Numbers 1-2 New American Standard Bible

The Numbering of Israel at Sinai

1 Then the Lord spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai , in the tent of meeting , on the first of the second month, in the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt , saying , 2  " Take a [1]census of all the congregation of the sons of Israel , by their families , by their fathers' households , according to the number of names , every male , head by head 3  from twenty years old and upward , whoever is able to go out to war in Israel , you and Aaron shall [2]number them by their armies . 4  "With you, moreover, there shall be a man of each tribe , each one head of his father's household . 5  "These then are the names of the men who shall stand with you: of Reuben , Elizur the son of Shedeur ; 6  of Simeon , Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai ; 7  of Judah , Nahshon the son of Amminadab ; 8  of Issachar , Nethanel the son of Zuar ; 9  of Zebulun , Eliab the son of Helon ; 10  of the sons of Joseph : of Ephraim , Elishama the son of Ammihud ; of Manasseh , Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur ; 11  of Benjamin , Abidan the son of Gideoni ; 12  of Dan , Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai ; 13  of Asher , Pagiel the son of Ochran ; 14  of Gad , Eliasaph the son of Deuel ; 15  of Naphtali , Ahira the son of Enan . 16  "These are they who were called of the congregation , the leaders of their fathers' tribes ; they were the heads of [3]divisions of Israel ."

17  So Moses and Aaron took these men who had been designated by name , 18  and they assembled all the congregation together on the first of the second month . Then they registered by ancestry in their families , by their fathers' households , according to the number of names , from twenty years old and upward , head by head , 19  just as the Lord had commanded Moses . So he numbered them in the wilderness of Sinai . 20  Now the sons of Reuben , Israel's firstborn , their genealogical registration by their families , by their fathers' households , according to the number of names , head by head , every male from twenty years old and upward , whoever was able to go out to war , 21  their numbered men of the tribe of Reuben were 46,500 e e e e . 22  Of the sons of Simeon , their genealogical registration by their families , by their fathers' households , their numbered men, according to the number of names , head by head , every male from twenty years old and upward , whoever was able to go out to war , 23  their numbered men of the tribe of Simeon were 59,300 e e e e . 24  Of the sons of Gad , their genealogical registration by their families , by their fathers' households , according to the number of names , from twenty years old and upward , whoever was able to go out to war , 25  their numbered men of the tribe of Gad were 45,650 e e e e . 26  Of the sons of Judah , their genealogical registration by their families , by their fathers' households , according to the number of names , from twenty years old and upward , whoever was able to go out to war , 27  their numbered men of the tribe of Judah were 74,600 e e e . 28  Of the sons of Issachar , their genealogical registration by their families , by their fathers' households , according to the number of names , from twenty years old and upward , whoever was able to go out to war , 29  their numbered men of the tribe of Issachar were 54,400 e e e . 30  Of the sons of Zebulun , their genealogical registration by their families , by their fathers' households , according to the number of names , from twenty years old and upward , whoever was able to go out to war , 31  their numbered men of the tribe of Zebulun were 57,400 e e e e . 32  Of the sons of Joseph , namely, of the sons of Ephraim , their genealogical registration by their families , by their fathers' households , according to the number of names , from twenty years old and upward , whoever was able to go out to war , 33  their numbered men of the tribe of Ephraim were 40,500 e e e . 34  Of the sons of Manasseh , their genealogical registration by their families , by their fathers' households , according to the number of names , from twenty years old and upward , whoever was able to go out to war , 35  their numbered men of the tribe of Manasseh were 32,200 e e e . 36  Of the sons of Benjamin , their genealogical registration by their families , by their fathers' households , according to the number of names , from twenty years old and upward , whoever was able to go out to war , 37  their numbered men of the tribe of Benjamin were 35,400 e e e e . 38  Of the sons of Dan , their genealogical registration by their families , by their fathers' households , according to the number of names , from twenty years old and upward , whoever was able to go out to war , 39  their numbered men of the tribe of Dan were 62,700 e e e e . 40  Of the sons of Asher , their genealogical registration by their families , by their fathers' households , according to the number of names , from twenty years old and upward , whoever was able to go out to war , 41  their numbered men of the tribe of Asher were 41,500 e e e e . 42  Of the sons of Naphtali , their genealogical registration by their families , by their fathers' households , according to the number of names , from twenty years old and upward , whoever was able to go out to war , 43  their numbered men of the tribe of Naphtali were 53,400 e e e e .

44  These are the ones who were numbered , whom Moses and Aaron numbered , with the leaders of Israel , twelve e men , each of whom was of his father's household . 45  So all the numbered men of the sons of Israel by their fathers' households , from twenty years old and upward , whoever was able to go out to war in Israel , 46  even all the numbered men were 603,550 e e e e e e e .

