Ezekiel 1-4 Young’s Literal Translation

The Prophet's Vision of the Divine Glory

1 1  And it cometh to pass, in the thirtieth year, in the fourth 'month', in the fifth of the month, and I 'am' in the midst of the Removed by the river Chebar, the heavens have been opened, and I see visions of God. 2  In the fifth of the month—it is the fifth year of the removal of the king Jehoiachin— 3  hath the word of Jehovah certainly been unto Ezekiel son of Buzi the priest, in the land of the Chaldeans, by the river Chebar, and there is on him there a hand of Jehovah.

4  And I look, and lo, a tempestuous wind is coming from the north, a great cloud, and fire catching itself, and brightness to it round about, and out of its midst as the colour of copper, out of the midst of the fire. 5  And out of its midst 'is' a likeness of four living creatures, and this 'is' their appearance; a likeness of man 'is' to them, 6  and four faces 'are' to each, and four wings 'are' to each of them, 7  and their feet 'are' straight feet, and the sole of their feet 'is' as a sole of a calf's foot, and they are sparkling as the colour of bright brass; 8  and hands of man under their wings—on their four sides, and their faces and their wings—'are' to them four; 9  joining one unto another 'are' their wings, they turn not round in their going, each straight forward they go. 10  As to the likeness of their faces, the face of a man, and the face of a lion, toward the right 'are' to them four, and the face of an ox on the left 'are' to them four, and the face of an eagle 'are' to them four. 11  And their faces and their wings are separate from above, to each 'are' two joining together, and two are covering their bodies. 12  And each straight forward they go, whither the spirit is to go, they go, they turn not round in their going. 13  As to the likeness of the living creatures, their appearances 'are' as coals of fire—burning as the appearance of lamps; it is going up and down between the living creatures, and brightness 'is' to the fire, and out of the fire is going forth lightning. 14  And the living creatures are running, and turning back, as the appearance of the flash.

15  And I see the living creatures, and lo, one wheel 'is' in the earth, near the living creatures, at its four faces. 16  The appearance of the wheels and their works 'is' as the colour of beryl, and one likeness 'is' to them four, and their appearances and their works 'are' as it were the wheel in the midst of the wheel. 17  On their four sides, in their going they go, they turn not round in their going. 18  As to their rings, they are both high and fearful, and their rings 'are' full of eyes round about them four. 19  And in the going of the living creatures, the wheels go beside them, and in the living creatures being lifted up from off the earth, lifted up are the wheels. 20  Whither the spirit is to go, they go, thither the spirit 'is' to go, and the wheels are lifted up over-against them, for a living spirit 'is' in the wheels. 21  In their going, they go; and in their standing, they stand; and in their being lifted up from off the earth, lifted up are the wheels over-against them; for a living spirit 'is' in the wheels. 22  And a likeness 'is' over the heads of the living creatures of an expanse, as the colour of the fearful ice, stretched out over their heads from above. 23  And under the expanse their wings 'are' straight, one toward the other, to each are two covering on this side, and to each are two covering on that side—their bodies. 24  And I hear the noise of their wings, as the noise of many waters, as the noise of the Mighty One, in their going—the noise of tumult, as the noise of a camp, in their standing they let fall their wings. 25  And there is a voice from above the expanse, that 'is' above their head: in their standing they let fall their wings.

26  And above the expanse that 'is' over their head, as an appearance of a sapphire stone, 'is' the likeness of a throne, and on the likeness of the throne a likeness, as the appearance of man upon it from above. 27  And I see as the colour of copper, as the appearance of fire within it round about, from the appearance of his loins and upward, and from the appearance of his loins and downward, I have seen as the appearance of fire, and brightness 'is' to it round about. 28  As the appearance of the bow that is in a cloud in a day of rain, so 'is' the appearance of the brightness round about.

