Matthew 20-21 Young’s Literal Translation

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Laborers in the Vineyard

20 1  'For the reign of the heavens is like to a man, a householder, who went forth with the morning to hire workmen for his vineyard, 2  and having agreed with the workmen for a denary a day, he sent them into his vineyard. 3  'And having gone forth about the third hour, he saw others standing in the market-place idle, 4  and to these he said, Go ye—also ye—to the vineyard, and whatever may be righteous I will give you; 5  and they went away. 'Again, having gone forth about the sixth and the ninth hour, he did in like manner. 6  And about the eleventh hour, having gone forth, he found others standing idle, and saith to them, Why here have ye stood all the day idle? 7  they say to him, Because no one did hire us; he saith to them, Go ye—ye also—to the vineyard, and whatever may be righteous ye shall receive. 8  'And evening having come, the lord of the vineyard saith to his steward, Call the workmen, and pay them the reward, having begun from the last—unto the first. 9  And they of about the eleventh hour having come, did receive each a denary. 10  'And the first having come, did suppose that they shall receive more, and they received, they also, each a denary, 11  and having received 'it', they were murmuring against the householder, saying, 12  that These, the last, wrought one hour, and thou didst make them equal to us, who were bearing the burden of the day—and the heat. 13  'And he answering said to one of them, Comrade, I do no unrighteousness to thee; for a denary didst not thou agree with me? 14  take that which is thine, and go; and I will to give to this, the last, also as to thee; 15  is it not lawful to me to do what I will in mine own? is thine eye evil because I am good? 16  So the last shall be first, and the first last, for many are called, and few chosen.'

Jesus Foretells His Death a Third Time

17  And Jesus going up to Jerusalem, took the twelve disciples by themselves in the way, and said to them, 18  'Lo, we go up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man shall be delivered to the chief priests and scribes, 19  and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the nations to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify, and the third day he will rise again.'

The Request of James and John

20  Then came near to him the mother of the sons of Zebedee, with her sons, bowing and asking something from him, 21  and he said to her, 'What wilt thou?' She saith to him, 'Say, that they may sit—these my two sons—one on thy right hand, and one on the left, in thy reign.' 22  And Jesus answering said, 'Ye have not known what ye ask for yourselves; are ye able to drink of the cup that I am about to drink? and with the baptism that I am baptized with, to be baptized?' They say to him, 'We are able.' 23  And he saith to them, 'Of my cup indeed ye shall drink, and with the baptism that I am baptized with ye shall be baptized; but to sit on my right hand and on my left is not mine to give, but—to those for whom it hath been prepared by my father.' 24  And the ten having heard, were much displeased with the two brothers, 25  and Jesus having called them near, said, 'Ye have known that the rulers of the nations do exercise lordship over them, and those great do exercise authority over them, 26  but not so shall it be among you, but whoever may will among you to become great, let him be your ministrant; 27  and whoever may will among you to be first, let him be your servant; 28  even as the Son of Man did not come to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.'

Two Blind Men Receive Sight

29  And they going forth from Jericho, there followed him a great multitude, 30  and lo, two blind men sitting by the way, having heard that Jesus doth pass by, cried, saying, 'Deal kindly with us, sir—Son of David.' 31  And the multitude charged them that they might be silent, and they cried out the more, saying, 'Deal kindly with us sir—Son of David.' 32  And having stood, Jesus called them, and said, 'What will ye 'that' I may do to you?' 33  they say to him, 'Sir, that our eyes may be opened;' 34  and having been moved with compassion, Jesus touched their eyes, and immediately their eyes received sight, and they followed him.

The Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem

21 1  And when they came nigh to Jerusalem, and came to Bethphage, unto the mount of the Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, 2  saying to them, 'Go on to the village over-against you, and immediately ye shall find an ass bound, and a colt with her—having loosed, bring ye to me; 3  and if any one may say anything to you, ye shall say, that the lord hath need of them, and immediately he will send them.' 4  And all this came to pass, that it might be fulfilled that was spoken through the prophet, saying, 5  'Tell ye the daughter of Zion, Lo, thy king doth come to thee, meek, and mounted on an ass, and a colt, a foal of a beast of burden.' 6  And the disciples having gone and having done as Jesus commanded them, 7  brought the ass and the colt, and did put on them their garments, and set 'him' upon them; 8  and the very great multitude spread their own garments in the way, and others were cutting branches from the trees, and were strewing in the way, 9  and the multitudes who were going before, and who were following, were crying, saying, 'Hosanna to the Son of David, blessed is he who is coming in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.' 10  And he having entered into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, 'Who is this?' 11  And the multitudes said, 'This is Jesus the prophet, who 'is' from Nazareth of Galilee.'

