5:3 1 But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints;
(1) Now he comes to another type of affections,
which is in that part of the mind which men call covetous or desirous: and he
reprehends fornication, covetousness, and jesting very sharply.
5:4 Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor a
jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks.
(a) Jests which men cast at one another: that no
lightness is seen, nor evil example given, nor any offence made by evil words
5:5 2 For
this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is
an b idolater, hath any inheritance in
the kingdom of Christ and of God.
(2) Because these sins are such that the most
part of men do not consider them to be sins, he awakes the godly to the end
that they should so much the more take heed to guard themselves from these
sins as from most harmful plagues.
(b) A bondslave to idolatry, for the covetous man
thinks that his life consists in his goods.
Be not ye therefore partakers with them.
(3) Because we are most ready to follow evil
examples, therefore the apostle warns the godly to always remember that the
others are but as it were darkness, and that they themselves are as it were
light. And therefore the others commit all evils (as men are accustomed to do
in the dark), but they ought not to follow their examples, but rather (as the
property of the light is) reprove their darkness, and to walk in such a way
(having Christ that true light going before them) as it becomes wise men.
5:8 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now [are ye]
c light in the Lord: walk as children of
(c) The faithful are called light, both because
they have the true light in them which enlightens them, and also because they
give light to others, insomuch that their honest conversation reproves the
life of wicked men.
5:9 (For the fruit of the d
Spirit [is] in all goodness and righteousness and truth;)
(d) By whose power we are made light in the Lord.
5:11 And have no fellowship
with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather e
(e) Make them open to all the world, by your good
Wherefore f he saith, Awake thou that
sleepest, and arise from the g dead, and
Christ shall give thee light.
(f) The scripture, or God in the scripture.
(g) He speaks of the death of sin.
5:15 4 See
then that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, but as wise,
(4) The worse and more corrupt that the manners
of this world are, the more watchful we ought to be in every situation, and
give regard to nothing but the will of God.
Redeeming the time, because the i days
(h) This is a metaphor taken from the merchants:
who prefer the least profit that may be before any of their pleasures.
(i) The times are troublesome and severe.
And be not drunk with wine, wherein is k
excess; but be filled with the Spirit;
(5) He sets the sober and holy assemblies of the
faithful against the immoral banquets of the unfaithful, in which the praises
of the only Lord must ring, whether it is it in prosperity or diversity.
(k) Every type of disorder, together with every
manner of filthiness and shamefulness.
5:19 Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and
spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your l
heart to the Lord;
(l) With an earnest affection of the heart, and
not with the tongue only.
Submitting yourselves one to another in the fear of God.
(6) A short repetition of the end to which all
things ought to be referred, to serve one another for God's sake.
Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husbands, 8
as unto the Lord.
(7) Now he descends to a family, dividing orderly
all the parts of a family. And he says that the duty of wives consists in
this, to be obedient to their husbands. (8) The
first argument, for they cannot be disobedient to their husbands except by
also resisting God, who is the author of this subjection.
5:23 9 For
the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church: 10
and he is the saviour of the body.
(9) A declaration of the former saying: because
God has made the man head of the woman in marriage, as Christ is the head of
(10) Another argument: because the good estate of
the wife depends on the man, so that this submission is not only just, but
also very profitable: as also the salvation of the Church depends on Christ,
although to a far greater degree.
Therefore as the church is subject unto Christ, so [let] the wives [be] to their
own husbands in every thing.
(11) The conclusion of the wives' duties
towards their husbands.
Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave
himself for it;
(12) The husbands duty towards their wives is to
love them as themselves, of which love the love of Christ towards his Church
is a graphic image.
That he might m sanctify and cleanse it
with the washing of water by the n word,
(13) Because many men pretend the infirmities of
their wives to excuse their own hardness and cruelty, the apostle wishes us to
mark what manner of Church Christ received, when he joined it to himself, and
how he does not reject her for all her filth, and uncleanness, but ceases not
to wipe it away with his cleanness, until he wholly purifies it.
(m) Make it holy.
(n) Through the promise of free justification and
sanctification in Christ, received by faith.
5:27 That he might present it to himself a glorious
church, o not having spot, or wrinkle,
or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.
(o) The Church as it is considered in itself,
will not be without wrinkle, before it come to the mark it aims at: for while
it is in this life, it runs in a race. But if it is considered in Christ, it
is clean and without wrinkle.
5:28 14 So
ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife
(14) Another argument: every man loves himself,
even by nature: therefore he strives against nature that does not love his
wife. He proves the conclusion, first by the mystical knitting of Christ and
the Church together, and then by the ordinance of God, who says that man and
wife are as one, that is, not to be divided.
5:29 For no man ever yet hated his p
own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Lord the church:
(p) His own body.
5:30 For we are members of his body, q
of his flesh, and of his bones.
(q) He alludes to the making of the woman, which
signifies our union with Christ, which is accomplished by faith, but is
signified in the ordinance of the Lord's supper.
5:31 For this cause shall a man leave his father
and mother, and shall r be joined unto
his wife, and they two shall be one flesh.
(r) See Matthew
This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church.
(15) That no man might dream of natural union or
knitting of Christ and his Church together (such as the husbands and the wives
is) he shows that it is secret, that is, spiritual and such as differs greatly
from the common capacity of man. And it consists by the power of the Spirit,
and not of the flesh, by faith, and by no natural bond.
Nevertheless let every one of you in particular so love his wife even as
himself; and the wife [see] that she reverence [her] husband.
(16) The conclusion both of the husband's duty
toward his wife, and of the wife's toward her husband.