Genesis 38-40 Young’s Literal Translation

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Judah and Tamar

38 1  And it cometh to pass, at that time, that Judah goeth down from his brethren, and turneth aside unto a man, an Adullamite, whose name 'is' Hirah; 2  and Judah seeth there the daughter of a man, a Canaanite, whose name 'is' Shuah, and taketh her, and goeth in unto her. 3  And she conceiveth, and beareth a son, and he calleth his name Er; 4  and she conceiveth again, and beareth a son, and calleth his name Onan; 5  and she addeth again, and beareth a son, and calleth his name Shelah; and he was in Chezib in her bearing him. 6  And Judah taketh a wife for Er, his first-born, and her name 'is' Tamar; 7  and Er, Judah's first-born, is evil in the eyes of Jehovah, and Jehovah doth put him to death. 8  And Judah saith to Onan, 'Go in unto the wife of thy brother, and marry her, and raise up seed to thy brother;' 9  and Onan knoweth that the seed is not 'reckoned' his; and it hath come to pass, if he hath gone in unto his brother's wife, that he hath destroyed 'it' to the earth, so as not to give seed to his brother; 10  and that which he hath done is evil in the eyes of Jehovah, and He putteth him also to death. 11  And Judah saith to Tamar his daughter-in-law, 'Abide a widow at thy father's house, till Shelah my son groweth up;' for he said, 'Lest he die—even he—like his brethren;' and Tamar goeth and dwelleth at her father's house.

12  And the days are multiplied, and the daughter of Shuah, Judah's wife, dieth; and Judah is comforted, and goeth up unto his sheep-shearers, he and Hirah his friend the Adullamite, to Timnath. 13  And it is declared to Tamar, saying, 'Lo, thy husband's father is going up to Timnath to shear his flock;' 14  and she turneth aside the garments of her widowhood from off her, and covereth herself with a vail, and wrappeth herself up, and sitteth in the opening of Enayim, which 'is' by the way to Timnath, for she hath seen that Shelah hath grown up, and she hath not been given to him for a wife. 15  And Judah seeth her, and reckoneth her for a harlot, for she hath covered her face, 16  and he turneth aside unto her by the way, and saith, 'Come, I pray thee, let me come in unto thee,' (for he hath not known that she 'is' his daughter-in-law); and she saith, 'What dost thou give to me, that thou mayest come in unto me?' 17  and he saith, 'I—I send a kid of the goats from the flock.' And she saith, 'Dost thou give a pledge till thou send 'it'?' 18  and he saith, 'What 'is' the pledge that I give to thee?' and she saith, 'Thy seal, and thy ribbon, and thy staff which 'is' in thy hand;' and he giveth to her, and goeth in unto her, and she conceiveth to him; 19  and she riseth, and goeth, and turneth aside her vail from off her, and putteth on the garments of her widowhood. 20  And Judah sendeth the kid of the goats by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive the pledge from the hand of the woman, and he hath not found her. 21  And he asketh the men of her place, saying, 'Where 'is' the separated one—she in Enayim, by the way?' and they say, 'There hath not been in this 'place' a separated one.' 22  And he turneth back unto Judah, and saith, 'I have not found her; and the men of the place also have said, There hath not been in this 'place' a separated one,' 23  and Judah saith, 'Let her take to herself, lest we become despised; lo, I sent this kid, and thou hast not found her.'

24  And it cometh to pass about three months 'after', that it is declared to Judah, saying, 'Tamar thy daughter-in-law hath committed fornication; and also, lo, she hath conceived by fornication:' and Judah saith, 'Bring her out—and she is burnt.' 25  She is brought out, and she hath sent unto her husband's father, saying, 'To a man whose these 'are', I 'am' pregnant;' and she saith, 'Discern, I pray thee, whose 'are' these—the seal, and the ribbons, and the staff.' 26  And Judah discerneth and saith, 'She hath been more righteous than I, because that I did not give her to Shelah my son;' and he hath not added to know her again. 27  And it cometh to pass in the time of her bearing, that lo, twins 'are' in her womb; 28  and it cometh to pass in her bearing, that 'one' giveth out a hand, and the midwife taketh and bindeth on his hand a scarlet thread, saying, 'This hath come out first.' 29  And it cometh to pass as he draweth back his hand, that lo, his brother hath come out, and she saith, 'What! thou hast broken forth—on thee 'is' the breach;' and he calleth his name Pharez; 30  and afterwards hath his brother come out, on whose hand 'is' the scarlet thread, and he calleth his name Zarah.

Joseph and Potiphar's Wife

39 1  And Joseph hath been brought down to Egypt, and Potiphar, a eunuch of Pharaoh, head of the executioners, an Egyptian man, buyeth him out of the hands of the Ishmaelites who have brought him thither. 2  And Jehovah is with Joseph, and he is a prosperous man, and he is in the house of his lord the Egyptian, 3  and his lord seeth that Jehovah is with him, and all that he is doing Jehovah is causing to prosper in his hand, 4  and Joseph findeth grace in his eyes and serveth him, and he appointeth him over his house, and all that he hath he hath given into his hand. 5  And it cometh to pass from the time that he hath appointed him over his house, and over all that he hath, that Jehovah blesseth the house of the Egyptian for Joseph's sake, and the blessing of Jehovah is on all that he hath, in the house, and in the field; 6  and he leaveth all that he hath in the hand of Joseph, and he hath not known anything that he hath, except the bread which he is eating. And Joseph is of a fair form, and of a fair appearance.

