2 Samuel 13-15 Young’s Literal Translation

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Amnon and Tamar

13 1  And it cometh to pass afterwards that Absalom son of David hath a fair sister, and her name 'is' Tamar, and Amnon son of David loveth her. 2  And Amnon hath distress—even to become sick, because of Tamar his sister, for she 'is' a virgin, and it is hard in the eyes of Amnon to do anything to her. 3  And Amnon hath a friend, and his name 'is' Jonadab, son of Shimeah, David's brother, and Jonadab 'is' a very wise man, 4  and saith to him, 'Wherefore 'art' thou thus lean, O king's son, morning by morning? dost thou not declare to me?' And Amnon saith to him, 'Tamar—sister of Absalom my brother—I am loving.' 5  And Jonadab saith to him, 'Lie down on thy couch, and feign thyself sick, and thy father hath come in to see thee, and thou hast said unto him, 'Let, I pray thee, Tamar my sister come in and give me bread to eat; and she hath made the food before mine eyes so that I see 'it', and have eaten from her hand.' 6  And Amnon lieth down, and feigneth himself sick, and the king cometh in to see him, and Amnon saith unto the king, 'Let, I pray thee, Tamar my sister come, and she maketh before mine eyes two cakes, and I eat from her hand.' 7  And David sendeth unto Tamar, to the house, saying, 'Go, I pray thee, to the house of Amnon thy brother, and make for him food.' 8  And Tamar goeth to the house of Amnon her brother, and he is lying down, and she taketh the dough, and kneadeth, and maketh cakes before his eyes, and cooketh the cakes, 9  and taketh the frying-pan, and poureth out before him, and he refuseth to eat, and Amnon saith, 'Take ye out every one from me;' and they go out every one from him. 10  And Amnon saith unto Tamar, 'Bring the food into the inner chamber, and I eat from thy hand;' and Tamar taketh the cakes that she hath made, and bringeth in to Amnon her brother, into the inner chamber, 11  and she bringeth nigh unto him to eat, and he layeth hold on her, and saith to her, 'Come, lie with me, my sister.' 12  And she saith to him, 'Nay, my brother, do not humble me, for it is not done so in Israel; do not this folly. 13  And I—whither do I cause my reproach to go? and thou—thou art as one of the fools in Israel; and now, speak, I pray thee, unto the king; for he doth not withhold me from thee.' 14  And he hath not been willing to hearken to her voice, and is stronger than she, and humbleth her, and lieth with her. 15  And Amnon hateth her—a very great hatred—that greater 'is' the hatred with which he hath hated her than the love with which he loved her, and Amnon saith to her, 'Rise, go.' 16  And she saith to him, 'Because of the circumstances this evil is greater than the other that thou hast done with me—to send me away;' and he hath not been willing to hearken to her, 17  and calleth his young man, his servant, and saith, 'Send away, I pray thee, this one from me without, and bolt the door after her;' 18  —and upon her 'is' a long coat, for such upper robes do daughters of the king who 'are' virgins put on,—and his servant taketh her out without, and hath bolted the door after her. 19  And Tamar taketh ashes for her head, and the long coat that 'is' on her she hath rent, and putteth her hand on her head, and goeth, going on and crying;

Absalom's Revenge and Flight

20  and Absalom her brother saith unto her, 'Hath Amnon thy brother been with thee? and now, my sister, keep silent, he 'is' thy brother; set not thy heart to this thing;' and Tamar dwelleth—but desolate—in the house of Absalom her brother.

21  And king David hath heard all these things, and it is very displeasing to him; 22  and Absalom hath not spoken with Amnon either evil or good, for Absalom is hating Amnon, because that he humbled Tamar his sister. 23  And it cometh to pass, after two years of days, that Absalom hath shearers in Baal-Hazor, which 'is' with Ephraim, and Absalom calleth for all the sons of the king. 24  And Absalom cometh unto the king, and saith, 'Lo, I pray thee, thy servant hath shearers, let the king go, I pray thee, and his servants, with thy servant.' 25  And the king saith unto Absalom, 'Nay, my son, let us not all go, I pray thee, and we are not too heavy on thee;' and he presseth on him, and he hath not been willing to go, and he blesseth him. 26  And Absalom saith, 'If not—let, I pray thee, Amnon my brother go with us;' and the king saith to him, 'Why doth he go with thee?' 27  and Absalom urgeth on him, and he sendeth with him Amnon, and all the sons of the king. 28  And Absalom commandeth his young men, saying, 'See, I pray thee, when the heart of Amnon 'is' glad with wine, and I have said unto you, Smite Amnon, that ye have put him to death; fear not; is it not because I have commanded you? be strong, yea, become sons of valour.' 29  And the young men of Absalom do to Amnon as Absalom commanded, and rise do all the sons of the king, and they ride, each on his mule, and flee.