The Appointment of the Levites

47  The Levites , however, were not numbered among them by their fathers' tribe . 48  For the Lord had spoken to Moses , saying , 49  "Only the tribe of Levi you shall not number , nor shall you take their [4]census among the sons of Israel . 50  "But you shall appoint the Levites over the [5]tabernacle of the testimony , and over all its furnishings and over all that belongs to it. They shall carry the tabernacle and all its furnishings , and they shall take care of it; they shall also camp around the [5]tabernacle . 51  " So when the tabernacle is to set out, the Levites shall take it down ; and when the tabernacle encamps , the Levites shall set it up. But the [7]layman who comes near shall be put to death . 52  " The sons of Israel shall camp , each man by his own camp , and each man by his own standard , according to their armies . 53  " But the Levites shall camp around the tabernacle of the testimony , so that there will be no wrath on the congregation of the sons of Israel . So the Levites shall keep charge of the tabernacle of the testimony ." 54  Thus the sons of Israel did ; according to all which the Lord had commanded Moses , so they did .

The Camps and Leaders of the Tribes

2 Now the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron , saying , 2  " The sons of Israel shall camp , each by his own standard , with the banners of their fathers' households ; they shall camp around the tent of meeting at a distance e .

3  "Now those who camp on the east side toward the sunrise shall be of the standard of the camp of Judah , by their armies , and the leader of the sons of Judah : Nahshon the son of Amminadab , 4  and his army , even their numbered men, 74,600 e e e . 5  "Those who camp next to him shall be the tribe of Issachar , and the leader of the sons of Issachar : Nethanel the son of Zuar , 6  and his army , even their numbered men, 54,400 e e e e . 7  "Then comes the tribe of Zebulun , and the leader of the sons of Zebulun : Eliab the son of Helon , 8  and his army , even his numbered men, 57,400 e e e e . 9  "The total of the numbered men of the camp of Judah : 186,400 e e e e e e , by their armies . They shall set out first . 10  "On the south side shall be the standard of the camp of Reuben by their armies , and the leader of the sons of Reuben : Elizur the son of Shedeur , 11  and his army , even their numbered men, 46,500 e e e e . 12  "Those who camp next to him shall be the tribe of Simeon , and the leader of the sons of Simeon : Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai , 13  and his army , even their numbered men, 59,300 e e e e . 14  "Then comes the tribe of Gad , and the leader of the sons of Gad : Eliasaph the son of Deuel , 15  and his army , even their numbered men, 45,650 e e e e . 16  "The total of the numbered men of the camp of Reuben : 151,450 e e e e e e e by their armies . And they shall set out second . 17  " Then the tent of meeting shall set out with the camp of the Levites in the midst of the camps ; just as they camp , so they shall set out, every man in his place by their standards . 18  "On the west side shall be the standard of the camp of Ephraim by their armies , and the leader of the sons of Ephraim shall be Elishama the son of Ammihud , 19  and his army , even their numbered men, 40,500 e e e . 20  "Next to him shall be the tribe of Manasseh , and the leader of the sons of Manasseh : Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur , 21  and his army , even their numbered men, 32,200 e e e . 22  "Then comes the tribe of Benjamin , and the leader of the sons of Benjamin : Abidan the son of Gideoni , 23  and his army , even their numbered men, 35,400 e e e e . 24  "The total of the numbered men of the camp of Ephraim : 108,100 e e e e , by their armies . And they shall set out third . 25  "On the north side shall be the standard of the camp of Dan by their armies , and the leader of the sons of Dan : Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai , 26  and his army , even their numbered men, 62,700 e e e e . 27  "Those who camp next to him shall be the tribe of Asher , and the leader of the sons of Asher : Pagiel the son of Ochran , 28  and his army , even their numbered men, 41,500 e e e e . 29  "Then comes the tribe of Naphtali , and the leader of the sons of Naphtali : Ahira the son of Enan , 30  and his army , even their numbered men, 53,400 e e e e . 31  "The total of the numbered men of the camp of Dan was 157,600 e e e e e . They shall set out last by their standards ." 32  These are the numbered men of the sons of Israel by their fathers' households ; the total of the numbered men of the camps by their armies , 603,550 e e e e e . 33  The Levites , however, were not numbered among the sons of Israel , just as the Lord had commanded Moses . 34  Thus the sons of Israel did ; according to all that the Lord commanded Moses , so they camped by their standards , and so they set out, every one by his family according to his father's household .

Footnotes

[1] 1:2 Lit "sum"

[2] 1:3 Lit "muster," and so throughout the ch

[3] 1:16 Lit "thousands;" or "clans"

[4] 1:49 Lit "sum"

[5] 1:50 Lit "dwelling place," and so throughout the ch

[6] 1:50 Lit "dwelling place," and so throughout the ch

[7] 1:51 Lit "stranger"

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