11:1 And it came to pass, after the year was a expired, at the time when kings go forth [to battle], that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem.
(a) The year following about the spring time.
11:2 And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that
David arose from off his b bed, and
walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman
washing herself; and the woman [was] very beautiful to look upon.
(b) Upon which he used to rest in the afternoon,
as was read of Ishbosheth in (2 Samuel
11:3 And David sent and enquired after the woman.
And [one] said, [Is] not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of
Uriah the c Hittite?
(c) Who was not an born an Israelite, but
converted to the true religion.
11:5 And the woman
conceived, and sent and d told David,
and said, I [am] with child.
(d) Fearing lest she be stoned according to the
And David said to Uriah, e Go down to
thy house, and wash thy feet. And Uriah departed out of the king's house, and
there followed him a mess [of meat] from the king.
(e) David thought that if Uriah lay with his
wife, his sin might be covered.
And Uriah said unto David, f The ark,
and Israel, and Judah, abide in tents; and my lord Joab, and the servants of my
lord, are encamped in the open fields; shall I then go into mine house, to eat
and to drink, and to lie with my wife? [as] thou livest, and [as] thy soul
liveth, I will not do this thing.
(f) By this God would touch David's conscience,
for seeing the fidelity and religion of his servant, he would declare himself
forgetful of God, and injurious to his servant.
11:13 And when
David had called him, he did eat and drink before him; and he made him g
drunk: and at even he went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord,
but went not down to his house.
(g) He made him drink more liberally than he was
wont to do, thinking by this he would have slept with his wife.
11:15 And he wrote
in the letter, saying, h Set ye Uriah in
the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be
smitten, and die.
(h) Except God continually uphold us with his
mighty Spirit, the most perfect fall headlong into all vice and abomination.
Who smote Abimelech the son of i
Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the
wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy
servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.
(i) Meaning Gideon, (Judges
Then David said unto the messenger, k
Thus shalt thou say unto Joab, Let not this thing displease thee, for the sword
devoureth one as well as another: make thy battle more strong against the city,
and overthrow it: and encourage thou him.
(k) He conceals the truth from the messenger, so
that neither his cruel commandment, nor Joab's wicked obedience would be