1 1 Paul , an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God , and Timothy our brother , To the church of God which is at Corinth with all the saints who are throughout Achaia : 2 Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ .
3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ , the Father of mercies and God of all comfort , 4 who comforts us in all our affliction so that we will be able to comfort those who are in any affliction with the comfort with which we ourselves are comforted by God . 5 For just as the sufferings of Christ are ours in abundance , so also our comfort is abundant through Christ . 6 But if we are afflicted , it is for your comfort and salvation ; or if we are comforted , it is for your comfort , which is effective in the patient enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer ;
7 and our hope for you is firmly grounded , knowing that as you are sharers of our sufferings , so also you are sharers of our comfort . 8 For we do not want you to be unaware , brethren , of our affliction which came to us in  Asia , that we were burdened excessively e , beyond our strength , so that we despaired even of life ; 9 indeed , we had the sentence of death within ourselves so that we would not trust in ourselves , but in God who raises the dead ; 10 who delivered us from so great a peril of death , and will deliver us, He on whom we have set our hope . And He will yet deliver us, 11 you also joining in helping us through your prayers , so that thanks may be given by many persons on our behalf for the favor bestowed on us through the prayers of many .
The Postponement of Paul's Visit
12 For our proud confidence is this : the testimony of our conscience , that in holiness and godly sincerity , not in fleshly wisdom but in the grace of God , we have conducted ourselves in the world , and especially toward you. 13 For we write nothing else to you than what you read and understand , and I hope you will understand until the end ; 14 just as you also partially did understand us, that we are your reason to be proud as you also are ours , in the day of our Lord Jesus .
15 In this confidence I intended at first to come to you, so that you might twice receive a  blessing ; 16 that is, to pass your way into Macedonia , and again from Macedonia to come to you, and by you to be helped on my journey to Judea . 17 Therefore , I was not vacillating e when I intended to do this , was I? Or what I purpose , do I purpose according to the flesh , so that with me there will be yes , yes and no , no at the same time? 18 But as God is faithful , our word to you is not yes and no . 19 For the Son of God , Christ Jesus , who was preached among you by us-by me and Silvanus and Timothy -was not yes and no , but is yes in Him. 20 For as many as are the promises of God , in Him they are yes ; therefore also through Him is our Amen to the glory of God through us. 21 Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and anointed us is God , 22 who also sealed us and gave us the Spirit in our hearts as a pledge . 23 But I call God as witness to my soul , that to spare you I did not come again to Corinth . 24 Not that we lord it over your faith , but are workers with you for your joy ; for in your faith you are standing firm .
2 1 But I determined this for my own sake , that I would not come to you in sorrow again . 2 For if I cause you sorrow , who then makes me glad but the one whom I made sorrowful ? 3 This is the very thing I wrote you, so e that when I came , I would not have sorrow from those who ought to make me rejoice ; having confidence in you all that my joy would be the joy of you all . 4 For out of much affliction and anguish of heart I wrote to you with many tears ; not so that you would be made sorrowful , but that you might know the love which I have especially for you.
Forgiveness for the Offender
5 But if any has caused sorrow , he has caused sorrow not to me, but in some degree -in order not to say too much -to all of you. 6 Sufficient for such a one is this punishment which was inflicted by the majority , 7 so that on the contrary you should rather forgive and comfort him, otherwise such a one might be overwhelmed by excessive sorrow . 8 Wherefore I urge you to reaffirm your love for him. 9 For to this end also I wrote , so that I might put you to the test , whether you are obedient in all things . 10 But one whom you forgive anything , I forgive also ; for indeed what I have forgiven , if I have forgiven anything , I did it for your sakes in the presence of Christ , 11 so that no advantage would be taken of us by Satan , for we are not ignorant of his schemes .
Paul's Anxiety at Troas
12 Now when I came to Troas for the gospel of Christ and when a door was opened for me in the Lord , 13 I had no rest for my spirit , not finding Titus my brother ; but taking my leave of them, I went on to Macedonia .
