1 Corinthians 9-11 Young’s Literal Translation

The Rights of Those Who Preach the Gospel

9 1  Am not I an apostle? am not I free? Jesus Christ our Lord have I not seen? my work are not ye in the Lord? 2  if to others I am not an apostle—yet doubtless to you I am; for the seal of my apostleship are ye in the Lord.

3  My defence to those who examine me in this; 4  have we not authority to eat and to drink? 5  have we not authority a sister—a wife—to lead about, as also the other apostles, and the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas? 6  or only I and Barnabas, have we not authority—not to work? 7  who doth serve as a soldier at his own charges at any time? who doth plant a vineyard, and of its fruit doth not eat? or who doth feed a flock, and of the milk of the flock doth not eat? 8  According to man do I speak these things? or doth not also the law say these things? 9  for in the law of Moses it hath been written, 'thou shalt not muzzle an ox treading out corn;' for the oxen doth God care? 10  or because of us by all means doth He say 'it'? yes, because of us it was written, because in hope ought the plower to plow, and he who is treading 'ought' of his hope to partake in hope. 11  If we to you the spiritual things did sow—great 'is it' if we your fleshly things do reap? 12  if others do partake of the authority over you—not we more? but we did not use this authority, but all things we bear, that we may give no hindrance to the good news of the Christ. 13  Have ye not known that those working about the things of the temple—of the temple do eat, and those waiting at the altar—with the altar are partakers? 14  so also did the Lord direct to those proclaiming the good news: of the good news to live.

15  And I have used none of these things; neither did I write these things that it may be so done in my case, for 'it is' good for me rather to die, than that any one may make my glorying void; 16  for if I may proclaim good news, it is no glorying for me, for necessity is laid upon me, and wo is to me if I may not proclaim good news; 17  for if willing I do this, I have a reward; and if unwillingly—with a stewardship I have been entrusted! 18  What, then, is my reward?—that proclaiming good news, without charge I shall make the good news of the Christ, not to abuse my authority in the good news;

19  for being free from all men, to all men I made myself servant, that the more I might gain; 20  and I became to the Jews as a Jew, that Jews I might gain; to those under law as under law, that those under law I might gain; 21  to those without law, as without law—(not being without law to God, but within law to Christ)—that I might gain those without law; 22  I became to the infirm as infirm, that the infirm I might gain; to all men I have become all things, that by all means I may save some. 23  And this I do because of the good news, that a fellow-partaker of it I may become;

24  have ye not known that those running in a race—all indeed run, but one doth receive the prize? so run ye, that ye may obtain; 25  and every one who is striving, is in all things temperate; these, indeed, then, that a corruptible crown they may receive, but we an incorruptible; 26  I, therefore, thus run, not as uncertainly, thus I fight, as not beating air; 27  but I chastise my body, and bring 'it' into servitude, lest by any means, having preached to others—I myself may become disapproved.

Warning against Idolatry

10 1  And I do not wish you to be ignorant, brethren, that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, 2  and all to Moses were baptized in the cloud, and in the sea; 3  and all the same spiritual food did eat, 4  and all the same spiritual drink did drink, for they were drinking of a spiritual rock following them, and the rock was the Christ; 5  but in the most of them God was not well pleased, for they were strewn in the wilderness,

6  and those things became types of us, for our not passionately desiring evil things, as also these did desire. 7  Neither become ye idolaters, as certain of them, as it hath been written, 'The people sat down to eat and to drink, and stood up to play;' 8  neither may we commit whoredom, as certain of them did commit whoredom, and there fell in one day twenty-three thousand; 9  neither may we tempt the Christ, as also certain of them did tempt, and by the serpents did perish; 10  neither murmur ye, as also some of them did murmur, and did perish by the destroyer. 11  And all these things as types did happen to those persons, and they were written for our admonition, to whom the end of the ages did come, 12  so that he who is thinking to stand—let him observe, lest he fall. 13  No temptation hath taken you—except human; and God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above what ye are able, but He will make, with the temptation, also the outlet, for your being able to bear 'it'. 14  Wherefore, my beloved, flee from the idolatry;

15  as to wise men I speak—judge ye what I say: 16  The cup of the blessing that we bless—is it not the fellowship of the blood of the Christ? the bread that we break—is it not the fellowship of the body of the Christ? 17  because one bread, one body, are we the many—for we all of the one bread do partake. 18  See Israel according to the flesh! are not those eating the sacrifices in the fellowship of the altar? 19  what then do I say? that an idol is anything? or that a sacrifice offered to an idol is anything?— 20  'no,' but that the things that the nations sacrifice—they sacrifice to demons and not to God; and I do not wish you to come into the fellowship of the demons. 21  Ye are not able the cup of the Lord to drink, and the cup of demons; ye are not able of the table of the Lord to partake, and of the table of demons; 22  do we arouse the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than He?

