1 Kings 18-20 Young’s Literal Translation

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Elijah Returns to Ahab

18 1  And the days are many, and the word of Jehovah hath been unto Elijah in the third year, saying, 'Go, appear unto Ahab, and I give rain on the face of the ground;' 2  and Elijah goeth to appear unto Ahab. And the famine is severe in Samaria, 3  and Ahab calleth unto Obadiah, who 'is' over the house—and Obadiah hath been fearing Jehovah greatly, 4  and it cometh to pass, in Jezebel's cutting off the prophets of Jehovah, that Obadiah taketh a hundred prophets, and hideth them, fifty men in a cave, and hath sustained them with bread and water— 5  and Ahab saith unto Obadiah, 'Go through the land, unto all fountains of waters, and unto all the brooks, if so be we find hay, and keep alive horse and mule, and do not cut off any of the cattle.' 6  And they apportion to themselves the land, to pass over into it; Ahab hath gone in one way by himself, and Obadiah hath gone in another way by himself; 7  and Obadiah 'is' in the way, and lo, Elijah—to meet him; and he discerneth him, and falleth on his face, and saith, 'Art thou he—my lord Elijah?' 8  And he saith to him, 'I 'am'; go, say to thy lord, Lo, Elijah.' 9  And he saith, 'What have I sinned, that thou art giving thy servant into the hand of Ahab—to put me to death? 10  Jehovah thy God liveth, if there is a nation and kingdom whither my lord hath not sent to seek thee; and they said, He is not, then he caused the kingdom and the nation to swear, that it doth not find thee; 11  and now, thou art saying, Go, say to thy lord, Lo, Elijah; 12  and it hath been, I go from thee, and the Spirit of Jehovah doth lift thee up, whither I know not, and I have come to declare to Ahab, and he doth not find thee, and he hath slain me; and thy servant is fearing Jehovah from my youth. 13  'Hath it not been declared to my lord that which I have done in Jezebel's slaying the prophets of Jehovah, that I hide of the prophets of Jehovah a hundred men, fifty by fifty in a cave, and sustained them with bread and water? 14  and now thou art saying, Go, say to my lord, Lo, Elijah—and he hath slain me!' 15  And Elijah saith, 'Jehovah of Hosts liveth, before whom I have stood, surely to-day I appear unto him.' 16  And Obadiah goeth to meet Ahab, and declareth 'it' to him, and Ahab goeth to meet Elijah,

17  and it cometh to pass at Ahab's seeing Elijah, that Ahab saith unto him, 'Art thou he—the troubler of Israel?' 18  And he saith, 'I have not troubled Israel, but thou and the house of thy father, in your forsaking the commands of Jehovah, and thou goest after the Baalim; 19  and now, send, gather unto me all Israel, unto the mount of Carmel, and the prophets of Baal four hundred and fifty, and the prophets of the shrine, four hundred—eating at the table of Jezebel.'

