Exodus 10-12 Young’s Literal Translation

<< Exodus 9 | Exodus 10-12 | Exodus 13 >>

The Plague of Locusts

10 1  And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Go in unto Pharaoh, for I have declared hard his heart, and the heart of his servants, so that I set these My signs in their midst, 2  and so that thou recountest in the ears of thy son, and of thy son's son, that which I have done in Egypt, and My signs which I have set among them, and ye have known that I 'am' Jehovah.' 3  And Moses cometh in—Aaron also—unto Pharaoh, and they say unto him, 'Thus said Jehovah, God of the Hebrews, Until when hast thou refused to be humbled at My presence? send My people away, and they serve Me, 4  for if thou art refusing to send My people away, lo, I am bringing in to-morrow the locust into thy border, 5  and it hath covered the eye of the land, and none is able to see the land, and it hath eaten the remnant of that which is escaped, which is left to you from the hail, and it hath eaten every tree which is springing for you out of the field; 6  and they have filled thy houses, and the houses of all thy servants, and the houses of all the Egyptians, which neither thy fathers nor thy father's fathers have seen, since the day of their being on the ground unto this day,'—and he turneth and goeth out from Pharaoh. 7  And the servants of Pharaoh say unto him, 'Until when doth this 'one' become a snare to us? send the men away, and they serve Jehovah their God; knowest thou not yet that Egypt hath perished?' 8  And Moses is brought back—Aaron also—unto Pharaoh, and he saith unto them, 'Go, serve Jehovah your God;—who and who 'are' those going?' 9  And Moses saith, 'With our young ones, and with our aged ones, we go, with our sons, and with our daughters, with our flock, and our herd, we go, for we have a festival to Jehovah.' 10  And he saith unto them, 'Be it so, Jehovah 'be' with you when I send you and your infants away; see—for evil 'is' before your faces; 11  not so! go now, ye who 'are' men, and serve Jehovah, for that ye are seeking;' and 'one' casteth them out from the presence of Pharaoh.

12  And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Stretch out thy hand against the land of Egypt for the locust, and it goeth up against the land of Egypt, and doth eat every herb of the land—all that the hail hath left.' 13  And Moses stretcheth out his rod against the land of Egypt, and Jehovah hath led an east wind over the land all that day, and all the night; the morning hath been, and the east wind hath lifted up the locust. 14  And the locust goeth up against all the land of Egypt, and resteth in all the border of Egypt—very grievous: before it there hath not been such a locust as it, and after it there is none such; 15  and it covereth the eye of all the land, and the land is darkened; and it eateth every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail hath left, and there hath not been left any green thing in the trees, or in the herb of the field, in all the land of Egypt.' 16  And Pharaoh hasteth to call for Moses and for Aaron, and saith, 'I have sinned against Jehovah your God, and against you, 17  and now, bear with, I pray you, my sin, only this time, and make ye supplication to Jehovah your God, that He turn aside from off me only this death.' 18  And he goeth out from Pharaoh, and maketh supplication unto Jehovah, 19  and Jehovah turneth a very strong sea wind, and it lifteth up the locust, and bloweth it into the Red Sea—there hath not been left one locust in all the border of Egypt; 20  and Jehovah strengtheneth the heart of Pharaoh, and he hath not sent the sons of Israel away.

The Plague of Darkness

21  And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Stretch out thy hand towards the heavens, and there is darkness over the land of Egypt, and the darkness is felt.' 22  And Moses stretcheth out his hand towards the heavens, and there is darkness—thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days; 23  they have not seen one another, and none hath risen from his place three days; and to all the sons of Israel there hath been light in their dwellings.' 24  And Pharaoh calleth unto Moses and saith, 'Go ye, serve Jehovah, only your flock and your herd are stayed, your infants also go with you;' 25  and Moses saith, 'Thou also dost give in our hand sacrifices and burnt-offerings, and we have prepared for Jehovah our God; 26  and also our cattle doth go with us, there is not left a hoof, for from it we do take to serve Jehovah our God; and we—we know not how we do serve Jehovah till our going thither.' 27  And Jehovah strengtheneth the heart of Pharaoh, and he hath not been willing to send them away; 28  and Pharaoh saith to him, 'Go from me, take heed to thyself, add not to see my face, for in the day thou seest my face thou diest;' 29  and Moses saith, 'Rightly hast thou spoken, I add not any more to see thy face.'

