Leviticus 11-13 Bible in Basic English

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Clean and Unclean Animals

11 1  And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, 2  Say to the children of Israel: These are the living things which you may have for food among all the beasts on the earth. 3  You may have as food any beast which has a division in the horn of its foot, and whose food comes back into its mouth to be crushed again. 4  But, at the same time, of those beasts, you may not take for food the camel, because its food comes back but the horn of its foot is not parted in two; it is unclean to you. 5  And the rock-badger, for the same reason, is unclean to you. 6  And the hare, because the horn of its foot is not parted in two, is unclean to you. 7  And the pig is unclean to you, because though the horn of its foot is parted, its food does not come back. 8  Their flesh may not be used for food, and their dead bodies may not even be touched; they are unclean to you.

9  These you may have for food of all things living in the water: anything living in the water, in the seas or rivers, which has special parts for swimming and skin formed of thin plates, may be used for food. 10  All other things living and moving in the water, in the sea or in the rivers, are a disgusting thing to you; 11  They may not be used for food, and their dead bodies are disgusting to you. 12  Anything in the water which has no special parts for swimming and no thin plates on its skin is disgusting to you. 13  And among birds these are to be disgusting to you, and not to be used for food: the eagle and the gier-eagle and the ospray; 14  And the kite and the falcon, and birds of that sort; 15  Every raven, and birds of that sort; 16  And the ostrich and the night-hawk and the sea-hawk, and birds of that sort; 17  And the little owl and the cormorant and the great owl; 18  And the water-hen and the pelican and the vulture; 19  The stork and the heron, and birds of that sort, and the hoopoe and the bat.

20  Every winged four-footed thing which goes on the earth is disgusting to you; 21  But of the winged four-footed things, those which have long legs for jumping on the earth you may have for food; 22  Such as all the different sorts of locust. 23  But all other winged four-footed things which go on the earth are disgusting to you. 24  By these you will be made unclean; anyone touching their dead bodies will be unclean till evening: 25  Whoever takes away the dead body of one of them is to have his clothing washed, and will be unclean till evening. 26  Every beast, in the horn of whose foot there is not a complete division, and whose food does not come back, is unclean to you: anyone touching one of these will be unclean. 27  Any four-footed beast which goes on the ball of its foot, is unclean to you: anyone touching the dead body of one of these will be unclean till evening. 28  Anyone who takes away the dead body of one of these is to have his clothing washed and be unclean till evening. 29  And these are unclean to you among things which go low down on the earth; the weasel and the mouse and the great lizard, and animals of that sort; 30  And the ferret and the land crocodile and the lizard and the sand-lizard and the chameleon. 31  All these are unclean to you: anyone touching them when they are dead will be unclean till evening. 32  The dead body of any of these, falling on anything, will make that thing unclean; if it is any vessel of wood, or clothing, or skin, or bag, whatever it is, if it is used for any purpose, it will have to be put into water, and will be unclean till evening; after that it will be clean. 33  And if one of them gets into any vessel of earth, whatever is in the vessel will be unclean and the vessel will have to be broken. 34  Any food in it, and anything on which water from it comes, will be unclean: any drink taken from such a vessel will be unclean. 35  Any part of the dead body of one of these, falling on anything, will make it unclean; if it is an oven or a cooking-pot it will have to be broken: they are unclean and will be unclean to you. 36  But at the same time a fountain or a place where water is stored for use will be clean; but anyone touching their dead bodies will be unclean. 37  If any part of the dead body of one of these gets on to any seed for planting, it is clean; 38  But if water is put on the seed, and any part of the dead body gets on to it, it will be unclean to you. 39  And if any beast which may be used for food comes to a natural death, anyone touching its dead body will be unclean till evening. 40  And he who makes use of any part of its body for food is to have his clothing washed and be unclean till evening; and anyone taking away its body is to have his clothing washed and be unclean till evening. 41  Everything which goes flat on its body on the earth is disgusting, and is not to be used for food. 42  Whatever goes on its stomach or on four feet or has a great number of feet, even all those going flat on the earth, may not be used for food, for they are disgusting.

