Mark 12-13 English Standard Version

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The Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen

12 And he began to speak to them in parables. "A man planted a vineyard and put a fence around it and dug a pit for the winepress and built a tower, and leased it to tenants and went into another country. 2  When the season came, he sent a servant[1] to the tenants to get from them some of the fruit of the vineyard. 3   And they took him and beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 4   Again he sent to them another servant, and they struck him on the head and treated him shamefully. 5   And he sent another, and him they killed. And so with many others: some they beat, and some they killed. 6  He had still one other, a beloved son. Finally he sent him to them, saying, 'They will respect my son.' 7  But those tenants said to one another, 'This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.' 8  And they took him and killed him and threw him out of the vineyard. 9  What will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the tenants and give the vineyard to others. 10   Have you not read this Scripture: "'The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone;[2] 11  this was the Lord's doing, and it is marvelous in our eyes'?" 12  And they were seeking to arrest him but feared the people, for they perceived that he had told the parable against them. So they left him and went away.

Paying Taxes to Caesar

13  And they sent to him some of the Pharisees and some of the Herodians, to trap him in his talk. 14  And they came and said to him, "Teacher, we know that you are true and do not care about anyone's opinion. For you are not swayed by appearances,[3] but truly teach the way of God. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not? Should we pay them, or should we not?" 15  But, knowing their hypocrisy, he said to them, "Why put me to the test? Bring me a denarius[4] and let me look at it." 16  And they brought one. And he said to them, "Whose likeness and inscription is this?" They said to him, "Caesar's." 17  Jesus said to them, "Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's." And they marveled at him.

The Question about the Resurrection

18  And Sadducees came to him, who say that there is no resurrection. And they asked him a question, saying, 19  "Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man's brother dies and leaves a wife, but leaves no child, the man[5] must take the widow and raise up offspring for his brother. 20  There were seven brothers; the first took a wife, and when he died left no offspring. 21  And the second took her, and died, leaving no offspring. And the third likewise. 22  And the seven left no offspring. Last of all the woman also died. 23  In the resurrection, when they rise again, whose wife will she be? For the seven had her as wife." 24  Jesus said to them, "Is this not the reason you are wrong, because you know neither the Scriptures nor the power of God? 25  For when they rise from the dead, they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. 26  And as for the dead being raised, have you not read in the book of Moses, in the passage about the bush, how God spoke to him, saying, 'I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'? 27  He is not God of the dead, but of the living. You are quite wrong."

The Great Commandment

28  And one of the scribes came up and heard them disputing with one another, and seeing that he answered them well, asked him, "Which commandment is the most important of all?" 29  Jesus answered, "The most important is, 'Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one. 30  And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.' 31   The second is this: 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' There is no other commandment greater than these." 32  And the scribe said to him, "You are right, Teacher. You have truly said that he is one, and there is no other besides him. 33  And to love him with all the heart and with all the understanding and with all the strength, and to love one's neighbor as oneself, is much more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices." 34  And when Jesus saw that he answered wisely, he said to him, "You are not far from the kingdom of God." And after that no one dared to ask him any more questions.

The Question about David's Son

35  And as Jesus taught in the temple, he said, "How can the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David? 36  David himself, in the Holy Spirit, declared, "'The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, until I put your enemies under your feet.' 37  David himself calls him Lord. So how is he his son?" And the great throng heard him gladly.

Jesus Denounces the Scribes

38  And in his teaching he said, "Beware of the scribes, who like to walk around in long robes and like greetings in the marketplaces 39  and have the best seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at feasts, 40   who devour widows' houses and for a pretense make long prayers. They will receive the greater condemnation."

The Widow's Offering

41  And he sat down opposite the treasury and watched the people putting money into the offering box. Many rich people put in large sums. 42  And a poor widow came and put in two small copper coins, which make a penny.[6] 43  And he called his disciples to him and said to them, "Truly, I say to you, this poor widow has put in more than all those who are contributing to the offering box. 44  For they all contributed out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty has put in everything she had, all she had to live on."

The Destruction of the Temple and Signs before the End

13 And as he came out of the temple, one of his disciples said to him, "Look, Teacher, what wonderful stones and what wonderful buildings!" 2  And Jesus said to him, "Do you see these great buildings? There will not be left here one stone upon another that will not be thrown down." 3  And as he sat on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him privately, 4  "Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign when all these things are about to be accomplished?"

5  And Jesus began to say to them, "See that no one leads you astray. 6   Many will come in my name, saying, 'I am he!' and they will lead many astray. 7  And when you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be alarmed. This must take place, but the end is not yet. 8  For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places; there will be famines. These are but the beginning of the birth pains. 9   "But be on your guard. For they will deliver you over to councils, and you will be beaten in synagogues, and you will stand before governors and kings for my sake, to bear witness before them. 10  And the gospel must first be proclaimed to all nations. 11  And when they bring you to trial and deliver you over, do not be anxious beforehand what you are to say, but say whatever is given you in that hour, for it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit. 12   And brother will deliver brother over to death, and the father his child, and children will rise against parents and have them put to death. 13   And you will be hated by all for my name's sake. But the one who endures to the end will be saved.

14  "But when you see the abomination of desolation standing where he ought not to be ( let the reader understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. 15   Let the one who is on the housetop not go down, nor enter his house, to take anything out, 16  and let the one who is in the field not turn back to take his cloak. 17  And alas for women who are pregnant and for those who are nursing infants in those days! 18  Pray that it may not happen in winter. 19  For in those days there will be such tribulation as has not been from the beginning of the creation that God created until now, and never will be. 20  And if the Lord had not cut short the days, no human being would be saved. But for the sake of the elect, whom he chose, he shortened the days. 21  And then if anyone says to you, 'Look, here is the Christ!' or 'Look, there he is!' do not believe it. 22   For false christs and false prophets will arise and perform signs and wonders, to lead astray, if possible, the elect. 23  But be on guard; I have told you all things beforehand.

The Coming of the Son of Man

24  "But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light, 25  and the stars will be falling from heaven, and the powers in the heavens will be shaken. 26  And then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory. 27  And then he will send out the angels and gather his elect from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of heaven.

28  "From the fig tree learn its lesson: as soon as its branch becomes tender and puts out its leaves, you know that summer is near. 29  So also, when you see these things taking place, you know that he is near, at the very gates. 30   Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place. 31   Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away. 32  "But concerning that day or that hour, no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. 33   Be on guard, keep awake.[7] For you do not know when the time will come. 34   It is like a man going on a journey, when he leaves home and puts his servants[8] in charge, each with his work, and commands the doorkeeper to stay awake. 35   Therefore stay awake--for you do not know when the master of the house will come, in the evening, or at midnight, or when the rooster crows,[9] or in the morning-- 36  lest he come suddenly and find you asleep. 37  And what I say to you I say to all: Stay awake."

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Footnotes

[1] 12:2 Greek bondservant; also verse 4

[2] 12:10 Greek the head of the corner

[3] 12:14 Greek you do not look at people's faces

[4] 12:15 A denarius was a day's wage for a laborer

[5] 12:19 Greek his brother

[6] 12:42 Greek two lepta, which make a kodrantes; a kodrantes (Latin quadrans) was a Roman copper coin worth about 1/64 of a denarius (which was a day's wage for a laborer)

[7] 13:33 Some manuscripts add and pray

[8] 13:34 Greek bondservants

[9] 13:35 That is, the third watch of the night, between midnight and 3 a.m.

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