Jesus Denounces the Scribes and Pharisees
23 1 Then Jesus spake to the multitudes, and to his disciples, 2 saying, 'On the seat of Moses sat down the scribes and the Pharisees; 3 all, then, as much as they may say to you to observe, observe and do, but according to their works do not, for they say, and do not; 4 for they bind together burdens heavy and grievous to be borne, and lay upon the shoulders of men, but with their finger they will not move them. 5 'And all their works they do to be seen by men, and they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the fringes of their garments, 6 they love also the chief couches in the supper, and the chief seats in the synagogues, 7 and the salutations in the market-places, and to be called by men, Rabbi, Rabbi. 8 'And ye—ye may not be called Rabbi, for one is your director—the Christ, and all ye are brethren; 9 and ye may not call 'any' your father on the earth, for one is your Father, who is in the heavens, 10 nor may ye be called directors, for one is your director—the Christ. 11 And the greater of you shall be your ministrant, 12 and whoever shall exalt himself shall be humbled, and whoever shall humble himself shall be exalted.
13 'Wo to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye shut up the reign of the heavens before men, for ye do not go in, nor those going in do ye suffer to enter. 14 'Wo to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye eat up the houses of the widows, and for a pretence make long prayers, because of this ye shall receive more abundant judgment. 15 'Wo to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye go round the sea and the dry land to make one proselyte, and whenever it may happen—ye make him a son of gehenna twofold more than yourselves. 16 'Wo to you, blind guides, who are saying, Whoever may swear by the sanctuary, it is nothing, but whoever may swear by the gold of the sanctuary—is debtor! 17 Fools and blind! for which 'is' greater, the gold, or the sanctuary that is sanctifying the gold? 18 'And, whoever may swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever may swear by the gift that is upon it—is debtor! 19 Fools and blind! for which 'is' greater, the gift, or the altar that is sanctifying the gift? 20 'He therefore who did swear by the altar, doth swear by it, and by all things on it; 21 and he who did swear by the sanctuary, doth swear by it, and by Him who is dwelling in it; 22 and he who did swear by the heaven, doth swear by the throne of God, and by Him who is sitting upon it. 23 'Wo to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye give tithe of the mint, and the dill, and the cumin, and did neglect the weightier things of the Law—the judgment, and the kindness, and the faith; these it behoved 'you' to do, and those not to neglect. 24 'Blind guides! who are straining out the gnat, and the camel are swallowing. 25 'Wo to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye make clean the outside of the cup and the plate, and within they are full of rapine and incontinence. 26 'Blind Pharisee! cleanse first the inside of the cup and the plate, that the outside of them also may become clean. 27 'Wo to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye are like to whitewashed sepulchres, which outwardly indeed do appear beautiful, and within are full of bones of dead men, and of all uncleanness; 28 so also ye outwardly indeed do appear to men righteous, and within ye are full of hypocrisy and lawlessness. 29 'Wo to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because ye build the sepulchres of the prophets, and adorn the tombs of the righteous, 30 and say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets. 31 So that ye testify to yourselves, that ye are sons of them who did murder the prophets; 32 and ye—ye fill up the measure of your fathers. 33 'Serpents! brood of vipers! how may ye escape from the judgment of the gehenna?
34 'Because of this, lo, I send to you prophets, and wise men, and scribes, and of them ye will kill and crucify, and of them ye will scourge in your synagogues, and will pursue from city to city; 35 that on you may come all the righteous blood being poured out on the earth from the blood of Abel the righteous, unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the sanctuary and the altar: 36 verily I say to you, all these things shall come upon this generation.
Jesus Laments over Jerusalem
37 'Jerusalem, Jerusalem, that art killing the prophets, and stoning those sent unto thee, how often did I will to gather thy children together, as a hen doth gather her own chickens under the wings, and ye did not will. 38 Lo, left desolate to you is your house; 39 for I say to you, ye may not see me henceforth, till ye may say, Blessed 'is' he who is coming in the name of the Lord.'