The Call of Ezekiel

2 1  It 'is' the appearance of the likeness of the honour of Jehovah, and I see, and fall on my face, and I hear a voice speaking, and He saith unto me, 'Son of man, stand on thy feet, and I speak with thee.' 2  And there doth come into me a spirit, when He hath spoken unto me, and it causeth me to stand on my feet, and I hear Him who is speaking unto me. 3  And He saith unto Me, 'Son of man, I am sending thee unto the sons of Israel, unto nations who are rebels, who have rebelled against Me; they and their fathers have transgressed against Me, unto this self-same day. 4  And the sons 'are' brazen-faced and hard-hearted to whom I am sending thee, and thou hast said unto them: Thus said the Lord Jehovah: 5  and they—whether they hear, or whether they forbear, for a rebellious house they 'are'—have known that a prophet hath been in their midst.

6  'And thou, son of man, thou art not afraid of them, yea, of their words thou art not afraid, for briers and thorns are with thee, and near scorpions thou art dwelling, of their words thou art not afraid, and of their faces thou art not affrighted, for they 'are' a rebellious house, 7  And thou hast spoken My words unto them, whether they hear or whether they forbear, for they 'are' rebellious. 8  'And thou, son of man, hear that which I am speaking unto thee: Thou art not rebellious like the rebellious house, open thy mouth, and eat that which I am giving unto thee.' 9  And I look, and lo, a hand 'is' sent forth unto me, and lo, in it a roll of a book, 10  and He spreadeth it before me, and it is written in front and behind, and written on it 'are' lamentations, and mourning, and wo!

3 1  And He saith unto me, 'Son of man, that which thou findest eat, eat this roll, and go, speak unto the house of Israel.' 2  And I open my mouth, and He causeth me to eat this roll. 3  And He saith unto me, 'Son of man, thy belly thou dost feed, and thy bowels thou dost fill with this roll that I am giving unto thee;' and I eat it, and it is in my mouth as honey for sweetness. 4  And He saith unto me, 'Son of man, go, enter in unto the house of Israel, and thou hast spoken with My words unto them. 5  For, not unto a people deep of lip and heavy of tongue 'art' thou sent—unto the house of Israel; 6  not unto many peoples, deep of lip and heavy of tongue, whose words thou dost not understand. If I had not sent thee unto them—they, they do hearken unto thee, 7  but the house of Israel are not willing to hearken unto thee, for they are not willing to hearken unto Me, for all the house of Israel are brazen-faced and strong-hearted. 8  'Lo, I have made thy face strong against their face, and thy forehead strong against their forehead. 9  As an adamant harder than a rock I have made thy forehead; thou dost not fear them, nor art thou affrighted before them, for a rebellious house 'are' they.' 10  And He saith unto me, 'Son of man, all My words, that I speak unto thee, receive with thy heart, and with thine ears hear; 11  and go, enter in unto the Removed, unto the sons of thy people, and thou hast spoken unto them, and hast said unto them: Thus said the Lord Jehovah: whether they hear, or whether they forbear.' 12  And lift me up doth a spirit, and I hear behind me a noise, a great rushing—'Blessed 'is' the honour of Jehovah from His place!'— 13  even a noise of the wings of the living creatures touching one another, and a noise of the wheels over-against them, even a noise of a great rushing. 14  And a spirit hath lifted me up, and doth take me away, and I go bitterly, in the heat of my spirit, and the hand of Jehovah on me 'is' strong. 15  And I come in unto the Removed, at Tel-Ahib, who are dwelling at the river Chebar, and where they are dwelling I also dwell seven days, causing astonishment in their midst.