7  And it cometh to pass after these things, that his lord's wife lifteth up her eyes unto Joseph, and saith, 'Lie with me;' 8  and he refuseth, and saith unto his lord's wife, 'Lo, my lord hath not known what 'is' with me in the house, and all that he hath he hath given into my hand; 9  none is greater in this house than I, and he hath not withheld from me anything, except thee, because thou 'art' his wife; and how shall I do this great evil?—then have I sinned against God.' 10  And it cometh to pass at her speaking unto Joseph day 'by' day, that he hath not hearkened unto her, to lie near her, to be with her; 11  and it cometh to pass about this day, that he goeth into the house to do his work, and there is none of the men of the house there in the house, 12  and she catcheth him by his garment, saying, 'Lie with me;' and he leaveth his garment in her hand, and fleeth, and goeth without.

13  And it cometh to pass when she seeth that he hath left his garment in her hand, and fleeth without, 14  that she calleth for the men of her house, and speaketh to them, saying, 'See, he hath brought in to us a man, a Hebrew, to play with us; he hath come in unto me, to lie with me, and I call with a loud voice, 15  and it cometh to pass, when he heareth that I have lifted up my voice and call, that he leaveth his garment near me, and fleeth, and goeth without.' 16  And she placeth his garment near her, until the coming in of his lord unto his house. 17  And she speaketh unto him according to these words, saying, 'The Hebrew servant whom thou hast brought unto us, hath come in unto me to play with me; 18  and it cometh to pass, when I lift my voice and call, that he leaveth his garment near me, and fleeth without.'

19  And it cometh to pass when his lord heareth the words of his wife, which she hath spoken unto him, saying, 'According to these things hath thy servant done to me,' that his anger burneth; 20  and Joseph's lord taketh him, and putteth him unto the round-house, a place where the king's prisoners 'are' bound; and he is there in the round-house. 21  And Jehovah is with Joseph, and stretcheth out kindness unto him, and putteth his grace in the eyes of the chief of the round-house; 22  and the chief of the round-house giveth into the hand of Joseph all the prisoners who 'are' in the round-house, and of all that they are doing there, he hath been doer; 23  the chief of the round-house seeth not anything under his hand, because Jehovah 'is' with him, and that which he is doing Jehovah is causing to prosper.

Joseph Interprets the Prisoners' Dreams

40 1  And it cometh to pass, after these things—the butler of the king of Egypt and the baker have sinned against their lord, against the king of Egypt; 2  and Pharaoh is wroth against his two eunuchs, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers, 3  and giveth them in charge in the house of the chief of the executioners, unto the round-house, the place where Joseph 'is' a prisoner, 4  and the chief of the executioners chargeth Joseph with them, and he serveth them; and they are days in charge.

5  And they dream a dream both of them, each his dream in one night, each according to the interpretation of his dream, the butler and the baker whom the king of Egypt hath, who 'are' prisoners in the round-house. 6  And Joseph cometh in unto them in the morning, and seeth them, and lo, they 'are' morose; 7  and he asketh Pharaoh's eunuchs who 'are' with him in charge in the house of his lord, saying, 'Wherefore 'are' your faces sad to-day?' 8  And they say unto him, 'A dream we have dreamed, and there is no interpreter of it;' and Joseph saith unto them, 'Are not interpretations with God? recount, I pray you, to me.' 9  And the chief of the butlers recounteth his dream to Joseph, and saith to him, 'In my dream, then lo, a vine 'is' before me! 10  and in the vine 'are' three branches, and it 'is' as it were flourishing; gone up hath its blossom, its clusters have ripened grapes; 11  and Pharaoh's cup 'is' in my hand, and I take the grapes and press them into the cup of Pharaoh, and I give the cup into the hand of Pharaoh.' 12  And Joseph saith to him, 'This 'is' its interpretation: the three branches are three days; 13  yet, within three days doth Pharaoh lift up thy head, and hath put thee back on thy station, and thou hast given the cup of Pharaoh into his hand, according to the former custom when thou wast his butler. 14  'Surely if thou hast remembered me with thee, when it is well with thee, and hast done (I pray thee) kindness with me, and hast made mention of me unto Pharaoh, then hast thou brought me out from this house, 15  for I was really stolen from the land of the Hebrews; and here also have I done nothing that they have put me in the pit.' 16  And the chief of the bakers seeth that he hath interpreted good, and he saith unto Joseph, 'I also 'am' in a dream, and lo, three baskets of white bread 'are' on my head, 17  and in the uppermost basket 'are' of all 'kinds' of Pharaoh's food, work of a baker; and the birds are eating them out of the basket, from off my head.' 18  And Joseph answereth and saith, 'This 'is' its interpretation: the three baskets are three days; 19  yet, within three days doth Pharaoh lift up thy head from off thee, and hath hanged thee on a tree, and the birds have eaten thy flesh from off thee.'

20  And it cometh to pass, on the third day, Pharaoh's birthday, that he maketh a banquet to all his servants, and lifteth up the head of the chief of the butlers, and the head of the chief of the bakers among his servants, 21  and he putteth back the chief of the butlers to his butlership, and he giveth the cup into the hand of Pharaoh; 22  and the chief of the bakers he hath hanged, as Joseph hath interpreted to them; 23  and the chief of the butlers hath not remembered Joseph, but forgetteth him.

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