The Contest on Mount Carmel

20  And Ahab sendeth among all the sons of Israel, and gathereth the prophets unto the mount of Carmel;

21  and Elijah cometh nigh unto all the people, and saith, 'Till when are ye leaping on the two branches?—if Jehovah 'is' God, go after Him; and if Baal, go after him;' and the people have not answered him a word. 22  And Elijah saith unto the people, 'I—I have been left a prophet of Jehovah—by myself; and the prophets of Baal 'are' four hundred and fifty men; 23  and let them give to us two bullocks, and they choose for themselves the one bullock, and cut it in pieces, and place 'it' on the wood, and place no fire; and I—I prepare the other bullock, and have put 'it' on the wood, and fire I do not place;— 24  and ye have called in the name of your god, and I—I call in the name of Jehovah, and it hath been, the god who answereth by fire—He 'is' the God.' And all the people answer and say, 'Good 'is' the word.' 25  And Elijah saith to the prophets of Baal, 'Choose for you the one bullock, and prepare first, for ye 'are' the multitude, and call ye in the name of your god, and place no fire.' 26  And they take the bullock that 'one' gave to them, and prepare, and call in the name of Baal from the morning even till the noon, saying, 'O Baal, answer us!' and there is no voice, and there is none answering; and they leap on the altar that one had made. 27  And it cometh to pass, at noon, that Elijah playeth on them, and saith, 'Call with a loud voice, for he 'is' a god, for he is meditating, or pursuing, or on a journey; it may be he is asleep, an doth awake.' 28  And they call with a loud voice, and cut themselves, according to their ordinance, with swords and with spears, till a flowing of blood 'is' on them; 29  and it cometh to pass, at the passing by of the noon, that they feign themselves prophets till the going up of the present, and there is no voice, and there is none answering, and there is none attending. 30  And Elijah saith to all the people, 'Come nigh unto me;' and all the people come nigh unto him, and he repaireth the altar of Jehovah that is broken down; 31  and Elijah taketh twelve stones, according to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, unto whom the word of Jehovah was, saying, 'Israel is thy name;' 32  and he buildeth with the stones an altar, in the name of Jehovah, and maketh a trench, as about the space of two measures of seed, round about the altar. 33  And he arrangeth the wood, and cutteth in pieces the bullock, and placeth 'it' on the wood, and saith, 'Fill ye four pitchers of water, and pour on the burnt-offering, and on the wood; 34  and he saith, 'Do 'it' a second time;' and they do 'it' a second time; and he saith, 'Do 'it' a third time;' and they do 'it' a third time; 35  and the water goeth round about the altar, and also, the trench he hath filled with water. 36  And it cometh to pass, at the going up of the 'evening-'present, that Elijah the prophet cometh nigh and saith, 'Jehovah, God of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, to-day let it be known that Thou 'art' God in Israel, and I Thy servant, that by Thy word I have done the whole of these things; 37  answer me, O Jehovah, answer me, and this people doth know that Thou 'art' Jehovah God; and Thou hast turned their heart backward.' 38  And there falleth a fire of Jehovah, and consumeth the burnt-offering, and the wood, and the stones, and the dust, and the water that 'is' in the trench it hath licked up. 39  And all the people see, and fall on their faces, and say, 'Jehovah, He 'is' the God, Jehovah, He 'is' the God.' 40  And Elijah saith to them, 'Catch ye the prophets of Baal; let not a man escape of them;' and they catch them, and Elijah bringeth them down unto the stream Kishon, and doth slaughter them there.

Elijah Prays for Rain

41  And Elijah saith to Ahab, 'Go up, eat and drink, because of the sound of the noise of the shower.' 42  And Ahab goeth up to eat, and to drink, and Elijah hath gone up unto the top of Carmel, and he stretcheth himself out on the earth, and he placeth his face between his knees, 43  and saith unto his young man, 'Go up, I pray thee, look attentively the way of the sea;' and he goeth up and looketh attentively, and saith, 'There is nothing;' and he saith, 'Turn back,' seven times. 44  And it cometh to pass, at the seventh, that he saith, 'Lo, a little thickness as the palm of a man is coming up out of the sea.' And he saith, 'Go up, say unto Ahab, 'Bind—and go down, and the shower doth not restrain thee.' 45  And it cometh to pass, in the meantime, that the heavens have become black—thick clouds and wind—and the shower is great; and Ahab rideth, and goeth to Jezreel, 46  and the hand of Jehovah hath been on Elijah, and he girdeth up his loins, and runneth before Ahab, till thine entering Jezreel.

Elijah Flees to Horeb

19 1  And Ahab declareth to Jezebel all that Elijah did, and all how he slew all the prophets by the sword, 2  and Jezebel sendeth a messenger unto Elijah, saying, 'Thus doth the gods, and thus do they add, surely about this time to-morrow, I make thy life as the life of one of them.' 3  And he feareth, and riseth, and goeth for his life, and cometh in to Beer-Sheba, that 'is' Judah's, and leaveth his young man there, 4  and he himself hath gone into the wilderness a day's Journey, and cometh and sitteth under a certain retem-tree, and desireth his soul to die, and saith, 'Enough, now, O Jehovah, take my soul, for I 'am' not better than my fathers.' 5  And he lieth down and sleepeth under a certain retem-tree, and lo, a messenger cometh against him, and saith to him, 'Rise, eat;' 6  and he looketh attentively, and lo, at his bolster a cake 'baken on' burning stones, and a dish of water, and he eateth, and drinketh, and turneth, and lieth down. 7  And the messenger of Jehovah turneth back a second time, and cometh against him, and saith, 'Rise, eat, for the way is too great for thee;' 8  and he riseth, and eateth, and drinketh, and goeth in the power of that food forty days and forty nights, unto the mount of God—Horeb.

