John 2-4 English Standard Version

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The Wedding at Cana

2 On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. 2  Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. 3  When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, "They have no wine." 4  And Jesus said to her, "Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come." 5  His mother said to the servants, "Do whatever he tells you." 6  Now there were six stone water jars there for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons.[1] 7  Jesus said to the servants, "Fill the jars with water." And they filled them up to the brim. 8  And he said to them, "Now draw some out and take it to the master of the feast." So they took it. 9  When the master of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom 10  and said to him, "Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now." 11  This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him.

12  After this he went down to Capernaum, with his mother and his brothers[2] and his disciples, and they stayed there for a few days.

The Cleansing of the Temple

13  The Passover of the Jews was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14  In the temple he found those who were selling oxen and sheep and pigeons, and the money-changers sitting there. 15  And making a whip of cords, he drove them all out of the temple, with the sheep and oxen. And he poured out the coins of the money-changers and overturned their tables. 16  And he told those who sold the pigeons, "Take these things away; do not make my Father's house a house of trade." 17  His disciples remembered that it was written, "Zeal for your house will consume me." 18  So the Jews said to him, "What sign do you show us for doing these things?" 19  Jesus answered them, "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up." 20  The Jews then said, "It has taken forty-six years to build this temple, and will you raise it up in three days?" 21  But he was speaking about the temple of his body. 22  When therefore he was raised from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this, and they believed the Scripture and the word that Jesus had spoken.

Jesus Knows All Men

23  Now when he was in Jerusalem at the Passover Feast, many believed in his name when they saw the signs that he was doing. 24  But Jesus on his part did not entrust himself to them, because he knew all people 25  and needed no one to bear witness about man, for he himself knew what was in man.

Jesus and Nicodemus

3 Now there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 2  This man came to Jesus[3] by night and said to him, "Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God, for no one can do these signs that you do unless God is with him." 3  Jesus answered him, "Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again[4] he cannot see the kingdom of God." 4  Nicodemus said to him, "How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb and be born?" 5  Jesus answered, "Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God. 6   That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.[5] 7   Do not marvel that I said to you, 'You[6] must be born again.' 8   The wind[7] blows where it wishes, and you hear its sound, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. So it is with everyone who is born of the Spirit." 9  Nicodemus said to him, "How can these things be?" 10  Jesus answered him, "Are you the teacher of Israel and yet you do not understand these things? 11  Truly, truly, I say to you, we speak of what we know, and bear witness to what we have seen, but you[8] do not receive our testimony. 12  If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, how can you believe if I tell you heavenly things? 13   No one has ascended into heaven except he who descended from heaven, the Son of Man.[9] 14  And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, 15  that whoever believes in him may have eternal life.[10]

God So Loved the World

16  "For God so loved the world,[11] that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. 17  For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him. 18   Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God. 19   And this is the judgment: the light has come into the world, and people loved the darkness rather than the light because their works were evil. 20   For everyone who does wicked things hates the light and does not come to the light, lest his works should be exposed. 21  But whoever does what is true comes to the light, so that it may be clearly seen that his works have been carried out in God."

He Must Increase, but I Must Decrease

22  After this Jesus and his disciples went into the Judean countryside, and he remained there with them and was baptizing. 23  John also was baptizing at Aenon near Salim, because water was plentiful there, and people were coming and being baptized 24  (for John had not yet been put in prison). 25  Now a discussion arose between some of John's disciples and a Jew over purification. 26  And they came to John and said to him, "Rabbi, he who was with you across the Jordan, to whom you bore witness--look, he is baptizing, and all are going to him." 27  John answered, "A person cannot receive even one thing unless it is given him from heaven. 28  You yourselves bear me witness, that I said, 'I am not the Christ, but I have been sent before him.' 29  The one who has the bride is the bridegroom. The friend of the bridegroom, who stands and hears him, rejoices greatly at the bridegroom's voice. Therefore this joy of mine is now complete. 30  He must increase, but I must decrease."[12]

The Testimony from Heaven

31  He who comes from above is above all. He who is of the earth belongs to the earth and speaks in an earthly way. He who comes from heaven is above all. 32  He bears witness to what he has seen and heard, yet no one receives his testimony. 33  Whoever receives his testimony sets his seal to this, that God is true. 34  For he whom God has sent utters the words of God, for he gives the Spirit without measure. 35  The Father loves the Son and has given all things into his hand. 36  Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God remains on him.

Jesus and the Woman of Samaria

4 Now when Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John 2  (although Jesus himself did not baptize, but only his disciples), 3  he left Judea and departed again for Galilee.

