Deuteronomy 5-7 Young’s Literal Translation

The Ten Commandments

5 1  And Moses calleth unto all Israel, and saith unto them, 'Hear, Israel, the statutes and the judgments which I am speaking in your ears to-day, and ye have learned them, and have observed to do them. 2  Jehovah our God made with us a covenant in Horeb; 3  not with our fathers hath Jehovah made this covenant, but with us; we—these—here to-day—all of us alive. 4  Face to face hath Jehovah spoken with you, in the mount, out of the midst of the fire; 5  I am standing between Jehovah and you, at that time, to declare to you the word of Jehovah, for ye have been afraid from the presence of the fire, and ye have not gone up into the mount; saying:

6  'I Jehovah 'am' thy God, who hath brought thee out from the land of Egypt, from a house of servants. 7  'Thou hast no other gods in My presence. 8  'Thou dost not make to thee a graven image, any similitude which 'is' in the heavens above, and which 'is' in the earth beneath, and which 'is' in the waters under the earth; 9  thou dost not bow thyself to them nor serve them, for I Jehovah thy God 'am' a zealous God, charging iniquity of fathers on children, and on a third 'generation', and on a fourth, to those hating Me; 10  and doing kindness to thousands, to those loving Me, and to those keeping My commands. 11  'Thou dost not take up the Name of Jehovah thy God for a vain thing, for Jehovah doth not acquit him who taketh up His Name for a vain thing. 12  'Observe the day of the sabbath—to sanctify it, as Jehovah thy God hath commanded thee; 13  six days thou dost labour, and hast done all thy work, 14  and the seventh day 'is' a sabbath to Jehovah thy God; thou dost not do any work, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy man-servant, and thy handmaid, and thine ox, and thine ass, and all thy cattle, and thy sojourner who 'is' within thy gates; so that thy man-servant, and thy handmaid doth rest like thyself; 15  and thou hast remembered that a servant thou hast been in the land of Egypt, and Jehovah thy God is bringing thee out thence by a strong hand, and by a stretched-out arm; therefore hath Jehovah thy God commanded thee to keep the day of the sabbath. 16  'Honour thy father and thy mother, as Jehovah thy God hath commanded thee, so that thy days are prolonged, and so that it is well with thee, on the ground which Jehovah thy God is giving to thee. 17  'Thou dost not murder. 18  'Thou dost not commit adultery. 19  'Thou dost not steal. 20  'Thou dost not answer against thy neighbour—a false testimony. 21  'Thou dost not desire thy neighbour's wife; nor dost thou covet thy neighbour's house, his field, and his man-servant, and his handmaid, his ox, and his ass, and anything which 'is' thy neighbour's.

The People's Fear

22  'These words hath Jehovah spoken unto all your assembly, in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness—a great voice; and He hath not added, and He writeth them on two tables of stone, and giveth them unto me.

23  'And it cometh to pass as ye hear the voice out of the midst of the darkness, and of the mountain burning with fire, that ye come near unto me, all the heads of your tribes, and your elders, 24  and say, Lo, Jehovah our God hath shewed us His honour, and His greatness; and His voice we have heard out of the midst of the fire; this day we have seen that God doth speak with man—and he hath lived. 25  'And, now, why do we die? for consume us doth this great fire—if we add to hear the voice of Jehovah our God any more—then we have died. 26  For who of all flesh 'is' he who hath heard the voice of the living God speaking out of the midst of the fire like us—and doth live? 27  Draw near thou, and hear all that which Jehovah our God saith, and thou, thou dost speak unto us all that which Jehovah our God speaketh unto thee, and we have hearkened, and done it. 28  'And Jehovah heareth the voice of your words, in your speaking unto me, and Jehovah saith unto me, I have heard the voice of the words of this people which they have spoken unto thee; they have done well 'in' all that they have spoken. 29  O that their heart had been thus to them, to fear Me, and to keep My commands all the days, that it may be well with them, and with their sons—to the age! 30  'Go, say to them, Turn back for yourselves, to your tents; 31  and thou here stand thou with Me, and let Me speak unto thee all the command, and the statutes, and the judgments which thou dost teach them, and they have done in the land which I am giving to them to possess it. 32  'And ye have observed to do as Jehovah your God hath commanded you, ye turn not aside—right or left; 33  in all the way which Jehovah your God hath commanded you ye walk, so that ye live, and 'it is' well with you, and ye have prolonged days in the land which ye possess.

