Leviticus 16-18 Bible in Basic English

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The Day of Atonement

16 1  And the Lord said to Moses, after the death of the two sons of Aaron when they took in strange fire before the Lord and death overtook them; 2  The Lord said to Moses, Say to Aaron, your brother, that he may not come at all times into the holy place inside the veil, before the cover which is on the ark, for fear that death may overtake him; for I will be seen in the cloud on the cover of the ark. 3  Let Aaron come into the holy place in this way: with an ox for a sin-offering and a male sheep for a burned offering. 4  Let him put on the holy linen coat, and the linen trousers on his body, and the linen band round him, and the linen head-dress on his head; for this is holy clothing, and before he puts them on his body is to be washed with water.

5  And let him take from the children of Israel two he-goats for a sin-offering and one male sheep for a burned offering. 6  And Aaron is to give the ox of the sin-offering for himself, to make himself and his house free from sin. 7  And he is to take the two goats and put them before the Lord at the door of the Tent of meeting. 8  And Aaron will make selection from the two goats by the decision of the Lord, one goat for the Lord and one for Azazel. 9  And the goat which is marked out for the Lord, let Aaron give for a sin-offering. 10  But the goat for Azazel is to be placed living before the Lord, for the taking away of sin, that it may be sent away for Azazel into the waste land. 11  And Aaron is to give the ox of the sin-offering for himself and take away sin from himself and his house, and put to death the ox of the sin-offering which is for himself. 12  And he is to take a vessel full of burning coal from the altar before the Lord and in his hand some sweet perfume crushed small, and take it inside the veil; 13  And let him put the perfume on the fire before the Lord so that the ark may be covered with a cloud of the smoke of the perfume, in order that death may not overtake him. 14  And let him take some of the blood of the ox, shaking drops of it from his finger on the cover of the ark on the east side, and before it, seven times.

15  Then let him put to death the goat of the sin-offering for the people, and take its blood inside the veil and do with it as he did with the blood of the ox, shaking drops of it on and before the cover of the ark. 16  And let him make the holy place free from whatever is unclean among the children of Israel and from their wrongdoing in all their sins; and let him do the same for the Tent of meeting, which has its place among an unclean people. 17  And no man may be in the Tent of meeting from the time when Aaron goes in to take away sin in the holy place till he comes out, having made himself and his house and all the people of Israel free from sin. 18  And he is to go out to the altar which is before the Lord and make it free from sin; and he is to take some of the blood of the ox and the blood of the goat and put it on the horns of the altar and round it; 19  Shaking drops of the blood from his finger on it seven times to make it holy and clean from whatever is unclean among the children of Israel.

20  And when he has done whatever is necessary to make the holy place and the Tent of meeting and the altar free from sin, let him put the living goat before the Lord; 21  And Aaron, placing his two hands on the head of the living goat, will make a public statement over him of all the evil doings of the children of Israel and all their wrongdoing, in all their sins; and he will put them on the head of the goat and send him away, in the care of a man who will be waiting there, into the waste land. 22  And the goat will take all their sins into a land cut off from men, and he will send the goat away into the waste land. 23  Then let Aaron come into the Tent of meeting and take off the linen clothing which he put on when he went into the holy place, and put them down there; 24  And after bathing his body in water in a holy place, he is to put on his clothing and come out and give his burned offering and the burned offering of the people, to take away his sin and the sin of the people. 25  And the fat of the sin-offering is to be burned by him on the altar. 26  And the man who takes away the goat for Azazel is to have his clothing washed and his body bathed in water and then he may come back to the tent-circle. 27  And the ox of the sin-offering and the goat of the sin-offering, whose blood was taken in to make the holy place free from sin, are to be taken away outside the tent-circle and their skins and their flesh and their waste are to be burned with fire. 28  And the man by whom they are burned is to have his clothing washed and his body bathed in water, and then he may come back to the tent-circle.

29  And let this be an order to you for ever: in the seventh month, on the tenth day, you are to keep yourselves from pleasure and do no sort of work, those who are Israelites by birth and those from other lands who are living among you: 30  For on this day your sin will be taken away and you will be clean: you will be made free from all your sins before the Lord. 31  It is a special Sabbath for you, and you are to keep yourselves from pleasure; it is an order for ever. 32  And the man on whose head the holy oil has been put, and who has been marked out to be a priest in his father's place, will do what is necessary to take away sin, and will put on the linen clothing, even the holy robes: 33  And he will make the holy place and the Tent of meeting and the altar free from sin; he will take away sin from the priests and from all the people. 34  And let this be an order for ever for you, so that the sin of the children of Israel may be taken away once every year. And he did as the Lord gave orders to Moses.