30  And it cometh to pass—they 'are' in the way—and the report hath come unto David, saying, 'Absalom hath smitten all the sons of the king, and there is not left of them one;' 31  and the king riseth, and rendeth his garments, and lieth on the earth, and all his servants are standing by 'with' rent garments. 32  And Jonadab son of Shimeah, David's brother, answereth and saith, 'Let not my lord say, The whole of the young men, the sons of the king, they have put to death; for Amnon alone 'is' dead, for by the command of Absalom it hath been appointed from the day of his humbling Tamar his sister; 33  and now, let not my lord the king lay unto his heart the word, saying, All the sons of the king have died, for Amnon alone 'is' dead.' 34  And Absalom fleeth, and the young man who is watching lifteth up his eyes and looketh, and lo, much people are coming by the way behind him, on the side of the hill. 35  And Jonadab saith unto the king, 'Lo, the sons of the king have come; as the word of thy servant, so it hath been.' 36  And it cometh to pass at his finishing to speak, that lo, the sons of the king have come, and they lift up their voice, and weep, and also the king and all his servants have wept—a very great weeping. 37  And Absalom hath fled, and goeth unto Talmai, son of Ammihud, king of Geshur, and 'David' mourneth for his son all the days. 38  And Absalom hath fled, and goeth to Geshur, and is there three years; 39  and 'the soul of' king David determineth to go out unto Absalom, for he hath been comforted for Amnon, for 'he is' dead.

Joab's Scheme for Absalom's Return

14 1  And Joab son of Zeruial knoweth that the heart of the king 'is' on Absalom, 2  and Joab sendeth to Tekoah, and taketh thence a wise woman, and saith unto her, 'Feign thyself a mourner, I pray thee, and put on, I pray thee, garments of mourning, and anoint not thyself with oil, and thou hast been as a woman these many days mourning for the dead, 3  and thou hast gone unto the king, and spoken unto him, according to this word;' and Joab putteth the words into her mouth. 4  And the woman of Tekoah speaketh unto the king, and falleth on her face to the earth, and doth obeisance, and saith, 'Save, O king.' 5  And the king saith to her, 'What—to thee?' and she saith, 'Truly a widow woman 'am' I, and my husband dieth, 6  and thy maid-servant hath two sons; and they strive both of them in a field, and there is no deliverer between them, and the one smiteth the other, and putteth him to death; 7  and lo, the whole family hath risen against thy maid-servant, and say, Give up him who smiteth his brother, and we put him to death for the life of his brother whom he hath slain, and we destroy also the heir; and they have quenched my coal which is left—so as not to set to my husband a name and remnant on the face of the ground.' 8  And the king saith unto the woman, 'Go to thine house, and I give charge concerning thee.' 9  And the woman of Tekoah saith unto the king, 'On me, my lord, O king, 'is' the iniquity, and on the house of my father; and the king and his throne 'are' innocent.' 10  And the king saith, 'He who speaketh 'aught' unto thee, and thou hast brought him unto me, then he doth not add any more to come against thee.' 11  And she saith, 'Let, I pray thee, the king remember by Jehovah thy God, that the redeemer of blood add not to destroy, and they destroy not my son;' and he saith, 'Jehovah liveth; if there doth fall of the hair of thy son to the earth.' 12  And the woman saith, 'Let, I pray thee, thy maid-servant speak unto my lord the king a word;' and he saith, 'Speak.' 13  And the woman saith, 'And why hast thou thought thus concerning the people of God? yea, the king is speaking this thing as a guilty one, in that the king hath not brought back his outcast; 14  for we do surely die, and 'are' as water which is running down to the earth, which is not gathered, and God doth not accept a person, and hath devised devices in that the outcast is not outcast by Him. 15  'And now that I have come to speak unto the king my lord this word, 'it is' because the people made me afraid, and thy maid-servant saith, Let me speak, I pray thee, unto the king; it may be the king doth do the word of his handmaid, 16  for the king doth hearken to deliver his handmaid out of the paw of the man 'seeking' to destroy me and my son together out of the inheritance of God, 17  and thy maid-servant saith, Let, I pray thee, the word of my lord the king be for ease; for as a messenger of God so 'is' my lord the king, to understand the good and the evil; and Jehovah thy God is with thee.' 18  And the king answereth and saith unto the woman, 'Do not, I pray thee, hide from me the thing that I am asking thee;' and the woman saith, 'Let, I pray thee, my lord the king speak.' 19  And the king saith, 'Is the hand of Joab with thee in all this?' And the woman answereth and saith, 'Thy soul liveth, my lord, O king, none 'doth turn' to the right or to the left from all that my lord the king hath spoken; for thy servant Joab he commanded me, and he put in the mouth of thy maid-servant all these words; 20  in order to bring round the appearance of the thing hath thy servant Joab done this thing, and my lord 'is' wise, according to the wisdom of a messenger of God, to know all that 'is' in the land.'

