Matthew 5 New American Standard Bible

The Beginning of the Sermon on the Mount

5 1  When Jesus saw the crowds , He went up on the mountain ; and after He sat down , His disciples came to Him. 2  He opened His mouth and began to teach them, saying ,

The Beatitudes

3  " Blessed are the poor in spirit , for theirs is the kingdom of heaven . 4  "Blessed are those who mourn , for they shall be comforted . 5  "Blessed are the gentle , for they shall inherit the earth . 6  "Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness , for they shall be satisfied . 7  "Blessed are the merciful , for they shall receive mercy . 8  "Blessed are the pure in heart , for they shall see God . 9  "Blessed are the peacemakers , for they shall be called sons of God . 10  "Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness , for theirs is the kingdom of heaven . 11  "Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of Me. 12  "Rejoice and be glad , for your reward in heaven is great ; for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

The Salt of the Earth

13  "You are the salt of the earth ; but if the salt has become tasteless , how e can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything , except to be thrown out and trampled under foot by men .

The Light of the World

14  "You are the light of the world . A city set on a hill cannot e be hidden ; 15   nor does anyone light a lamp and put it under a basket , but on the lampstand , and it gives light to all who are in the house . 16  "Let your light shine before men in such a way that they may see your good works , and glorify your Father who is in heaven .

Jesus' Attitude toward the Law

17  "Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets ; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill . 18  "For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away , not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished . 19  "Whoever e then annuls one of the least of these commandments , and teaches others to do the same , shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven ; but whoever e keeps and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven . 20  "For I say to you that unless e your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees , you will not enter the kingdom of heaven .

Jesus' Attitude toward Anger

21  " You have heard that the ancients were told , ' YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT MURDER ' and 'Whoever e commits murder shall be liable to the court .' 22  "But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be guilty before the court ; and whoever e says to his brother , 'You good-for-nothing ,' shall be guilty before the supreme court ; and whoever e says , 'You fool ,' shall be guilty enough to go into the fiery hell . 23  "Therefore if you are presenting your offering at the altar , and there remember that your brother has something against you, 24  leave your offering there before the altar and go ; first be reconciled to your brother , and then come and present your offering . 25  " Make friends quickly with your opponent at law while you are with him on the way , so that your opponent may not hand you over to the judge , and the judge to the officer , and you be thrown into prison . 26  "Truly I say to you, you will not come out of there until you have paid up the last cent .

Jesus' Attitude toward Adultery

27  " You have heard that it was said , ' YOU SHALL NOT COMMIT ADULTERY '; 28  but I say to you that everyone who looks at a woman with lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart . 29  " If your right eye makes you stumble , tear it out and throw it from you; for it is better for you to lose one of the parts of your body, than e for your whole body to be thrown into hell . 30  " If your right hand makes you stumble , cut it off and throw it from you; for it is better for you to lose one of the parts of your body, than e for your whole body to go into hell .

Jesus' Attitude toward Divorce

31  "It was said , ' WHOEVER e SENDS HIS WIFE AWAY , LET HIM GIVE HER A CERTIFICATE OF DIVORCE '; 32   but I say to you that everyone who divorces his wife , except for the reason of unchastity , makes her commit adultery ; and whoever e marries a divorced woman commits adultery .

Jesus' Attitude toward Oaths

33  "Again , you have heard that the ancients were told , ' YOU SHALL NOT MAKE FALSE VOWS , BUT SHALL FULFILL YOUR VOWS TO THE Lord .' 34  "But I say to you, make no oath at all , either by heaven , for it is the throne of God , 35  or by the earth , for it is the footstool of His feet , or by Jerusalem , for it is THE CITY OF THE GREAT KING . 36  "Nor shall you make an oath by your head , for you cannot e make one hair white or black . 37  "But let your statement be, 'Yes , yes ' or 'No , no '; anything beyond these is of evil .

Love for Enemies

38  " You have heard that it was said , ' AN EYE FOR AN EYE , AND A TOOTH FOR A TOOTH .' 39  "But I say to you, do not resist an evil person; but whoever slaps you on your right cheek , turn the other to him also . 40  "If anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt , let him have your coat also . 41  "Whoever forces you to go one mile , go with him two . 42  " Give to him who asks of you, and do not turn away from him who wants to borrow from you.

43  " You have heard that it was said , ' YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR and hate your enemy .' 44  "But I say to you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, 45  so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven ; for He causes His sun to rise on the evil and the good , and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous . 46  "For if you love those who love you, what reward do you have ? Do not even the tax collectors do the same ? 47  "If you greet only your brothers , what more are you doing than others? Do not even the Gentiles do the same ? 48  "Therefore you are to be perfect , as your heavenly Father is perfect .


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