361 So let Bezalel and Oholiab get to work, with every wise-hearted man to whom the Lord has given wisdom and knowledge, to do whatever is necessary for the ordering of the holy place, as the Lord has given orders.

Moses Restrains the People from Bringing Gifts

2 Then Moses sent for Bezalel and Oholiab, and for all the wise-hearted men to whom the Lord had given wisdom, even everyone who was moved by the impulse of his heart to come and take part in the work: 3 And they took from Moses all the offerings which the children of Israel had given for the building of the holy place. And still they went on giving him more free offerings every morning. 4 Then the wise men, who were doing all the work of the holy place, came from their work; 5 And said to Moses, The people are giving much more than is needed for the work which the Lord has given us orders to do. 6 So Moses made an order and had it given out through all the tents, saying, Let no man or woman make any more offerings for the holy place. So the people were kept from giving more. 7 For the material they had was enough and more than enough for all the work which had to be done.

The Making of the Tabernacle

8 Then all the expert workmen among them made the House with its ten curtains; of the best linen, blue and purple and red, they made them, with winged ones worked by expert designers. 9 Every curtain was twenty-eight cubits long and four cubits wide, all of the same measure. 10 And five curtains were joined together, and the other five curtains were joined together. 11 And they put twists of blue cord on the edge of the outside curtain of the first group, and in the same way on the outside curtain of the second group. 12 Fifty twists on the one curtain and fifty on the edge of the curtain of the other group; the twists being opposite to one another. 13 And they made fifty hooks of gold, joining the curtains one to another with the hooks; and so the House was made.

14 And they made curtains of goats' hair for the tent; eleven curtains were made. 15 Every curtain was thirty cubits long and four cubits wide, all of the same measure. 16 Five curtains were joined together to make one group, and six curtains were joined together to make the other group. 17 And they put fifty twists of cord on the edge of the outside curtain of the first group, and fifty twists on the edge of the outside curtain of the second group, 18 And fifty hooks of brass for joining them together to make the tent. 19 And they made a cover of sheepskins coloured red, to go over the tent, and a cover of leather over that. 20 And for the uprights of the House they made boards of hard wood. 21 The boards were ten cubits long and one cubit and a half wide. 22 Every board had two tongues fixed into it; all the boards were made in this way. 23 They made twenty boards for the south side of the House: 24 And for these twenty boards, forty silver bases, two bases under every board, to take its tongues. 25 And for the second side of the House, on the north, they made twenty boards, 26 With their forty silver bases, two bases for every board. 27 And for the west side of the House, at the back, they made six boards, 28 And two boards for the angles at the back. 29 These were joined together at the base and at the top to one ring, so forming the two angles. 30 So there were eight boards with sixteen bases of silver, two bases under every board. 31 And they made rods of hard wood; five for the boards on one side of the House, 32 And five for the boards on the other side of the House, and five for the boards at the back, on the west. 33 The middle rod was made to go right through the rings of all the boards from one end to the other. 34 All the boards were plated with gold, and the rings through which the rods went were of gold, and the rods were plated with gold.

35 And he made the veil of the best linen, blue and purple and red, worked with winged ones designed by expert workmen. 36 And they made four pillars for it of hard wood plated with gold: they had hooks of gold and four silver bases. 37 And they made a curtain for the door of the tent, of the best linen with needlework of blue and purple and red; 38 And five pillars for the curtain, with their hooks; the heads of the pillars were of gold and they were circled with bands of gold; and their five bases were of brass.

The Furnishings of the Tabernacle

371 And Bezalel made the ark of hard wood, two and a half cubits long, a cubit and a half wide and a cubit and a half high; 2 Plating it inside and out with the best gold, and putting an edge of gold all round it. 3 And he made four gold rings for its four angles, two on one side and two on the other, 4 And rods of the same wood plated with gold. 5 These rods he put in the rings at the sides of the ark, for lifting it. 6 And he made the cover all of gold, two and a half cubits long and a cubit and a half wide. 7 And he made two winged ones, hammered out of one bit of gold, for the two ends of the cover; 8 Placing one at one end and one at the other; the winged ones were part of the cover. 9 And their wings were stretched out over the cover; the faces of the winged ones were opposite one another and facing the cover.