The Great Commandment

6 1  'And this 'is' the command, the statutes and the judgments which Jehovah your God hath commanded to teach you, to do in the land which ye are passing over thither to possess it, 2  so that thou dost fear Jehovah thy God, to keep all His statutes and His commands, which I am commanding thee, thou, and thy son, and thy son's son, all days of thy life, and so that thy days are prolonged. 3  'And thou hast heard, O Israel, and observed to do, that it may be well with thee, and that thou mayest multiply exceedingly, as Jehovah, God of thy fathers, hath spoken to thee, 'in' the land flowing with milk and honey.

4  'Hear, O Israel, Jehovah our God 'is' one Jehovah; 5  and thou hast loved Jehovah thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might, 6  and these words which I am commanding thee to-day have been on thine heart, 7  and thou hast repeated them to thy sons, and spoken of them in thy sitting in thine house, and in thy walking in the way, and in thy lying down, and in thy rising up, 8  and hast bound them for a sign upon thy hand, and they have been for frontlets between thine eyes, 9  and thou hast written them on door-posts of thy house, and on thy gates.

Warnings against Disobedience

10  'And it hath been, when Jehovah thy God doth bring thee in unto the land which He hath sworn to thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give to thee—cities great and good, which thou hast not built, 11  and houses full of all good things which thou hast not filled, and wells digged which thou hast not digged, vineyards and olive-yards which thou hast not planted, and thou hast eaten, and been satisfied; 12  'Take heed to thyself lest thou forget Jehovah who hath brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of a house of servants; 13  Jehovah thy God thou dost fear, and Him thou dost serve, and by His name thou dost swear; 14  ye do not go after other gods, of the gods of the peoples who 'are' round about you; 15  for a zealous God 'is' Jehovah thy God in thy midst—lest the anger of Jehovah thy God burn against thee, and He hath destroyed thee from off the face of the ground. 16  'Ye do not try Jehovah your God as ye tried in Massah;

17  ye do diligently keep the commands of Jehovah your God, and His testimonies, and His statutes which He hath commanded thee, 18  and thou hast done that which is right and good in the eyes of Jehovah, so that it is well with thee, and thou hast gone in and possessed the good land which Jehovah hath sworn to thy fathers, 19  to drive away all thine enemies from thy presence, as Jehovah hath spoken. 20  'When thy son asketh thee hereafter, saying, What 'are' the testimonies, and the statutes, and the judgments, which Jehovah our God hath commanded you? 21  then thou hast said to thy son, Servants we have been to Pharaoh in Egypt, and Jehovah bringeth us out of Egypt by a high hand; 22  and Jehovah giveth signs and wonders, great and sad, on Egypt, on Pharaoh, and on all his house, before our eyes; 23  and us He hath brought out thence, in order to bring us in, to give to us the land which He had sworn to our fathers. 24  And Jehovah commandeth us to do all these statutes, to fear Jehovah our God, for good to ourselves all the days, to keep us alive, as 'at' this day; 25  and righteousness it is for us, when we observe to do all this command before Jehovah our God, as He hath commanded us.

