Exodus 4-6 Young’s Literal Translation

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4 1  And Moses answereth and saith, 'And, if they do not give credence to me, nor hearken to my voice, and say, Jehovah hath not appeared unto thee?' 2  And Jehovah saith unto him, 'What 'is' this in thy hand?' and he saith, 'A rod;' 3  and He saith, 'Cast it to the earth;' and he casteth it to the earth, and it becometh a serpent—and Moses fleeth from its presence. 4  And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Put forth thy hand, and lay hold on the tail of it;' and he putteth forth his hand, and layeth hold on it, and it becometh a rod in his hand— 5  '—so that they believe that Jehovah, God of their fathers, hath appeared unto thee, God of Abraham, God of Isaac, and God of Jacob.' 6  And Jehovah saith to him again, 'Put in, I pray thee, thy hand into thy bosom;' and he putteth in his hand into his bosom, and he bringeth it out, and lo, his hand 'is' leprous as snow; 7  and He saith, 'Put back thy hand unto thy bosom;' and he putteth back his hand unto his bosom, and he bringeth it out from his bosom, and lo, it hath turned back as his flesh— 8  '—and it hath come to pass, if they do not give credence to thee, and hearken not to the voice of the first sign, that they have given credence to the voice of the latter sign. 9  'And it hath come to pass, if they do not give credence even to these two signs, nor hearken to thy voice, that thou hast taken of the waters of the River, and hast poured on the dry land, and the waters which thou takest from the River have been, yea, they have become—blood on the dry land.'

10  And Moses saith unto Jehovah, 'O, my Lord, I 'am' not a man of words, either yesterday, or before, or since Thy speaking unto Thy servant, for I 'am' slow of mouth, and slow of tongue.' 11  And Jehovah saith unto him, 'Who appointed a mouth for man? or who appointeth the dumb, or deaf, or open, or blind? is it not I, Jehovah? 12  and now, go, and I—I am with thy mouth, and have directed thee that which thou speakest;' 13  and he saith, 'O, my Lord, send, I pray thee, by the hand Thou dost send.' 14  And the anger of Jehovah burneth against Moses, and He saith, 'Is not Aaron the Levite thy brother? I have known that he speaketh well, and also, lo, he is coming out to meet thee; when he hath seen thee, then he hath rejoiced in his heart, 15  and thou hast spoken unto him, and hast set the words in his mouth, and I—I am with thy mouth, and with his mouth, and have directed you that which ye do; 16  and he, he hath spoken for thee unto the people, and it hath come to pass, he—he is to thee for a mouth, and thou—thou art to him for God; 17  and this rod thou dost take in thy hand, with which thou doest the signs.'

Moses Returns to Egypt

18  And Moses goeth and turneth back unto Jethro his father-in-law, and saith to him, 'Let me go, I pray thee, and I turn back unto my brethren who 'are' in Egypt, and I see whether they are yet alive.' And Jethro saith to Moses, 'Go in peace.' 19  And Jehovah saith unto Moses in Midian, 'Go, turn back to Egypt, for all the men have died who seek thy life;' 20  and Moses taketh his wife, and his sons, and causeth them to ride on the ass, and turneth back to the land of Egypt, and Moses taketh the rod of God in his hand. 21  And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'In thy going to turn back to Egypt, see—all the wonders which I have put in thy hand—that thou hast done them before Pharaoh, and I—I strengthen his heart, and he doth not send the people away; 22  and thou hast said unto Pharaoh, Thus said Jehovah, My son, My first-born 'is' Israel, 23  and I say unto thee, Send away My son, and he doth serve Me; and—thou dost refuse to send him away—lo, I am slaying thy son, thy first-born.'

24  And it cometh to pass in the way, in a lodging place, that Jehovah meeteth him, and seeketh to put him to death; 25  and Zipporah taketh a flint, and cutteth off the foreskin of her son, and causeth 'it' to touch his feet, and saith, 'Surely a bridegroom of blood 'art' thou to me;' 26  and He desisteth from him: then she said, 'A bridegroom of blood,' in reference to the circumcision. 27  And Jehovah saith unto Aaron, 'Go to meet Moses into the wilderness;' and he goeth, and meeteth him in the mount of God, and kisseth him, 28  and Moses declareth to Aaron all the words of Jehovah with which He hath sent him, and all the signs with which He hath charged him. 29  And Moses goeth—Aaron also—and they gather all the elders of the sons of Israel, 30  and Aaron speaketh all the words which Jehovah hath spoken unto Moses, and doth the signs before the eyes of the people; 31  and the people believe when they hear that Jehovah hath looked after the sons of Israel, and that He hath seen their affliction; and they bow and do obeisance.

Moses and Aaron before Pharaoh

5 1  And afterwards have Moses and Aaron entered, and they say unto Pharaoh, 'Thus said Jehovah, God of Israel, Send My people away, and they keep a feast to Me in the wilderness;' 2  and Pharaoh saith, 'Who 'is' Jehovah, that I hearken to His voice, to send Israel away? I have not known Jehovah, and Israel also I do not send away.'

3  And they say, 'The God of the Hebrews hath met with us, let us go, we pray thee, a journey of three days into the wilderness, and we sacrifice to Jehovah our God, lest He meet us with pestilence or with sword.' 4  And the king of Egypt saith unto them, 'Why, Moses and Aaron, do ye free the people from its works? go to your burdens.' 5  Pharaoh also saith, 'Lo, numerous now 'is' the people of the land, and ye have caused them to cease from their burdens!' 6  And Pharaoh commandeth, on that day, the exactors among the people and its authorities, saying, 7  'Ye do not add to give straw to the people for the making of the bricks, as heretofore—they go and have gathered straw for themselves; 8  and the proper quantity of the bricks which they are making heretofore ye do put on them, ye do not diminish from it, for they are remiss, therefore they are crying, saying, Let us go, let us sacrifice to our God; 9  let the service be heavy on the men, and let them work at it, and not be dazzled by lying words.'