9  And he cometh in there, unto the cave, and lodgeth there, and lo, the word of Jehovah 'is' unto him, and saith to him, 'What—to thee, here, Elijah?' 10  And he saith, 'I have been very zealous for Jehovah, God of Hosts, for the sons of Israel have forsaken Thy covenant—Thine altars they have thrown down, and Thy prophets they have slain by the sword, and I am left, I, by myself, and they seek my life—to take it.' 11  And He saith, 'Go out, and thou hast stood in the mount before Jehovah.' And lo, Jehovah is passing by, and a wind—great and strong—is rending mountains, and shivering rocks before Jehovah:—not in the wind 'is' Jehovah; and after the wind a shaking:—not in the shaking 'is' Jehovah; 12  and after the shaking a fire:—not in the fire 'is' Jehovah; and after the fire a voice still small; 13  and it cometh to pass, at Elijah's hearing 'it', that he wrappeth his face in his robe, and goeth out, and standeth at the opening of the cave, and lo, unto him 'is' a voice, and it saith, 'What—to thee, here, Elijah?' 14  And he saith, 'I have been very zealous for Jehovah, God of Hosts; for the sons of Israel have forsaken Thy covenant, Thine altars they have thrown down, and Thy prophets they have slain by the sword, and I am left, I, by myself, and they seek my life—to take it.' 15  And Jehovah saith unto him, 'Go turn back on thy way to the wilderness of Damascus, and thou hast gone in, and anointed Hazael for king over Aram, 16  and Jehu son of Nimshi thou dost anoint for king over Israel, and Elisha son of Shaphat, of Abel-Meholah, thou dost anoint for prophet in thy stead. 17  'And it hath been, him who is escaped from the sword of Hazael, put to death doth Jehu, and him who is escaped from the sword of Jehu put to death doth Elisha; 18  and I have left in Israel seven thousand, all the knees that have not bowed to Baal, and every mouth that hath not kissed him.'

The Call of Elisha

19  And he goeth thence, and findeth Elisha son of Shaphat, and he is plowing; twelve yoke 'are' before him, and he 'is' with the twelfth; and Elijah passeth over unto him, and casteth his robe upon him, 20  and he forsaketh the oxen, and runneth after Elijah, and saith, 'Let me give a kiss, I pray thee, to my father and to my mother, and I go after thee.' And he saith to him, 'Go, turn back, for what have I done to thee?' 21  And he turneth back from after him, and taketh the yoke of oxen, and sacrificeth it, and with instruments of the oxen he hath boiled their flesh, and giveth to the people, and they eat, and he riseth, and goeth after Elijah, and serveth him.

Ahab Defeats the Syrians

20 1  And Ben-Hadad king of Aram hath gathered all his force, and thirty and two kings 'are' with him, and horse and chariot, and he goeth up and layeth siege against Samaria, and fighteth with it, 2  and sendeth messengers unto Ahab king of Israel, to the city, 3  and saith to him, 'Thus said Ben-Hadad, 'Thy silver and thy gold are mine, and thy wives and thy sons—the best—are mine.' 4  And the king of Israel answereth and saith, 'According to thy word, my lord, O king: I 'am' thine, and all that I have.' 5  And the messengers turn back and say, 'Thus spake Ben-Hadad, saying, Surely I sent unto thee, saying, Thy silver, and thy gold, and thy wives, and thy sons, to me thou dost give; 6  for if, at this time to-morrow, I send my servants unto thee then they have searched thy house, and the houses of thy servants, and it hath been, every desirable thing of thine eyes they place in their hand, and have taken away.' 7  And the king of Israel calleth to all the elders of the land, and saith, 'Know, I pray you, and see that evil this 'one' is seeking, for he sent unto me for my wives, and for my sons, and for my silver, and for my gold, and I withheld not from him.' 8  And all the elders and all the people say unto him, 'Do not hearken, nor consent.' 9  And he saith to the messengers of Ben-Hadad, 'Say to my lord the king, All that thou didst send for unto thy servant at the first I do, and this thing I am not able to do;' and the messengers go and take him back word. 10  And Ben-Hadad sendeth unto him, and saith, 'Thus do the gods to me, and thus do they add, if the dust of Samaria suffice for handfuls for all the people who 'are' at my feet.' 11  And the king of Israel answereth and saith, 'Speak ye: let not him who is girding on boast himself as him who is loosing 'his armour'.'

12  And it cometh to pass at the hearing of this word—and he is drinking, he and the kings, in the booths—that he saith unto his servants, 'Set yourselves;' and they set themselves against the city. 13  And lo, a certain prophet hath come nigh unto Ahab king of Israel, and saith, 'Thus said Jehovah, 'Hast thou seen all this great multitude? lo, I am giving it into thy hand to-day, and thou hast known that I 'am' Jehovah.' 14  And Ahab saith, 'By whom?' and he saith, 'Thus said Jehovah, By the young men of the heads of the provinces;' and he saith, 'Who doth direct the battle?' and he saith, 'Thou.' 15  And he inspecteth the young men of the heads of the provinces, and they are two hundred, two and thirty, and after them he hath inspecteth the whole of the people, all the sons of Israel, seven thousand, 16  and they go out at noon, and Ben-Hadad is drinking—drunk in the booths, he and the kings, the thirty and two kings, helping him. 17  And the young men of the heads of the provinces go out at the first, and Ben-Hadad sendeth, and they declare to him, saying, 'Men have come out of Samaria.' 18  And he saith, 'If for peace they have come out—catch them alive; and if for battle they have come out—alive catch them.' 19  And these have gone out of the city—the young men of the heads of the provinces—and the force that 'is' after them, 20  and smite each his man, and Aram fleeth, and Israel pursueth them, and Ben-Hadad king of Aram escapeth on a horse, and the horsemen; 21  and the king of Israel goeth out, and smiteth the horses, and the charioteers, and hath smitten among the Aramaeans a great smiting.

