Ezekiel 18-19 Young’s Literal Translation

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The Soul That Sins Shall Die

18 1  'And there is a word of Jehovah unto me, saying: 2  'What—to you, ye—using this simile Concerning the ground of Israel, saying: Fathers do eat unripe fruit, And the sons' teeth are blunted? 3  I live—an affirmation of the Lord Jehovah, Ye have no more the use of this simile in Israel. 4  Lo, all the souls are Mine, As the soul of the father, So also the soul of the son—they are Mine, The soul that is sinning—it doth die. 5  And a man, when he is righteous, And hath done judgment and righteousness, 6  On the mountains he hath not eaten, And his eyes he hath not lifted up Unto idols of the house of Israel, And the wife of his neighbour defiled not, And to a separated woman cometh not near, 7  A man—he doth not oppress, His pledge to the debtor he doth return, Plunder he doth not take away, His bread to the hungry he doth give, And the naked doth cover with a garment, 8  In usury he doth not give, and increase taketh not, From perversity he turneth back his hand, True judgment he doth between man and man. 9  In My statutes he doth walk, And My judgments he hath kept—to deal truly, Righteous 'is' he, he surely liveth, An affirmation of the Lord Jehovah.

10  And—he hath begotten a son, A burglar—a shedder of blood, And he hath made a brother of one of these, 11  And he all those hath not done, For even on the mountains he hath eaten, And the wife of his neighbour he hath defiled, 12  The afflicted and needy he hath oppressed, Plunder he hath taken violently away, A pledge he doth not return, And unto the idols he hath lifted up his eyes, Abomination he hath done! 13  In usury he hath given, and increase taken, And he liveth: he doth not live, All these abominations he hath done, He doth surely die, his blood is on him. 14  And—lo, he hath begotten a son, And he seeth all the sins of his father, That he hath done, and he feareth, And doth not do like them, 15  On the mountains he hath not eaten, And his eyes he hath not lifted up Unto idols of the house of Israel, The wife of his neighbour he hath not defiled, 16  A man—he hath not oppressed, A pledge he hath not bound, And plunder he hath not taken away, His bread to the hungry he hath given, And the naked he covered with a garment, 17  From the afflicted he hath turned back his hand, Usury and increase he hath not taken, My judgments he hath done, In My statutes he hath walked, He doth not die for the iniquity of his father, He doth surely live. 18  His father—because he used oppression, Did violently Plunder a brother, And that which 'is' not good did in the midst of his people, And lo, he is dying in his iniquity. 19  And ye have said, Wherefore hath not the son, Borne of the iniquity of the father? And—the son judgment and righteousness hath done, All My statutes he hath kept, And he doeth them, he surely liveth. 20  The soul that doth sin—it doth die. A son doth not bear of the iniquity of the father, And a father doth not bear of the iniquity of the son, The righteousness of the righteous is on him, And the wickedness of the wicked is on him.

God's Way Is Just

21  And the wicked—when he turneth back From all his sins that he hath done, And he hath kept all My statutes, And hath done judgment and righteousness, He doth surely live, he doth not die. 22  All his transgressions that he hath done Are not remembered to him, In his righteousness that he hath done he liveth. 23  Do I at all desire the death of the wicked? An affirmation of the Lord Jehovah, Is it not in his turning back from his way—And he hath lived? 24  And in the turning back of the righteous from his righteousness, And he hath done perversity, According to all the abominations That the wicked hath done, he doth—thus he liveth, All his righteousnesses that he hath done are not remembered, For his trespass that he hath trespassed, And for his sin that he hath sinned, For them he doth die. 25  And ye have said, Not pondered is the way of the Lord. Hear, I pray you, O house of Israel, My way—is it not pondered? Are not your ways unpondered? 26  In the turning back of the righteous from his righteousness, And he hath done perversity, And he is dying by them, for his perversity That he hath done he dieth. 27  And in the turning back of the wicked From his wickedness that he hath done, And he doth judgment and righteousness, He his soul doth keep alive. 28  And he seeth and turneth back, From all his transgressions that he hath done, He doth surely live, he doth not die, 29  And the house of Israel have said, Not pondered is the way of the Lord, My ways—are they not pondered? O house of Israel—are not your ways unpondered?

30  Therefore, each according to his ways I judge you, O house of Israel? An affirmation of the Lord Jehovah, Turn ye back, yea, turn yourselves back, From all your transgressions, And iniquity is not to you for a stumbling-block, 31  Cast from off you all your transgressions, By which ye have transgressed, And make to you a new heart, and a new spirit, And why do ye die, O house of Israel? 32  For I have no pleasure in the death of the dying, An affirmation of the Lord Jehovah, And turn ye back and live!

A Lamentation for the Princes of Israel

19 1  And thou, lift up a lamentation unto princes of Israel, 2  and thou hast said: What 'is' thy mother?—a lioness, Among lions she hath crouched down, In the midst of young lions she hath multiplied her whelps. 3  And she bringeth up one of her whelps, A young lion it hath been, And it learneth to tear prey, man it hath devoured. 4  And hear of it do nations, In their pit it hath been caught, And they bring it in with chains unto the land of Egypt. 5  And she seeth, that stayed—perished hath her hope, And she taketh one of her whelps, A young lion she hath made it. 6  And it goeth up and down in the midst of lions, A young lion it hath been, And it learneth to tear prey, man it hath devoured. 7  And it knoweth his forsaken habitations, And their cities it hath laid waste, And desolate is the land and its fulness, Because of the voice of his roaring. 8  And set against it do nations Round about from the provinces. And they spread out for it their net, In their pit it hath been caught. 9  And they put it in prison—in chains, And they bring it unto the king of Babylon, They bring it in unto bulwarks, So that its voice is not heard any more On mountains of Israel.

10  Thy mother 'is' as a vine in thy blood by waters planted, Fruitful and full of boughs it hath been, Because of many waters. 11  And it hath strong rods for sceptres of rulers, And high is its stature above thick branches, And it appeareth in its height In the multitude of its thin shoots. 12  And it is plucked up in fury, To the earth it hath been cast, And the east wind hath dried up its fruit, Broken and withered hath been the rod of its strength, Fire hath consumed it. 13  And now—it is planted in a wilderness, In a land dry and thirsty. 14  And go forth doth fire from a rod of its boughs, Its fruit it hath devoured, And it hath no rod of strength—a sceptre to rule, Lamentation it 'is'—and it is for a lamentation!'

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