Exodus 28-29 Young’s Literal Translation

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The Garments for the Priests

28 1  'And thou, bring thou near unto thee Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him, from the midst of the sons of Israel, for his being priest to Me, 'even' Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, sons of Aaron; 2  and thou hast made holy garments for Aaron thy brother, for honour and for beauty; 3  and thou—thou dost speak unto all the wise of heart, whom I have filled 'with' a spirit of wisdom, and they have made the garments of Aaron to sanctify him for his being priest to Me. 4  'And these 'are' the garments which they make: a breastplate, and an ephod, and an upper robe, and an embroidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle; yea, they have made holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and for his sons, for his being priest to Me. 5  'And they take the gold, and the blue, and the purple, and the scarlet, and the linen,

6  and have made the ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined linen, work of a designer; 7  it hath two shoulders joining at its two ends, and it is joined. 8  'And the girdle of his ephod which 'is' on him, according to its work, is of the same, of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined linen. 9  'And thou hast taken the two shoham stones, and hast opened on them the names of the sons of Israel; 10  six of their names on the one stone, and the names of the remaining six on the second stone, according to their births; 11  the work of an engraver in stone, openings of a signet, thou dost open the two stones by the names of the sons of Israel; turned round, embroidered 'with' gold, thou dost make them. 12  'And thou hast set the two stones on the shoulders of the ephod—stones of memorial to the sons of Israel—and Aaron hath borne their names before Jehovah, on his two shoulders, for a memorial. 13  'And thou hast made embroidered things of gold, 14  and two chains of pure gold, wreathed work thou dost make them, work of thick bands, and thou hast put the thick chains on the embroidered things.

15  'And thou hast made a breastplate of judgment, work of a designer; according to the work of the ephod thou dost make it; of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined linen thou dost make it; 16  it is square, doubled, a span its length, and a span its breadth. 17  'And thou hast set in it settings of stone, four rows of stone; a row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle 'is' the first row; 18  and the second row 'is' emerald, sapphire, and diamond; 19  and the third row 'is' opal, agate, and amethyst; 20  and the fourth row 'is' beryl, and onyx, and jasper; embroidered with gold are they in their settings, 21  and the stones are according to the names of the sons of Israel, twelve, according to their names, openings of a signet, each by his name are they for the twelve tribes. 22  'And thou hast made on the breastplate wreathed chains, work of thick bands, of pure gold; 23  and thou hast made on the breastplate two rings of gold, and hast put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate; 24  and thou hast put the two thick bands of gold on the two rings at the ends of the breastplate; 25  and the two ends of the two thick bands thou dost put on the two embroidered things, and thou hast put 'them' on the shoulders of the ephod over-against its face. 26  'And thou hast made two rings of gold, and hast set them on the two ends of the breastplate, on its border, which 'is' over-against the ephod within; 27  and thou hast made two rings of gold, and hast put them on the two shoulders of the ephod, beneath, over-against its front, over-against its joining, above the girdle of the ephod, 28  and they bind the breastplate by its rings unto the rings of the ephod with a ribbon of blue, to be above the girdle of the ephod, and the breastplate is not loosed from the ephod. 29  'And Aaron hath borne the names of the sons of Israel in the breastplate of judgment, on his heart, in his going in unto the sanctuary, for a memorial before Jehovah continually. 30  'And thou hast put unto the breastplate of judgment the Lights and the Perfections, and they have been on the heart of Aaron, in his going in before Jehovah, and Aaron hath borne the judgment of the sons of Israel on his heart before Jehovah continually.