The Death of the Firstborn Foretold

11 1  And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'One plague more I do bring in on Pharaoh, and on Egypt, afterwards he doth send you away from this; when he is sending you away, he surely casteth you out altogether from this 'place'; 2  speak, I pray thee, in the ears of the people, and they ask—each man from his neighbour, and each woman from her neighbour, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold.' 3  And Jehovah giveth the grace of the people in the eyes of the Egyptians; also the man Moses 'is' very great in the land of Egypt, in the eyes of the servants of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of the people.

4  And Moses saith, 'Thus said Jehovah, About midnight I am going out into the midst of Egypt, 5  and every first-born in the land of Egypt hath died, from the first-born of Pharaoh who is sitting on his throne, unto the first-born of the maid-servant who 'is' behind the millstones, and all the first-born of beasts; 6  and there hath been a great cry in all the land of Egypt, such as there hath not been, and such as there is not again. 7  'And against all the sons of Israel a dog sharpeneth not its tongue, from man even unto beast, so that ye know that Jehovah doth make a separation between the Egyptians and Israel; 8  and all these thy servants have come down unto me, and bowed themselves to me, saying, Go out, thou and all the people who 'are' at thy feet; and afterwards I do go out;'—and he goeth out from Pharaoh in the heat of anger. 9  And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Pharaoh doth not hearken unto you, so as to multiply My wonders in the land of Egypt;' 10  and Moses and Aaron have done all these wonders before Pharaoh, and Jehovah strengtheneth Pharaoh's heart, and he hath not sent the sons of Israel out of his land.

The Passover

12 1  And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses and unto Aaron, in the land of Egypt, saying, 2  'This month 'is' to you the chief of months—it 'is' the first to you of the months of the year; 3  speak ye unto all the company of Israel, saying, In the tenth of this month—they take to them each man a lamb for the house of the fathers, a lamb for a house. 4  '(And if the household be too few for a lamb, then hath he taken, he and his neighbour who is near unto his house, for the number of persons, each according to his eating ye do count for the lamb,) 5  a lamb, a perfect one, a male, a son of a year, let be to you; from the sheep or from the goats ye do take 'it'. 6  'And it hath become a charge to you, until the fourteenth day of this month, and the whole assembly of the company of Israel have slaughtered it between the evenings; 7  and they have taken of the blood, and have put on the two side-posts, and on the lintel over the houses in which they eat it. 8  'And they have eaten the flesh in this night, roast with fire; with unleavened things and bitters they do eat it; 9  ye do not eat of it raw, or boiled at all in water, but roast with fire, its head with its legs, and with its inwards; 10  and ye do not leave of it till morning, and that which is remaining of it till morning with fire ye do burn. 11  'And thus ye do eat it: your loins girded, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand, and ye have eaten it in haste; it is Jehovah's passover, 12  and I have passed over through the land of Egypt during this night, and have smitten every first-born in the land of Egypt, from man even unto beast, and on all the gods of Egypt I do judgments; I 'am' Jehovah. 13  'And the blood hath become a sign for you on the houses where ye 'are', and I have seen the blood, and have passed over you, and a plague is not on you for destruction in My smiting in the land of Egypt. 14  'And this day hath become to you a memorial, and ye have kept it a feast to Jehovah to your generations;—a statute age-during; ye keep it a feast. 15  Seven days ye eat unleavened things; only—in the first day ye cause leaven to cease out of your houses; for any one eating anything fermented from the first day till the seventh day, even that person hath been cut off from Israel. 16  'And in the first day 'is' a holy convocation, and in the seventh day ye have a holy convocation; any work is not done in them, only that which is eaten by any person—it alone is done by you, 17  and ye have observed the unleavened things, for in this self-same day I have brought out your hosts from the land of Egypt, and ye have observed this day to your generations—a statute age-during. 18  'In the first 'month', in the fourteenth day of the month, in the evening, ye do eat unleavened things until the one and twentieth day of the month, at evening; 19  seven days leaven is not found in your houses, for any 'one' eating anything fermented—that person hath been cut off from the company of Israel, among the sojourners or among the natives of the land; 20  anything fermented ye do not eat, in all your dwellings ye do eat unleavened things.'