10  And the exactors of the people, and its authorities, go out, and speak unto the people, saying, 'Thus said Pharaoh, I do not give you straw, 11  ye—go ye, take for yourselves straw where ye find 'it', for there is nothing of your service diminished.' 12  And the people is scattered over all the land of Egypt, to gather stubble for straw, 13  and the exactors are making haste, saying, 'Complete your works, the matter of a day in its day, as when there is straw.' 14  And the authorities of the sons of Israel, whom the exactors of Pharaoh have placed over them, are beaten, saying, 'Wherefore have ye not completed your portion in making brick as heretofore, both yesterday and to-day?'

15  And the authorities of the sons of Israel come in and cry unto Pharaoh, saying, 'Why dost thou thus to thy servants? 16  Straw is not given to thy servants, and they are saying to us, Make bricks, and lo, thy servants are smitten—and thy people hath sinned.' 17  And he saith, 'Remiss—ye are remiss, therefore ye are saying, Let us go, let us sacrifice to Jehovah; 18  and now, go, serve; and straw is not given to you, and the measure of bricks ye do give.' 19  And the authorities of the sons of Israel see them in affliction, saying, 'Ye do not diminish from your bricks; the matter of a day in its day.' 20  And they meet Moses and Aaron standing to meet them, in their coming out from Pharaoh, 21  and say unto them, 'Jehovah look upon you, and judge, because ye have caused our fragrance to stink in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his servants—to give a sword into their hand to slay us.'

The LORD's Charge to Moses and Aaron

22  And Moses turneth back unto Jehovah, and saith, 'Lord, why hast Thou done evil to this people? why 'is' this?—Thou hast sent me! 23  and since I have come unto Pharaoh, to speak in Thy name, he hath done evil to this people, and Thou hast not at all delivered Thy people.'

6 1  And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Now dost thou see that which I do to Pharaoh, for with a strong hand he doth send them away, yea, with a strong hand he doth cast them out of his land.' 2  And God speaketh unto Moses, and saith unto him, 'I 'am' Jehovah, 3  and I appear unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, as God Almighty; as to My name Jehovah, I have not been known to them; 4  and also I have established My covenant with them, to give to them the land of Canaan, the land of their sojournings, wherein they have sojourned; 5  and also I have heard the groaning of the sons of Israel, whom the Egyptians are causing to serve, and I remember My covenant. 6  'Therefore say to the sons of Israel, I 'am' Jehovah, and I have brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and have delivered you from their service, and have redeemed you by a stretched-out arm, and by great judgments, 7  and have taken you to Me for a people, and I have been to you for God, and ye have known that I 'am' Jehovah your God, who is bringing you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians; 8  and I have brought you in unto the land which I have lifted up My hand to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, and have given it to you—a possession; I 'am' Jehovah.' 9  And Moses speaketh so unto the sons of Israel, and they hearkened not unto Moses, for anguish of spirit, and for harsh service.

10  And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying, 11  'Go in, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he doth send the sons of Israel out of his land; 12  and Moses speaketh before Jehovah, saying, 'Lo, the sons of Israel have not hearkened unto me, and how doth Pharaoh hear me, and I of uncircumcised lips?' 13  And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, and unto Aaron, and chargeth them for the sons of Israel, and for Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt.

14  These 'are' heads of the house of their fathers: Sons of Reuben first-born of Israel 'are' Hanoch, and Phallu, Hezron, and Carmi: these 'are' families of Reuben. 15  And sons of Simeon 'are' Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul, son of the Canaanitess: these 'are' families of Simeon. 16  And these 'are' the names of the sons of Levi, as to their births: Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari: and the years of the life of Levi 'are' a hundred and thirty and seven years. 17  The sons of Gershon 'are' Libni, and Shimi, as to their families. 18  And the sons of Kohath 'are' Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel: and the years of the life of Kohath 'are' a hundred and thirty and three years. 19  And the sons of Merari 'are' Mahli and Mushi: these 'are' families of Levi, as to their births. 20  And Amram taketh Jochebed his aunt to himself for a wife, and she beareth to him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram 'are' a hundred and thirty and seven years. 21  And sons of Izhar 'are' Korah, and Nepheg, and Zichri. 22  And sons of Uzziel 'are' Mishael, and Elzaphan, and Sithri. 23  And Aaron taketh Elisheba daughter of Amminadab, sister of Naashon, to himself for a wife, and she beareth to him Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. 24  And sons of Korah 'are' Assir, and Elkanah, and Abiasaph: these 'are' families of the Korhite. 25  And Eleazar, Aaron's son, hath taken to him 'one' of the daughters of Putiel for a wife to himself, and she beareth to him Phinehas: these 'are' heads of the fathers of the Levites, as to their families. 26  This 'is' Aaron—and Moses—to whom Jehovah said, 'Bring ye out the sons of Israel from the land of Egypt, by their hosts;' 27  these are they who are speaking unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the sons of Israel from Egypt, this 'is' Moses—and Aaron. 28  And it cometh to pass in the day of Jehovah's speaking unto Moses in the land of Egypt, 29  that Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying, 'I 'am' Jehovah, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I am speaking unto thee.' 30  And Moses saith before Jehovah, 'Lo, I 'am' of uncircumcised lips, and how doth Pharaoh hearken unto me?'

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