10 And he made the table of hard wood, two cubits long, a cubit wide and a cubit and a half high; 11 Plating it with the best gold and putting a gold edge all round it. 12 And he made a frame all round it about as wide as a man's hand, edged with gold all round. 13 And he made four gold rings, and put the rings at the angles of its four feet. 14 The rings were fixed under the frame to take the rods with which the table was to be lifted. 15 The rods for lifting the table he made of hard wood plated with gold. 16 And all the table-vessels, the plates and spoons and basins and the cups for liquids, he made of the best gold. 17 Then he made the support for the lights, all of the best gold; its base and its pillar were of hammered gold; its cups and buds and flowers were all made out of the same metal: 18 It had six branches coming out from its sides, three from one side and three from the other; 19 Every branch having three cups made like almond flowers, every cup with a bud and a flower on all the branches; 20 And on its pillar, four cups like almond flowers, every one with its bud and its flower; 21 And under every two branches a bud, made with the branch, for all six branches of it. 22 The buds and the branches were made of the same metal, all together one complete work of the best hammered gold. 23 And he made the seven vessels for the lights, and all the necessary instruments for it, of gold. 24 A talent of the best gold was used for the making of it and its vessels.

25 And he made the altar for the burning of spices, using the same hard wood; it was square, a cubit long and a cubit wide and two cubits high; the horns made of the same. 26 The top and the sides and the horns were all plated with the best gold; and he put an edge of gold all round it. 27 And he made two gold rings, placing them on the two opposite sides under the edge, to take the rods for lifting it. 28 The rods he made of the same hard wood, plating them with gold. 29 And he made the holy oil and the perfume of sweet spices for burning, after the art of the perfume-maker.

381 The altar of burned offerings he made of hard wood; a square altar, five cubits long, five cubits wide and three cubits high, 2 And he put horns at its four angles made of the same, plating it all with brass; 3 And brass was used for all the vessels of the altar, the baskets and the spades, the basins and the meat-hooks and the fire-trays; all the vessels he made of brass 4 And he made a network of brass for the altar, under the frame round it, stretching half-way up; 5 And four rings for the four angles of this network, to take the rods. 6 The rods he made of hard wood plated with brass. 7 He put the rods through the rings at the opposite sides of the altar for lifting it; he made the altar hollow, boarded in with wood. 8 And he made the washing-vessel of brass on a brass base, using the polished brass looking-glasses given by the women who did work at the doors of the Tent of meeting.

The Court of the Tabernacle

9 To make the open space, he put hangings on the south side, of the best linen, a hundred cubits long: 10 Their twenty pillars and their twenty bases were brass; and the hooks of the pillars and their bands were of silver. 11 And for the north side. hangings a hundred cubits long, on twenty brass pillars in brass bases, with silver hooks and bands. 12 And on the west side, hangings fifty cubits long, on ten pillars in ten bases, with silver bands. 13 And on the east side, the open space was fifty cubits long. 14 The hangings on one side of the doorway were fifteen cubits long, on three pillars with their three bases; 15 And the same on the other side of the doorway; on this side and on that the hangings were fifteen cubits long, on three pillars with their three bases. 16 All the hangings were of the best linen. 17 And the bases of the pillars were of brass; their hooks and the bands round the tops of them were of silver; all the pillars were ringed with silver. 18 And the curtain for the doorway of the open space was of the best linen, with designs of blue and purple and red in needlework; it was twenty cubits long and five cubits high, to go with the hangings round the sides. 19 There were four pillars with their bases, all of brass, the hooks being of silver, and their tops and their bands being covered with silver. 20 All the nails used for the House and the open space round it were of brass.

The Supervision of the Work

21 This is the price of the making of the House, even the House of witness, as it was valued by the word of Moses, for the work of the Levites under the direction of Ithamar, the son of Aaron the priest. 22 Bezalel, the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, made everything as the Lord had given orders to Moses. 23 And with him was Oholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan; a designer and a trained workman, expert in needlework of blue and purple and red and the best linen.

The Metal of the Sanctuary

24 The gold used for all the different work done for the holy place, the gold which was given, was twenty-nine talents, and seven hundred and thirty shekels in weight, by the scale of the holy place. 25 And the silver given by those who were numbered of the people was a hundred talents, and a thousand, seven hundred and seventy-five shekels in weight, by the scale of the holy place. 26 A beka, that is, half a shekel by the holy scale, for everyone who was numbered; there were six hundred and three thousand, five hundred and fifty men of twenty years old and over. 27 Of this silver, a hundred talents was used for making the bases of the pillars of the holy place and of the veil; a talent for every base. 28 And a thousand, seven hundred and seventy-five shekels of silver was used to make the hooks for the pillars, and for plating the tops of the pillars and for making their bands. 29 The brass which was given was seventy talents, two thousand four hundred shekels; 30 From it he made the bases of the doorway of the Tent of meeting and the brass altar and the network for it and all the vessels for the altar, 31 And the bases for the open space all round and for its doorway, and all the nails for the House and for the open space.

