Nehemiah Appoints Rulers for Jerusalem
7 1 Now when the wall was rebuilt and I had set up the doors , and the gatekeepers and the singers and the Levites were appointed , 2 then I put Hanani my brother , and Hananiah the commander of the fortress , in charge of Jerusalem , for he was a faithful man and feared God more than many . 3 Then I said to them, "Do not let the gates of Jerusalem be opened until the sun is hot , and while they are standing guard, let them shut and bolt the doors . Also appoint guards from the inhabitants of Jerusalem , each at his post , and each in front of his own house ." 4 Now the city was large e and spacious , but the people in it were few and the houses were not built .
The List of Returning Exiles
5 Then my God put it into my heart to assemble the nobles , the officials and the people to be enrolled by genealogies . Then I found the book of the genealogy of those who came up first in which I found the following record : 6 These are the people of the province who came up from the captivity of the exiles whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away , and who returned to Jerusalem and Judah , each to his city , 7 who came with Zerubbabel , Jeshua , Nehemiah , Azariah , Raamiah , Nahamani , Mordecai , Bilshan , Mispereth , Bigvai , Nehum , Baanah . The number of men of the people of Israel : 8 the sons of Parosh , 2,172 e e e ; 9 the sons of Shephatiah , 372 e e e ; 10 the sons of Arah , 652 e e e ; 11 the sons of Pahath-moab of the sons of Jeshua and Joab , 2,818 e e e e ; 12 the sons of Elam , 1,254 e e e ; 13 the sons of Zattu , 845 e e e ; 14 the sons of Zaccai , 760 e e ; 15 the sons of Binnui , 648 e e e ; 16 the sons of Bebai , 628 e e e ; 17 the sons of Azgad , 2,322 e e e e ; 18 the sons of Adonikam , 667 e e e ; 19 the sons of Bigvai , 2,067 e e ; 20 the sons of Adin , 655 e e e ; 21 the sons of Ater , of Hezekiah , 98 e ; 22 the sons of Hashum , 328 e e e ; 23 the sons of Bezai , 324 e e e ; 24 the sons of Hariph , 112 e e ; 25 the sons of Gibeon , 95 e ; 26 the men of Bethlehem and Netophah , 188 e e ; 27 the men of Anathoth , 128 e e ; 28 the men of Beth-azmaveth , 42 e ; 29 the men of Kiriath-jearim , Chephirah and Beeroth , 743 e e e ; 30 the men of Ramah and Geba , 621 e e e ; 31 the men of Michmas , 122 e e ; 32 the men of Bethel and Ai , 123 e e ; 33 the men of the other Nebo , 52 e ; 34 the sons of the other Elam , 1,254 e e e ; 35 the sons of Harim , 320 e e ; 36 the men of Jericho , 345 e e e ; 37 the sons of Lod , Hadid and Ono , 721 e e e ; 38 the sons of Senaah , 3,930 e e e e . 39 The priests : the sons of Jedaiah of the house of Jeshua , 973 e e e ; 40 the sons of Immer , 1,052 e e ; 41 the sons of Pashhur , 1,247 e e e ; 42 the sons of Harim , 1,017 e e . 43 The Levites : the sons of Jeshua , of Kadmiel , of the sons of Hodevah , 74 e . 44 The singers : the sons of Asaph , 148 e e . 45 The gatekeepers : the sons of Shallum , the sons of Ater , the sons of Talmon , the sons of Akkub , the sons of Hatita , the sons of Shobai , 138 e e . 46 The temple servants : the sons of Ziha , the sons of Hasupha , the sons of Tabbaoth , 47 the sons of Keros , the sons of Sia , the sons of Padon , 48 the sons of Lebana , the sons of Hagaba , the sons of Shalmai , 49 the sons of Hanan , the sons of Giddel , the sons of Gahar , 50 the sons of Reaiah , the sons of Rezin , the sons of Nekoda , 51 the sons of Gazzam , the sons of Uzza , the sons of Paseah , 52 the sons of Besai , the sons of Meunim , the sons of Nephushesim , 53 the sons of Bakbuk , the sons of Hakupha , the sons of Harhur , 54 the sons of Bazlith , the sons of Mehida , the sons of Harsha , 55 the sons of Barkos , the sons of Sisera , the sons of Temah , 56 the sons of Neziah , the sons of Hatipha . 57 The sons of Solomon's servants : the sons of Sotai , the sons of Sophereth , the sons of Perida , 58 the sons of Jaala , the sons of Darkon , the sons of Giddel , 59 the sons of Shephatiah , the sons of Hattil , the sons of Pochereth-hazzebaim , the sons of Amon . 60 All the temple servants and the sons of Solomon's servants were 392 e e e . 61 These were they who came up from Tel-melah , Tel-harsha , Cherub , Addon and Immer ; but they could not show their fathers' houses or their descendants , whether they were of Israel : 62 the sons of Delaiah , the sons of Tobiah , the sons of Nekoda , 642 e e e . 63 Of the priests : the sons of Hobaiah , the sons of Hakkoz , the sons of Barzillai , who took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai , the Gileadite , and was named e after them. 64 These searched among their ancestral registration e , but it could not be located ; therefore they were considered unclean and excluded from the priesthood . 