Genesis 19-21 Young’s Literal Translation

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The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah

19 1  And two of the messengers come towards Sodom at even, and Lot is sitting at the gate of Sodom, and Lot seeth, and riseth to meet them, and boweth himself—face to the earth, 2  and he saith, 'Lo, I pray you, my lords, turn aside, I pray you, unto the house of your servant, and lodge, and wash your feet—then ye have risen early and gone on your way;' and they say, 'Nay, but in the broad place we do lodge.' 3  And he presseth on them greatly, and they turn aside unto him, and come in unto his house; and he maketh for them a banquet, and hath baked unleavened things; and they do eat.

4  Before they lie down, the men of the city—men of Sodom—have come round about against the house, from young even unto aged, all the people from the extremity; 5  and they call unto Lot and say to him, 'Where 'are' the men who have come in unto thee to-night? bring them out unto us, and we know them.' 6  And Lot goeth out unto them, to the opening, and the door hath shut behind him, 7  and saith, 'Do not, I pray you, my brethren, do evil; 8  lo, I pray you, I have two daughters, who have not known any one; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do to them as 'is' good in your eyes; only to these men do not anything, for therefore have they come in within the shadow of my roof.' 9  And they say, 'Come nigh hither;' they say also, 'This one hath come in to sojourn, and he certainly judgeth! now, we do evil to thee more than 'to' them;' and they press against the man, against Lot greatly, and come nigh to break the door. 10  And the men put forth their hand, and bring in Lot unto them, into the house, and have shut the door; 11  and the men who 'are' at the opening of the house they have smitten with blindness, from small even unto great, and they weary themselves to find the opening.

12  And the men say unto Lot, 'Whom hast thou here still? son-in-law, thy sons also, and thy daughters, and all whom thou hast in the city, bring out from this place; 13  for we are destroying this place, for their cry hath been great 'before' the face of Jehovah, and Jehovah doth send us to destroy it.' 14  And Lot goeth out, and speaketh unto his sons-in-law, those taking his daughters, and saith, 'Rise, go out from this place, for Jehovah is destroying the city;' and he is as 'one' mocking in the eyes of his sons-in-law.

15  And when the dawn hath ascended, then the messengers press upon Lot, saying, 'Rise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters who are found present, lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city.' 16  And he lingereth, and the men lay hold on his hand, and on the hand of his wife, and on the hand of his two daughters, through the mercy of Jehovah unto him, and they bring him out, and cause him to rest without the city. 17  And it cometh to pass when he hath brought them out without, that he saith, 'Escape for thy life; look not expectingly behind thee, nor stand thou in all the circuit; to the mountain escape, lest thou be consumed.' 18  And Lot saith unto them, 'Not 'so', I pray thee, my lord; 19  lo, I pray thee, thy servant hath found grace in thine eyes, and thou dost make great thy kindness which thou hast done with me by saving my life, and I am unable to escape to the mountain, lest the evil cleave 'to' me, and I have died; 20  lo, I pray thee, this city 'is' near to flee thither, and it 'is' little; let me escape, I pray thee, thither, (is it not little?) and my soul doth live.' 21  And he saith unto him, 'Lo, I have accepted thy face also for this thing, without overthrowing the city 'for' which thou hast spoken; 22  haste, escape thither, for I am not able to do anything till thine entering thither;' therefore hath he calleth the name of the city Zoar. 23  The sun hath gone out on the earth, and Lot hath entered into Zoar,

24  and Jehovah hath rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from Jehovah, from the heavens; 25  and He overthroweth these cities, and all the circuit, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which is shooting up from the ground.

26  And his wife looketh expectingly from behind him, and she is—a pillar of salt!

27  And Abraham riseth early in the morning, unto the place where he hath stood 'before' the face of Jehovah; 28  and he looketh on the face of Sodom and Gomorrah, and on all the face of the land of the circuit, and seeth, and lo, the smoke of the land went up as smoke of the furnace. 29  And it cometh to pass, in God's destroying the cities of the circuit, that God remembereth Abraham, and sendeth Lot out of the midst of the overthrow in the overthrowing of the cities in which Lot dwelt.

