Birthdays on June 2
Of humble peasant origins, Sarto Giuseppe did not seek the papacy which was conferred on him because of his piety and zeal. He took the name Pius X when elected the 257th Roman Catholic pope. Pius encouraged Bible studies, rejected modernism and advocated the continued use of Gregorian chant. "...We have no other program in the Supreme Pontificate but that of restoring all things to Christ," he wrote in his first encyclical.