Triumphant in Christ
14 But thanks be to God , who always leads us in triumph in Christ , and manifests through us the sweet aroma of the knowledge of Him in every place . 15 For we are a fragrance of Christ to God among those who are being saved and among those who are perishing ; 16 to the one an aroma from death to death , to the other an aroma from life to life . And who is adequate for these things ? 17 For we are not like many , peddling the word of God , but as from sincerity , but as from God , we speak in Christ in the sight of God .
Ministers of the New Covenant
3 1 Are we beginning to commend ourselves again ? Or do we need , as some , letters of commendation to you or from you? 2 You are our letter , written in our hearts , known and read by all men ; 3 being manifested that you are a letter of Christ , cared for by us, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God , not on tablets of stone but on tablets of human hearts . 4 Such confidence we have through Christ toward God . 5 Not that we are adequate in ourselves to consider anything as coming from ourselves , but our adequacy is from God ,
6 who also made us adequate as servants of a new covenant , not of the letter but of the Spirit ; for the letter kills , but the Spirit gives life . 7 But if the ministry of death , in letters engraved on stones , came with glory , so that the sons of Israel could not look intently at the face of Moses because of the glory of his face , fading as it was, 8 how will the ministry of the Spirit fail to be even more with glory ? 9 For if the ministry of condemnation has glory , much more does the ministry of righteousness abound in glory . 10 For indeed what had glory , in this case has no glory because of the glory that surpasses it. 11 For if that which fades away was with glory , much more that which remains is in glory .
12 Therefore having such a hope , we use great boldness in our speech , 13 and are not like Moses , who used to put a veil over his face so that the sons of Israel would not look intently at the end of what was fading away . 14 But their minds were hardened ; for until this very day at the reading of the old covenant the same veil remains unlifted , because it is removed in Christ . 15 But to this day whenever e Moses is read , a veil lies over their heart ; 16 but whenever e a person turns to the Lord , the veil is taken away . 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit , and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty . 18 But we all , with unveiled face , beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord , are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory , just as from the Lord , the Spirit .
4 1 Therefore e , since we have this ministry , as we received mercy , we do not lose heart , 2 but we have renounced the things hidden because of shame , not walking in craftiness or adulterating the word of God , but by the manifestation of truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God . 3 And even if our gospel is veiled , it is veiled to those who are perishing , 4 in whose case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelieving so that they might not see the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ , who is the image of God . 5 For we do not preach ourselves but Christ Jesus as Lord , and ourselves as your bond-servants for Jesus' sake . 6 For God , who said , " Light shall shine out of darkness ," is the One who has shone in our hearts to give the Light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Christ .
Living by Faith
7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels , so that the surpassing greatness of the power will be of God and not from ourselves ;
8 we are afflicted in every way , but not crushed ; perplexed , but not despairing ; 9 persecuted , but not forsaken ; struck down , but not destroyed ; 10 always carrying about in the body the dying of Jesus , so that the life of Jesus also may be manifested in our body . 11 For we who live are constantly being delivered over to death for Jesus' sake , so that the life of Jesus also may be manifested in our mortal flesh . 12 So death works in us, but life in you. 13 But having the same spirit of faith , according to what is written , " I BELIEVED , THEREFORE I SPOKE ," we also believe , therefore we also speak , 14 knowing that He who raised the Lord Jesus will raise us also with Jesus and will present us with you. 15 For all things are for your sakes , so that the grace which is spreading to more and more people may cause the giving of thanks to abound to the glory of God . 16 Therefore we do not lose heart , but though e our outer man is decaying , yet our inner man is being renewed day by day . 17 For momentary , light affliction is producing for us an eternal weight of glory far beyond all comparison , 18 while we look not at the things which are seen , but at the things which are not seen ; for the things which are seen are temporal , but the things which are not seen are eternal .
1:1 Or "holy ones"
1:4 Lit "every"
1:5 Lit "to us"
1:8 I.e. west coast province of Asia Minor
1:9 Lit "but we ourselves"
1:10 One early ms reads "on whom we have set our hope that He will also"
1:12 Lit "boasting"
1:15 Lit "have a second grace"
1:15 One early ms reads "joy"
1:16 Lit "and"
1:16 Lit "through you into"
1:22 Or "down payment"
1:23 Lit "upon"