Matthew 5-6 Young’s Literal Translation

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The Beginning of the Sermon on the Mount

5 1  And having seen the multitudes, he went up to the mount, and he having sat down, his disciples came to him, 2  and having opened his mouth, he was teaching them, saying:

The Beatitudes

3  'Happy the poor in spirit—because theirs is the reign of the heavens. 4  'Happy the mourning—because they shall be comforted. 5  'Happy the meek—because they shall inherit the land. 6  'Happy those hungering and thirsting for righteousness—because they shall be filled. 7  'Happy the kind—because they shall find kindness. 8  'Happy the clean in heart—because they shall see God. 9  'Happy the peacemakers—because they shall be called Sons of God. 10  'Happy those persecuted for righteousness' sake—because theirs is the reign of the heavens. 11  'Happy are ye whenever they may reproach you, and may persecute, and may say any evil thing against you falsely for my sake— 12  rejoice ye and be glad, because your reward 'is' great in the heavens, for thus did they persecute the prophets who were before you.

The Salt of the Earth

13  'Ye are the salt of the land, but if the salt may lose savour, in what shall it be salted? for nothing is it good henceforth, except to be cast without, and to be trodden down by men.

The Light of the World

14  'Ye are the light of the world, a city set upon a mount is not able to be hid; 15  nor do they light a lamp, and put it under the measure, but on the lamp-stand, and it shineth to all those in the house; 16  so let your light shine before men, that they may see your good works, and may glorify your Father who 'is' in the heavens.

Jesus' Attitude toward the Law

17  'Do not suppose that I came to throw down the law or the prophets—I did not come to throw down, but to fulfill; 18  for, verily I say to you, till that the heaven and the earth may pass away, one iota or one tittle may not pass away from the law, till that all may come to pass. 19  'Whoever therefore may loose one of these commands—the least—and may teach men so, least he shall be called in the reign of the heavens, but whoever may do and may teach 'them', he shall be called great in the reign of the heavens. 20  'For I say to you, that if your righteousness may not abound above that of the scribes and Pharisees, ye may not enter to the reign of the heavens.

Jesus' Attitude toward Anger

21  'Ye heard that it was said to the ancients: Thou shalt not kill, and whoever may kill shall be in danger of the judgment; 22  but I—I say to you, that every one who is angry at his brother without cause, shall be in danger of the judgment, and whoever may say to his brother, Empty fellow! shall be in danger of the sanhedrim, and whoever may say, Rebel! shall be in danger of the gehenna of the fire. 23  'If, therefore, thou mayest bring thy gift to the altar, and there mayest remember that thy brother hath anything against thee, 24  leave there thy gift before the altar, and go—first be reconciled to thy brother, and then having come bring thy gift. 25  'Be agreeing with thy opponent quickly, while thou art in the way with him, that the opponent may not deliver thee to the judge, and the judge may deliver thee to the officer, and to prison thou mayest be cast, 26  verily I say to thee, thou mayest not come forth thence till that thou mayest pay the last farthing.

Jesus' Attitude toward Adultery

27  'Ye heard that it was said to the ancients: Thou shalt not commit adultery; 28  but I—I say to you, that every one who is looking on a woman to desire her, did already commit adultery with her in his heart. 29  'But, if thy right eye doth cause thee to stumble, pluck it out and cast from thee, for it is good to thee that one of thy members may perish, and not thy whole body be cast to gehenna. 30  'And, if thy right hand doth cause thee to stumble, cut it off, and cast from thee, for it is good to thee that one of thy members may perish, and not thy whole body be cast to gehenna.

Jesus' Attitude toward Divorce

31  'And it was said, That whoever may put away his wife, let him give to her a writing of divorce; 32  but I—I say to you, that whoever may put away his wife, save for the matter of whoredom, doth make her to commit adultery; and whoever may marry her who hath been put away doth commit adultery.

Jesus' Attitude toward Oaths

33  'Again, ye heard that it was said to the ancients: Thou shalt not swear falsely, but thou shalt pay to the Lord thine oaths; 34  but I—I say to you, not to swear at all; neither by the heaven, because it is the throne of God, 35  nor by the earth, because it is His footstool, nor by Jerusalem, because it is a city of a great king, 36  nor by thy head mayest thou swear, because thou art not able one hair to make white or black; 37  but let your word be, Yes, Yes, No, No, and that which is more than these is of the evil.

Love for Enemies

38  'Ye heard that it was said: Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth; 39  but I—I say to you, not to resist the evil, but whoever shall slap thee on thy right cheek, turn to him also the other; 40  and whoever is willing to take thee to law, and thy coat to take—suffer to him also the cloak. 41  'And whoever shall impress thee one mile, go with him two, 42  to him who is asking of thee be giving, and him who is willing to borrow from thee thou mayest not turn away.