21  And the king saith unto Joab, 'Lo, I pray thee, thou hast done this thing; and go, bring back the young man Absalom.' 22  And Joab falleth on his face to the earth, and doth obeisance, and blesseth the king, and Joab saith, 'To-day hath thy servant known that I have found grace in thine eyes, my lord, O king, in that the king hath done the word of his servant.' 23  And Joab riseth and goeth to Geshur, and bringeth in Absalom to Jerusalem, 24  and the king saith, 'Let him turn round unto his house, and my face he doth not see.' And Absalom turneth round unto his house, and the face of the king he hath not seen. 25  And like Absalom there was no man 'so' fair in all Israel, to praise greatly; from the sole of his foot even unto his crown there was no blemish in him; 26  and in his polling his head—and it hath been at the end of year by year that he polleth 'it', for it 'is' heavy on him, and he hath polled it—he hath even weighed out the hair of his head—two hundred shekels by the king's weight. 27  And there are born to Absalom three sons, and one daughter, and her name 'is' Tamar; she was a woman of a fair appearance.

28  And Absalom dwelleth in Jerusalem two years of days, and the face of the king he hath not seen; 29  and Absalom sendeth unto Joab, to send him unto the king, and he hath not been willing to come unto him; and he sendeth again a second time, and he hath not been willing to come. 30  And he saith unto his servants, 'See, the portion of Joab 'is' by the side of mine, and he hath barley there; go, and burn it with fire;' and the servants of Absalom burn the portion with fire. 31  And Joab riseth and cometh unto Absalom in the house, and saith unto him, 'Why have thy servants burned the portion that I have with fire?' 32  And Absalom saith unto Joab, 'Lo, I sent unto thee, saying, Come hither, and I send thee unto the king to say, Why have I come in from Geshur?—good for me while I 'am' there—and now, let me see the king's face, and if there is in me iniquity then thou hast put me to death.' 33  And Joab cometh unto the king, and declareth 'it' to him, and he calleth unto Absalom, and he cometh unto the king, and boweth himself to him, on his face, to the earth, before the king, and the king giveth a kiss to Absalom.

Absalom Revolts against David

15 1  And it cometh to pass afterwards, that Absalom prepareth for himself a chariot, and horses, and fifty men are running before him; 2  and Absalom hath risen early, and stood by the side of the way of the gate, and it cometh to pass, every man who hath a pleading to come unto the king for judgment, that Absalom calleth unto him, and saith, 'Of what city 'art' thou?' and he saith, 'Of one of the tribes of Israel 'is' thy servant.' 3  And Absalom saith unto him, 'See, thy matters 'are' good and straightforward—and there is none hearkening to thee from the king.' 4  And Absalom saith, 'Who doth make me a judge in the land, that unto me doth come every man who hath a plea and judgment?—then I have declared him righteous.' 5  And it hath come to pass, in the drawing nearing of any one to bow himself to him, that he hath put forth his hand, and laid hold on him, and given a kiss to him; 6  and Absalom doth according to this thing to all Israel who come in for judgment unto the king, and Absalom stealeth the heart of the men of Israel.

