Romans 11-13 English Standard Version

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The Remnant of Israel

11 I ask, then, has God rejected his people? By no means! For I myself am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham,[1] a member of the tribe of Benjamin. 2  God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew. Do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he appeals to God against Israel? 3  "Lord, they have killed your prophets, they have demolished your altars, and I alone am left, and they seek my life." 4  But what is God's reply to him? "I have kept for myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal." 5  So too at the present time there is a remnant, chosen by grace. 6  But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace. 7  What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened, 8  as it is written, "God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that would not see and ears that would not hear, down to this very day." 9  And David says, "Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them; 10  let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see, and bend their backs forever."

The Salvation of the Gentiles

11  So I ask, did they stumble in order that they might fall? By no means! Rather through their trespass salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make Israel jealous. 12  Now if their trespass means riches for the world, and if their failure means riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their full inclusion[2] mean! 13  Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry 14  in order somehow to make my fellow Jews jealous, and thus save some of them. 15  For if their rejection means the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance mean but life from the dead? 16  If the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, so is the whole lump, and if the root is holy, so are the branches. 17  But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, although a wild olive shoot, were grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing root[3] of the olive tree, 18  do not be arrogant toward the branches. If you are, remember it is not you who support the root, but the root that supports you. 19  Then you will say, "Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in." 20  That is true. They were broken off because of their unbelief, but you stand fast through faith. So do not become proud, but fear. 21  For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will he spare you. 22  Note then the kindness and the severity of God: severity toward those who have fallen, but God's kindness to you, provided you continue in his kindness. Otherwise you too will be cut off. 23  And even they, if they do not continue in their unbelief, will be grafted in, for God has the power to graft them in again. 24  For if you were cut from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and grafted, contrary to nature, into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, the natural branches, be grafted back into their own olive tree.

The Restoration of Israel

25  Lest you be wise in your own sight, I want you to understand this mystery, brothers:[4] a partial hardening has come upon Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in. 26  And in this way all Israel will be saved, as it is written, "The Deliverer will come from Zion, he will banish ungodliness from Jacob"; 27  "and this will be my covenant with them when I take away their sins." 28  As regards the gospel, they are enemies of God for your sake. But as regards election, they are beloved for the sake of their forefathers. 29  For the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable. 30  For just as you were at one time disobedient to God but now have received mercy because of their disobedience, 31  so they too have now been disobedient in order that by the mercy shown to you they also may now[5] receive mercy. 32  For God has consigned all to disobedience, that he may have mercy on all.

33  Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways! 34  "For who has known the mind of the Lord, or who has been his counselor?" 35  "Or who has given a gift to him that he might be repaid?" 36  For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.

Exhortations for Christian Living

12 I appeal to you therefore, brothers,[6] by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship.[7] 2  Do not be conformed to this world,[8] but be transformed by the renewal of your mind, that by testing you may discern what is the will of God, what is good and acceptable and perfect.[9] 3  For by the grace given to me I say to everyone among you not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think, but to think with sober judgment, each according to the measure of faith that God has assigned. 4  For as in one body we have many members,[10] and the members do not all have the same function, 5  so we, though many, are one body in Christ, and individually members one of another. 6  Having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, in proportion to our faith; 7  if service, in our serving; the one who teaches, in his teaching; 8  the one who exhorts, in his exhortation; the one who contributes, in generosity; the one who leads,[11] with zeal; the one who does acts of mercy, with cheerfulness. 9  Let love be genuine. Abhor what is evil; hold fast to what is good. 10  Love one another with brotherly affection. Outdo one another in showing honor. 11  Do not be slothful in zeal, be fervent in spirit,[12] serve the Lord. 12  Rejoice in hope, be patient in tribulation, be constant in prayer. 13  Contribute to the needs of the saints and seek to show hospitality. 14  Bless those who persecute you; bless and do not curse them. 15  Rejoice with those who rejoice, weep with those who weep. 16  Live in harmony with one another. Do not be haughty, but associate with the lowly.[13] Never be wise in your own sight. 17  Repay no one evil for evil, but give thought to do what is honorable in the sight of all. 18  If possible, so far as it depends on you, live peaceably with all. 19  Beloved, never avenge yourselves, but leave it[14] to the wrath of God, for it is written, "Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord." 20  To the contrary, "if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink; for by so doing you will heap burning coals on his head." 21  Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.

13 Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God. 2  Therefore whoever resists the authorities resists what God has appointed, and those who resist will incur judgment. 3  For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. Would you have no fear of the one who is in authority? Then do what is good, and you will receive his approval, 4  for he is God's servant for your good. But if you do wrong, be afraid, for he does not bear the sword in vain. For he is the servant of God, an avenger who carries out God's wrath on the wrongdoer. 5  Therefore one must be in subjection, not only to avoid God's wrath but also for the sake of conscience. 6  For because of this you also pay taxes, for the authorities are ministers of God, attending to this very thing.

7  Pay to all what is owed to them: taxes to whom taxes are owed, revenue to whom revenue is owed, respect to whom respect is owed, honor to whom honor is owed. 8  Owe no one anything, except to love each other, for the one who loves another has fulfilled the law. 9  For the commandments, "You shall not commit adultery, You shall not murder, You shall not steal, You shall not covet," and any other commandment, are summed up in this word: "You shall love your neighbor as yourself." 10  Love does no wrong to a neighbor; therefore love is the fulfilling of the law.

11  Besides this you know the time, that the hour has come for you to wake from sleep. For salvation is nearer to us now than when we first believed. 12  The night is far gone; the day is at hand. So then let us cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light. 13  Let us walk properly as in the daytime, not in orgies and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and sensuality, not in quarreling and jealousy. 14  But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to gratify its desires.

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Footnotes

[1] 11:1 Or one of the offspring of Abraham

[2] 11:12 Greek their fullness

[3] 11:17 Greek root of richness; some manuscripts richness

[4] 11:25 Or brothers and sisters

[5] 11:31 Some manuscripts omit now

[6] 12:1 Or brothers and sisters

[7] 12:1 Or your rational service

[8] 12:2 Greek age

[9] 12:2 Or what is the good and acceptable and perfect will of God

[10] 12:4 Greek parts; also verse 5

[11] 12:8 Or gives aid

[12] 12:11 Or fervent in the Spirit

[13] 12:16 Or give yourselves to humble tasks

[14] 12:19 Greek give place

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