A Watchman to Israel

16  And it cometh to pass, at the end of seven days, 17  that there is a word of Jehovah unto me, saying, 'Son of man, a watchman I have given thee to the house of Israel, and thou hast heard from My mouth a word, and hast warned them from Me. 18  In My saying to the wicked: Thou dost surely die; and thou hast not warned him, nor hast spoken to warn the wicked from his wicked way, so that he doth live; he—the wicked—in his iniquity dieth, and his blood from thy hand I require. 19  And thou, because thou hast warned the wicked, and he hath not turned back from his wickedness, and from his wicked way, he in his iniquity dieth, and thou thy soul hast delivered. 20  'And in the turning back of the righteous from his righteousness, and he hath done perversity, and I have put a stumbling-block before him, he dieth; because thou hast not warned him, in his sin he dieth, and not remembered is his righteousness that he hath done, and his blood from thy hand I require. 21  And thou, because thou hast warned him—the righteous—that the righteous sin not, and he hath not sinned, he surely liveth, because he hath been warned; and thou thy soul hast delivered.'

The Prophet Made Dumb

22  And there is on me there a hand of Jehovah, and He saith to me, 'Rise, go forth to the valley, and there I do speak with thee.' 23  And I rise and go forth unto the valley, and lo, there the honour of Jehovah is standing as the honour that I had seen by the river Chebar, and I fall on my face. 24  And come into me doth a spirit, and causeth me to stand on my feet, and He speaketh with me, and saith unto me, 'Go in, be shut up in the midst of thy house. 25  'And thou, son of man, lo, they have put on thee thick bands, and have bound thee with them, and thou goest not forth in their midst; 26  and thy tongue I cause to cleave unto thy palate, and thou hast been dumb, and art not to them for a reprover, for a rebellious house 'are' they. 27  And in My speaking with thee, I do open thy mouth, and thou hast said unto them: Thus said the Lord Jehovah; the hearer doth hear, and the forbearer doth forbear; for a rebellious house 'are' they.

The Siege of Jerusalem Portrayed

4 1  'And thou, son of man, take to thee a brick, and thou hast put it before thee, and hast graven on it a city—Jerusalem, 2  and hast placed against it a siege, and builded against it a fortification, and poured out against it a mount, and placed against it camps, yea, set thou against it battering-rams round about. 3  And thou, take to thee an iron pan, and thou hast made it a wall of iron between thee and the city; and thou hast prepared thy face against it, and it hath been in a siege, yea, thou hast laid siege against it. A sign it 'is' to the house of Israel. 4  'And thou, lie on thy left side, and thou hast placed the iniquity of the house of Israel on it; the number of the days that thou liest on it, thou bearest their iniquity. 5  And I—I have laid on thee the years of their iniquity, the number of days, three hundred and ninety days; and thou hast borne the iniquity of the house of Israel. 6  And thou hast completed these, and hast lain on thy right side, a second time, and hast borne the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days—a day for a year—a day for a year I have appointed to thee. 7  'And unto the siege of Jerusalem thou dost prepare thy face, and thine arm 'is' uncovered, and thou hast prophesied concerning it. 8  And lo, I have put on thee thick bands, and thou dost not turn from side to side till thy completing the days of thy siege.

9  'And thou, take to thee wheat, and barley, and beans, and lentiles, and millet, and spelt, and thou hast put them in one vessel, and made them to thee for bread; the number of the days that thou art lying on thy side—three hundred and ninety days—thou dost eat it. 10  And thy food that thou dost eat 'is' by weight, twenty shekels daily; from time to time thou dost eat it. 11  'And water by measure thou dost drink, a sixth part of the hin; from time to time thou dost drink 'it'. 12  A barley-cake thou dost eat it, and it with dung—the filth of man—thou dost bake before their eyes. 13  And Jehovah saith, 'Thus do the sons of Israel eat their defiled bread among the nations whither I drive them.' 14  And I say, 'Ah, Lord Jehovah, lo, my soul is not defiled, and carcase, and torn thing, I have not eaten from my youth, even till now; nor come into my mouth hath abominable flesh.' 15  And He saith unto me, 'See, I have given to thee bullock's dung instead of man's dung, and thou hast made thy bread by it.' 16  And He saith unto me, 'Son of man, lo, I am breaking the staff of bread in Jerusalem, and they have eaten bread by weight and with fear; and water by measure and with astonishment, they do drink; 17  so that they lack bread and water, and have been astonished one with another, and been consumed in their iniquity.


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