Numbers 1-2 Young’s Literal Translation

The Numbering of Israel at Sinai

1 1  And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tent of meeting, on the first of the second month, in the second year of their going out of the land of Egypt, saying: 2  'Take ye up the sum of all the company of the sons of Israel by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names—every male by their polls; 3  from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host in Israel, ye do number them by their hosts, thou and Aaron; 4  and with you there is a man for a tribe, each is a head to the house of his fathers. 5  'And these 'are' the names of the men who stand with you: 'For Reuben—Elizur son of Shedeur. 6  'For Simeon—Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai. 7  'For Judah—Nahshon son of Amminadab. 8  'For Issachar—Nathaneel son of Zuar. 9  'For Zebulun—Eliab son of Helon. 10  'For the sons of Joseph—for Ephraim: Elishama son of Ammihud: for Manasseh—Gamaliel son of Pedahzur. 11  'For Benjamin—Abidan son of Gideoni. 12  'For Dan—Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai. 13  'For Asher—Pagiel son of Ocran. 14  'For Gad—Eliasaph son of Deuel. 15  'For Naphtali—Ahira son of Enan.' 16  These 'are' those called of the company, princes of the tribes of their fathers; they 'are' heads of the thousands of Israel.

17  And Moses taketh—Aaron also—these men, who were defined by name, 18  and all the company they assembled on the first of the second month, and they declare their births, by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names from a son of twenty years and upward, by their polls, 19  as Jehovah hath commanded Moses; and he numbereth them in the wilderness of Sinai. 20  And the sons of Reuben, Israel's first-born—their births, by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names, by their polls, every male from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host— 21  their numbered ones, for the tribe of Reuben, are six and forty thousand and five hundred. 22  Of the sons of Simeon—their births, by their families, by the house of their fathers, its numbered ones in the number of names, by their polls, every male from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host— 23  their numbered ones, for the tribe of Simeon, 'are' nine and fifty thousand and three hundred. 24  Of the sons of Gad—their births, by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names, from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host— 25  their numbered ones, for the tribe of Gad, 'are' five and forty thousand and six hundred and fifty. 26  Of the sons of Judah—their births, by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names, from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host— 27  their numbered ones, for the tribe of Judah, 'are' four and seventy thousand and six hundred. 28  Of the sons of Issachar—their births, by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names, from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host— 29  their numbered ones, for the tribe of Issachar, 'are' four and fifty thousand and four hundred. 30  Of the sons of Zebulun—their births, by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names, from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host— 31  their numbered ones, for the tribe of Zebulun, 'are' seven and fifty thousand and four hundred. 32  Of the sons of Joseph—of the sons of Ephraim—their births, by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names, from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host— 33  their numbered ones, for the tribe of Ephraim, 'are' forty thousand and five hundred. 34  Of the sons of Manasseh—their births, by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names, from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host— 35  their numbered ones, for the tribe of Manasseh, 'are' two and thirty thousand and two hundred. 36  Of the sons of Benjamin—their births, by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names, from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host— 37  their numbered ones, for the tribe of Benjamin, 'are' five and thirty thousand and four hundred. 38  Of the sons of Dan—their births, by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names, from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host— 39  their numbered ones, for the tribe of Dan, 'are' two and sixty thousand and seven hundred. 40  Of the sons of Asher—their births, by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names, from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host— 41  their numbered ones, for the tribe of Asher, 'are' one and forty thousand and five hundred. 42  'Of' the sons of Naphtali—their births, by their families, by the house of their fathers, in the number of names, from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host— 43  their numbered ones, for the tribe of Naphtali, 'are' three and fifty thousand and four hundred.

44  These 'are' those numbered, whom Moses numbered—Aaron also, and the princes of Israel, twelve men—each for the house of his fathers, they have been. 45  And they are, all those numbered of the sons of Israel, by the house of their fathers, from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host in Israel, 46  yea, all those numbered are six hundred thousand, and three thousand, and five hundred and fifty.

The Appointment of the Levites

47  And the Levites, for the tribe of their fathers, have not numbered themselves in their midst, 48  seeing Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying, 49  'Only, the tribe of Levi thou dost not number, and their sum thou dost not take up in the midst of the sons of Israel; 50  and thou, appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of the testimony, and over all its vessels, and over all that it hath; they bear the tabernacle, and all its vessels, and they serve it; and round about the tabernacle they encamp. 51  'And in the journeying of the tabernacle, the Levites take it down, and in the encamping of the tabernacle, the Levites raise it up; and the stranger who is coming near is put to death.' 52  And the sons of Israel have encamped, each by his camp, and each by his standard, by their hosts; 53  and the Levites encamp round about the tabernacle of the testimony; and there is no wrath on the company of the sons of Israel, and the Levites have kept the charge of the tabernacle of the testimony. 54  And the sons of Israel do according to all that Jehovah hath commanded Moses; so they have done.