22  And the prophet cometh nigh unto the king of Israel, and saith to him, 'Go, strengthen thyself, and know and see that which thou dost, for at the turn of the year the king of Aram is coming up against thee.' 23  And the servants of the king of Aram said unto him, 'Gods of hills 'are' their gods, therefore they were stronger than we; and yet, we fight with them in the plain—are we not stronger than they? 24  'And this thing do thou: turn aside the kings each out of his place, and set captains in their stead; 25  and thou, number to thee a force as the force that is fallen from thee, and horse for horse, and chariot for chariot, and we fight with them in the plain; are we not stronger than they?' and he hearkeneth to their voice, and doth so. 26  And it cometh to pass at the turn of the year, that Ben-Hadad inspecteth the Aramaeans, and goeth up to Aphek, to battle with Israel, 27  and the sons of Israel have been inspected, and supported, and go to meet them, and the sons of Israel encamp before them, like two flocks of goats, and the Aramaeans have filled the land. 28  And there cometh nigh a man of God, and speaketh unto the king of Israel, and saith, 'Thus said Jehovah, Because that the Aramaeans have said, God of hills 'is' Jehovah, and He 'is' not God of valleys—I have given the whole of this great multitude into thy hand, and ye have known that I 'am' Jehovah.' 29  And they encamp one over-against another seven days, and it cometh to pass on the seventh day, that the battle draweth near, and the sons of Israel smite Aram—a hundred thousand footmen in one day. 30  And those left flee to Aphek, unto the city, and the wall falleth on twenty and seven chief men who are left, and Ben-Hadad hath fled, and cometh in unto the city, into the innermost part.

31  And his servants say unto him, 'Lo, we pray thee, we have heard that the kings of the house of Israel—that they are kind kings; let us put, we pray thee, sackcloth on our loins, and ropes on our heads, and we go out unto the king of Israel; it may be he doth keep thee alive.' 32  And they gird sackcloth on their loins, and ropes 'are' on their heads, and they come in unto the king of Israel, and say, 'Thy servant Ben-Hadad hath said, Let me live, I pray thee;' and he saith, 'Is he yet alive? he 'is' my brother.' 33  And the men observe diligently, and hasten, and catch it from him, and say, 'Thy brother Ben-Hadad;' and he saith, 'Go ye in, bring him;' and Ben-Hadad cometh out unto him, and he causeth him to come up on the chariot. 34  And he saith unto him, 'The cities that my father took from thy father, I give back, and streets thou dost make for thee in Damascus, as my father did in Samaria;'—'and I, with a covenant, send thee away;' and he maketh with him a covenant, and sendeth him away. 35  And a certain man of the sons of the prophets said unto his neighbour by the word of Jehovah, 'Smite me, I pray thee;' and the man refuseth to smite him, 36  and he saith to him, 'Because that thou hast not hearkened to the voice of Jehovah, lo, thou art going from me, and the lion hath smitten thee;' and he goeth from him, and the lion findeth him, and smiteth him. 37  And he findeth another man, and saith, 'Smite me, I pray thee;' and the man smiteth him, smiting and wounding, 38  and the prophet goeth and standeth for the king on the way, and disguiseth himself with ashes on his eyes. 39  And it cometh to pass—the king is passing by—that he hath cried unto the king, and saith, 'Thy servant went out into the midst of the battle, and lo, a man hath turned aside and bringeth in unto me a man, and saith, Keep this man; if he be at all missing, then hath thy life been for his life, or a talent of silver thou dost weigh out; 40  and it cometh to pass, thy servant is working hither and thither, and he is not!' and the king of Israel saith unto him, Right 'is' thy judgment; thou hast determined 'it'.' 41  And he hasteth and turneth aside the ashes from off his eyes, and the king of Israel discerneth him, that he 'is' of the prophets, 42  and he saith unto him, 'Thus said Jehovah, Because thou hast sent away the man I devoted, out of 'thy' hand, even thy life hath been for his life, and thy people for his people;' 43  and the king of Israel goeth unto his house, sulky and wroth, and cometh in to Samaria.

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