One Place of Sacrifice

17 1  And the Lord said to Moses, 2  Say to Aaron and to his sons and to all the children of Israel: This is the order which the Lord has given. 3  If any man of Israel puts to death an ox or a lamb or a goat, in or outside the tent-circle; 4  And has not taken it to the door of the Tent of meeting, to make an offering to the Lord, before the Lord's House, its blood will be on him, for he has taken life, and he will be cut off from among his people: 5  So that the children of Israel may take to the Lord, to the door of the Tent of meeting and to the priest, the offerings which they have put to death in the open country, and that they may make their peace-offerings to the Lord. 6  And the priest will put blood on the altar of the Lord at the door of the Tent of meeting, burning the fat for a sweet smell to the Lord. 7  And let them make no more offerings to evil spirits, after which they have gone, turning away from the Lord. Let this be a law to them for ever, through all their generations. 8  And say to them, If any man of Israel, or any other living among them, makes a burned offering or other offering, 9  And does not take it to the door of the Tent of meeting to make an offering to the Lord, that man will be cut off from among his people.

The Eating of Blood Forbidden

10  And if any man of Israel, or any other living among them, takes any sort of blood for food, my wrath will be turned against that man and he will be cut off from among his people. 11  For the life of the flesh is in its blood; and I have given it to you on the altar to take away your sin: for it is the blood which makes free from sin because of the life in it. 12  For this reason I have said to the children of Israel, No man among you, or any others living with you, may take blood as food. 13  And any man of Israel, or any other living among them, who gets with his bow any beast or bird used for food, is to see that its blood is covered with earth. 14  For the blood is the life of all flesh: and so I have said to the children of Israel, You may not take any sort of blood as food, and any man who does so will be cut of. 15  And anyone who takes as food anything which has come to a natural end, or anything which has been put to death by beasts, if he is one of you by birth, or of another nation, will have to have his clothing washed and his body bathed in water and be unclean till evening, and then he will be clean. 16  But if his clothing is not washed and his body bathed, his sin will be on him.

Acts of Immorality Forbidden

18 1  And the Lord said to Moses, 2  Say to the children of Israel, I am the Lord your God. 3  You may not do those things which were done in the land of Egypt where you were living; and you may not do those things which are done in the land of Canaan where I am taking you, or be guided in your behaviour by their rules. 4  But you are to be guided by my decisions and keep my rules, and be guided by them: I am the Lord your God. 5  So keep my rules and my decisions, which, if a man does them, will be life to him: I am the Lord.

6  You may not have sex connection with anyone who is a near relation: I am the Lord. 7  You may not have sex relations with your father or your mother: she is your mother, you may not take her. 8  And you may not have sex relations with your father's wife: she is your father's. 9  You may not take your sister, the daughter of your father or of your mother, wherever her birth took place, among you or in another country. 10  You may not have sex relations with your son's daughter or your daughter's daughter, for they are part of yourself; 11  Or your father's wife's daughter, the child of your father, for she is your sister. 12  You may not have sex connection with your father's sister, for she is your father's near relation. 13  You may not have sex connection with your mother's sister, for she is your mother's near relation. 14  You may not have sex relations with the wife of your father's brother, for she is of your family; 15  Or with your daughter-in-law, for she is your son's wife, and you may not take her. 16  You may not have sex relations with your brother's wife, for she is your brother's. 17  You may not take as wife a woman and her daughter, or her son's daughter or her daughter's daughter, for they are of one family: it is an act of shame. 18  And you may not take as wife a woman and at the same time her sister, to be in competition with her in her life-time.

19  And you may not go near a woman or have sex relations with her when she is unclean, at her regular time. 20  And you may not have sex relations with your neighbour's wife, making yourself unclean with her. 21  And you may not make any of your children go through the fire as an offering to Molech, and you may not put shame on the name of your God: I am the Lord. 22  You may not have sex relations with men, as you do with women: it is a disgusting thing. 23  And you may not have sex relations with a beast, making yourself unclean with it; and a woman may not give herself to a beast: it is an unnatural act. 24  Do not make yourself unclean in any of these ways; for so have those nations whom I am driving out from before you made themselves unclean: 25  And the land itself has become unclean; so that I have sent on it the reward of its wrongdoing, and the land itself puts out those who are living in it. 26  So then keep my rules and my decisions, and do not do any of these disgusting things, those of you who are Israelites by birth, or any others who are living with you: 27  (For all these disgusting things were done by the men of this country who were there before you, and the land has been made unclean by them;) 28  So that the land may not put you out from it, when you make it unclean, as it put out the nations which were there before you. 29  For all those who do any of these disgusting things will be cut off from among their people. 30  So then, keep my orders, so that you may not do any of these disgusting things which were done before you, or make yourselves unclean through them: I am the Lord your God.

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