6:1 Children, 1 obey your parents 2 in the a Lord: 3 for this is right.
(1) He comes to another part of a family, and
shows that the duty of the children toward their parents consists in obedience
to them. (2) The first argument: because God has
so appointed. And upon this it follows also that children are obligated to
obey their parents, that they may not swerve from the true worship of God.
(a) For the Lord is author of all fatherhood, and
therefore we must yield such obedience as he will have us. (3)
The second argument: because this obedience is most just.
6:2 4 Honour
thy father and mother; 5 (which is the
first commandment with b promise;)
(4) A proof of the first argument. (5)
The third argument taken of the profit that ensues from it: because the Lord
gave this commandment among all the rest a special blessing.
(b) With a special promise: for otherwise the
second commandment has a promise of mercy to a thousand generations, but that
promise is general.
And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the
nurture and c admonition of the Lord.
(6) It is the duty of fathers to use their
fatherly authority moderately and to God's glory.
(c) Such information and precepts which are taken
out of God's book, and are holy and acceptable to him.
Servants, be obedient to them that are [your] masters 8
according to the flesh, with d fear and
trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ;
(7) Now he descends to the third part of a
family, that is, to the duty both of the masters and of the servants. And he
shows that the duty of servants consists in a hearty love and reverence for
their masters. (8) He moderates the sharpness of
service, in that they are spiritually free even though they are servants, and
yet that spiritual freedom does not take away physical service: insomuch that
they cannot be Christ's, unless they serve their masters willingly and
faithfully, as much as they may with clear conscience.
(d) With careful reverence: for slavish fear is
not allowable, much less in Christian servants.
6:6 Not with eyeservice, as menpleasers; but as the
servants of Christ, 9 doing the will of
God from the heart;
(9) To cut off occasion of all pretences, he
teaches us that it is God's will that some are either born or made servants,
and therefore they must respect God's will although their service is ever so
6:7 With good will doing service, as to the e
Lord, and not to men:
(e) Being moved with a reverence for God, as
though you served God himself.
Knowing that whatsoever good thing any man doeth, the same shall he receive of
the Lord, whether [he be] bond or free.
(10) Although they serve unkind and cruel
masters, yet the obedience of servants is no less acceptable to God, than the
obedience of those that are free.
6:9 11 And,
ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that
your Master also is in heaven; neither is there f
respect of persons with him.
(11) It is the duty of masters to use the
authority that they have over their servants, modestly and in a holy manner,
seeing that they in another respect have a common master who is in heaven, who
will judge both the servant and the free.
(f) Either of freedom or bondage.
Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.
(12) He concludes the other part of this epistle
with a grave exhortation, that all are ready and fight constantly, trusting in
spiritual weapons, until their enemies are completely put to flight. And first
of all he warns us to take up the armour of God, for with it alone may our
enemy be dispatched.
For we wrestle not against flesh and g
blood, but against h principalities,
against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against
spiritual wickedness in high [places].
(13) Secondly, he declares that our chiefest and
mightiest enemies are invisible, so that we may not think that our chiefest
conflict is with men.
(g) Against men, who are of a frail and brittle
nature, against whom are set spiritual wiles, a thousand times more mighty
than the flesh.
(h) He gives these names to the evil angels, by
reason of the effects which they work: not that they are able to do the same
in and of themselves, but because God gives them permission.
Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to
withstand in the i evil day, and having
done all, to stand.
(14) He shows that these enemies are put to
flight only with the armour of God, that is, with uprightness of conscience, a
godly and holy life, knowledge of the Gospel, faith, and to be short, with the
word of God. And that daily earnest prayer must be made for the health of the
Church, and especially for the steadfast faithfulness of the true, godly, and
valiant ministers of the word.
(i) See (Ephesians
6:15 And your feet shod with
the k preparation of the gospel of
(k) The preparation of the Gospel may be as it
were shoes to you: and it is very fitly called the Gospel of peace, because,
seeing we have to go to God through most dangerous ranks of enemies, this may
encourage us to go on bravely, in that you know by the doctrine of the Gospel,
that we are travelling to God who is at peace with us.
Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the l
Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance and supplication for all
(l) That holy prayers may proceed from the Holy
But that ye also may know my affairs, [and] how I do, Tychicus, a beloved
brother and faithful minister in the Lord, shall make known to you all things:
(15) A familiar and very amiable declaration of
his state, together with a solemn prayer, with which Paul is accustomed to end
Grace [be] with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ m
in sincerity. Amen. «[To [the] Ephesians written from Rome, by Tychicus.]»
(m) Or to immortality, to life everlasting.