30  And Lot goeth up out of Zoar, and dwelleth in the mountain, and his two daughters with him, for he hath been afraid of dwelling in Zoar, and he dwelleth in a cave, he and his two daughters. 31  And the first-born saith unto the younger, 'Our father 'is' old, and a man there is not in the earth to come in unto us, as 'is' the way of all the earth; 32  come, we cause our father to drink wine, and lie with him, and preserve from our father—a seed.' 33  And they cause their father to drink wine on that night; and the first-born goeth in, and lieth with her father, and he hath not known in her lying down, or in her rising up. 34  And it cometh to pass, on the morrow, that the first-born saith unto the younger, 'Lo, I have lain yesterday-night with my father: we cause him to drink wine also to-night, and go thou in, lie with him, and we preserve from our father—a seed.' 35  And they cause their father to drink wine on that night also, and the younger riseth and lieth with him, and he hath not known in her lying down, or in her rising up. 36  And the two daughters of Lot conceive from their father, 37  and the first-born beareth a son, and calleth his name Moab; he 'is' father of Moab unto this day; 38  as to the younger, she also hath born a son, and calleth his name Ben-Ammi: he 'is' father of the Beni-Ammon unto this day.

Abraham and Abimelech

20 1  And Abraham journeyeth from thence toward the land of the south, and dwelleth between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourneth in Gerar; 2  and Abraham saith concerning Sarah his wife, 'She is my sister;' and Abimelech king of Gerar sendeth and taketh Sarah.

3  And God cometh in unto Abimelech in a dream of the night, and saith to him, 'Lo, thou 'art' a dead man, because of the woman whom thou hast taken—and she married to a husband.' 4  And Abimelech hath not drawn near unto her, and he saith, 'Lord, also a righteous nation dost thou slay? 5  hath not he himself said to me, She 'is' my sister! and she, even she herself, said, He 'is' my brother; in the integrity of my heart, and in the innocency of my hands, I have done this.' 6  And God saith unto him in the dream, 'Yea, I—I have known that in the integrity of thy heart thou hast done this, and I withhold thee, even I, from sinning against Me, therefore I have not suffered thee to come against her; 7  and now send back the man's wife, for he 'is' inspired, and he doth pray for thee, and live thou; and if thou do not send back, know that dying thou dost die, thou, and all that thou hast.'

8  And Abimelech riseth early in the morning, and calleth for all his servants, and speaketh all these words in their ears; and the men fear exceedingly; 9  and Abimelech calleth for Abraham, and saith to him, 'What hast thou done to us? and what have I sinned against thee, that thou hast brought upon me, and upon my kingdom, a great sin? works which are not done thou hast done with me.' 10  Abimelech also saith unto Abraham, 'What hast thou seen that thou hast done this thing?' 11  And Abraham saith, 'Because I said, 'Surely the fear of God is not in this place, and they have slain me for the sake of my wife; 12  and also, truly she is my sister, daughter of my father, only not daughter of my mother, and she becometh my wife; 13  and it cometh to pass, when God hath caused me to wander from my father's house, that I say to her, This 'is' thy kindness which thou dost with me: at every place whither we come, say of me, He 'is' my brother.'

14  And Abimelech taketh sheep and oxen, and servants and handmaids, and giveth to Abraham, and sendeth back to him Sarah his wife; 15  and Abimelech saith, 'Lo, my land 'is' before thee, where it is good in thine eyes, dwell;' 16  and to Sarah he hath said, 'Lo, I have given a thousand silverlings to thy brother; lo, it is to thee a covering of eyes, to all who are with thee;' and by all this she is reasoned with. 17  And Abraham prayeth unto God, and God healeth Abimelech and his wife, and his handmaids, and they bear: 18  for Jehovah restraining had restrained every womb of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah, Abraham's wife.