Jesus' Authority Questioned
20 1 And it came to pass, on one of those days, as he is teaching the people in the temple, and proclaiming good news, the chief priests and the scribes, with the elders, came upon 'him', 2 and spake unto him, saying, 'Tell us by what authority thou dost these things? or who is he that gave to thee this authority?' 3 And he answering said unto them, 'I will question you—I also—one thing, and tell me: 4 the baptism of John, from heaven was it, or from men?' 5 And they reasoned with themselves, saying—'If we may say, From heaven, he will say, Wherefore, then, did ye not believe him? 6 and if we may say, From men, all the people will stone us, for they are having been persuaded John to be a prophet.' 7 And they answered, that they knew not whence 'it was', 8 and Jesus said to them, 'Neither do I say to you by what authority I do these things.'
The Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen
9 And he began to speak unto the people this simile: 'A certain man planted a vineyard, and gave it out to husbandmen, and went abroad for a long time, 10 and at the season he sent unto the husbandmen a servant, that from the fruit of the vineyard they may give to him, but the husbandmen having beat him, did send 'him' away empty. 11 'And he added to send another servant, and they that one also having beaten and dishonoured, did send away empty; 12 and he added to send a third, and this one also, having wounded, they did cast out. 13 'And the owner of the vineyard said, What shall I do? I will send my son—the beloved, perhaps having seen this one, they will do reverence; 14 and having seen him, the husbandmen reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir; come, we may kill him, that the inheritance may become ours; 15 and having cast him outside of the vineyard, they killed 'him'; what, then, shall the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16 He will come, and destroy these husbandmen, and will give the vineyard to others.' And having heard, they said, 'Let it not be!' 17 and he, having looked upon them, said, 'What, then, is this that hath been written: A stone that the builders rejected—this became head of a corner? 18 every one who hath fallen on that stone shall be broken, and on whom it may fall, it will crush him to pieces.'
Paying Taxes to Caesar
19 And the chief priests and the scribes sought to lay hands on him in that hour, and they feared the people, for they knew that against them he spake this simile.
20 And, having watched 'him', they sent forth liers in wait, feigning themselves to be righteous, that they might take hold of his word, to deliver him up to the rule and to the authority of the governor, 21 and they questioned him, saying, 'Teacher, we have known that thou dost say and teach rightly, and dost not accept a person, but in truth the way of God dost teach; 22 Is it lawful to us to give tribute to Caesar or not?' 23 And he, having perceived their craftiness, said unto them, 'Why me do ye tempt? 24 shew me a denary; of whom hath it an image and superscription?' and they answering said, 'Of Caesar:' 25 and he said to them, 'Give back, therefore, the things of Caesar to Caesar, and the things of God to God;' 26 and they were not able to take hold on his saying before the people, and having wondered at his answer, they were silent.
The Question about the Resurrection
27 And certain of the Sadducees, who are denying that there is a rising again, having come near, questioned him, 28 saying, 'Teacher, Moses wrote to us, If any one's brother may die, having a wife, and he may die childless—that his brother may take the wife, and may raise up seed to his brother. 29 'There were, then, seven brothers, and the first having taken a wife, died childless, 30 and the second took the wife, and he died childless, 31 and the third took her, and in like manner also the seven—they left not children, and they died; 32 and last of all died also the woman: 33 in the rising again, then, of which of them doth she become wife?—for the seven had her as wife.' 34 And Jesus answering said to them, 'The sons of this age do marry and are given in marriage, 35 but those accounted worthy to obtain that age, and the rising again that is out of the dead, neither marry, nor are they given in marriage; 36 for neither are they able to die any more—for they are like messengers—and they are sons of God, being sons of the rising again. 37 'And that the dead are raised, even Moses shewed at the Bush, since he doth call the Lord, the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob; 38 and He is not a God of dead men, but of living, for all live to Him.'
The Question about David's Son
41 And he said unto them, 'How do they say the Christ to be son of David, 42 and David himself saith in the Book of Psalms, The Lord said to my lord, Sit thou on my right hand, 43 till I shall make thine enemies thy footstool; 44 David, then, doth call him lord, and how is he his son?'
