8:1 Moreover, 1 brethren, we do you to wit of the a grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia;
(1) The sixth part of this epistle containing
different exhortations to stir up the Corinthians to liberality, with which
the poverty of the church of Jerusalem might be helped at an appropriate time.
And first of all he sets before them the example of the churches of Macedonia,
which otherwise were brought by great misery to extreme poverty, so that the
Corinthians should follow them.
(a) The benefit that God bestowed upon the
8:2 How that in a b
great trial of affliction the abundance of their joy and their deep poverty
abounded unto the riches of their liberality.
(b) For those manifold afflictions with which the
Lord tried them did not stop their joyful readiness, but also made it much
more excellent and well-known.
8:3 For to [their] power, I bear record, yea,
and beyond [their] power [they were] c
willing of themselves;
(c) Of their own accord they were generous.
8:4 Praying us with much intreaty that we would
receive the d gift, and [take upon us]
the fellowship of the ministering to the saints.
(d) He calls that "gift" which other
men would have called a burden. And this verse is to be explained by (2 Corinthians
8:5 2 And
[this they did], not as we hoped, but first gave their own selves to the Lord,
and unto us by the will of God.
(2) He amplifies the eagerness of the Macedonians
in this, that they also desired Paul to stir up the Corinthians to accomplish
the giving of alms by sending Titus to them again.
3 I speak not by commandment, but by
occasion of the e forwardness of others,
and to prove the f sincerity of your
(3) Thirdly, he warns them to live up to the
expectation which Paul and his companions have conceived of them.
(e) At the request of the Macedonians.
(f) The naturalness of our love appears when we
truly, and that frankly and freely, help our brethren even for Christ's
For ye know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet
for your sakes he became poor, that ye through his poverty might be rich.
(4) The fourth argument taken from the example of
And herein I give [my] advice: for this is expedient for you, who have begun
before, not only to do, but also to g be
forward a year ago.
(5) He takes good heed that he seem not to wrest
it out of them by force, for unless it is voluntary, God does not accept it.
(g) Not only to do, but also to do willingly: for
he notes out of a ready willingness, without any enforcement by any other men.
And much less did it come out of ambition and vain glory.
For if there be first a willing mind, [it is] accepted according to that a man
hath, [and] not according to that he hath not.
(6) Against those who excused themselves because
they are not rich, as though it were only the duty of rich men to help the
For [I mean] not that other men be eased, and ye burdened:
(7) Christian liberality is mutual, so that one
does not have too much, and the other to little.
8:14 But by an h
equality, [that] now at this time your abundance [may be a supply] for their
want, that their abundance also may be [a supply] for your want: that there may
(h) That as now in your abundance you help others
with a share of your goods, so should others in the same way bestow some of
their goods upon you.
But thanks [be] to God, which put the same earnest care into the heart of Titus
(8) He commends Titus and his two companions for
many reasons, both that their credit might not be suspected, as though he had
sent them slyly to rob the churches, and also so that they might be all the
more ready to contribute.
8:18 And we have sent
with him the brother, whose praise [is] i
in the gospel throughout all the churches;
(i) In the preaching of the Gospel.
8:19 And not [that] only, but who was also
chosen of the churches to travel with us with this k
grace, which is administered by us to the glory of the same Lord, and
[declaration of] your ready mind:
(k) These alms which are bestowed for the relief
of the church of Jerusalem.
8:20 Avoiding this, that no man should blame us
in this l abundance which is
administered by us:
(l) In this plentiful liberality of the churches,
which is committed to our trust.
Whether [any do enquire] of Titus, [he is] my partner and fellowhelper
concerning you: or our m brethren [be
enquired of, they are] the messengers of the churches, [and] the n
glory of Christ.
(m) The two companions of Titus.
(n) By whom the glory of Christ is set forth.
8:24 Wherefore shew ye to them, and before the o
churches, the proof of your love, and of our boasting on your behalf.
(o) All the churches in whose presence you are in
will be witnesses of this your godly behaviour, for these men are the
messengers whom they have chosen by common consent, and sent to you.