12:1 And the LORD sent a Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor.
(a) Because David lay now drowned in sin, the
loving mercy of God which does not allow his own to perish, wakes his
conscience by this story and brings him to repentance.
And I gave thee thy master's b house,
and thy master's c wives into thy
bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; and if [that had been]
too little, I would moreover have given unto thee d
such and such things.
(b) For David succeeded Saul in his kingdom.
(c) The Jews take this to be Eglah and Michal, or
Rizpah and Michal.
(d) That is, greater things than these: for
God's love and benefits increase toward his own, if they do not hinder him
by their ingratitude.
12:9 Wherefore hast thou despised the
commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed Uriah the
Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife [to be] thy wife, and hast slain
him with the sword of the e children of
(e) You have most cruelly given him into the
hands of God's enemies.
12:11 Thus saith the
LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I
will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give [them] unto thy neighbour, and
he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this f
(f) Meaning openly, at noon.
12:13 And David
said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David,
The LORD also hath g put away thy sin;
thou shalt not die.
(g) For the Lord seeks the sinner to turn to him.
12:14 Howbeit, because by this deed thou hast
given great occasion to the enemies of the LORD to h
blaspheme, the child also [that is] born unto thee shall surely die.
(h) In saying, that the Lord has appointed a
wicked man to reign over his people.
therefore besought God for the child; and David fasted, and i
went in, and lay all night upon the earth.
(i) That is, to his private chamber.
12:17 And the elders of his house arose, [and
went] to him, to raise him up from the earth: but he would not, neither did he
eat k bread with them.
(k) Thinking by his constant prayer that God
would have restored his child, but God had determined otherwise.
Then David l arose from the earth, and
washed, and anointed [himself], and changed his apparel, and came into the house
of the LORD, and worshipped: then he came to his own house; and when he
required, they set bread before him, and he did eat.
(l) Showing that our lamentations should not be
excessive, but moderate: and that we must praise God in all his doings.
12:21 Then m
said his servants unto him, What thing [is] this that thou hast done? thou didst
fast and weep for the child, [while it was] alive; but when the child was dead,
thou didst rise and eat bread.
(m) As they who did not consider that God grants
many things to the sobs and tears of the faithful.
12:23 But now he is
dead, wherefore should I fast? n can I
bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.
(n) By this consideration he appeased his sorrow.
12:24 And David comforted Bathsheba his wife,
and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and o
he called his name Solomon: and the LORD loved him.
(o) That is, the Lord, (1 Chronicles
12:25 And he sent by the hand of Nathan the p
prophet; and q he called his name
Jedidiah, because of the LORD.
(p) To call him Solomon.
(q) Meaning, David.
12:27 And Joab sent
messengers to David, and said, I have fought against Rabbah, and have taken the
city of r waters.
(r) That is, the chief city and where all the
water pipes are, is as good as taken.
And he took their king's crown from off his head, the weight whereof [was] a s
talent of gold with the precious stones: and it was [set] on David's head. And
he brought forth the spoil of the city in great abundance.
(s) That is, 60 pounds after the weight of the
12:31 And he brought forth the people that
[were] therein, and put [them] under t
saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron, and made them pass
through the brickkiln: and thus did he unto all the cities of the children of
Ammon. So David and all the people returned unto Jerusalem.
(t) Signifying that as they were malicious
enemies of God, so he put them to cruel death.