Jesus Denounces the Scribes
45 And, all the people hearing, he said to his disciples, 46 'Take heed of the scribes, who are wishing to walk in long robes, and are loving salutations in the markets, and first seats in the synagogues, and first couches in the suppers, 47 who devour the houses of the widows, and for a pretence make long prayers, these shall receive more abundant judgment.'
The Widow's Offering
21 1 And having looked up, he saw those who did cast their gifts to the treasury—rich men, 2 and he saw also a certain poor widow casting there two mites, 3 and he said, 'Truly I say to you, that this poor widow did cast in more than all; 4 for all these out of their superabundance did cast into the gifts to God, but this one out of her want, all the living that she had, did cast in.'
The Destruction of the Temple and Signs before the End
5 And certain saying about the temple, that with goodly stones and devoted things it hath been adorned, he said, 6 'These things that ye behold—days will come, in which there shall not be left a stone upon a stone, that shall not be thrown down.' 7 And they questioned him, saying, 'Teacher, when, then, shall these things be? and what 'is' the sign when these things may be about to happen?' 8 And he said, 'See—ye may not be led astray, for many shall come in my name, saying—I am 'he', and the time hath come nigh; go not on then after them; 9 and when ye may hear of wars and uprisings, be not terrified, for it behoveth these things to happen first, but the end 'is' not immediately.' 10 Then said he to them, 'Nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, 11 great shakings also in every place, and famines, and pestilences, there shall be; fearful things also, and great signs from heaven there shall be; 12 and before all these, they shall lay on you their hands, and persecute, delivering up to synagogues and prisons, being brought before kings and governors for my name's sake; 13 and it shall become to you for a testimony. 14 'Settle, then, to your hearts, not to meditate beforehand to reply, 15 for I will give to you a mouth and wisdom that all your opposers shall not be able to refute or resist. 16 'And ye shall be delivered up also by parents, and brothers, and kindred, and friends, and they shall put of you to death; 17 and ye shall be hated by all because of my name— 18 and a hair out of your head shall not perish; 19 in your patience possess ye your souls.
20 'And when ye may see Jerusalem surrounded by encampments, then know that come nigh did her desolation; 21 then those in Judea, let them flee to the mountains; and those in her midst, let them depart out; and those in the countries, let them not come in to her; 22 because these are days of vengeance, to fulfil all things that have been written. 23 'And wo to those with child, and to those giving suck, in those days; for there shall be great distress on the land, and wrath on this people; 24 and they shall fall by the mouth of the sword, and shall be led captive to all the nations, and Jerusalem shall be trodden down by nations, till the times of nations be fulfilled.
The Coming of the Son of Man
25 'And there shall be signs in sun, and moon, and stars, and on the land 'is' distress of nations with perplexity, sea and billow roaring; 26 men fainting at heart from fear, and expectation of the things coming on the world, for the powers of the heavens shall be shaken. 27 'And then they shall see the Son of Man, coming in a cloud, with power and much glory; 28 and these things beginning to happen bend yourselves back, and lift up your heads, because your redemption doth draw nigh.'
29 And he spake a simile to them: 'See the fig-tree, and all the trees, 30 when they may now cast forth, having seen, of yourselves ye know that now is the summer nigh; 31 so also ye, when ye may see these things happening, ye know that near is the reign of God; 32 verily I say to you—This generation may not pass away till all may have come to pass; 33 the heaven and the earth shall pass away, but my words may not pass away. 34 'And take heed to yourselves, lest your hearts may be weighed down with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and anxieties of life, and suddenly that day may come on you, 35 for as a snare it shall come on all those dwelling on the face of all the land, 36 watch ye, then, in every season, praying that ye may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that are about to come to pass, and to stand before the Son of Man.' 37 And he was during the days in the temple teaching, and during the nights, going forth, he was lodging at the mount called of Olives; 38 and all the people were coming early unto him in the temple to hear him.