Leviticus 11-13 New American Standard Bible

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Clean and Unclean Animals

11 The Lord spoke again to Moses and to Aaron , saying to them, 2  "Speak to the sons of Israel , saying , ' These are the creatures which you may eat from all the animals that are on the earth . 3  'Whatever divides a hoof , thus making split hoofs , and chews the cud , among the animals , that you may eat . 4  'Nevertheless , you are not to eat of these , among those which chew the cud , or among those which divide the hoof : the camel , for though it chews cud , it does not divide the hoof , it is unclean to you. 5  'Likewise, the shaphan , for though it chews cud , it does not divide the hoof , it is unclean to you; 6  the rabbit also, for though it chews cud , it does not divide the hoof , it is unclean to you; 7  and the pig , for though it divides the hoof , thus making a split hoof , it does not chew cud , it is unclean to you. 8  'You shall not eat of their flesh nor touch their carcasses ; they are unclean to you.

9  ' These you may eat , whatever e is in the water : all that have fins and scales , those in the water , in the seas or in the rivers , you may eat . 10  ' But whatever e is in the seas and in the rivers that does not have fins and scales among all the teeming life of the water , and among all the living creatures that are in the water , they are detestable things to you, 11  and they shall be abhorrent to you; you may not eat of their flesh , and their carcasses you shall detest . 12  'Whatever e in the water does not have fins and scales is abhorrent to you. 13  'These , moreover, you shall detest among the birds ; they are abhorrent , not to be eaten : the eagle and the vulture and the buzzard , 14  and the kite and the falcon in its kind , 15  every raven in its kind , 16  and the ostrich and the owl and the sea gull and the hawk in its kind , 17  and the little owl and the cormorant and the great owl , 18  and the white owl and the pelican and the carrion vulture , 19  and the stork , the heron in its kinds , and the hoopoe , and the bat .

20  'All the winged insects that walk on all fours are detestable to you. 21  'Yet these you may eat among all the winged insects which walk on all fours : those which have above e their feet jointed legs with which to jump on the earth . 22  'These of them you may eat : the locust in its kinds , and the devastating locust in its kinds , and the cricket in its kinds , and the grasshopper in its kinds . 23  'But all other winged insects which are four-footed e are detestable to you. 24  'By these , moreover, you will be made unclean : whoever touches their carcasses becomes unclean until evening , 25  and whoever picks up any of their carcasses shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening . 26  'Concerning all the animals which divide the hoof but do not make a split hoof, or which do not chew cud , they are unclean to you: whoever touches them becomes unclean . 27  'Also whatever walks on its paws , among all the creatures that walk on all fours , are unclean to you; whoever touches their carcasses becomes unclean until evening , 28  and the one who picks up their carcasses shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening ; they are unclean to you. 29  'Now these are to you the unclean among the swarming things which swarm on the earth : the mole , and the mouse , and the great lizard in its kinds , 30  and the gecko , and the crocodile , and the lizard , and the sand reptile , and the chameleon . 31  'These are to you the unclean among all the swarming things ; whoever touches them when they are dead becomes unclean until evening . 32  'Also anything on which one of them may fall when they are dead becomes unclean , including any wooden article , or clothing , or a skin , or a sack -any article of which use is made - it shall be put in the water and be unclean until evening , then it becomes clean . 33  'As for any earthenware vessel into which one of them may fall , whatever e is in it becomes unclean and you shall break the vessel. 34  'Any e of the food which may be eaten , on which water comes , shall become unclean , and any liquid which may be drunk in every vessel shall become unclean . 35  'Everything , moreover, on which part of their carcass may fall becomes unclean ; an oven or a stove shall be smashed ; they are unclean and shall continue as unclean to you. 36  'Nevertheless a spring or a cistern collecting water shall be clean , though the one who touches their carcass shall be unclean . 37  'If a part of their carcass falls on any seed for sowing which is to be sown , it is clean . 38  'Though if water is put on the seed and a part of their carcass falls on it, it is unclean to you. 39  'Also if one of the animals dies which you have for food , the one who touches its carcass becomes unclean until evening . 40  ' He too, who eats some of its carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening , and the one who picks up its carcass shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening . 41  ' Now every swarming thing that swarms on the earth is detestable , not to be eaten . 42  'Whatever crawls on its belly , and whatever walks on all fours , whatever has many feet , in respect to every swarming thing that swarms on the earth , you shall not eat them, for they are detestable .

