Exodus 30-32 Young’s Literal Translation

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The Altar of Incense

30 1  'And thou hast made an altar 'for' making perfume; 'of' shittim wood thou dost make it; 2  a cubit its length, and a cubit its breadth, (it is square), and two cubits its height; its horns 'are' of the same. 3  'And thou hast overlaid it with pure gold, its top, and its sides round about, and its horns; and thou hast made to it a crown of gold round about; 4  and two rings of gold thou dost make to it under its crown; on its two ribs thou dost make 'them', on its two sides, and they have become places for staves, to bear it with them. 5  'And thou hast made the staves of shittim wood, and hast overlaid them with gold; 6  and thou hast put it before the vail, which 'is' by the ark of the testimony, before the mercy-seat which 'is' over the testimony, whither I am met with thee. 7  'And Aaron hath made perfume on it, perfume of spices, morning by morning; in his making the lamps right he doth perfume it, 8  and in Aaron's causing the lamps to go up between the evenings, he doth perfume it; a continual perfume before Jehovah to your generations. 9  'Ye do not cause strange perfume to go up upon it, and burnt-offering, and present, and libation ye do not pour out on it; 10  and Aaron hath made atonement on its horns, once in a year, by the blood of the sin-offering of atonements; once in a year doth he make atonement for it, to your generations; it 'is' most holy to Jehovah.'

The Atonement Money

11  And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying, 12  'When thou takest up the sum of the sons of Israel for their numbers, then they have given each an atonement 'for' his soul to Jehovah in their being numbered, and there is no plague among them in their being numbered. 13  'This they do give, every one passing over unto those numbered, half a shekel, by the shekel of the sanctuary (the shekel 'is' twenty gerahs); half a shekel 'is' the heave-offering to Jehovah; 14  every one passing over unto those numbered, from a son of twenty years and upwards, doth give the heave-offering of Jehovah; 15  the rich doth not multiply, and the poor doth not diminish from the half-shekel, to give the heave-offering of Jehovah, to make atonement for your souls. 16  'And thou hast taken the atonement-money from the sons of Israel, and hast given it for the service of the tent of meeting; and it hath been to the sons of Israel for a memorial before Jehovah, to make atonement for your souls.'

The Laver

17  And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying, 18  'And thou hast made a laver of brass (and its base of brass), for washing; and thou hast put it between the tent of meeting and the altar, and hast put water there; 19  and Aaron and his sons have washed at it their hands and their feet, 20  in their going in unto the tent of meeting they wash 'with' water, and die not; or in their drawing nigh unto the altar to minister, to perfume a fire-offering to Jehovah, 21  then they have washed their hands and their feet, and they die not, and it hath been to them a statute age-during, to him and to his seed to their generations.'

The Anointing Oil and the Incense

22  And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying, 23  'And thou, take to thyself principal spices, wild honey five hundred 'shekels'; and spice-cinnamon, the half of that, two hundred and fifty; and spice-cane two hundred and fifty; 24  and cassia five hundred, by the shekel of the sanctuary, and olive oil a hin; 25  and thou hast made it a holy anointing oil, a compound mixture, work of a compounder; it is a holy anointing oil. 26  'And thou hast anointed with it the tent of meeting, and the ark of the testimony, 27  and the table and all its vessels, and the candlestick and its vessels, and the altar of perfume, 28  and the altar of burnt-offering and all its vessels, and the laver and its base; 29  and thou hast sanctified them, and they have been most holy; all that is coming against them is holy; 30  and Aaron and his sons thou dost anoint, and hast sanctified them for being priests to Me. 31  'And unto the sons of Israel thou dost speak, saying, A holy anointing oil is this to Me, to your generations; 32  on flesh of man it is not poured, and with its proper proportion ye make none like it; it 'is' holy; it is holy to you; 33  a man who compoundeth 'any' like it, or who putteth of it on a stranger—hath even been cut off from his people.' 34  And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Take to thee spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum, spices and pure frankincense; they are part for part; 35  and thou hast made it a perfume, a compound, work of a compounder, salted, pure, holy; 36  and thou hast beaten 'some' of it small, and hast put of it before the testimony, in the tent of meeting, whither I am met with thee; most holy it is to you. 37  'As to the perfume which thou makest, with its proper proportion ye do not make to yourselves, holy it is to thee to Jehovah; 38  a man who maketh 'any' like it—to be refreshed by it—hath even been cut off from his people.'

The Call of Bezaleel and Aholiab

31 1  And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying, 2  'See, I have called by name Bezaleel, son of Uri, son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, 3  and I fill him 'with' the Spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all work, 4  to devise devices to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass, 5  and in graving of stone for settings, and in graving of wood to work in all work. 6  'And I, lo, I have given with him Aholiab, son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, and in the heart of every wise-hearted one I have given wisdom, and they have made all that which I have commanded thee. 7  'The tent of meeting, and the ark of testimony, and the mercy-seat which 'is' on it, and all the vessels of the tent, 8  and the table and its vessels, and the pure candlestick and all its vessels, and the altar of the perfume, 9  and the altar of the burnt-offering and all its vessels, and the laver and its base, 10  and the coloured garments, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, for acting as priests in; 11  and the anointing oil, and the perfume of the spices for the sanctuary; according to all that I have commanded thee—they do.'