43  You are not to make yourselves disgusting with anything which goes about flat on the earth; you may not make yourselves unclean with them, in such a way that you are not holy to me. 44  For I am the Lord your God: for this reason, make and keep yourselves holy, for I am holy; you are not to make yourselves unclean with any sort of thing which goes about flat on the earth. 45  For I am the Lord, who took you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God; so be you holy, for I am holy. 46  This is the law about beasts and birds and every living thing moving in the waters, and every living thing which goes flat on the earth: 47  Marking out the unclean from the clean, and the living thing which may be used for food from that which may not.

The Purification of Women after Childbirth

12 1  And the Lord said to Moses, 2  Say to the children of Israel, If a woman is with child and gives birth to a male child, she will be unclean for seven days, as when she is unwell. 3  And on the eighth day let him be given circumcision. 4  And she will be unclean for thirty-three days till the flow of her blood is stopped; no holy thing may be touched by her, and she may not come into the holy place, till the days for making her clean are ended. 5  But if she gives birth to a female child, then she will be unclean for two weeks, as when she is unwell; and she will not be completely clean for sixty-six days.

6  And when the days are ended for making her clean for a son or a daughter, let her take to the priest at the door of the Tent of meeting, a lamb of the first year for a burned offering and a young pigeon or a dove for a sin-offering: 7  And the priest is to make an offering of it before the Lord and take away her sin, and she will be made clean from the flow of her blood. This is the law for a woman who gives birth to a male or a female. 8  And if she has not money enough for a lamb, then let her take two doves or two young pigeons, one for a burned offering and the other for a sin-offering, and the priest will take away her sin and she will be clean,

Laws concerning Leprosy

13 1  And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, 2  If a man has on his skin a growth or a mark or a white place, and it becomes the disease of a leper, let him be taken to Aaron the priest, or to one of the priests, his sons; 3  And if, when the priest sees the mark on his skin, the hair on the place is turned white and the mark seems to go deeper than the skin, it is the mark of a leper: and the priest, after looking at him, will say that he is unclean. 4  But if the mark on his skin is white, and does not seem to go deeper than the skin, and the hair on it is not turned white, then the priest will keep him shut up for seven days; 5  And the priest is to see him on the seventh day; and if, in his opinion, the place on his skin has not become worse and is not increased in size, then the priest will keep him shut up for seven days more: 6  And the priest is to see him again on the seventh day; and if the mark is less bright and is not increased on his skin, then let the priest say that he is clean: it is only a skin-mark, and after his clothing has been washed he will be clean. 7  But if the size of the mark on his skin is increased after he has been seen by the priest, let him go to the priest again: 8  And if, after looking at him, he sees that the mark is increased in his skin, let the priest say that he is unclean; he is a leper. 9  When the disease of a leper is seen on a man, let him be taken to the priest; 10  And if the priest sees that there is a white growth on the skin, and the hair is turned white, and there is diseased flesh in the growth, 11  It is an old disease in the skin of his flesh, and the priest will say that he is unclean; he will not have to be shut up, for he is clearly unclean. 12  And if the disease comes out all over his skin, from his head to his feet, as far as the priest is able to see, 13  And if the priest sees that all his flesh is covered with the leper's disease, the priest will say that he is clean: it is all turned white, he is clean. 14  But whenever diseased flesh is seen on him, he will be unclean. 15  And when the priest sees the diseased flesh he will say that he is unclean; the diseased flesh is unclean, he is a leper. 16  Or if the diseased flesh is turned again and changed to white then he is to come to the priest, 17  And the priest will see him: and if the place is turned white, then the priest will say that he is free from the disease.