43  ' Do not render yourselves detestable through any of the swarming things that swarm ; and you shall not make yourselves unclean with them so that you become unclean . 44  'For I am the Lord your God . Consecrate yourselves therefore, and be holy , for I am holy . And you shall not make yourselves unclean with any of the swarming things that swarm on the earth . 45  ' For I am the Lord who brought you up from the land of Egypt to be your God ; thus you shall be holy , for I am holy .' " 46  This is the law regarding the animal and the bird , and every living thing that moves in the waters and everything that swarms on the earth , 47  to make a distinction between the unclean and the clean , and between the edible creature and the creature which is not to be eaten .

The Purification of Women after Childbirth

12 Then the Lord spoke to Moses , saying , 2  "Speak to the sons of Israel , saying : 'When a woman gives birth and bears a male child, then she shall be unclean for seven days , as in the days of her menstruation e she shall be unclean . 3  'On the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin shall be circumcised . 4  'Then she shall remain in the blood of her purification for thirty-three e days ; she shall not touch any consecrated thing , nor enter the sanctuary until the days of her purification are completed . 5  'But if she bears a female child, then she shall be unclean for two weeks , as in her menstruation ; and she shall remain in the blood of her purification for sixty-six days .

6  ' When the days of her purification are completed , for a son or for a daughter , she shall bring to the priest at the doorway of the tent of meeting a one year old lamb for a burnt offering and a young pigeon or a turtledove for a sin offering . 7  'Then he shall offer it before the Lord and make atonement for her, and she shall be cleansed from the flow of her blood . This is the law for her who bears a child, whether a male or a female . 8  'But if she cannot afford e a lamb , then she shall take two turtledoves or two young pigeons , the one for a burnt offering and the other for a sin offering ; and the priest shall make atonement for her, and she will be clean .' "

Laws concerning Leprosy

13 Then the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron , saying , 2  "When a man has on the skin of his body a swelling or a scab or a bright spot , and it becomes an infection of leprosy on the skin of his body , then he shall be brought to Aaron the priest or to one of his sons the priests . 3  "The priest shall look at the mark on the skin of the body , and if the hair in the infection has turned white and the infection appears to be deeper than the skin of his body , it is an infection of leprosy ; when the priest has looked at him, he shall pronounce him unclean . 4  "But if the bright spot is white on the skin of his body , and it does not appear to be deeper than the skin , and the hair on it has not turned white , then the priest shall isolate him who has the infection for seven days . 5  "The priest shall look at him on the seventh day , and if in his eyes the infection has not changed and the infection has not spread on the skin , then the priest shall isolate him for seven more days . 6  "The priest shall look at him again on the seventh day , and if the infection has faded and the mark has not spread on the skin , then the priest shall pronounce him clean ; it is only a scab . And he shall wash his clothes and be clean . 7  "But if the scab spreads farther on the skin after he has shown himself to the priest for his cleansing , he shall appear again to the priest . 8  "The priest shall look , and if the scab has spread on the skin , then the priest shall pronounce him unclean ; it is leprosy . 9  "When the infection of leprosy is on a man , then he shall be brought to the priest . 10  "The priest shall then look , and if there is a white swelling in the skin , and it has turned the hair white , and there is quick raw flesh in the swelling , 11  it is a chronic leprosy on the skin of his body , and the priest shall pronounce him unclean ; he shall not isolate him, for he is unclean . 12  "If the leprosy breaks out farther on the skin , and the leprosy covers all the skin of him who has the infection from his head even to his feet , as far as the priest can see e , 13  then the priest shall look , and behold , if the leprosy has covered all his body , he shall pronounce clean him who has the infection ; it has all turned white and he is clean . 14  "But whenever raw flesh appears on him, he shall be unclean . 15  "The priest shall look at the raw flesh , and he shall pronounce him unclean ; the raw flesh is unclean , it is leprosy . 16  "Or if the raw flesh turns again and is changed to white , then he shall come to the priest , 17  and the priest shall look at him, and behold , if the infection has turned to white , then the priest shall pronounce clean him who has the infection ; he is clean .

