20:1 And 1 after the uproar was ceased, Paul called unto [him] the disciples, and embraced [them], and departed for to go into Macedonia.
(1) Paul departs from Ephesus by the consent of
the church, not to be idle or at rest, but to take pains in another place.
20:2 And when he had gone over those parts, and had
given them a much exhortation, he came
(a) For after so great trouble, there was need of
20:3 2 And
[there] abode three months. And when the Jews laid wait for him, as he was about
to sail into Syria, he purposed to return through Macedonia.
(2) A perverse zeal is the guider and instructor
to murderers: and we are not excluded by the wisdom of God to prevent the
endeavours of wicked men.
3 And upon the b
first [day] of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul
preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech
(3) Assemblies in the night-time cannot be justly
condemned, neither should they be, when the cause is good.
(b) Literally, "the first day of the
Sabbath", that is, upon the Lord's day: so that by this place, and by (1 Corinthians
16:2) we properly understand that in those days the Christians habitually
assembled themselves solemnly together upon that day.
20:8 4 And
there were many lights in the upper chamber, where they were gathered together.
(4) The devil, taking care to trouble the Church
with a great offence, gives Paul a singular occasion to confirm the Gospel
5 For Paul had determined to sail by
Ephesus, because he would not spend the time in Asia: for he hasted, if it were
possible for him, to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost.
(5) Paul, an earnest and diligent follower of
Christ, making haste to his bonds without any ceasing or stopping in his race,
first of all as it were makes his testament, wherein he gives an account of
his former life, defends the doctrine which he taught, and exhorts the pastors
of the church to persevere and go forward with continuance in their office.
20:17 And from c
Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church.
(c) According as the situation of these places is
set forth, the distance between Ephesus and Miletus was almost 50 miles or 80
20:18 6 And
when they were come to him, he said unto them, Ye know, from the first day that
I came into Asia, after what manner I have been with you at all seasons,
(6) A graphic image of a true pastor.
20:20 [And] how I kept d
back nothing that was profitable [unto you], but have shewed you, and have
taught you publickly, and from house to house,
(d) I did not refrain form speaking, neither did
I conceal my motives in any way at all, either for fear or for wicked gain.
And now, behold, I go e bound in the
spirit unto Jerusalem, not knowing the things that shall befall me there:
(7) He testifies that he goes to his imprisonment
by the commandment of God.
(e) He calls the guiding direction of the Holy
Spirit, who forced him to take his journey to Jerusalem, the bond of the
Sprit, whom he followed with all his heart.
Wherefore I take you to record this day, that I [am] f
pure from the blood of all [men].
(f) If you perish, yet there will fault with me.
20:27 8 For
I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God.
(8) The doctrine of the apostles is most perfect
20:28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to
all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to g
feed the church of God, which h he hath
purchased with i his own blood.
(g) To keep it, to feed and govern it.
(h) A notable sentence for Christ's Godhead:
which shows plainly in his person, how that by reason of the joining together
of the two natures in his own person, that which is proper to one is spoken of
the other, being taken as deriving from one another, and not in the original:
which in old time the godly fathers termed a communicating or fellowship of
properties or attributes, that is to say, a making common of that to two,
which belongs but to one.
(i) The words "his own" show forth the
excellency of that blood.
20:29 9 For
I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you,
not sparing the flock.
(9) A prophecy of pastors that would immediately
degenerate into wolves, against those who boast and brag only of a succession
20:30 Also of your own selves shall men arise,
speaking perverse things, to k draw away
disciples after them.
(k) This is great misery, to want the presence of
such a shepherd, but it is a greater misery to have wolves enter in.
And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is
able to build you up, and to give you an l
inheritance among all them which are sanctified.
(10) The power of God, and his free promises
revealed in his word, are the props and upholders of the ministry of the
(l) As children, and therefore an inheritance of
free love and good will.
20:33 11 I
have coveted no man's silver, or gold, or apparel.
(11) Pastors must before all things beware of
20:35 I have shewed you all
things, how that so labouring ye ought m
to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said,
It is more blessed to give than to receive.
(m) As it were by reaching out the hand to those
who otherwise are about to slip and fall away, and so to steady them.
And they all wept sore, and fell on Paul's neck, and kissed him,
(12) The Gospel does not take away natural
affections, but rules and bridles them in good order.