear not, nor be affrighted, take with thee all the people of war, and rise, go up to Ai; see, I have given into thy hand the king of Ai, and his people, and his city, and his land, 2  and thou hast done to Ai and to her king as thou hast done to Jericho and to her king; only, its spoil and its cattle ye spoil for yourselves; set for thee an ambush for the city at its rear.'

3  And Joshua riseth, and all the people of war, to go up to Ai, and Joshua chooseth thirty thousand men, mighty ones of valour, and sendeth them away by night, 4  and commandeth them, saying, 'See, ye are liers in wait against the city, at the rear of the city, ye go not very far off from the city, and all of you have been prepared, 5  and I and all the people who 'are' with me draw near unto the city, and it hath come to pass when they come out to meet us as at the first, and we have fled before them, 6  and they have come out after us till we have drawn them out of the city, for they say, They are fleeing before us as at the first, and we have fled before them, 7  and ye rise from the ambush, and have occupied the city, and Jehovah your God hath given it into your hand; 8  and it hath been, when ye capture the city, ye burn the city with fire, according to the word of Jehovah ye do, see, I have commanded you.' 9  And Joshua sendeth them away, and they go unto the ambush, and abide between Bethel and Ai, on the west of Ai; and Joshua lodgeth on that night in the midst of the people. 10  And Joshua riseth early in the morning, and inspecteth the people, and goeth up, he and the elders of Israel, before the people to Ai; 11  and all the people of war who 'are' with him have gone up, and draw nigh and come in over-against the city, and encamp on the north of Ai; and the valley 'is' between him and Ai. 12  And he taketh about five thousand men, and setteth them an ambush between Bethel and Ai, on the west of the city; 13  and they set the people, all the camp which 'is' on the north of the city, and its rear on the west of the city, and Joshua goeth on that night into the midst of the valley. 14  And it cometh to pass, when the king of Ai seeth 'it', that hasten, and rise early, and go out do the men of the city to meet Israel for battle, he and all his people, at the appointed season, at the front of the plain, and he hath not known that an ambush 'is' against him, on the rear of the city. 15  And Joshua and all Israel 'seem' stricken before them, and flee the way of the wilderness, 16  and all the people who 'are' in the city are called to pursue after them, and they pursue after Joshua, and are drawn away out of the city, 17  and there hath not been left a man in Ai and Bethel who hath not gone out after Israel, and they leave the city open, and pursue after Israel. 18  And Jehovah saith unto Joshua, 'Stretch out with the javelin which 'is' in thy hand towards Ai, for into thy hand I give it;' and Joshua stretcheth out with the javelin which 'is' in his hand toward the city, 19  and the ambush hath risen 'with' haste, out of its place, and they run at the stretching out of his hand, and go into the city, and capture it, and hasten, and burn the city with fire. 20  And the men of Ai look behind them, and see, and lo, the smoke of the city hath gone up unto the heavens, and there hath not been in them power to flee hither and thither—and the people who are fleeing to the wilderness have turned against the pursuer,— 21  and Joshua and all Israel have seen that the ambush hath captured the city, and that the smoke of the city hath gone up, and they turn back and smite the men of Ai; 22  and these have come out from the city to meet them, and they are in the midst of Israel, some on this side, and some on that, and they smite them till he hath not left to them a remnant and escaped one;

23  and the king of Ai they caught alive, and bring him near unto Joshua. 24  And it cometh to pass, at Israel's finishing to slay all the inhabitants of Ai in the field, in the wilderness in which they pursued them (and they fall all of them by the mouth of the sword till their consumption), that all Israel turn back to Ai, and smite it by the mouth of the sword; 25  and all who fall during the day, of men and of women, are twelve thousand—all men of Ai. 26  And Joshua hath not brought back his hand which he stretched out with the javelin till that he hath devoted all the inhabitants of Ai; 27  only, the cattle and the spoil of that city have Israel spoiled for themselves, according to the word of Jehovah which He commanded Joshua. 28  And Joshua burneth Ai, and maketh it a heap age-during—a desolation unto this day; 29  and the king of Ai he hath hanged on the tree till even-time, and at the going in of the sun hath Joshua commanded, and they take down his carcase from the tree, and cast it unto the opening of the gate of the city, and raise over it a great heap of stones till this day.

The Law Recorded at Mount Ebal

30  Then doth Joshua build an altar to Jehovah, God of Israel, in mount Ebal, 31  as Moses, servant of Jehovah, commanded the sons of Israel, as it is written in the book of the law of Moses—an altar of whole stones, over which he hath not waved iron—and they cause to go up upon it burnt-offerings to Jehovah, and sacrifice peace-offerings; 32  and he writeth there on the stones the copy of the law of Moses, which he hath written in the presence of the sons of Israel. 33  And all Israel, and its elders, and authorities, and its judges, are standing on this side and on that of the ark, over-against the priests, the Levites, bearing the ark of the covenant of Jehovah, as well the sojourner as the native, half of them over-against mount Gerizim, and the half of them over-against mount Ebal, as Moses servant of Jehovah commanded to bless the people of Israel at the first. 34  And afterwards he hath proclaimed all the words of the law, the blessing and the reviling, according to all that is written in the book of the law; 35  there hath not been a thing of all that Moses commanded which Joshua hath not proclaimed before all the assembly of Israel, and the women, and the infants, and the sojourner who is going in their midst.

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