18  And if a bad place has come out on the skin and is well again, 19  And on the same place there is a white growth of a bright mark, red and white, then let the priest see it; 20  And after looking at it, if it seems to go deeper than the skin, and the hair on it is turned white, then the priest will say that the man is unclean: it is the leper's disease, it has come out in the bad place. 21  But if, after looking at it, he sees that there are no white hairs on it, and it is not deeper than the skin, and it is not very bright, then let the priest keep him shut up for seven days: 22  And if it is increasing on the skin, the priest will say that he is unclean: it is a disease. 23  But if the bright mark keeps in the same place and gets no greater, it is the mark of the old wound, and the priest will say that he is clean. 24  Or if there is a burn on the skin of the flesh, and if the diseased flesh in the burn becomes a bright place, red and white or white, 25  The priest is to see it: and if the hair on the bright place is turned white and it seems to go deeper than the skin, he is a leper: it has come out in the burn, and the priest will say that he is unclean: it is the leper's disease. 26  But if, after looking at it, the priest sees that there is no white hair on the bright place, and it is not deeper than the skin, and is not very bright, then let the priest keep him shut up for seven days: 27  And the priest is to see him again on the seventh day; if it is increased in the skin, then the priest will say that he is unclean: it is the leper's disease. 28  And if the bright place keeps the same size and gets no greater on the skin, but is less bright, it is the effect of the burn, and the priest will say that he is clean: it is the mark of the burn. 29  And when a man or a woman has a disease on the head, or in the hair of the chin, 30  Then the priest is to see the diseased place: and if it seems to go deeper than the skin, and if there is thin yellow hair in it, then the priest will say that he is unclean: he has the mark of the leper's disease on his head or in the hair of his chin. 31  And after looking at the diseased place, if it does not seem to go deeper than the skin, and there is no black hair in it, then the priest will have him shut up for seven days: 32  And on the seventh day the priest will see the place: and if it is not increased, and there is no yellow hair in it, and it does not seem to go deeper than the skin, 33  Then his hair is to be cut off, but not on the diseased place, and he is to be shut up for seven days more: 34  And on the seventh day the priest will see the place: and if it is not increased, and does not seem to go deeper than the skin, the priest will say that he is clean: and after his clothing has been washed he will be clean. 35  But if the disease in his skin becomes worse after he has been made clean, 36  Then the priest is to see him: and if the mark is increased, the priest, without looking for the yellow hair, will say that he is unclean. 37  But if, in his opinion, the growth is stopped, and black hair has come up on it, the disease has gone; he is clean and the priest will say that he is clean.

38  And if a man or a woman has bright marks on the skin of their flesh, that is, bright white marks, 39  Then the priest is to see them: and if the white marks on their skin are not very bright, it is a skin disease which has come out on the skin; he is clean. 40  And if a man's hair has come out and he has no hair, still he is clean. 41  And if the hair has gone from the front part of his head, so that he has no hair there, still he is clean. 42  But if, on his head or on his brow, where he has no hair, there is a red and white place, it is the disease of the leper coming out on his head or on his brow. 43  Then if the priest sees that the growth of the disease has become red and white on his head or on his brow where there is no hair, like the mark in the skin of a leper; 44  He is a leper and unclean; the priest is to say that he is most certainly unclean: the disease is in his head. 45  And the leper who has the disease on him is to go about with signs of grief, with his hair loose and his mouth covered, crying, Unclean, unclean. 46  While the disease is on him, he will be unclean. He is unclean: let him keep by himself, living outside the tent-circle.

47  And any clothing of wool or of linen in which is the mark of the disease; 48  If it is in the threads of the linen or of the wool, or in leather, or in anything made of skin; 49  If there are red or green marks on the clothing, or on the leather, or in the threads of the cloth, or in anything made of skin, it is the leper's disease: let the priest see it. 50  And after it has been seen by the priest, the thing which is so marked is to be shut up for seven days: 51  And he is to see the mark on the seventh day; if the mark is increased in the clothing, or in the threads of the material, or in the leather, whatever the leather is used for, it is the disease biting into it: it is unclean. 52  And the clothing, or the wool or linen material, or anything of leather in which is the disease, is to be burned: for the disease is biting into it; let it be burned in the fire. 53  And if the priest sees that the mark is not increased in the clothing or in any part of the material or in the leather, 54  Then the priest will give orders for the thing on which the mark is, to be washed, and to be shut up for seven days more: 55  And if, after the mark has been washed, the priest sees that the colour of it is not changed and it is not increased, it is to be burned in the fire: the disease is working in it, though the damage may be inside or outside. 56  And if the priest sees that the mark is less bright after the washing, then let him have it cut out of the clothing or the leather or from the threads of the material: 57  And if the mark is still seen in the clothing or in the threads of the material or in the leather, it is the disease coming out: the thing in which the disease is will have to be burned with fire. 58  And the material of the clothing, or anything of skin, which has been washed, if the mark has gone out of it, let it be washed a second time and it will be clean. 59  This is the law about the leper's disease in the thread of wool or linen material, in clothing or in anything of skin, saying how it is to be judged clean or unclean.

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