Esther 1-3 Young’s Literal Translation

Queen Vashti Defies King Ahasuerus

1 1  And it cometh to pass, in the days of Ahasuerus—he 'is' Ahasuerus who is reigning from Hodu even unto Cush, seven and twenty and a hundred provinces— 2  in those days, at the sitting of the king Ahasuerus on the throne of his kingdom, that 'is' in Shushan the palace, 3  in the third year of his reign, he hath made a banquet to all his heads and his servants; of the force of Persia and Media, the chiefs and heads of the provinces 'are' before him, 4  in his shewing the wealth of the honour of his kingdom, and the glory of the beauty of his greatness, many days—eighty and a hundred days. 5  And at the fulness of these days hath the king made to all the people who are found in Shushan the palace, from great even unto small, a banquet, seven days, in the court of the garden of the house of the king— 6  white linen, white cotton, and blue, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple on rings of silver, and pillars of marble, couches of gold, and of silver, on a pavement of smaragdus, and white marble, and mother-of-pearl, and black marble— 7  and the giving of drink in vessels of gold, and the vessels 'are' divers vessels, and the royal wine 'is' abundant, as a memorial of the king. 8  And the drinking 'is' according to law, none is pressing, for so hath the king appointed for every chief one of his house, to do according to the pleasure of man and man. 9  Also Vashti the queen hath made a banquet for women, in the royal house that the king Ahasuerus hath.

10  On the seventh day, as the heart of the king is glad with wine, he hath said to Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha, and Abagtha, Zethar, and Carcas, the seven eunuchs who are ministering in the presence of the king Ahasuerus, 11  to bring in Vashti the queen before the king, with a royal crown, to shew the peoples and the heads her beauty, for she 'is' of good appearance, 12  and the queen Vashti refuseth to come in at the word of the king that 'is' by the hand of the eunuchs, and the king is very wroth, and his fury hath burned in him. 13  And the king saith to wise men, knowing the times—for so 'is' the word of the king before all knowing law and judgment, 14  and he who is near unto him 'is' Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena, Memucan, seven heads of Persia and Media seeing the face of the king, who are sitting first in the kingdom— 15  'According to law, what—to do with queen Vashti, because that she hath not done the saying of the king Ahasuerus by the hand of the eunuchs?' 16  And Memucan saith before the king and the heads, 'Not against the king by himself hath Vashti the queen done perversely, but against all the heads, and against all the peoples that 'are' in all provinces of the king Ahasuerus; 17  for go forth doth the word of the queen unto all the women, to render their husbands contemptible in their eyes, in their saying, The king Ahasuerus said to bring in Vashti the queen before him, and she did not come; 18  yea, this day do princesses of Persia and Media, who have heard the word of the queen, say 'so' to all heads of the king, even according to the sufficiency of contempt and wrath. 19  'If to the king 'it be' good, there goeth forth a royal word from before him, and it is written with the laws of Persia and Media, and doth not pass away, that Vashti doth not come in before the king Ahasuerus, and her royalty doth the king give to her companion who 'is' better than she; 20  and the sentence of the king that he maketh hath been heard in all his kingdom—for it 'is' great—and all the wives give honour to their husbands, from great even unto small.' 21  And the thing is good in the eyes of the king, and of the princes, and the king doth according to the word of Memucan, 22  and sendeth letters unto all provinces of the king, unto province and province according to its writing, and unto people and people according to its tongue, for every man being head in his own house—and speaking according to the language of his people.

Esther Made Queen

2 1  After these things, at the ceasing of the fury of the king Ahasuerus, he hath remembered Vashti, and that which she did, and that which hath been decreed concerning her; 2  and servants of the king, his ministers, say, 'Let them seek for the king young women, virgins, of good appearance, 3  and the king doth appoint inspectors in all provinces of his kingdom, and they gather every young woman—virgin, of good appearance—unto Shushan the palace, unto the house of the women, unto the hand of Hege eunuch of the king, keeper of the women, and to give their purifications, 4  and the young woman who is good in the eyes of the king doth reign instead of Vashti;' and the thing is good in the eyes of the king, and he doth so. 5  A man, a Jew, there hath been in Shushan the palace, and his name 'is' Mordecai son of Jair, son of Shimei, son of Kish, a Benjamite— 6  who had been removed from Jerusalem with the removal that was removed with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon removed— 7  and he is supporting Hadassah—she 'is' Esther—daughter of his uncle, for she hath neither father nor mother, and the young woman 'is' of fair form, and of good appearance, and at the death of her father and her mother hath Mordecai taken her to him for a daughter. 8  And it cometh to pass, in the word of the king, even his law, being heard, and in many young women being gathered unto Shushan the palace, unto the hand of Hegai, that Esther is taken unto the house of the king, unto the hand of Hegai, keeper of the women, 9  and the young woman is good in his eyes, and she receiveth kindness before him, and he hasteneth her purifications and her portions—to give to her, and the seven young women who are provided—to give to her, from the house of the king, and he changeth her and her young women to a good 'place in' the house of the women. 10  Esther hath not declared her people, and her kindred, for Mordecai hath laid a charge on her that she doth not declare 'it'; 11  and during every day Mordecai is walking up and down before the court of the house of the women to know the welfare of Esther, and what is done with her. 12  And in the drawing nigh of the turn of each young woman to come in unto the king Ahasuerus, at the end of there being to her—according to the law of the women—twelve months, for so they fulfil the days of their purifications; six months with oil of myrrh, and six months with spices, and with the purifications of women, 13  and with this the young woman hath come in unto the king, all that she saith is given to her, to go in with her, out of the house of the women, unto the house of the king; 14  in the evening she hath gone in, and in the morning she hath turned back unto the second house of the women, unto the hand of Shaashgaz eunuch of the king, keeper of the concubines; she cometh not in any more unto the king except the king hath delighted in her, and she hath been called by name. 15  And in the drawing nigh of the turn of Esther—daughter of Abihail, uncle of Mordecai, whom he had taken to him for a daughter—to come in unto the king, she hath not sought a thing except that which Hegai eunuch of the king, keeper of the women, saith, and Esther is receiving grace in the eyes of all seeing her. 16  And Esther is taken unto the king Ahasuerus, unto his royal house, in the tenth month—it 'is' the month of Tebeth—in the seventh year of his reign, 17  and the king loveth Esther above all the women, and she receiveth grace and kindness before him above all the virgins, and he setteth a royal crown on her head, and causeth her to reign instead of Vashti, 18  and the king maketh a great banquet to all his heads and his servants—the banquet of Esther—and a release to the provinces hath made, and giveth gifts as a memorial of the king.