31  'And thou hast made the upper robe of the ephod completely of blue, 32  and the opening for its head hath been in its midst, a border is to its opening round about, work of a weaver, as the opening of a habergeon there is to it; it is not rent. 33  'And thou hast made on its hem pomegranates of blue, and purple, and scarlet, on its hem round about, and bells of gold in their midst round about; 34  a bell of gold and a pomegranate, a bell of gold and a pomegranate 'are' on the hems of the upper robe round about. 35  'And it hath been on Aaron to minister in, and its sound hath been heard in his coming in unto the sanctuary before Jehovah, and in his going out, and he doth not die. 36  'And thou hast made a flower of pure gold, and hast opened on it—openings of a signet—'Holy to Jehovah;' 37  and thou hast put it on a blue ribbon, and it hath been on the mitre—over-against the front of the mitre it is; 38  and it hath been on the forehead of Aaron, and Aaron hath borne the iniquity of the holy things which the sons of Israel do hallow, even all their holy gifts; and it hath been on his forehead continually for a pleasing thing for them before Jehovah. 39  'And thou hast embroidered the coat of linen, and hast made a mitre of linen, and a girdle thou dost make—work of an embroiderer.

40  'And for the sons of Aaron thou dost make coats, and thou hast made for them girdles, yea, bonnets thou dost make for them, for honour and for beauty; 41  and thou hast clothed Aaron thy brother with them, and his sons with him, and hast anointed them, and hast consecrated their hand, and hast sanctified them, and they have been priests to Me. 42  'And make thou for them linen trousers to cover the naked flesh: they are from the loins even unto the thighs; 43  and they have been on Aaron and on his sons, in their going in unto the tent of meeting, or in their drawing nigh unto the altar to minister in the sanctuary, and they do not bear iniquity nor have they died; a statute age-during to him, and to his seed after him.