Israel Warned of the Idolatry of Canaan

7 1  'When Jehovah thy God doth bring thee in unto the land whither thou art going in to possess it, and He hath cast out many nations from thy presence, the Hittite, and the Girgashite, and the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite, seven nations more numerous and mighty than thou, 2  and Jehovah thy God hath given them before thee, and thou hast smitten them—thou dost utterly devote them—thou dost not make with them a covenant, nor dost thou favour them. 3  'And thou dost not join in marriage with them; thy daughter thou dost not give to his son, and his daughter thou dost not take to thy son, 4  for he doth turn aside thy son from after Me, and they have served other gods, and the anger of Jehovah hath burned against you, and hath destroyed thee hastily. 5  'But thus thou dost to them: their altars ye break down, and their standing pillars ye shiver, and their shrines ye cut down, and their graven images ye burn with fire;

A Holy People to the LORD

6  for a holy people 'art' thou to Jehovah thy God; on thee hath Jehovah thy God fixed, to be to Him for a peculiar people, out of all the peoples who 'are' on the face of the ground. 7  'Not because of your being more numerous than any of the peoples hath Jehovah delighted in you, and fixeth on you, for ye 'are' the least of all the peoples, 8  but because of Jehovah's loving you, and because of His keeping the oath which He hath sworn to your fathers, hath Jehovah brought you out by a strong hand, and doth ransom you from a house of servants, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. 9  'And thou hast known that Jehovah thy God He 'is' God, the faithful God, keeping the covenant, and the kindness, to those loving Him, and to those keeping His commands—to a thousand generations, 10  and repaying to those hating Him, unto their face, to destroy them; He delayeth not to him who is hating Him—unto his face, He repayeth to him— 11  and thou hast kept the command, and the statutes, and the judgments, which I am commanding thee to-day to do them.

The Blessings of Obedience

12  'And it hath been, because ye hear these judgments, and have kept, and done them, that Jehovah thy God hath kept to thee the covenant and the kindness which He hath sworn to thy fathers, 13  and hath loved thee, and blessed thee, and multiplied thee, and hath blessed the fruit of thy womb, and the fruit of thy ground, thy corn, and thy new wine, and thine oil, the increase of thine oxen, and the wealth of thy flock, on the ground which He hath sworn to thy fathers to give to thee. 14  'Blessed art thou above all the peoples, there is not in thee a barren man or a barren woman—nor among your cattle; 15  and Jehovah hath turned aside from thee every sickness, and none of the evil diseases of Egypt (which thou hast known) doth He put on thee, and He hath put them on all hating thee. 16  'And thou hast consumed all the peoples whom Jehovah thy God is giving to thee; thine eye hath no pity on them, and thou dost not serve their gods, for a snare it 'is' to thee. 17  'When thou sayest in thine heart, These nations 'are' more numerous than I, how am I able to dispossess them?— 18  thou art not afraid of them; thou dost surely remember that which Jehovah thy God hath done to Pharaoh, and to all Egypt, 19  the great trials which thine eyes have seen, and the signs, and the wonders, and the strong hand, and the stretched-out arm, with which Jehovah thy God hath brought thee out; so doth Jehovah thy God to all the peoples of whose presence thou art afraid. 20  'And also the locust doth Jehovah thy God send among them, till the destruction of those who are left, and of those who are hidden from thy presence; 21  thou art not terrified by their presence, for Jehovah thy God 'is' in thy midst, a God great and fearful. 22  'And Jehovah thy God hath cast out these nations from thy presence little 'by' little, (thou art not able to consume them hastily, lest the beast of the field multiply against thee), 23  and Jehovah thy God hath given them before thee, and destroyed them—a great destruction—till their destruction; 24  and He hath given their kings into thy hand, and thou hast destroyed their name from under the heavens; no man doth station himself in thy presence till thou hast destroyed them. 25  'The graven images of their gods ye do burn with fire; thou dost not desire the silver and gold on them, nor hast thou taken 'it' to thyself, lest thou be snared by it, for the abomination of Jehovah thy God it 'is'; 26  and thou dost not bring in an abomination unto thy house—or thou hast been devoted like it;—thou dost utterly detest it, and thou dost utterly abominate it; for it 'is' devoted.

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