Do All to the Glory of God

23  All things to me are lawful, but all things are not profitable; all things to me are lawful, but all things do not build up; 24  let no one seek his own—but each another's. 25  Whatever in the meat-market is sold eat ye, not inquiring, because of the conscience, 26  for the Lord's 'is' the earth, and its fulness; 27  and if any one of the unbelieving do call you, and ye wish to go, all that is set before you eat, nothing inquiring, because of the conscience; 28  and if any one may say to you, 'This is a thing sacrificed to an idol,'—do not eat, because of that one who shewed 'it', and of the conscience, for the Lord's 'is' the earth and its fulness: 29  and conscience, I say, not of thyself, but of the other, for why 'is it' that my liberty is judged by another's conscience? 30  and if I thankfully do partake, why am I evil spoken of, for that for which I give thanks? 31  Whether, then, ye eat, or drink, or do anything, do all to the glory of God; 32  become offenceless, both to Jews and Greeks, and to the assembly of God; 33  as I also in all things do please all, not seeking my own profit, but that of many—that they may be saved.

11 1  Followers of me become ye, as I also 'am' of Christ.

The Covering of Women's Heads

2  And I praise you, brethren, that in all things ye remember me, and according as I did deliver to you, the deliverances ye keep, 3  and I wish you to know that of every man the head is the Christ, and the head of a woman is the husband, and the head of Christ is God. 4  Every man praying or prophesying, having the head covered, doth dishonour his head, 5  and every woman praying or prophesying with the head uncovered, doth dishonour her own head, for it is one and the same thing with her being shaven, 6  for if a woman is not covered—then let her be shorn, and if 'it is' a shame for a woman to be shorn or shaven—let her be covered; 7  for a man, indeed, ought not to cover the head, being the image and glory of God, and a woman is the glory of a man, 8  for a man is not of a woman, but a woman 'is' of a man, 9  for a man also was not created because of the woman, but a woman because of the man; 10  because of this the woman ought to have 'a token of' authority upon the head, because of the messengers; 11  but neither 'is' a man apart from a woman, nor a woman apart from a man, in the Lord, 12  for as the woman 'is' of the man, so also the man 'is' through the woman, and the all things 'are' of God. 13  In your own selves judge ye; is it seemly for a woman uncovered to pray to God? 14  doth not even nature itself teach you, that if a man indeed have long hair, a dishonour it is to him? 15  and a woman, if she have long hair, a glory it is to her, because the hair instead of a covering hath been given to her; 16  and if any one doth think to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither the assemblies of God.

Disorder at the Lord's Supper

17  And this declaring, I give no praise, because not for the better, but for the worse ye come together; 18  for first, indeed, ye coming together in an assembly, I hear of divisions being among you, and partly I believe 'it', 19  for it behoveth sects also to be among you, that those approved may become manifest among you; 20  ye, then, coming together at the same place—it is not to eat the Lord's supper; 21  for each his own supper doth take before in the eating, and one is hungry, and another is drunk; 22  why, have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or the assembly of God do ye despise, and shame those not having? what may I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I do not praise!

The Institution of the Lord's Supper

23  For I—I received from the Lord that which also I did deliver to you, that the Lord Jesus in the night in which he was delivered up, took bread, 24  and having given thanks, he brake, and said, 'Take ye, eat ye, this is my body, that for you is being broken; this do ye—to the remembrance of me.' 25  In like manner also the cup after the supping, saying, 'This cup is the new covenant in my blood; this do ye, as often as ye may drink 'it'—to the remembrance of me;' 26  for as often as ye may eat this bread, and this cup may drink, the death of the Lord ye do shew forth—till he may come;

Partaking of the Supper Unworthily

27  so that whoever may eat this bread or may drink the cup of the Lord unworthily, guilty he shall be of the body and blood of the Lord: 28  and let a man be proving himself, and so of the bread let him eat, and of the cup let him drink; 29  for he who is eating and drinking unworthily, judgment to himself he doth eat and drink—not discerning the body of the Lord. 30  Because of this, among you many 'are' weak and sickly, and sleep do many; 31  for if ourselves we were discerning, we would not be being judged, 32  and being judged by the Lord, we are chastened, that with the world we may not be condemned; 33  so then, my brethren, coming together to eat, for one another wait ye; 34  and if any one is hungry, at home let him eat, that to judgment ye may not come together; and the rest, whenever I may come, I shall arrange.


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