The Consecration of Aaron and His Sons

29 1  'And this 'is' the thing which thou dost to them, to hallow them, for being priests to Me: Take one bullock, a son of the herd, and two rams, perfect ones, 2  and bread unleavened, and cakes unleavened anointed with oil, of fine wheaten flour thou dost make them, 3  and thou hast put them on one basket, and hast brought them near in the basket, also the bullock and the two rams. 4  'And Aaron and his sons thou dost bring near unto the opening of the tent of meeting, and hast bathed them with water; 5  and thou hast taken the garments, and hast clothed Aaron with the coat, and the upper robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate, and hast girded him with the girdle of the ephod, 6  and hast set the mitre on his head, and hast put the holy crown on the mitre, 7  and hast taken the anointing oil, and hast poured 'it' on his head, and hast anointed him. 8  'And his sons thou dost bring near, and hast clothed them 'with' coats, 9  and hast girded them 'with' a girdle (Aaron and his sons), and hast bound on them bonnets; and the priesthood hath been theirs by a statute age-during, and thou hast consecrated the hand of Aaron, and the hand of his sons, 10  and hast brought near the bullock before the tent of meeting, and Aaron hath laid—his sons also—their hands on the head of the bullock. 11  'And thou hast slaughtered the bullock before Jehovah, at the opening of the tent of meeting, 12  and hast taken of the blood of the bullock, and hast put 'it' on the horns of the altar with thy finger, and all the blood thou dost pour out at the foundation of the altar; 13  and thou hast taken all the fat which is covering the inwards, and the redundance on the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat which 'is' on them, and hast made perfume on the altar; 14  and the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, thou dost burn with fire at the outside of the camp; it 'is' a sin-offering. 15  'And the one ram thou dost take, and Aaron and his sons have laid their hands on the head of the ram, 16  and thou hast slaughtered the ram, and hast taken its blood, and hast sprinkled 'it' on the altar round about, 17  and the ram thou dost cut into its pieces, and hast washed its inwards, and its legs, and hast put 'them' on its pieces, and on its head; 18  and thou hast made perfume with the whole ram on the altar. It 'is' a burnt-offering to Jehovah, a sweet fragrance; a fire-offering it 'is' to Jehovah. 19  'And thou hast taken the second ram, and Aaron hath laid—his sons also—their hands on the head of the ram, 20  and thou hast slaughtered the ram, and hast taken of its blood, and hast put on the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and on the tip of the right ear of his sons, and on the thumb of their right hand, and on the great toe of their right foot, and hast sprinkled the blood on the altar round about; 21  and thou hast taken of the blood which 'is' on the altar, and of the anointing oil, and hast sprinkled on Aaron, and on his garments, and on his sons, and on the garments of his sons with him, and he hath been hallowed, he, and his garments, and his sons, and the garments of his sons with him. 22  'And thou hast taken from the ram the fat, and the fat tail, and the fat which is covering the inwards, and the redundance on the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat which 'is' on them, and the right leg, for it 'is' a ram of consecration, 23  and one round cake of bread, and one cake of oiled bread, and one thin cake out of the basket of the unleavened things which 'is' before Jehovah. 24  'And thou hast set the whole on the hands of Aaron, and on the hands of his sons, and hast waved them—a wave-offering before Jehovah; 25  and thou hast taken them out of their hand, and hast made perfume on the altar beside the burnt-offering, for sweet fragrance before Jehovah; a fire-offering it 'is' to Jehovah. 26  'And thou hast taken the breast from the ram of the consecration which 'is' for Aaron, and hast waved it—a wave-offering before Jehovah, and it hath become thy portion; 27  and thou hast sanctified the breast of the wave-offering, and the leg of the heave-offering, which hath been waved, and which hath been lifted up from the ram of the consecration, of that which 'is' for Aaron, and of that which 'is' for his sons; 28  and it hath been for Aaron and for his sons, by a statute age-during from the sons of Israel, for it 'is' a heave-offering; and it is a heave offering from the sons of Israel, from the sacrifices of their peace-offerings—their heave-offering to Jehovah. 29  'And the holy garments which are Aaron's, are for his sons after him, to be anointed in them, and to consecrate in them their hand; 30  seven days doth the priest in his stead (of his sons) put them on, when he goeth in unto the tent of meeting, to minister in the sanctuary. 31  'And the ram of the consecration thou dost take, and hast boiled its flesh in the holy place; 32  and Aaron hath eaten—his sons also—the flesh of the ram, and the bread which 'is' in the basket, at the opening of the tent of meeting; 33  and they have eaten those things by which there is atonement to consecrate their hand, to sanctify them; and a stranger doth not eat—for they 'are' holy; 34  and if there be left of the flesh of the consecration or of the bread till the morning, then thou hast burned that which is left with fire; it is not eaten, for it 'is' holy. 35  'And thou hast done thus to Aaron and to his sons, according to all that I have commanded thee; seven days thou dost consecrate their hand; 36  and a bullock, a sin-offering, thou dost prepare daily for the atonements, and thou hast atoned for the altar, in thy making atonement on it, and hast anointed it to sanctify it; 37  seven days thou dost make atonement for the altar, and hast sanctified it, and the altar hath been most holy; all that is coming against the altar is holy.

The Daily Offerings

38  'And this 'is' that which thou dost prepare on the altar; two lambs, sons of a year, daily continually; 39  the one lamb thou dost prepare in the morning, and the second lamb thou dost prepare between the evenings; 40  and a tenth 'deal' of fine flour, mixed with beaten oil, a fourth part of a hin, and a libation, a fourth part of a hin, of wine, 'is' for the one lamb. 41  'And the second lamb thou dost prepare between the evenings; according to the present of the morning, and according to its libation, thou dost prepare for it, for sweet fragrance, a fire-offering, to Jehovah:— 42  a continual burnt-offering for your generations, at the opening of the tent of meeting, before Jehovah, whither I am met with you, to speak unto thee there, 43  and I have met there with the sons of Israel, and it hath been sanctified by My honour. 44  'And I have sanctified the tent of meeting, and the altar, and Aaron and his sons I sanctify for being priests to Me, 45  and I have tabernacled in the midst of the sons of Israel, and have become their God, 46  and they have known that I 'am' Jehovah their God, who hath brought them out of the land of Egypt, that I may tabernacle in their midst; I 'am' Jehovah their God.

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