Ecclesiastes 1 New American Standard Bible

All Is Vanity

1 1  The words of the Preacher , the son of David , king in Jerusalem . 2  "[1] Vanity of vanities ," says the Preacher , "[1]Vanity of vanities ! All is [3]vanity ." 3  What advantage does man have in all his work Which he does under the sun ?

4  A generation goes and a generation comes , But the earth [4]remains forever . 5  Also, the sun rises and the sun sets ; And [5]hastening to its place it rises there again. 6  [6] Blowing toward the south , Then turning toward the north , The wind continues [7]swirling along ; And on its circular courses the wind returns . 7  All the rivers [8]flow into the sea , Yet the sea is not full . To the place where the rivers [8]flow , There they [8]flow again . 8  All things are wearisome ; Man is not able to tell it. The eye is not satisfied with seeing , Nor is the ear filled with hearing .

9  That which e has been is that which will be, And that which e has been done is that which will be done . So there is nothing e new under the sun . 10  Is there anything of which one might say , "See this , it is new "? Already it has existed for ages Which were before e us. 11  There is no remembrance of [11]earlier things ; And also of the [12]later things which will occur , There will be for them no remembrance Among those who will come [12]later still.

The Experience of the Preacher

12  I, the Preacher , have been king over Israel in Jerusalem . 13  And I set my [14]mind to seek and explore by wisdom concerning all that has been done under heaven . It is [15]a grievous task which God has given to the sons of men to be afflicted with. 14  I have seen all the works which have been done under the sun , and behold , all is [16] vanity and striving after wind . 15  What is crooked cannot e be straightened and what is lacking cannot e be counted . 16  I [17]said to myself , "Behold , I have magnified and increased wisdom more than all who were over Jerusalem before me; and my [18]mind has observed [19]a wealth of wisdom and knowledge ." 17  And I set my [20]mind to know wisdom and to know madness and folly ; I realized that this also is striving after wind . 18  Because in much wisdom there is much grief , and increasing knowledge results in increasing pain .


[1] 1:2 Or "Futility of futilities"

[2] 1:2 Or "Futility of futilities"

[3] 1:2 Or "futile"

[4] 1:4 Lit "stands"

[5] 1:5 Lit "panting"

[6] 1:6 Lit "Going"

[7] 1:6 Lit "turning"

[8] 1:7 Lit "go"

[9] 1:7 Lit "go"

[10] 1:7 Lit "go"

[11] 1:11 Lit "first" or "former"

[12] 1:11 Lit "latter" or "after"

[13] 1:11 Lit "latter" or "after"

[14] 1:13 Lit "heart"

[15] 1:13 Lit "an evil"

[16] 1:14 Or "futility"

[17] 1:16 Lit "spoke with my heart, saying"

[18] 1:16 Lit "heart"

[19] 1:16 Lit "an abundance"

[20] 1:17 Lit "heart"

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