The Cleansing of the Temple

12  And Jesus entered into the temple of God, and did cast forth all those selling and buying in the temple, and the tables of the money-changers he overturned, and the seats of those selling the doves, 13  and he saith to them, 'It hath been written, My house a house of prayer shall be called, but ye did make it a den of robbers.' 14  And there came to him blind and lame men in the temple, and he healed them, 15  and the chief priests and the scribes having seen the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying in the temple, and saying, 'Hosanna to the Son of David,' were much displeased; 16  and they said to him, 'Hearest thou what these say?' And Jesus saith to them, 'Yes, did ye never read, that, Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings Thou didst prepare praise?' 17  And having left them, he went forth out of the city to Bethany, and did lodge there,

The Cursing of the Fig Tree

18  and in the morning turning back to the city, he hungered, 19  and having seen a certain fig-tree on the way, he came to it, and found nothing in it except leaves only, and he saith to it, 'No more from thee may fruit be—to the age;' and forthwith the fig-tree withered. 20  And the disciples having seen, did wonder, saying, 'How did the fig-tree forthwith wither?' 21  And Jesus answering said to them, 'Verily I say to you, If ye may have faith, and may not doubt, not only this of the fig-tree shall ye do, but even if to this mount ye may say, Be lifted up and be cast into the sea, it shall come to pass; 22  and all—as much as ye may ask in the prayer, believing, ye shall receive.'

Jesus' Authority Questioned

23  And he having come to the temple, there came to him when teaching the chief priests and the elders of the people, saying, 'By what authority dost thou do these things? and who gave thee this authority?' 24  And Jesus answering said to them, 'I will ask you—I also—one word, which if ye may tell me, I also will tell you by what authority I do these things; 25  the baptism of John, whence was it?—from heaven, or from men?' And they were reasoning with themselves, saying, 'If we should say, From heaven; he will say to us, Wherefore, then, did ye not believe him? 26  and if we should say, From men, we fear the multitude, for all hold John as a prophet.' 27  And answering Jesus they said, 'We have not known.' He said to them—he also—'Neither do I tell you by what authority I do these things.

The Parable of the Two Sons

28  'And what think ye? A man had two children, and having come to the first, he said, Child, go, to-day be working in my vineyard.' 29  And he answering said, 'I will not,' but at last, having repented, he went. 30  'And having come to the second, he said in the same manner, and he answering said, I 'go', sir, and went not; 31  which of the two did the will of the father?' They say to him, 'The first.' Jesus saith to them, 'Verily I say to you, that the tax-gatherers and the harlots do go before you into the reign of God, 32  for John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye did not believe him, and the tax-gatherers and the harlots did believe him, and ye, having seen, repented not at last—to believe him.

The Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen

33  'Hear ye another simile: There was a certain man, a householder, who planted a vineyard, and did put a hedge round it, and digged in it a wine-press, and built a tower, and gave it out to husbandmen, and went abroad. 34  'And when the season of the fruits came nigh, he sent his servants unto the husbandmen, to receive the fruits of it, 35  and the husbandmen having taken his servants, one they scourged, and one they killed, and one they stoned. 36  'Again he sent other servants more than the first, and they did to them in the same manner. 37  'And at last he sent unto them his son, saying, They will reverence my son; 38  and the husbandmen having seen the son, said among themselves, This is the heir, come, we may kill him, and may possess his inheritance; 39  and having taken him, they cast 'him' out of the vineyard, and killed him; 40  whenever therefore the lord of the vineyard may come, what will he do to these husbandmen?' 41  They say to him, 'Evil men—he will evilly destroy them, and the vineyard will give out to other husbandmen, who will give back to him the fruits in their seasons.' 42  Jesus saith to them, 'Did ye never read in the Writings, A stone that the builders disallowed, it became head of a corner; from the Lord hath this come to pass, and it is wonderful in our eyes. 43  'Because of this I say to you, that the reign of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth its fruit; 44  and he who is falling on this stone shall be broken, and on whomsoever it may fall it will crush him to pieces.' 45  And the chief priests and the Pharisees having heard his similes, knew that of them he speaketh, 46  and seeking to lay hold on him, they feared the multitudes, seeing they were holding him as a prophet.

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