7  And it cometh to pass, at the end of forty years, that Absalom saith unto the king, 'Let me go, I pray thee, and I complete my vow, that I vowed to Jehovah in Hebron, 8  for a vow hath thy servant vowed in my dwelling in Geshur, in Aram, saying, If Jehovah doth certainly bring me back to Jerusalem, then I have served Jehovah.' 9  And the king saith to him, 'Go in peace;' and he riseth and goeth to Hebron, 10  and Absalom sendeth spies through all the tribes of Israel, saying, 'At your hearing the voice of the trumpet, then ye have said, Absalom hath reigned in Hebron.' 11  And with Absalom have gone two hundred men, out of Jerusalem, invited ones, and they are going in their simplicity, and have not known anything; 12  and Absalom sendeth Ahithophel the Gilonite, a counsellor of David, out of his city, out of Gilo, in his sacrificing sacrifices; and the conspiracy is strong, and the people are going and increasing with Absalom.

13  And he who is declaring tidings cometh in unto David, saying, 'The heart of the men of Israel hath been after Absalom.' 14  And David saith to all his servants who 'are' with him in Jerusalem, 'Rise, and we flee, for we have no escape from the face of Absalom; haste to go, lest he hasten, and have overtaken us, and forced on us evil, and smitten the city by the mouth of the sword.' 15  And the servants of the king say unto the king, 'According to all that my lord the king chooseth—lo, thy servants 'do'.' 16  And the king goeth out, and all his household at his feet, and the king leaveth ten women—concubines—to keep the house. 17  And the king goeth out, and all the people at his feet, and they stand still at the farthest off house. 18  And all his servants are passing on at his side, and all the Cherethite, and all the Pelethite, and all the Gittites, six hundred men who came at his feet from Gath, are passing on at the front of the king. 19  And the king saith unto Ittai the Gittite, 'Why dost thou go—thou also—with us? turn back—and abide with the king, for thou 'art' a stranger, and also an exile thou—to thy place. 20  Yesterday 'is' thy coming in, and to-day I move thee to go with us, and I am going on that which I am going!—turn back, and take back thy brethren with thee,—kindness and truth.' 21  And Ittai answereth the king and saith, 'Jehovah liveth, and my lord the king liveth, surely in the place where my lord the king is—if for death, if for life, surely there is thy servant.' 22  And David saith unto Ittai, 'Go and pass over;' and Ittai the Gittite passeth over, and all his men, and all the infants who 'are' with him. 23  And all the land are weeping—a great voice, and all the people are passing over; and the king is passing over through the brook Kidron, and all the people are passing over on the front of the way of the wilderness;

24  and lo, also Zadok, and all the Levites with him, bearing the ark of the covenant of God, and they make the ark of God firm, and Abiathar goeth up, till the completion of all the people to pass over out of the city. 25  And the king saith to Zadok, 'Take back the ark of God to the city; if I find grace in the eyes of Jehovah, then He hath brought me back, and shewn me it and His habitation; 26  and if thus He say, I have not delighted in thee; here 'am' I, He doth to me as 'is' good in His eyes.' 27  And the king saith unto Zadok the priest, 'Art thou a seer? turn back to the city in peace, and Ahimaaz thy son, and Jonathan son of Abiathar, your two sons with you; 28  see ye, I am tarrying in the plains of the wilderness till the coming in of a word from you to declare to me.' 29  And Zadok taketh back—and Abiathar—the ark of God to Jerusalem, and they abide there. 30  And David is going up in the ascent of the olives, going up and weeping, and he hath the head covered, and he is going barefooted, and all the people who 'are' with him have covered each his head, and have gone up, going up and weeping;

31  and David declared, saying, 'Ahithophel 'is' among the conspirators with Absalom;' and David saith, 'Make foolish, I pray Thee, the counsel of Ahithophel, O Jehovah.' 32  And it cometh to pass, David hath come unto the top, where he boweth himself to God, and lo, to meet him 'is' Hushai the Archite, his coat rent, and earth on his head; 33  and David saith to him, 'If thou hast passed on with me then thou hast been on me for a burden, 34  and if to the city thou dost turn back, and hast said to Absalom, Thy servant I am, O king; servant of thy father I 'am' also hitherto, and now, I 'am' also thy servant; then thou hast made void for me the counsel of Ahithophel; 35  and are there not with thee there Zadok and Abiathar the priests? and it hath been, the whole of the matter that thou hearest from the house of the king thou dost declare to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests. 36  Lo, there with them 'are' their two sons, Ahimaaz to Zadok, and Jonathan to Abiathar, and ye have sent by their hand unto me anything that ye hear.' 37  And Hushai, David's friend, cometh in to the city, and Absalom cometh in to Jerusalem.

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