- He is eternal (Psalm 90:2; 1 Timothy 1:17).
- He is all-powerful (Jeremiah 32:17; Colossians 1:17).
- He is infinite in understanding (Psalm 147:5; Isaiah 40:28).
- He is perfectly holy like no other and the only God (Exodus 15:11; 1 Samuel 2:2; Psalm 86:8-10).
- He is incapable of lying (Titus 1:2).
- He is the Creator of the whole universe (Genesis 1:1; John 1:3) and Savior (Titus 2:13), to name a few characteristics of the biblical God.
Miracles Are Not Always Reliable for Producing Faith
Atheists tend to think that supernatural events like miracles are necessary for proving the existence of God. The main problem with this argument is even if you show them miracles from the Bible, they won’t ever be fully convinced. The Bible describes the following on these points:
- In 1 Kings 18:39, after the Lord consumed Elijah’s sacrifice with fire from heaven, the Israelites proclaimed He is God! Even so, the prophets of Baal did not submit to the Lord and were executed (1 Kings 18:40).
- Rahab was saved by faith (Hebrews 11:31). The rest of Jericho was destroyed because of unbelief. Even so, they remained in unbelief because they were terrified of Israel forty years after the plagues in Egypt (Joshua 2:9-11).
- After Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead, many Jews believed in the Lord Jesus (John 11:45). The chief priests, even so, tried to kill Lazarus to cover up the evidence (John 12:10-11).
- Even though Jesus performed many miracles, the Pharisees attributed Christ’s miracles to the devil (Matthew 12:24) and plotted to have Him killed (Matthew 26:24).
- In Acts 4:16, after Peter healed the lame man, the religious leaders recognized a miracle had been done but responded with unbelief. Then the religious leaders responded with a threat to the disciples to not preach Jesus anymore.
Miracles Are Not a Cure for Unbelief
Miracles reveal the power of God and are intended to point people to the Lord. Miracles, though, are not a reliable cure for hardened unbelief.
The Lord commanded Moses in Exodus 4:4-9 to do miracles among Israel so they might believe he was sent by the Lord. Even after seeing all the miracles Moses did, Pharaoh still chased the Israelites to the Red Sea to his destruction. Israel had witnessed miracle after miracle in Egypt and in the wilderness, yet they could not enter the Promised Land because of their unbelief (Numbers 14:26-38). Israel’s history shows that the supernatural work of the Lord is not always an antidote to unbelief (Hebrews 3:12). The Israelites struggled with God despite seeing the work of God. Miracles may convince some people that He exists, but biblical history shows the supernatural is not an absolute antidote to unbelief for atheists.
The Heart of the Matter
The heart of the matter is God has revealed Himself in the Word of God so He can be known, worshipped, and obeyed. Some with hardened unbelief explain the Lord away like the Pharisees. They insisted Christ cast out demons by the prince of devils (Matthew 12:24) instead of believing the miracles were a demonstration of the power of God. Scripture, though, is clear, 2,019 years ago, God walked in human form in the God-Man Jesus (John 1:1-3; Colossians 2:9; 1 Timothy 3:16). He is described in the following ways:
- Performing miracles to which the skeptics explained Him away as a good man or deceiver of people (John 7:12).
- Being demon-possessed (John 7:20) because skeptics of Jesus would rather believe anything than confessing Jesus as Lord God.
Miracles Are Vital to Biblical History
Miracles are a vital part of the revelation of God to humanity, but unbelievers often persist in unbelief. Skeptics may admit a miraculous event they could not deny (Acts 4:16) but still refuse to repent and trust Christ (Acts 4:17-18). The Lord taught that someone rising from the dead would not convince those hardened by unbelief to believe in Him (Luke 16:31).
It’s not enough to prove that the Lord exists for James 2:19 teaches that the demons believe in the Lord. Believing in the existence of God does nothing for you if you don’t trust in Jesus as Lord and Savior. To do that, you need to believe He died on the cross and rose from the dead to give you eternal life (Romans 10:9-10). The lack of recognition of sin against God and the confession of Christ as Lord is why even an appearance from God Himself would be explained away by atheists (2 Corinthians 4:3-6). Even so, Christians should use sound biblical apologetics arguments to show the character and attributes of God.
Jesus as Fully God and Fully Man Reveals God
As fully God and fully man, the Lord has revealed Himself in His life, death, burial, resurrection, and ascension. Considering the following truths:
- Jesus was born of a virgin, and the religious leaders accused Him of being an illegitimate child (John 8:41).
- The wise men followed a star to the exact location of baby Jesus (Matthew 2:9).
- Herod wanted to kill Jesus (Matthew 2:16).
- The angels announced the birth of Jesus to the shepherds, and Jesus died naked on a cross in earthly shame, but glorious in the eyes of God the Father (Luke 2:8-20).
The whole of creation testifies of the existence of God. Skeptics use that knowledge and understanding, along with their own conscious of suppressing biblical truth (Romans 1:18; 2:14-16). Christians can use such evidence in their arguments for biblical apologetics as they witness for Christ. Only Jesus Christ can knock down the hardened doors of unbelief and open eyes and hearts of sinners. The world can explain Jesus away as a good teacher (John 3:2; 7:12), a crazy man (John 7:20), or a deceiver (John 7:12). After 2,019 years, nothing has changed (Ecclesiastes 1:9-10), nor has the heart of man (Jeremiah 17:9), and their need for Christ alone who saves us all (John 14:6; Acts 4:12).
The Lord Is Who He Says He Is
The Lord has declared He is who He is (Exodus 3:14). There was never a time when the Lord was not, and there will never be a time when He will not be. As dependent creatures, every human being relies on the Lord for standards for what is right, knowledge, and much more. As finite humans, we can only know our place in the universe He created when we remember that the Lord is the Creator, and we are His creation.
The Importance of the Creator-Creature Distinction
The Creator-creature distinction is critical to biblical theology. Every act of sin arises when humans forget they are the creation and live by their own rules instead of those established by the Creator. Every biblically orthodox summary of theology submits itself to God the Creator and not to their ideas of goodness, truth, and beauty. True worship begins only when humans see themselves as created creatures who owe their Creator and Lord and offer their lives as a worship offering of thanksgiving and praise to the glory of God.
©iStock/Getty Images Plus/ismagilov
Dave Jenkins is the Executive Director of Servants of Grace Ministries, the Executive Editor of Theology for Life Magazine, and the Host of the Equipping You in Grace Podcast and Warriors of Grace Podcast. He received his MAR and M.Div. through Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary. You can follow him on Twitter at @davejjenkins, find him on Facebook at Dave Jenkins SOG, Instagram, read more of his writing at Servants of Grace, or sign to receive his newsletter. When Dave isn’t busy with ministry, he loves spending time with his wife, Sarah, reading the latest from Christian publishers, the Reformers, and the Puritans, playing golf, watching movies, sports, and spending time with his family.