40 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

Other Translations of Exodus 12:40

New International Version

40 Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in EgyptMasoretic Text; Samaritan Pentateuch and Septuagint "Egypt and Canaan" was 430 years.

English Standard Version

40 The time that the people of Israel lived in Egypt was 430 years.

The Message

40 The Israelites had lived in Egypt 430 years.

New King James Version

40 Now the sojourn of the children of Israel who lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.

New Living Translation

40 The people of Israel had lived in Egypt for 430 years.

Matthew Henry's Commentary on Exodus 12:40

Commentary on Exodus 12:37-42

(Read Exodus 12:37-42)

The children of Israel set forward without delay. A mixed multitude went with them. Some, perhaps, willing to leave their country, laid waste by plagues; others, out of curiosity; perhaps a few out of love to them and their religion. But there were always those among the Israelites who were not Israelites. Thus there are still hypocrites in the church. This great event was 430 years from the promise made to Abraham: see Galatians 3:17. So long the promise of a settlement was unfulfilled. But though God's promises are not performed quickly, they will be, in their season. This is that night of the Lord, that remarkable night, to be celebrated in all generations. The great things God does for his people, are to be not only a few days' wonder, but to be remembered throughout all ages; especially the work of our redemption by Christ. This first passover-night was a night of the Lord, much to be observed; but the last passover-night, in which Christ was betrayed and in which the first passover, with the rest of the Jewish ceremonies, was done away, was a night of the Lord, much more to be observed. Then a yoke, heavier than that of Egypt, was broken from off our necks, and a land, better than that of Canaan, set before us. It was a redemption to be celebrated in heaven, for ever and ever.