The Sabbath as a Sign

12  And Jehovah speaketh unto Moses, saying, 13  'And thou, speak unto the sons of Israel, saying, Only, My sabbaths ye do keep, for it 'is' a sign between Me and you, to your generations, to know that I, Jehovah, am sanctifying you; 14  and ye have kept the sabbath, for it 'is' holy to you, he who is polluting it is certainly put to death—for any who doeth work in it—that person hath even been cut off from the midst of his people. 15  'Six days is work done, and in the seventh day 'is' a sabbath of holy rest to Jehovah; any who doeth work in the sabbath-day is certainly put to death, 16  and the sons of Israel have observed the sabbath; to keep the sabbath to their generations 'is' a covenant age-during, 17  between Me and the sons of Israel it 'is' a sign—to the age; for six days Jehovah made the heavens and the earth, and in the seventh day He hath ceased, and is refreshed.'

The Golden Calf

18  And He giveth unto Moses, when He finisheth speaking with him in mount Sinai, two tables of the testimony, tables of stone, written by the finger of God.

32 1  And the people see that Moses is delaying to come down from the mount, and the people assemble against Aaron, and say unto him, 'Rise, make for us gods who go before us, for this Moses—the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt—we have not known what hath happened to him.' 2  And Aaron saith unto them, 'Break off the rings of gold which 'are' in the ears of your wives, your sons, and your daughters, and bring in unto me;' 3  and all the people themselves break off the rings of gold which 'are' in their ears, and bring in unto Aaron, 4  and he receiveth from their hand, and doth fashion it with a graving tool, and doth make it a molten calf, and they say, 'These thy gods, O Israel, who brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.' 5  And Aaron seeth, and buildeth an altar before it, and Aaron calleth, and saith, 'A festival to Jehovah—to-morrow;' 6  and they rise early on the morrow, and cause burnt-offerings to ascend, and bring nigh peace-offerings; and the people sit down to eat and to drink, and rise up to play.

7  And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Go, descend, for thy people whom thou hast brought up out of the land of Egypt hath done corruptly, 8  they have turned aside hastily from the way that I have commanded them; they have made for themselves a molten calf, and bow themselves to it, and sacrifice to it, and say, These thy gods, O Israel, who brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.' 9  And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'I have seen this people, and lo, it 'is' a stiff-necked people; 10  and now, let Me alone, and My anger doth burn against them, and I consume them, and I make thee become a great nation.' 11  And Moses appeaseth the face of Jehovah his God, and saith, 'Why, O Jehovah, doth Thine anger burn against Thy people, whom Thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power and with a strong hand? 12  why do the Egyptians speak, saying, For evil He brought them out to slay them among mountains, and to consume them from off the face of the ground? turn back from the heat of Thine anger, and repent of the evil against Thy people. 13  'Be mindful of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Israel, Thy servants, to whom Thou hast sworn by Thyself, and unto whom Thou speakest: I multiply your seed as stars of the heavens, and all this land, as I have said, I give to your seed, and they have inherited to the age;' 14  and Jehovah repenteth of the evil which He hath spoken of doing to His people.

15  And Moses turneth, and goeth down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony 'are' in his hand, tables written on both their sides, on this and on that 'are' they written; 16  and the tables are the work of God, and the writing is the writing of God, graven on the tables. 17  And Joshua heareth the voice of the people in their shouting, and saith unto Moses, 'A noise of battle in the camp!' 18  and he saith, 'It is not the voice of the crying of might, nor is it the voice of the crying of weakness—a voice of singing I am hearing.' 19  And it cometh to pass, when he hath drawn near unto the camp, that he seeth the calf, and the dancing, and the anger of Moses burneth, and he casteth out of his hands the tables, and breaketh them under the mount; 20  and he taketh the calf which they have made, and burneth 'it' with fire, and grindeth until 'it is' small, and scattereth on the face of the waters, and causeth the sons of Israel to drink.

21  And Moses saith unto Aaron, 'What hath this people done to thee, that thou hast brought in upon it a great sin?' 22  and Aaron saith, 'Let not the anger of my lord burn; thou—thou hast known the people that it 'is' in evil; 23  and they say to me, Make for us gods, who go before us, for this Moses—the man who brought us up out of the land of Egypt—we have not known what hath happened to him; 24  and I say to them, Whoso hath gold, let them break 'it' off, and they give to me, and I cast it into the fire, and this calf cometh out.' 25  And Moses seeth the people that it 'is' unbridled, for Aaron hath made it unbridled for contempt among its withstanders, 26  and Moses standeth in the gate of the camp, and saith, 'Who 'is' for Jehovah?—unto me!' and all the sons of Levi are gathered unto him; 27  and he saith to them, 'Thus said Jehovah, God of Israel, Put each his sword by his thigh, pass over and turn back from gate to gate through the camp, and slay each his brother, and each his friend, and each his relation.' 28  And the sons of Levi do according to the word of Moses, and there fall of the people on that day about three thousand men, 29  and Moses saith, 'Consecrate your hand to-day to Jehovah, for a man 'is' against his son, and against his brother, so as to bring on you to-day a blessing.'

30  And it cometh to pass, on the morrow, that Moses saith unto the people, 'Ye—ye have sinned a great sin, and now I go up unto Jehovah, if so be I atone for your sin.' 31  And Moses turneth back unto Jehovah, and saith, 'Oh this people hath sinned a great sin, that they make to themselves a god of gold; 32  and now, if Thou takest away their sin—and if not—blot me, I pray thee, out of Thy book which Thou hast written.' 33  And Jehovah saith unto Moses, 'Whoso hath sinned against Me—I blot him out of My book; 34  and now, go, lead the people whithersoever I have spoken to thee of; lo, My messenger goeth before thee, and in the day of my charging—then I have charged upon them their sin.' 35  And Jehovah plagueth the people, because they made the calf which Aaron made.

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