21  And Moses calleth for all the elders of Israel, and saith unto them, 'Draw out and take for yourselves 'from' the flock, for your families, and slaughter the passover-sacrifice; 22  and ye have taken a bunch of hyssop, and have dipped 'it' in the blood which 'is' in the basin, and have struck 'it' on the lintel, and on the two side-posts, from the blood which 'is' in the basin, and ye, ye go not out each from the opening of his house till morning. 23  'And Jehovah hath passed on to smite the Egyptians, and hath seen the blood on the lintel, and on the two side-posts, and Jehovah hath passed over the opening, and doth not permit the destruction to come into your houses to smite. 24  'And ye have observed this thing, for a statute to thee, and to thy sons—unto the age; 25  and it hath been, when ye come in unto the land which Jehovah giveth to you, as He hath spoken, that ye have kept this service; 26  and it hath come to pass when your sons say unto you, What 'is' this service ye have? 27  that ye have said, A sacrifice of passover it 'is' to Jehovah, who passed over the houses of the sons of Israel in Egypt, in His smiting the Egyptians, and our houses He delivered.' 28  And the people bow and do obeisance, and the sons of Israel go and do as Jehovah commanded Moses and Aaron; so have they done.

The Death of the Firstborn

29  And it cometh to pass, at midnight, that Jehovah hath smitten every first-born in the land of Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh who is sitting on his throne, unto the first-born of the captive who 'is' in the prison-house, and every first-born of beasts. 30  And Pharaoh riseth by night, he and all his servants, and all the Egyptians, and there is a great cry in Egypt, for there is not a house where there is not 'one' dead, 31  and he calleth for Moses and for Aaron by night, and saith, 'Rise, go out from the midst of my people, both ye and the sons of Israel, and go, serve Jehovah according to your word; 32  both your flock and your herd take ye, as ye have spoken, and go; then ye have blessed also me.' 33  And the Egyptians are urgent on the people, hasting to send them away out of the land, for they said, 'We are all dead;' 34  and the people taketh up its dough before it is fermented, their kneading-troughs 'are' bound up in their garments on their shoulder. 35  And the sons of Israel have done according to the word of Moses, and they ask from the Egyptians vessels of silver and vessels of gold, and garments; 36  and Jehovah hath given the grace of the people in the eyes of the Egyptians, and they cause them to ask, and they spoil the Egyptians.

The Israelites Leave Egypt

37  And the sons of Israel journey from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, apart from infants; 38  and a great rabble also hath gone up with them, and flock and herd—very much cattle. 39  And they bake with the dough which they have brought out from Egypt unleavened cakes, for it hath not fermented; for they have been cast out of Egypt, and have not been able to delay, and also provision they have not made for themselves. 40  And the dwelling of the sons of Israel which they have dwelt in Egypt 'is' four hundred and thirty years; 41  and it cometh to pass, at the end of four hundred and thirty years—yea, it cometh to pass in this self-same day—all the hosts of Jehovah have gone out from the land of Egypt. 42  A night of watchings it 'is' to Jehovah, to bring them out from the land of Egypt; it 'is' this night to Jehovah of watchings to all the sons of Israel to their generations.

43  And Jehovah saith unto Moses and Aaron, 'This 'is' a statute of the passover; Any son of a stranger doth not eat of it; 44  and any man's servant, the purchase of money, when thou hast circumcised him—then he doth eat of it; 45  a settler or hired servant doth not eat of it; 46  in one house it is eaten, thou dost not carry out of the house 'any' of the flesh without, and a bone ye do not break of it; 47  all the company of Israel do keep it. 48  'And when a sojourner sojourneth with thee, and hath made a passover to Jehovah, every male of his 'is' to be circumcised, and then he doth come near to keep it, and he hath been as a native of the land, but any uncircumcised one doth not eat of it; 49  one law is to a native, and to a sojourner who is sojourning in your midst.' 50  And all the sons of Israel do as Jehovah commanded Moses and Aaron; so have they done. 51  And it cometh to pass in this self-same day, Jehovah hath brought out the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt, by their hosts.

<< Exodus 9 | Exodus 10-12 | Exodus 13 >>

Add Another Translation