4  And he had to pass through Samaria. 5  So he came to a town of Samaria called Sychar, near the field that Jacob had given to his son Joseph. 6  Jacob's well was there; so Jesus, wearied as he was from his journey, was sitting beside the well. It was about the sixth hour.[13] 7  A woman from Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her, "Give me a drink." 8  (For his disciples had gone away into the city to buy food.) 9  The Samaritan woman said to him, "How is it that you, a Jew, ask for a drink from me, a woman of Samaria?" ( For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.) 10  Jesus answered her, "If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, 'Give me a drink,' you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water." 11  The woman said to him, "Sir, you have nothing to draw water with, and the well is deep. Where do you get that living water? 12  Are you greater than our father Jacob? He gave us the well and drank from it himself, as did his sons and his livestock." 13  Jesus said to her, "Everyone who drinks of this water will be thirsty again, 14  but whoever drinks of the water that I will give him will never be thirsty again.[14] The water that I will give him will become in him a spring of water welling up to eternal life." 15  The woman said to him, "Sir, give me this water, so that I will not be thirsty or have to come here to draw water." 16  Jesus said to her, "Go, call your husband, and come here." 17  The woman answered him, "I have no husband." Jesus said to her, "You are right in saying, 'I have no husband'; 18  for you have had five husbands, and the one you now have is not your husband. What you have said is true." 19  The woman said to him, "Sir, I perceive that you are a prophet. 20  Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, but you say that in Jerusalem is the place where people ought to worship." 21  Jesus said to her, "Woman, believe me, the hour is coming when neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem will you worship the Father. 22   You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews. 23  But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father is seeking such people to worship him. 24  God is spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and truth." 25  The woman said to him, "I know that Messiah is coming (he who is called Christ). When he comes, he will tell us all things." 26  Jesus said to her, "I who speak to you am he."

27  Just then his disciples came back. They marveled that he was talking with a woman, but no one said, "What do you seek?" or, "Why are you talking with her?" 28  So the woman left her water jar and went away into town and said to the people, 29  "Come, see a man who told me all that I ever did. Can this be the Christ?" 30  They went out of the town and were coming to him. 31  Meanwhile the disciples were urging him, saying, "Rabbi, eat." 32  But he said to them, "I have food to eat that you do not know about." 33  So the disciples said to one another, "Has anyone brought him something to eat?" 34  Jesus said to them, "My food is to do the will of him who sent me and to accomplish his work. 35  Do you not say, 'There are yet four months, then comes the harvest'? Look, I tell you, lift up your eyes, and see that the fields are white for harvest. 36  Already the one who reaps is receiving wages and gathering fruit for eternal life, so that sower and reaper may rejoice together. 37  For here the saying holds true, 'One sows and another reaps.' 38  I sent you to reap that for which you did not labor. Others have labored, and you have entered into their labor." 39  Many Samaritans from that town believed in him because of the woman's testimony, "He told me all that I ever did." 40  So when the Samaritans came to him, they asked him to stay with them, and he stayed there two days. 41  And many more believed because of his word. 42  They said to the woman, "It is no longer because of what you said that we believe, for we have heard for ourselves, and we know that this is indeed the Savior of the world."

Jesus Heals a Nobleman's Son

43  After the two days he departed for Galilee. 44  (For Jesus himself had testified that a prophet has no honor in his own hometown.) 45  So when he came to Galilee, the Galileans welcomed him, having seen all that he had done in Jerusalem at the feast. For they too had gone to the feast. 46  So he came again to Cana in Galilee, where he had made the water wine. And at Capernaum there was an official whose son was ill. 47  When this man heard that Jesus had come from Judea to Galilee, he went to him and asked him to come down and heal his son, for he was at the point of death. 48  So Jesus said to him, "Unless you see signs and wonders you will not believe." 49  The official said to him, "Sir, come down before my child dies." 50  Jesus said to him, "Go; your son will live." The man believed the word that Jesus spoke to him and went on his way. 51  As he was going down, his servants[15] met him and told him that his son was recovering. 52  So he asked them the hour when he began to get better, and they said to him, "Yesterday at the seventh hour[16] the fever left him." 53  The father knew that was the hour when Jesus had said to him, "Your son will live." And he himself believed, and all his household. 54  This was now the second sign that Jesus did when he had come from Judea to Galilee.

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Footnotes

[1] 2:6 Greek two or three measures (metretas); a metretes was about 10 gallons or 35 liters

[2] 2:12 Or brothers and sisters. The plural Greek word adelphoi (translated "brothers") refers to siblings in a family. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, adelphoi may refer either to brothers or to brothers and sisters

[3] 3:2 Greek him

[4] 3:3 Or from above; the Greek is purposely ambiguous and can mean both again and from above; also verse 7

[5] 3:6 The same Greek word means both wind and spirit

[6] 3:7 The Greek for you is plural here

[7] 3:8 The same Greek word means both wind and spirit

[8] 3:11 The Greek for you is plural here; also four times in verse 12

[9] 3:13 Some manuscripts add who is in heaven

[10] 3:15 Some interpreters hold that the quotation ends at verse 15

[11] 3:16 Or For this is how God loved the world

[12] 3:30 Some interpreters hold that the quotation continues through verse 36

[13] 4:6 That is, about noon

[14] 4:14 Greek forever

[15] 4:51 Greek bondservants

[16] 4:52 That is, at 1 p.m.

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