18  "When the body has a boil on its skin and it is healed , 19  and in the place of the boil there is a white swelling or a reddish-white , bright spot , then it shall be shown to the priest ; 20  and the priest shall look , and behold , if it appears to be lower than the skin , and the hair on it has turned white , then the priest shall pronounce him unclean ; it is the infection of leprosy , it has broken out in the boil . 21  "But if the priest looks at it, and behold , there are no white hairs in it and it is not lower than the skin and is faded , then the priest shall isolate him for seven days ; 22  and if it spreads farther on the skin , then the priest shall pronounce him unclean ; it is an infection . 23  "But if the bright spot remains in its place and does not spread , it is only the scar of the boil ; and the priest shall pronounce him clean . 24  "Or if the body sustains in its skin a burn by fire , and the raw flesh of the burn becomes a bright spot , reddish-white , or white , 25  then the priest shall look at it. And if the hair in the bright spot has turned white and it appears to be deeper than the skin , it is leprosy ; it has broken out in the burn . Therefore, the priest shall pronounce him unclean ; it is an infection of leprosy . 26  "But if the priest looks at it, and indeed , there is no white hair in the bright spot and it is no deeper than the skin , but is dim , then the priest shall isolate him for seven days ; 27  and the priest shall look at him on the seventh day . If it spreads farther in the skin , then the priest shall pronounce him unclean ; it is an infection of leprosy . 28  "But if the bright spot remains in its place and has not spread in the skin , but is dim , it is the swelling from the burn ; and the priest shall pronounce him clean , for it is only the scar of the burn . 29  "Now if a man or woman has an infection on the head or on the beard , 30  then the priest shall look at the infection , and if it appears to be deeper than the skin and there is thin yellowish hair in it, then the priest shall pronounce him unclean ; it is a scale , it is leprosy of the head or of the beard . 31  "But if the priest looks at the infection of the scale , and indeed , it appears to be no deeper than the skin and there is no black hair in it, then the priest shall isolate the person with the scaly infection for seven days . 32  "On the seventh day the priest shall look at the infection , and if the scale has not spread and no yellowish hair has grown in it, and the appearance of the scale is no deeper than the skin , 33  then he shall shave himself, but he shall not shave the scale ; and the priest shall isolate the person with the scale seven more days . 34  "Then on the seventh day the priest shall look at the scale , and if the scale has not spread in the skin and it appears to be no deeper than the skin , the priest shall pronounce him clean ; and he shall wash his clothes and be clean . 35  "But if the scale spreads farther in the skin after his cleansing , 36  then the priest shall look at him, and if the scale has spread in the skin , the priest need not seek for the yellowish hair ; he is unclean . 37  "If in his sight the scale has remained , however, and black hair has grown in it, the scale has healed , he is clean ; and the priest shall pronounce him clean .

38  "When a man or a woman has bright spots on the skin of the body , even white bright spots , 39  then the priest shall look , and if the bright spots on the skin of their bodies are a faint white , it is eczema that has broken out on the skin ; he is clean . 40  "Now if a man loses the hair of his head , he is bald ; he is clean . 41  "If his head becomes bald at the front and sides , he is bald on the forehead ; he is clean . 42  "But if on the bald head or the bald forehead , there occurs a reddish-white infection , it is leprosy breaking out on his bald head or on his bald forehead . 43  "Then the priest shall look at him; and if the swelling of the infection is reddish-white on his bald head or on his bald forehead , like the appearance of leprosy in the skin of the body , 44  he is a leprous man , he is unclean . The priest shall surely pronounce him unclean ; his infection is on his head . 45  "As for the leper who has the infection , his clothes shall be torn , and the hair of his head shall be uncovered , and he shall cover his mustache and cry , ' Unclean ! Unclean !' 46  "He shall remain unclean all the days during which he has the infection ; he is unclean . He shall live alone ; his dwelling shall be outside e the camp .

47  "When a garment has a mark of leprosy in it, whether it is a wool garment or a linen garment , 48  whether in warp or woof , of linen or of wool , whether in leather or in any article made of leather , 49  if the mark is greenish or reddish in the garment or in the leather , or in the warp or in the woof , or in any article of leather , it is a leprous mark and shall be shown to the priest . 50  "Then the priest shall look at the mark and shall quarantine the article with the mark for seven days . 51  "He shall then look at the mark on the seventh day ; if the mark has spread in the garment , whether in the warp or in the woof , or in the leather , whatever the purpose for which the leather is used , the mark is a leprous malignancy , it is unclean . 52  "So he shall burn the garment , whether the warp or the woof , in wool or in linen , or any article of leather in which the mark occurs , for it is a leprous malignancy ; it shall be burned in the fire . 53  "But if the priest shall look , and indeed the mark has not spread in the garment , either in the warp or in the woof , or in any article of leather , 54  then the priest shall order them to wash the thing in which the mark occurs and he shall quarantine it for seven more days . 55  "After the article with the mark has been washed , the priest shall again look , and if the mark has not changed its appearance , even though the mark has not spread , it is unclean ; you shall burn it in the fire , whether an eating away has produced bareness e on the top or on the front of it. 56  "Then if the priest looks , and if the mark has faded after it has been washed , then he shall tear it out of the garment or out of the leather , whether from the warp or from the woof ; 57  and if it appears again in the garment , whether in the warp or in the woof , or in any article of leather , it is an outbreak ; the article with the mark shall be burned in the fire . 58  "The garment , whether the warp or the woof , or any article of leather from which the mark has departed when you washed it, it shall then be washed a second time and will be clean ." 59  This is the law for the mark of leprosy in a garment of wool or linen , whether in the warp or in the woof , or in any article of leather , for pronouncing it clean or unclean .

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