65 The governor said to them that they should not eat from the most holy things until a priest arose with Urim and Thummim . 66 The whole assembly together was 42,360 e e e e e , 67 besides e their male and their female servants e , of whom there were 7,337 e e e e e ; and they had 245 e e male and female singers . 68 Their horses were 736 e e ; their mules , 245 e e ; 69 their camels , 435 e e e ; their donkeys , 6,720 e e e e . 70 Some from among the heads of fathers' households gave to the work . The governor gave to the treasury 1,000 gold drachmas , 50 basins , 530 e e priests' garments . 71 Some of the heads of fathers' households gave into the treasury of the work 20,000 e gold drachmas and 2,200 e silver minas . 72 That which the rest of the people gave was 20,000 e gold drachmas and 2,000 silver minas and 67 e priests' garments . 73 Now the priests , the Levites , the gatekeepers , the singers , some of the people , the temple servants and all Israel , lived in their cities . And when the seventh month came , the sons of Israel were in their cities .
Ezra Reads the Law to the People
8 1 And all the people gathered as one man at the square which was in front of the Water Gate , and they asked Ezra the scribe to bring the book of the law of Moses which the Lord had given to Israel . 2 Then Ezra the priest brought the law before the assembly of men , women and all who could listen with understanding , on the first day of the seventh month . 3 He read from it before the square which was in front of the Water Gate from early morning until midday e , in the presence of men and women , those who could understand ; and all the people were attentive to the book of the law . 4 Ezra the scribe stood at a wooden podium which they had made for the purpose . And beside him stood Mattithiah , Shema , Anaiah , Uriah , Hilkiah , and Maaseiah on his right hand ; and Pedaiah , Mishael , Malchijah , Hashum , Hashbaddanah , Zechariah and Meshullam on his left hand . 5 Ezra opened the book in the sight of all the people for he was standing above e all the people ; and when he opened it, all the people stood up. 6 Then Ezra blessed the Lord the great God . And all the people answered , " Amen , Amen !" while lifting up their hands ; then they bowed low and worshiped the Lord with their faces to the ground . 7 Also Jeshua , Bani , Sherebiah , Jamin , Akkub , Shabbethai , Hodiah , Maaseiah , Kelita , Azariah , Jozabad , Hanan , Pelaiah , the Levites , explained the law to the people while the people remained in their place . 8 They read from the book , from the law of God , translating to give the sense so that they understood the reading .
9 Then Nehemiah , who was the governor , and Ezra the priest and scribe , and the Levites who taught the people said to all the people , " This day is holy to the Lord your God ; do not mourn or weep ." For all the people were weeping when they heard the words of the law . 10 Then he said to them, "Go , eat of the fat , drink of the sweet , and send portions to him who has nothing prepared ; for this day is holy to our Lord . Do not be grieved , for the joy of the Lord is your strength ." 11 So the Levites calmed all the people , saying , "Be still , for the day is holy ; do not be grieved ." 12 All the people went away to eat , to drink , to send portions and to celebrate a great festival , because they understood the words which had been made known to them.
13 Then on the second day the heads of fathers' households of all the people , the priests and the Levites were gathered to Ezra the scribe that they might gain insight into the words of the law . 14 They found written in the law how the Lord had commanded through Moses that the sons of Israel should live in booths during the feast of the seventh month . 15 So they proclaimed and circulated a proclamation in all their cities and in Jerusalem , saying , " Go out to the hills , and bring olive branches and wild e olive branches , myrtle branches , palm branches and branches of other leafy trees , to make booths , as it is written ." 16 So the people went out and brought them and made booths for themselves, each on his roof , and in their courts and in the courts of the house of God , and in the square at the Water Gate and in the square at the Gate of Ephraim . 17 The entire assembly of those who had returned from the captivity made booths and lived in them. The sons of Israel had indeed not done so from the days of Joshua the son of Nun to that day . And there was great rejoicing . 18 He read from the book of the law of God daily , from the first day to the last day . And they celebrated the feast seven days , and on the eighth day there was a solemn assembly according to the ordinance .