Mordecai Reveals a Conspiracy against the King

19  And in the virgins being gathered a second time, then Mordecai is sitting in the gate of the king; 20  Esther is not declaring her kindred and her people, as Mordecai hath laid a charge upon her, and the saying of Mordecai Esther is doing as when she was truly with him.

21  In those days, when Mordecai is sitting in the gate of the king, hath Bigthan been wroth, and Teresh, (two of the eunuchs of the king, the keepers of the threshold,) and they seek to put forth a hand on king Ahasuerus, 22  and the thing is known to Mordecai, and he declareth 'it' to Esther the queen, and Esther speaketh to the king in the name of Mordecai, 23  and the thing is sought out, and found, and they are hanged both of them on a tree, and it is written in the book of the Chronicles before the king.

Haman's Plot to Destroy the Jews

3 1  After these things hath the king Ahasuerus exalted Haman son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and lifteth him up, and setteth his throne above all the heads who 'are' with him, 2  and all servants of the king, who 'are' in the gate of the king, are bowing and doing obeisance to Haman, for so hath the king commanded for him; and Mordecai doth not bow nor do obeisance. 3  And the servants of the king, who 'are' in the gate of the king, say to Mordecai, 'Wherefore 'art' thou transgressing the command of the king?' 4  And it cometh to pass, in their speaking unto him, day by day, and he hath not hearkened unto them, that they declare 'it' to Haman, to see whether the words of Mordecai do stand, for he hath declared to them that he 'is' a Jew. 5  And Haman seeth that Mordecai is not bowing and doing obeisance to him, and Haman is full of fury, 6  and it is contemptible in his eyes to put forth a hand on Mordecai by himself, for they have declared to him the people of Mordecai, and Haman seeketh to destroy all the Jews who 'are' in all the kingdom of Ahasuerus—the people of Mordecai.

7  In the first month—it 'is' the month of Nisan—in the twelfth year of the king Ahasuerus, hath one caused to fall Pur (that 'is' the lot) before Haman, from day to day, and from month to month, 'to' the twelfth, it 'is' the month of Adar. 8  And Haman saith to the king Ahasuerus, 'There is one people scattered and separated among the peoples, in all provinces of thy kingdom, and their laws 'are' diverse from all people, and the laws of the king they are not doing, and for the king it is not profitable to suffer them; 9  if to the king 'it be' good, let it be written to destroy them, and ten thousand talents of silver I weigh into the hands of those doing the work, to bring 'it' in unto the treasuries of the king.' 10  And the king turneth aside his signet from off his hand, and giveth it to Haman son of Hammedatha the Agagite, adversary of the Jews; 11  and the king saith to Haman, 'The silver is given to thee, and the people, to do with it as 'it is' good in thine eyes.' 12  And scribes of the king are called, on the first month, on the thirteenth day of it, and it is written according to all that Haman hath commanded, unto lieutenants of the king, and unto the governors who 'are' over province and province, and unto the heads of people and people, province and province, according to its writing, and people and people according to its tongue, in the name of the king Ahasuerus it hath been written and sealed with the signet of the king, 13  and letters to be sent by the hand of the runners unto all provinces of the king, to cut off, to slay, and to destroy all the Jews, from young even unto old, infant and women, on one day, on the thirteenth of the twelfth month—it 'is' the month of Adar—and their spoil to seize, 14  a copy of the writing to be made law in every province and province is revealed to all the peoples, to be ready for this day. 15  The runners have gone forth, hastened by the word of the king, and the law hath been given in Shushan the palace, and the king and Haman have sat down to drink, and the city Shushan is perplexed.

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