Jesus Denounces the Scribes and Pharisees

231 Then Jesus said to the people and to his disciples: 2 The scribes and the Pharisees have the authority of Moses; 3 All things, then, which they give you orders to do, these do and keep: but do not take their works as your example, for they say and do not. 4 They make hard laws and put great weights on men's backs; but they themselves will not put a finger to them. 5 But all their works they do so as to be seen by men: for they make wide their phylacteries, and the edges of their robes, 6 And the things desired by them are the first places at feasts, and the chief seats in the Synagogues, 7 And words of respect in the market-places, and to be named by men, Teacher. 8 But you may not be named Teacher: for one is your teacher, and you are all brothers. 9 And give no man the name of father on earth: because one is your Father, who is in heaven. 10 And you may not be named guides: because one is your Guide, even Christ. 11 But let the greatest among you be your servant. 12 And whoever makes himself high will be made low, and whoever makes himself low will be made high.

13 But a curse is on you, scribes and Pharisees, false ones! because you are shutting the kingdom of heaven against men: for you do not go in yourselves, and those who are going in, you keep back. 14 [] 15 A curse is on you, scribes and Pharisees, false ones! for you go about land and sea to get one disciple and, having him, you make him twice as much a son of hell as yourselves. 16 A curse is on you, blind guides, who say, Whoever takes an oath by the Temple, it is nothing; but whoever takes an oath by the gold of the Temple, he is responsible. 17 You foolish ones and blind: which is greater, the gold, or the Temple which makes the gold holy? 18 And, Whoever takes an oath by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever takes an oath by the offering which is on it, he is responsible. 19 You blind ones: which is greater, the offering, or the altar which makes the offering holy? 20 He, then, who takes an oath by the altar, takes it by the altar and by all things on it. 21 And he who takes an oath by the Temple, takes it by the Temple and by him whose house it is. 22 And he who takes an oath by heaven, takes it by the seat of God, and by him who is seated on it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary on Matthew 23:1-22

Commentary on Matthew 23:1-12

(Read Matthew 23:1-12)

The scribes and Pharisees explained the law of Moses, and enforced obedience to it. They are charged with hypocrisy in religion. We can only judge according to outward appearance; but God searches the heart. They made phylacteries. These were scrolls of paper or parchment, wherein were written four paragraphs of the law, to be worn on their foreheads and left arms, Numbers 15:38, to remind them of their being a peculiar people; but the Pharisees made them larger than common, as if they were thereby more religious than others. Pride was the darling, reigning sin of the Pharisees, the sin that most easily beset them, and which our Lord Jesus takes all occasions to speak against. For him that is taught in the word to give respect to him that teaches, is commendable; but for him that teaches, to demand it, to be puffed up with it, is sinful. How much is all this against the spirit of Christianity! The consistent disciple of Christ is pained by being put into chief places. But who that looks around on the visible church, would think this was the spirit required? It is plain that some measure of this antichristian spirit prevails in every religious society, and in every one of our hearts.

Commentary on Matthew 23:13-33

(Read Matthew 23:13-33)

The scribes and Pharisees were enemies to the gospel of Christ, and therefore to the salvation of the souls of men. It is bad to keep away from Christ ourselves, but worse also to keep others from him. Yet it is no new thing for the show and form of godliness to be made a cloak to the greatest enormities. But dissembled piety will be reckoned double iniquity. They were very busy to turn souls to be of their party. Not for the glory of God and the good of souls, but that they might have the credit and advantage of making converts. Gain being their godliness, by a thousand devices they made religion give way to their worldly interests. They were very strict and precise in smaller matters of the law, but careless and loose in weightier matters. It is not the scrupling a little sin that Christ here reproves; if it be a sin, though but a gnat, it must be strained out; but the doing that, and then swallowing a camel, or, committing a greater sin. While they would seem to be godly, they were neither sober nor righteous. We are really, what we are inwardly. Outward motives may keep the outside clean, while the inside is filthy; but if the heart and spirit be made new, there will be newness of life; here we must begin with ourselves. The righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees was like the ornaments of a grave, or dressing up a dead body, only for show. The deceitfulness of sinners' hearts appears in that they go down the streams of the sins of their own day, while they fancy that they should have opposed the sins of former days. We sometimes think, if we had lived when Christ was upon earth, that we should not have despised and rejected him, as men then did; yet Christ in his Spirit, in his word, in his ministers, is still no better treated. And it is just with God to give those up to their hearts' lusts, who obstinately persist in gratifying them. Christ gives men their true characters.