43  'Ye heard that it was said: Thou shalt love thy neighbor, and shalt hate thine enemy; 44  but I—I say to you, Love your enemies, bless those cursing you, do good to those hating you, and pray for those accusing you falsely, and persecuting you, 45  that ye may be sons of your Father in the heavens, because His sun He doth cause to rise on evil and good, and He doth send rain on righteous and unrighteous. 46  'For, if ye may love those loving you, what reward have ye? do not also the tax-gatherers the same? 47  and if ye may salute your brethren only, what do ye abundant? do not also the tax-gatherers so? 48  ye shall therefore be perfect, as your Father who 'is' in the heavens is perfect.

Jesus' Teaching on Almsgiving

6 1  'Take heed your kindness not to do before men, to be seen by them, and if not—reward ye have not from your Father who 'is' in the heavens; 2  whenever, therefore, thou mayest do kindness, thou mayest not sound a trumpet before thee as the hypocrites do, in the synagogues, and in the streets, that they may have glory from men; verily I say to you—they have their reward! 3  'But thou, doing kindness, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doth, 4  that thy kindness may be in secret, and thy Father who is seeing in secret Himself shall reward thee manifestly.

Jesus' Teaching on Prayer

5  'And when thou mayest pray, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites, because they love in the synagogues, and in the corners of the broad places—standing—to pray, that they may be seen of men; verily I say to you, that they have their reward. 6  'But thou, when thou mayest pray, go into thy chamber, and having shut thy door, pray to thy Father who 'is' in secret, and thy Father who is seeing in secret, shall reward thee manifestly. 7  'And—praying—ye may not use vain repetitions like the nations, for they think that in their much speaking they shall be heard, 8  be ye not therefore like to them, for your Father doth know those things that ye have need of before your asking him;

9  thus therefore pray ye: 'Our Father who 'art' in the heavens! hallowed be Thy name. 10  'Thy reign come: Thy will come to pass, as in heaven also on the earth. 11  'Our appointed bread give us to-day. 12  'And forgive us our debts, as also we forgive our debtors. 13  'And mayest Thou not lead us to temptation, but deliver us from the evil, because Thine is the reign, and the power, and the glory—to the ages. Amen. 14  'For, if ye may forgive men their trespasses He also will forgive you—your Father who 'is' in the heavens; 15  but if ye may not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.

Jesus' Teaching on Fasting

16  'And when ye may fast, be ye not as the hypocrites, of sour countenances, for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear to men fasting; verily I say to you, that they have their reward. 17  'But thou, fasting, anoint thy head, and wash thy face, 18  that thou mayest not appear to men fasting, but to thy Father who 'is' in secret, and thy Father, who is seeing in secret, shall reward thee manifestly.

Treasure in Heaven

19  'Treasure not up to yourselves treasures on the earth, where moth and rust disfigure, and where thieves break through and steal, 20  but treasure up to yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth disfigure, and where thieves do not break through nor steal, 21  for where your treasure is, there will be also your heart.

The Light of the Body

22  'The lamp of the body is the eye, if, therefore, thine eye may be perfect, all thy body shall be enlightened, 23  but if thine eye may be evil, all thy body shall be dark; if, therefore, the light that 'is' in thee is darkness—the darkness, how great!

God and Mammon

24  'None is able to serve two lords, for either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will hold to the one, and despise the other; ye are not able to serve God and Mammon.

Care and Anxiety

25  'Because of this I say to you, be not anxious for your life, what ye may eat, and what ye may drink, nor for your body, what ye may put on. Is not the life more than the nourishment, and the body than the clothing? 26  look to the fowls of the heaven, for they do not sow, nor reap, nor gather into storehouses, and your heavenly Father doth nourish them; are not ye much better than they? 27  'And who of you, being anxious, is able to add to his age one cubit? 28  and about clothing why are ye anxious? consider well the lilies of the field; how do they grow? they do not labour, nor do they spin; 29  and I say to you, that not even Solomon in all his glory was arrayed as one of these. 30  'And if the herb of the field, that to-day is, and to-morrow is cast to the furnace, God doth so clothe—not much more you, O ye of little faith? 31  therefore ye may not be anxious, saying, What may we eat? or, What may we drink? or, What may we put round? 32  for all these do the nations seek for, for your heavenly Father doth know that ye have need of all these; 33  but seek ye first the reign of God and His righteousness, and all these shall be added to you. 34  Be not therefore anxious for the morrow, for the morrow shall be anxious for its own things; sufficient for the day 'is' the evil of it.

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