The Camps and Leaders of the Tribes

2 1  And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, and unto Aaron, saying, 2  'Each by his standard, with ensigns of the house of their fathers, do the sons of Israel encamp; over-against round about the tent of meeting they encamp.'

3  And those encamping eastward towards the sun-rising, 'are of' the standard of the camp of Judah, by their hosts; and the prince of the sons of Judah 'is' Nahshon, son of Amminadab; 4  and his host, and their numbered ones, 'are' four and seventy thousand and six hundred. 5  And those encamping by him 'are of' the tribe of Issachar; and the prince of the sons of Issachar 'is' Nethaneel son of Zuar; 6  and his host, and its numbered ones, 'are' four and fifty thousand and four hundred. 7  The tribe of Zebulun; and the prince of the sons of Zebulun 'is' Eliab son of Helon; 8  and his host, and its numbered ones, 'are' seven and fifty thousand and four hundred; 9  all those numbered of the camp of Judah 'are' a hundred thousand, and eighty thousand, and six thousand, and four hundred, by their hosts; they journey first. 10  The standard of the camp of Reuben 'is' southward, by their hosts; and the prince of the sons of Reuben 'is' Elizur son of Shedeur; 11  and his host, and its numbered ones, 'are' six and forty thousand and five hundred. 12  And those encamping by him 'are of' the tribe of Simeon; and the prince of the sons of Simeon 'is' Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai; 13  and his host, and their numbered ones, 'are' nine and fifty thousand and three hundred. 14  And the tribe of Gad; and the prince of the sons of Gad 'is' Eliasaph son of Reuel; 15  and his host, and their numbered ones, 'are' five and forty thousand and six hundred and fifty. 16  All those numbered of the camp of Reuben 'are' a hundred thousand, and one and fifty thousand, and four hundred and fifty, by their hosts; and they journey second. 17  And the tent of meeting—the camp of the Levites—hath journeyed in the midst of the camps; as they encamp so they journey, each at his station by their standards. 18  The standard of the camp of Ephraim, by their hosts, 'is' westward; and the prince of the sons of Ephraim 'is' Elishama son of Ammihud; 19  and his host, and their numbered ones, 'are' forty thousand and five hundred. 20  And by him 'is' the tribe of Manasseh; and the prince of the sons of Manasseh 'is' Gamaliel son of Pedahzur; 21  and his host, and their numbered ones, 'are' two and thirty thousand, and two hundred. 22  And the tribe of Benjamin; and the prince of the sons of Benjamin 'is' Abidan son of Gideoni; 23  and his host, and their numbered ones, 'are' five and thirty thousand and four hundred. 24  All those numbered of the camp of Ephraim 'are' a hundred thousand, and eight thousand, and a hundred, by their hosts; and they journey third. 25  The standard of the camp of Dan 'is' northward, by their hosts; and the prince of the sons of Dan 'is' Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai; 26  and his host, and their numbered ones, 'are' two and sixty thousand and seven hundred. 27  And those encamping by him 'are of' the tribe of Asher; and the prince of the sons of Asher 'is' Pagiel son of Ocran; 28  and his host, and their numbered ones, 'are' one and forty thousand and five hundred. 29  And the tribe of Naphtali; and the prince of the sons of Naphtali 'is' Ahira son of Enan; 30  and his host, and their numbered ones, 'are' three and fifty thousand and four hundred. 31  All those numbered of the camp of Dan 'are' a hundred thousand, and seven and fifty thousand, and six hundred; at the rear they journey, by their standards. 32  These 'are' those numbered of the sons of Israel by the house of their fathers; all those numbered of the camps by their hosts 'are' six hundred thousand, and three thousand, and five hundred and fifty. 33  And the Levites have not numbered themselves in the midst of the sons of Israel, as Jehovah hath commanded Moses. 34  And the sons of Israel do according to all that Jehovah hath commanded Moses; so they have encamped by their standards, and so they have journeyed; each by his families, by the house of his fathers.

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