19:1 And 1 it came to pass, that, while Apollos was at Corinth, Paul having passed through the upper coasts came to Ephesus: and finding certain disciples,
(1) Paul, not being offended at the rudeness of
the Ephesians, plants a church amongst them.
19:2 He said unto them, Have ye received the a
Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as
heard whether there be any Holy Ghost.
(a) Those excellent gifts of the Holy Spirit,
which were in the Church in those days.
19:3 2 And
he said unto them, Unto b what then were
ye baptized? And they said, Unto c
(2) John only began to instruct the disciples
whom Christ would make perfect.
(b) In what doctrine then are you taught and
(c) To be baptized into John's baptism is to
profess the doctrine which John preached and to be identified with his
3 But when divers were hardened, and
believed not, but spake evil of that d
way before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples,
disputing daily in the school of one e
(3) For a man to separate himself and others from
infidels who are utterly desperate, is not to divide the Church, but rather to
unite it, and make it one.
(d) By this word "way", the Hebrews
understand any type of life, and here it is taken for Christianity.
(e) This was a man's proper name.
4 Then certain of the vagabond Jews, f
exorcists, took upon them to call over them which had evil spirits the name of
the Lord Jesus, saying, We adjure you by Jesus whom Paul preacheth.
(4) Satan is forced to give witness against
(f) So were they called who cast out demons by
forcing them to leave in the name of God: and in the beginning of the Church,
those who had the gift of working miracles, and laid their hands on those that
were possessed with demons, were called the same.
And the man in whom the evil spirit was leaped on them, and overcame them, and g
prevailed against them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded.
(g) He prevailed against them, though they
struggled ever so much.
And many that believed came, and h
confessed, and shewed their deeds.
(5) Conjuring and sorcery is condemned by open
testimony, and by the authority of the apostle.
(h) Confessed their errors, and openly detested
them, being terrified with the fear of the judgment of God: and how does this
compare to confession to a priest?
19:19 Many of them also which used curious arts
brought their books together, and burned them before all [men]: and they counted
the price of them, and found [it] i
fifty thousand [pieces] of silver.
(i) Those that give the lowest estimate, reckon
it to be about eight hundred pounds English.
After these things were ended, Paul purposed in the k
spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia, to go to Jerusalem,
saying, After I have been there, I must also see Rome.
(6) Paul is never weary.
(k) By the motion of God's Spirit: therefore we
may not say that Paul ran rashly unto death, but as the Spirit of God led him.
And the same time there arose no small stir about that way.
(7) Gain cloaked with a show of religion is the
very cause why idolatry is strongly and stubbornly defended.
19:24 For a certain [man] named Demetrius, a
silversmith, which made silver l shrines
for Diana, brought no small gain unto the craftsmen;
(l) These were special counterfeit temples with
Diana's picture in them, which those who worshipped her bought.
So that not only m this our craft is in
danger to be set at nought; but also that the temple of the great goddess Diana
should be despised, and her magnificence should be destroyed, whom all Asia and
the world worshippeth.
(m) As if he said, "If Paul goes on in this
way as he has begun, to confuse the opinion which men have of Diana's image,
all of our gain will come to nothing."
8 And certain of the chief of Asia,
which were his friends, sent unto him, desiring [him] that he would not
adventure himself into the theatre.
(8) There ought to be in all Christians, and
especially in the ministers, an invincible steadfastness which may not by any
storms or assaults be overcome, which nonetheless must modestly allow itself
to be governed by wisdom.
But when they knew that he was a Jew, all with one voice about the space of two
hours cried out, Great [is] Diana of the Ephesians.
(9) Instead of reason, the idolaters are
sufficiently contented with their own madness and outcries, and those are the
greatest defence that they have.
And when the townclerk had appeased the people, he said, [Ye] men of Ephesus,
what man is there that knoweth not how that the city of the Ephesians is a
worshipper of the great goddess Diana, and of the [image] which n
fell down from Jupiter?
(10) An example of a political man who redeems
peace and quietness with lies, which Paul would have never done.
(n) The Ephesians believed superstitiously that
the image of Diana came down to them from heaven.
Wherefore if Demetrius, and the craftsmen which are with him, have a o
matter against any man, the p law is
open, and there are q deputies: let them
implead one another.
(o) Have anything to accuse any man of.
(p) For there are certain days appointed for
civil causes and matters of judgment, and the deputies sit on those days.
(q) By the deputies are meant also the
deputies' substitutes, that is, those who sat for them.
19:39 But if ye enquire any thing concerning other
matters, it shall be determined in a r
(r) He speaks of a lawful assembly not only to
speak against the disordered tumult of the people, but also against all
meeting and coming together which was not by order: for there were certain
days appointed to call people together in.