The Birth of Isaac

21 1  And Jehovah hath looked after Sarah as He hath said, and Jehovah doth to Sarah as He hath spoken; 2  and Sarah conceiveth, and beareth a son to Abraham, to his old age, at the appointed time that God hath spoken of with him; 3  and Abraham calleth the name of his son who is born to him, whom Sarah hath born to him—Isaac; 4  and Abraham circumciseth Isaac his son, 'being' a son of eight days, as God hath commanded him. 5  And Abraham 'is' a son of a hundred years in Isaac his son being born to him, 6  and Sarah saith, 'God hath made laughter for me; every one who is hearing laugheth for me.' 7  She saith also, 'Who hath said to Abraham, Sarah hath suckled sons, that I have born a son for his old age?'

Hagar and Ishmael Sent Away

8  And the lad groweth, and is weaned, and Abraham maketh a great banquet in the day of Isaac's being weaned;

9  and Sarah seeth the son of Hagar the Egyptian, whom she hath borne to Abraham, mocking, 10  and she saith to Abraham, 'Cast out this handmaid and her son; for the son of this handmaid hath no possession with my son—with Isaac.' 11  And the thing is very wrong in the eyes of Abraham, for his son's sake; 12  and God saith unto Abraham, 'Let it not be wrong in thine eyes because of the youth, and because of thy handmaid: all that Sarah saith unto thee—hearken to her voice, for in Isaac is a seed called to thee. 13  As to the son of the handmaid also, for a nation I set him, because he 'is' thy seed.'

14  And Abraham riseth early in the morning, and taketh bread, and a bottle of water, and giveth unto Hagar (placing 'it' on her shoulder), also the lad, and sendeth her out; and she goeth on, and goeth astray in the wilderness of Beer-Sheba; 15  and the water is consumed from the bottle, and she placeth the lad under one of the shrubs. 16  And she goeth and sitteth by herself over-against, afar off, about a bow-shot, for she said, 'Let me not look on the death of the lad;' and she sitteth over-against, and lifteth up her voice, and weepeth. 17  And God heareth the voice of the youth; and the messenger of God calleth unto Hagar from the heavens, and saith to her, 'What to thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hath hearkened unto the voice of the youth where he 'is'; 18  rise, lift up the youth, and lay hold on him with thy hand, for for a great nation I set him.' 19  And God openeth her eyes, and she seeth a well of water, and she goeth and filleth the bottle 'with' water, and causeth the youth to drink; 20  and God is with the youth, and he groweth, and dwelleth in the wilderness, and is an archer; 21  and he dwelleth in the wilderness of Paran, and his mother taketh for him a wife from the land of Egypt.

The Covenant between Abraham and Abimelech

22  And it cometh to pass at that time that Abimelech speaketh—Phichol also, head of his host—unto Abraham, saying, 'God 'is' with thee in all that thou art doing; 23  and now, swear to me by God here: thou dost not lie to me, or to my continuator, or to my successor; according to the kindness which I have done with thee thou dost with me, and with the land in which thou hast sojourned.' 24  And Abraham saith, 'I—I do swear.' 25  And Abraham reasoned with Abimelech concerning the matter of a well of water which Abimelech's servants have taken violently away, 26  and Abimelech saith, 'I have not known who hath done this thing, and even thou didst not declare to me, and I also, I have not heard save to-day.' 27  And Abraham taketh sheep and oxen, and giveth to Abimelech, and they make, both of them, a covenant; 28  and Abraham setteth seven Lambs of the flock by themselves. 29  And Abimelech saith unto Abraham, 'What 'are' they—these seven lambs which thou hast set by themselves?' 30  And he saith, 'For—the seven lambs thou dost accept from my hand, so that it becometh a witness for me that I have digged this well;' 31  therefore hath he called that place 'Beer-Sheba,' for there have both of them sworn. 32  And they make a covenant in Beer-Sheba, and Abimelech riseth—Phichol also, head of his host—and they turn back unto the land of the Philistines;

33  and 'Abraham' planteth a tamarask in Beer-Sheba, and preacheth there in the name of Jehovah, God age-during; 34  and Abraham sojourneth in the land of the Philistines many days.

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